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Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Epilepsy (TMS)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02757547
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Business decision to discontinue development of this investigational device.)
First Posted : May 2, 2016
Results First Posted : August 20, 2019
Last Update Posted : July 23, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Stanford University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Electrical Geodesics, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The goal of the present clinical trial is to determine whether low frequency (0.5 Hz) rTMS can induce long term depression in epileptogenic cortex and thus suppress cortical excitability at the epileptic focus.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Epilepsy Device: Transcranial magnetic stimulation - Placebo Arm Device: Transcranial magnetic stimulation - Active Arm Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Investigators propose a safety and feasibility trial for treating epilepsy (Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Epilepsy. Principal Investigator: Robert Fisher, MD, PhD, Stanford University). In this approach, the cortical source of epileptic discharges is first localized with dense array electroencephalography (256-channel dEEG). This localization is then registered with neuronavigator software to allow precise targeting with slow (0. 5 Hz) repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) with the STM9000. The purpose in the feasibility study is to introduce Long Term Depression (LTD) of the seizure onset zone in order to reduce epileptiform discharges. The goal in the future pivotal trial will be to extend this approach to suppress seizures. The funds for this trial are provided by Stanford University. A loan of dEEG equipment and consulting are provided by Electrical Geodesics, Inc. (EGI). EGI seeks FDA's approval for this trial. EGI is the manufacturer of the dEEG system (GES 400) and the US distributor of the EB Neuro STM9000 rTMS system (manufactured in Italy by EB Neuro, S.p.A.).

The eventual goal will be a pivotal trial for a de novo 510k for dEEG-guided rTMS for suppressing epileptic seizures. The more limited goal of suppressing epileptic discharges (spikes) will allow careful evaluation of safety while demonstrating feasibility of the therapeutic action. In preparing this request, the investigators have studied the guidance on the special controls described for rTMS in the FDA Class II Special Controls Guidance Document: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) Systems, Document issued on: July 26, 2011. In addition, because patients with epilepsy are at particular risk of seizures that may be induced or exacerbated by rTMS, investigators also address the unique risks of this population, the existing evidence on safety and efficacy of rTMS treatment of the epileptic focus, and the mitigation the investigators propose to minimize the risks.

EGI has received an IDE for a safety and feasibility trial for treating epileptic discharges with a different method and device, the Geodesic Transcranial Electrical Neuromodulation (GTEN 100) system. The primary difference in the present proposal is the use of rTMS (instead of the GTEN 100) to induce long term depression and thus suppression of the cortical excitability at the epileptic focus. Dr. Robert Fisher, the Principal Investigator on this project, is EGI's unpaid consultant. Dr. Fisher has received an IRB approval at Stanford University Hospital for the larger study with this title for 10 patients with dEEG-guided rTMS treatment of focal epilepsy with the GES 400 and STM9000. The present trial is a safety and feasibility study with 10 patients that will be conducted with an informed consent form that is now specific to this safety and feasibility study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Registered Electrical Sources for Effective TMS Treatment of Epilepsy
Study Start Date : September 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 15, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 15, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Epilepsy Seizures

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Transcranial magnetic stimulation - Placebo Arm
A placebo TMS coil is used.
Device: Transcranial magnetic stimulation - Placebo Arm
Each seizure patient (subject) will receive 5 days in a row the placebo (sham) magnetic stimulation using the placebo (sham) coil of the STM9000 Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator. This involves magnetic stimulation at 90% of the resting motor threshold at 1 Hz in three 500-pulse blocks, separated by 10-minute breaks for 1500 pulses total. The placebo coil produces the same noise and movement as an active coil, but doesn't deliver any magnetic stimulation.

Active Comparator: Transcranial magnetic stimulation - Active Arm
An active TMS coil is used.
Device: Transcranial magnetic stimulation - Active Arm
Each seizure patient (subject) will receive 5 days in a row of active magnetic stimulation using the active TMS coil of the STM9000 Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator. This involves magnetic stimulation at 90% of the resting motor threshold at 1 Hz in three 500-pulse blocks, separated by 10-minute breaks for 1500 pulses total.
Other Name: STM9000 Transcranial Magnetic Stimulator




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Suppression of Seizure Frequency [ Time Frame: Placebo compared to Active ]
    The primary outcome was determined to be measured by the reduction in seizure frequency compared to baseline.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   22 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Failure of adequate seizure control with prior use of at least 2 anti-seizure drugs.
  2. at least one clearly identified and localizable likely seizure onset focus, as defined by the discharges (typically epileptiform spikes) and as identified by dEEG assessment through one or more routine clinical dEEG evaluations. This focus must be 2 to 3 cm from the head surface (to be reachable by TMS). Where multiple spike foci are present and meet these criteria, then the focus with either clinically relevant symptoms or the most spikes (or both) will be chosen as the target for treatment.
  3. two or more partial seizures, with or without secondary generalization, in the last month, but less than 10 seizures per day.
  4. Anti-seizure drug regimen has remained unchanged for the month before study entry, and there is reasonable likelihood of stability for the duration of the study, with the exception of allowing short-term rescue medications, such as lorazepam.
  5. a history of epilepsy for at least 2 years.
  6. age of 22 years and older.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. If of childbearing potential, the patient must agree to use an effective method of birth control during the study and cease participation if pregnant.
  2. Nursing mothers are excluded.
  3. A history or condition of progressive brain disorders, serious systemic diseases, symptomatic cerebrovascular disease, cardiac disease, or alcohol abuse. Special conditions, for example, non-malignant brain tumors and vascular malformations, can be considered for entry on a case-by-case basis. Patients are not excluded on the basis of previous psychiatric hospitalizations or suicide attempts.
  4. A history or condition of (generalized) status epilepticus or psychogenic seizures.
  5. Presence of a cardiac pacemaker, vagus nerve stimulator, or metal implantation in the body (other than the teeth) including neurostimulators, cochlear implants, and implanted medication pumps.
  6. Previous surgery involving opening the skull.
  7. Unable to express presence of pain or discomfort.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02757547


Sponsors and Collaborators
Electrical Geodesics, Inc.
Stanford University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Robert S Fisher, Ph.D. Stanford University
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Electrical Geodesics, Inc.:
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Responsible Party: Electrical Geodesics, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02757547    
Other Study ID Numbers: IDEG150216
First Posted: May 2, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 20, 2019
Last Update Posted: July 23, 2020
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Epilepsy
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases