Study of IRX5183 in Relapsed and Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia and High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02749708
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : April 25, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 1, 2018
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of IRX5183 in 1) patients with relapsed and/or refractory AML and 2) patients with high-risk MDS or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia (CMML) Drug: IRX5183 Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This research is being done to learn about the safety and effectiveness of an investigational drug, IRX5183, in treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). IRX5183 is a derivative of Vitamin A. IRX5183 is a drug that is designed to cause cancer cells to mature and then die. It is thought that it will stop the uncontrolled growth of leukemia cells.

These are 2 parts to this study. The purpose of the first part is to test the safety of IRX5183 at different dose levels. The investigators want to find out what effects, good and/or bad, it has on AML or MDS. Once the investigators figure out the best and safest dose of IRX5183, the investigators will enter the second part of the study using this dose. The purpose of the second part is to see if IRX5183 is effective as a treatment for AML or MDS. To date, IRX5183 has been used in about 25 people.

The first part of the study is called a "Phase I" study. Phase I studies use drugs starting at low doses and slowly increase the amounts of the study drugs that are given to people until the side effects of the drugs are too high to give more. This means that not all people in the study will get the same dose of IRX5183. Doses at the beginning of the study will be lower than doses at the end of the study. Because of the design of the study, some people may get doses that are too low to have an effect, and other people will probably get doses that cause side effects.

People with AML, MDS, or CMML that has 1) not responded to standard therapy or 2) has returned after a previous response may join.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 40 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of IRX5183 in Relapsed and Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and High Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)
Study Start Date : April 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: IRX5183 Drug: IRX5183

IRX5183 will be administered orally daily on days 1-28 of each cycle for 2 cycles of induction. In the phase I part of the study, there will be 3 dose levels (dose level 1 [DL1] with 50 mg, DL2 with 75 mg, and DL3 with 100 mg), with 1 additional dose level to be only used if excessive toxicity noted at the DL1. There will be no intra-patient dose escalation.

In the phase II part of the study, the investigators will use the optimal dose identified in phase I and will aim to recruit a total of 27 patients per a Simon's 2 stage design. After induction, all patients who do not experience significant toxicity or disease progression will continue on a consolidation/maintenance phase of the study in which 4 additional 28-day cycles of IRX5183 will be administered. This phase will use the same dose used in the induction phase for each individual patient.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate safety and tolerability of IRX5183 in phase I using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0, to determine dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) and the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    We will determine DLTs at specified dose levels to determine the RP2D.

  2. Determine the best overall response rate (ORR) per International Working Group (IWG) criteria with the RP2D after at least 2 therapy cycles. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    The primary endpoint of phase II is best ORR per IWG criteria after at least 2 cycles of therapy. If enough patients achieve an objective response, enrollment will continue to a second stage, per a Simon's 2 stage design.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Measure trough plasma levels of IRX5183 on day 1 and day 14. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    To determine pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters of IRX5183, we will obtain trough peripheral blood samples during the first cycle of therapy.

  2. Measure peak plasma/bone marrow levels of IRX5183 on day 1 and day 14. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    To determine PK parameters of IRX5183, we will obtain peak peripheral blood/bone marrow samples during the first cycle of therapy.

  3. Determine flow markers of differentiation in the peripheral blood and/or bone marrow. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  4. Determine changes in cytogenetics in the peripheral blood and bone marrow before and after treatment with IRX5183. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  5. Determine the time to first and best response, per IWG criteria. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  6. Determine changes in transfusion requirements following therapy with IRX5183. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  7. Assess quality of life with the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-leukemia (FACT-leu) questionnaire at baseline, after 2 cycles, and after 6 cycles of therapy. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  8. Determine event-free survival (EFS) for patients treated with IRX5183. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
  9. Determine overall survival (OS) for patients treated with IRX5183. [ Time Frame: 4 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients must be able to understand and voluntarily sign an informed consent form.
  2. Age ≥ 18 years at the time of signing the informed consent form.
  3. Able to adhere to the study visit schedule and other protocol requirements.
  4. Pathologically confirmed disease with A or B as follows:

    A) AML patients who either have:

    • Relapsed or refractory disease after receiving one or more courses of induction chemotherapy, hypomethylating agent therapy, or bone marrow transplant or
    • de novo AML but not deemed to be a candidate for conventional therapy based on age, co-morbidities, or patient preference

    B) MDS, CMML, or MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) with high risk features as defined below who have relapsed after initial response or are refractory (failure to achieve a complete remission (CR), partial remission (PR), or hematologic improvement (HI)) after receiving at least 4 cycles of hypomethylating agents 5-azacitidine or decitabine ± other therapies ± bone marrow transplant OR with de novo MDS but have refused to receive hypomethylating therapy:

    • Intermediate (INT)-2 or high International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score OR high or very high revised IPSS (IPSS-R) or
    • Secondary MDS (defined as MDS developing in a patient with an antecedent hematologic disorder or any patient with prior chemotherapy or radiation exposure) or
    • INT-1 IPSS or intermediate IPSS-R MDS with excess blasts (≥5% blasts in bone marrow) or transfusion-dependency or
    • MDS progressing to oligoblastic AML with 21-30% bone marrow blasts or
    • CMML or MDS/MPN with ≥ 5% marrow blasts, transfusion-dependency, abnormal karyotype, or proliferative features (white blood cell count ≥13,000/µL, splenomegaly on physical examination, or extramedullary disease)
  5. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of ≤ 2 at study entry or Karnofsky > 60%.
  6. Laboratory test results within these ranges:

    Creatinine level of 3 mg/dL or lower, total bilirubin ≤ 3 mg/dL unless due to Gilbert's syndrome, hemolysis, or ineffective hematopoiesis, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 x upper limit of normal, white blood count (WBC) ≤ 10,000/µL

  7. Patients must not have received any other treatment for their disease, including hematopoietic growth factors, aside from hydroxyurea for count control, within three weeks of beginning the trial, and should have recovered from all toxicities of prior therapy (to grade 0 or 1).
  8. Patients requiring hydroxyurea to bring WBC below 10,000/µL prior to study enrollment will require a 48-hour washout prior to starting the study drug.
  9. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to start of IRX5183.
  10. Patients must have no clinical evidence of central nervous system (CNS) or pulmonary leukostasis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, or CNS leukemia.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Any serious medical condition or uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, laboratory abnormality, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or prevent the subject from signing the informed consent form.
  2. Any condition, including the presence of laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study or confounds the ability to interpret data from the study.
  3. Use of any other experimental drug or therapy within 21 days of baseline.
  4. Known hypersensitivity or history of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to IRX5183.
  5. Prior use of other retinoid therapies in the 3 months prior to enrollment in the study.
  6. Patients with other active cancers receiving anti-cancer agents, with exceptions being hormonal therapy for breast or prostate cancer and skin cancers treated with local therapies only.
  7. Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier (e.g. alopecia, hypothyroid, neuropathy, etc.).
  8. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because of potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with IRX5183, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with IRX5183.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02749708

Contact: B. Douglas Smith, MD 410-614-5068

United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Recruiting
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
Contact: B. Douglas Smith, MD    410-614-5048   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins Identifier: NCT02749708     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: J15219
IRB00083855 ( Other Identifier: JHMIRB )
First Posted: April 25, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 1, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins:
relapsed/refractory AML
high-risk MDS

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases