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Nivolumab and Brentuximab Vedotin in Treating Older Patients With Untreated Hodgkin Lymphoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02758717
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 2, 2016
Results First Posted : September 22, 2020
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Academic and Community Cancer Research United

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab and brentuximab vedotin work in treating older patients with untreated Hodgkin lymphoma. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Biological therapies, such as brentuximab vedotin, use substances made from living organisms that may stimulate or suppress the immune system in different ways and stop cancer cells from growing. Nivolumab and brentuximab vedotin may work better in treating older patients with untreated Hodgkin lymphoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ann Arbor Stage IB Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage II Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IIA Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IIB Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage III Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IIIA Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IIIB Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IV Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IVA Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IVB Hodgkin Lymphoma Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Drug: Brentuximab Vedotin Biological: Nivolumab Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine the efficacy based on overall metabolic response rate (partial metabolic response [PMR] + complete metabolic remission [CMR]) of brentuximab vedotin/nivolumab in previously untreated Hodgkin lymphoma patients 60 years of age or older, or those considered unsuitable for standard chemotherapy because of a low cardiac ejection fraction (< 50%) or impaired pulmonary or renal function.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. The complete metabolic response (CMR) rate. II. Safety and tolerability of the regimen in this patient population. III. Duration of response (DOR). IV. Progression-free survival (PFS). V. Overall survival (OS).

CORRELATIVE RESEARCH OBJECTIVES:

I. T-cell/cytokine - peripheral blood specimens will be used to assess T-cell activation and cytokine up regulation as measures of treatment effect.

II. Biomarkers - intratumoral cell populations, genetic variability, serum cytokines and T-cell activation will be evaluated to identify potential biomarkers that correlate with response to therapy.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive brentuximab vedotin intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes and nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 7 cycles and 6-8 weeks in cycle 8 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 30 days for 90 days, every 90 days for 2.5 years, and then every 6 months until 5 years from registration.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 46 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II, Multi-Center Trial of Nivolumab and Brentuximab Vedotin in Patients With Untreated Hodgkin Lymphoma Over the Age of 60 Years or Unable to Receive Standard Adriamycin, Bleomycin, Vinblastine, and Dacarbazine (ABVD) Chemotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : May 13, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 13, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 13, 2024


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (brentuximab vedotin, nivolumab)
Patients receive brentuximab vedotin IV over 30 minutes and nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 7 cycles and 6-8 weeks in cycle 8 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Brentuximab Vedotin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADC SGN-35
  • Adcetris
  • Anti-CD30 Antibody-Drug Conjugate SGN-35
  • Anti-CD30 Monoclonal Antibody-MMAE SGN-35
  • Anti-CD30 Monoclonal Antibody-Monomethylauristatin E SGN-35
  • cAC10-vcMMAE
  • SGN-35

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Metabolic Response Rate [ Time Frame: Up to 8 cycles of treatment (approximately 29 weeks) ]
    The primary endpoint of this trial is the rate (percentage) of overall metabolic response. A metabolic response is defined as a participant who has achieved an objective status of Partial metabolic response (PMR) or Complete metabolic response (CMR) at the end of cycle 8. Response is based on PET/CT based on the revised 2014 Lugano Classification. (PMR: Score 4 (uptake moderately > liver) or 5 (uptake markedly higher than liver and/or new lesions) with reduced uptake compared with baseline and residual mass(es) of any size CMR: Score 1 (no uptake above background), 2 (uptake<=mediastinum), or 3 (uptake > mediastinum but <= liver) with or without a residual mass on PET Deauville 5-Point-Scale. The scale ranges from 1 to 5, where 1 is best and 5 is the worst.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With an Overall Response of Complete Metabolic Response [ Time Frame: Up to end of course 8 ]
    The number of participants with an overall response of Complete metabolic response. Response is based on PET/CT based on the revised 2014 Lugano Classification. (CMR: Score 1 (no uptake above background), 2 (uptake<=mediastinum), or 3 (uptake > mediastinum but <= liver) with or without a residual mass on PET Deauville 5-Point-Scale. The scale ranges from 1 to 5, where 1 is best and 5 is the worst.

  2. Duration of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Assessed up to 5 years ]
    DOR is time from the date at which the patient's objective status is first noted to be a CMR or PMR to the earliest date progression (progressive metabolic disease [PMD] or progressive disease [PD]) is documented. Response is based on PET/CT based on the revised 2014 Lugano Classification. (PMR: Score 4 (uptake moderately > liver) or 5 (uptake markedly higher than liver and/or new lesions) CMR: Score 1 (no uptake above background), 2 (uptake<=mediastinum), or 3 (uptake > mediastinum but <= liver) with or without a residual mass on PET Deauville 5-Point-Scale. The scale ranges from 1 to 5, where 1 is best and 5 is the worst. PMD: Score 4 or 5 with an increase in intensity of uptake from baseline and/or New FDG-avid foci consistent with lymphoma at interim or end-of-treatment assessment PD: An individual node/lesion must be abnormal with: LDi > 1.5 cm and Increase by ≥ 50% from PPD nadir and, An increase in LDi or SDi from nadir, 0.5 cm for lesions ≤2 cm, 1.0 cm for lesions > 2 cm)

  3. Progression-free Survival [ Time Frame: assessed up to 5 years ]
    Progression-free survival is defined as the time from registration to the earliest date of documentation of disease progression (Progressive metabolic disease (PMD) or Progressive disease (PD)) or death due to any cause. Response is based on PET/CT based on the revised 2014 Lugano Classification. (PMD: Score 4 or 5 with an increase in intensity of uptake from baseline and/or New FDG-avid foci consistent with lymphoma at interim or end-of-treatment assessment PD: An individual node/lesion must be abnormal with: LDi > 1.5 cm and Increase by ≥ 50% from PPD nadir and, An increase in LDi or SDi from nadir, 0.5 cm for lesions ≤2 cm, 1.0 cm for lesions > 2 cm)

  4. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: Time from registration to death due to any cause, assessed up to 5 years ]
    The distribution of overall survival will be estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier.

  5. Number of Participants Experiencing at Least One Adverse Events Graded 3 or Higher Deemed at Least Possibly Related to Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 8 cycles of treatment (approximately 29 weeks) ]
    Number of participants experiencing at least one toxicity. Toxicity is defined as an adverse event graded 3 or higher by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0 deemed at least possibly related to treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Classical Hodgkin lymphoma determined by local hematopathology review
  • One of the following:

    • Age >= 60 years
    • Age < 60 years but unsuitable for standard chemotherapy because of a cardiac ejection fraction of < 50%, a pulmonary diffusion capacity < 80%, or a creatinine clearance >= 30 and < 60 mL/min, or refused standard chemotherapy despite efforts to convince them otherwise
  • Requirement for systemic chemotherapy: all stages except IA (not bulky disease), if involved field is considered radiotherapy (RT) curative
  • Previously untreated with either chemotherapy, radiation therapy or either brentuximab vedotin or nivolumab, or another check point inhibitor
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1, or 2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1500/mm^3, unless secondary to bone marrow involvement; obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mm^3, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Hemoglobin > 9.0 g/dL - unless determined by treating physician to be disease related, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (aspartate transaminase [AST]) =< 2.5 x ULN, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Alanine aminotransferase (alanine transaminase [ALT]) =< 2.5 x ULN, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Creatinine =< 2.0 mg/dL, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Amylase and/or lipase =< 1.5 x ULN, obtained =< 7 days prior to registration
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 24 hours prior to registration

    • Note: women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) must use appropriate method(s) of contraception; WOCBP should use an adequate method to avoid pregnancy for 23 weeks (30 days plus the time required for nivolumab to undergo five half-lives) after the last dose of investigational drug; men who are sexually active with WOCBP must use any contraceptive method with a failure rate of less than 1% per year; men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with WOCBP will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 31 weeks after the last dose of investigational product; women who are not of childbearing potential (i.e., who are postmenopausal or surgically sterile) as well as azoospermic men do not require contraception; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Willing to return to enrolling institution for follow-up (during the active monitoring phase of the study)

    • Note: during the active monitoring phase of a study (i.e., active treatment and observation), participants must be willing to return to the consenting institution for follow-up
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign an informed written consent
  • Provide blood and tissue samples for mandatory correlative research purposes

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any of the following because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown:

    • Pregnant women
    • Nursing women
    • Men or women of childbearing potential who are unwilling to employ adequate contraception
  • Co-morbid systemic illnesses or other severe concurrent disease which, in the judgment of the investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study or interfere significantly with the proper assessment of safety and toxicity of the prescribed regimens
  • Active, known or suspected autoimmune disease; note: subjects are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger
  • Use of systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications =< 14 days of registration; Note: Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease
  • Immunocompromised patients, patients with known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and currently receiving antiretroviral therapy, patients with a prior history of known or suspected autoimmune disease, active hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg+), active hepatitis C (if antibody [Ab]+ then polymerase chain reaction [PCR]+) indicating acute or chronic infection, and/or history of interstitial lung disease
  • Allergy to brentuximab vedotin and/or nivolumab
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Receiving any other investigational agent which would be considered as a treatment for the primary neoplasm
  • Have had prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma
  • Have received either of the study drugs
  • < 60 years who are considered candidates for standard chemotherapy
  • >= grade 2 peripheral neuropathy
  • Other active malignancy =< 2 years prior to registration, unless treated with curative intent; EXCEPTIONS: non-melanotic skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix; NOTE: if there is a history or prior malignancy, they must not be receiving other specific treatment for their cancer
  • Active central nervous system (CNS) involvement or leptomeningeal metastases involvement
  • Known history of pancreatitis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02758717


Locations
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United States, California
Stanford Cancer Institute Palo Alto
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304
United States, District of Columbia
MedStar Georgetown University Hospital
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20007
United States, Georgia
Emory University Hospital/Winship Cancer Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New Jersey
Hackensack University Medical Center
Hackensack, New Jersey, United States, 07601
United States, New York
Laura and Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone
New York, New York, United States, 10016
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
United States, Texas
M D Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Academic and Community Cancer Research United
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Bruce D Cheson Academic and Community Cancer Research United
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Academic and Community Cancer Research United:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Academic and Community Cancer Research United
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02758717    
Other Study ID Numbers: RU051505I
NCI-2016-00468 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
RU051505I ( Other Identifier: Academic and Community Cancer Research United )
P30CA015083 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 2, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 22, 2020
Last Update Posted: December 19, 2020
Last Verified: June 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Hodgkin Disease
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Nivolumab
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunoconjugates
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents