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Trial record 12 of 81 for:    CRVO - Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

Phase I RVC With Ocriplasmin for CRVO (RVC_CRVO)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02747030
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 21, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 8, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
KU Leuven
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven

Brief Summary:
In central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) a blood clot blocks the venous outflow of the entire retinal circulation. This leads to retinal and vitreous hemorrhages, retinal edema and neovascularization. The development of a microneedle and surgical stabilizer made it possible to perform a prolonged (10 minutes) retinal vein cannulation with infusion of Ocriplasmin. Ocriplasmin has the advantage over tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA) that it already is an active enzyme and a strong fibrinolyticum. This study aims to investigate the feasibility and safety of local intravenous Ocriplasmin for CRVO.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Central Retinal Vein Occlusion Drug: Ocriplasmin intravenously Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is the second most common source of permanent blindness in the Western world after diabetic retinopathy. By blocking the outflow pathway for the retinal circulation, visual prognosis is bad on the short and long term. Currently, treatment is mostly focused on treating the secondary effects: macular edema and neovascularization with antiVEGF and/or corticosteroid intravitreal injections and retinal laser photocoagulation. There is however a surgical treatment aimed at displacing the blood clot; a radial optic neurotomy. During this surgical treatment, the vitreous is removed by vitrectomy, after which a radial incision is made in the optic disc. The target of this incision is to open the canal in the lamina cribrosa to improve the blood flow in the central retinal vein. Since the outcome of this procedure is variable and has its inherent risks, mainly because the incision can damage the central retinal artery which is adjacent to the central vein, this procedure is not routinely performed in all vitreoretinal centers.

Following the recent development of a surgical stabilizer and microneedle suitable for retinal vein cannulations, the option for local intravenous administration of fibrinolytic drugs exists. This phase I study aims to investigate the feasibility and safety of surgical stabilizer assisted retinal vein cannulation with local intravenous infusion of Ocriplasmin to dissolve the clot clogging the central retinal vein. Ocriplasmin is the small active part of the larger plasmin molecule. Plasmin itself is formed by enzymatic conversion from plasminogen, a process that is mediated by tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). The amount of plasmin that can be produced is thus highly dependent on the amount of plasminogen that is present nearby the clot. By using Ocriplasmin, this intermediate step can be skipped and the clot will be targeted directly and during the entire time of infusion. By being able to get infusion times up to 10 minutes, abundant clot exposure to Ocriplasmin is guaranteed.

Inclusion will be offered to patients presenting with a recent CRVO, a vitrectomy will be performed augmented with retinal vein cannulation and infusion of ocriplasmin during 10 minutes.

Patients presenting with a recent CRVO (<2weeks) will be offered inclusion to undergo a vitrectomy with subsequent prolonged retinal vein cannulation and infusion of Ocirplasmin. The surgery is done by placing a microneedle in one of the branch retinal veins at the border of the optic disc. To increase the safety of this procedure a surgical stabilizer was developed. This procedure was abundantly tested and refined in multiple in vivo porcine experiments and the medication (Ocriplasmin) has already been tested for fibrinolytic activity used in 100-fold higher dosis intravenously and intra-arterially.

After the surgery, standard of care follow up with a comprehensive ophthalmological examination and technical investigations is foreseen. The primary outcome measures of this safety and feasiblity study are: technical success to cannulate the retinal vein and inject ocriplasmin to remove the blood clot, number of intervention-related (surgical or pharmacological) complications, duration of infusion.

If necessary; depending on the disease evolution, additional interventions like intravitreal antiVEGF, steroids or laser photocoagulation can be performed.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 4 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study on the Feasibility and Safety of Surgical Stabilizer Assisted Retinal Vein Cannulation With Ocriplasmin Infusion for Central Retinal Vein Occlusion.
Study Start Date : December 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 10, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 11, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Ocriplasmin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ocriplasmin intravenously
All subjects included in this phase I study are in the experimental treatment arm and will undergo a vitrectomy augmented with retinal vein cannulation and intravenous Ocriplasmin infusion.
Drug: Ocriplasmin intravenously
Retinal vein cannulation with Ocriplasmin infusion
Other Name: Jetrea




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Feasibility [ Time Frame: peroperative ]
    technical succes of retinal vein cannulation and duration of infusion time

  2. Safety [ Time Frame: peroperative until 2 weeks postoperative ]
    number of intervention-related (surgical or pharmacological) complications


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. central macular thickness [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    change in central macular thickness as measured with optical coherence tomography

  2. surface of non-perfused retina [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    change in surface of non-perfused retina as measured with fluo-angiography

  3. visual acuity [ Time Frame: 2 weeks ]
    change in visual acuity



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 100 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients aged over 18 years
  • Recent diagnosis of CRVO
  • Onset of symptoms <10 days
  • Visual acuity < 2/10 in study eye
  • Visual acuity >1/10 in fellow eye
  • Central macular thickness >250µm and <1000 µm
  • Signed informed consent prior to inclusion

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Fluorescein allergy
  • Active neovascularization (NVD/NVE/NVI/NVA)
  • Eye disease other than CRVO or Cataract decreasing vision
  • Use of acetazolamide or other drugs potentially affecting macular edema, including systemic steroids >10mg/d
  • History of retinal surgery
  • High myopia (> -10D)
  • Contraindication for the use of systemic anticoagulant medication

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02747030


Locations
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Belgium
UZ Leuven
Leuven, Vlaams Brabant, Belgium, 3000
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven
KU Leuven
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Peter Stalmans, MD PhD UZ Leuven

Publications:
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Responsible Party: Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02747030     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: S58782
First Posted: April 21, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 8, 2018
Last Verified: November 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven:
Central retinal vein occlusion
Retinal endovascular surgery
Retinal vein cannulation
Ocriplasmin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Retinal Vein Occlusion
Retinal Diseases
Venous Thrombosis
Eye Diseases
Thrombosis
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Fibrinolysin
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action