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Study of Ceftolozane/Tazobactam (MK-7625A) in Combination With Metronidazole in Japanese Participants With Complicated Intra-abdominal Infection (MK-7625A-013)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02739997
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 15, 2016
Results First Posted : July 12, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 12, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase 3, multi-site, non-randomized, open-label study evaluating the safety and efficacy of MK-7625A 1.5 g (ceftolozane 1 g/tazobactam 0.5 g) plus metronidazole 500 mg for the treatment of Complicated Intra-abdominal Infections (cIAI) in Japanese participants. Efficacy will be primarily assessed by clinical response defined as complete resolution or significant improvement in signs and symptoms of the index infection.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Intra-abdominal Infection Complicated Intra-abdominal Infection Drug: MK-7625A 1.5 g (ceftolozane 1 g/tazobactam 0.5 g) Drug: metronidazole 500 mg Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 100 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Open-label, Noncomparative, Japanese Phase III Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Ceftolozane/Tazobactam (MK-7625A) Used in Combination With Metronidazole in Japanese Patients With Complicated Intra-abdominal Infection.
Actual Study Start Date : April 8, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 28, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : July 28, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: MK-7625A + metronidazole
MK-7625A 1.5 g (ceftolozane 1 g/tazobactam 0.5 g) plus metronidazole 500 mg administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion every 8 hours for 4 to 14 days. The dose may be reduced to 750 mg (ceftolozane 500 mg/tazobactam 250 mg) for participants with a creatinine clearance (CrCl) of 30-50 mL/min.
Drug: MK-7625A 1.5 g (ceftolozane 1 g/tazobactam 0.5 g)
MK-7625A 1.5 g (ceftolozane 1 g/tazobactam 0.5 g) administered as an intravenous (IV) infusion

Drug: metronidazole 500 mg
metronidazole 500 mg administered as an IV infusion




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Clinical Response (Clinical Cure, Clinical Failure, or Indeterminate) at Test of Cure (TOC) [ Time Frame: Day 28 (28 days after initiating study therapy) ]
    The percentage of participants with clinical responses (cure, failure, or indeterminate) at TOC was determined. Clinical cure was defined as "complete resolution or significant improvement in signs and symptoms of the index infection, such that no additional antibacterial therapy or surgical or drainage procedure is required". Clinical failure was defined as "death related to IAI at any time point; persisting or recurrent infection within the abdomen requiring additional intervention to cure; need for treatment with additional antibiotics for ongoing IAI symptoms; or post-surgical wound infection that requires additional antimicrobial therapy and/or non-routing wound care". Indeterminate was defined as "study data are not available for evaluation for any reason, including death during the study period unrelated to the index infection; or extenuating circumstances that preclude classification as cure or failure".

  2. Percentage of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to Day 42 (up to 28 days after completing study therapy) ]
    The percentage of participants with ≥1 AEs was determined. An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant, temporally associated with the use of study intervention, whether or not considered related to the study intervention.

  3. Percentage of Participants Discontinuing Study Drug Due to AEs [ Time Frame: Up to Day 14 ]
    The percentage of participants withdrawing from study therapy due to an AE was determined.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Clinical Response (Clinical Cure, Clinical Failure, or Indeterminate) at End Of Therapy (EOT) [ Time Frame: Up to Day 14 ]
    The percentage of participants with clinical responses (cure, failure, or indeterminate) at EOT was determined. Clinical cure was defined as "complete resolution or significant improvement in signs and symptoms of the index infection, such that no additional antibacterial therapy or surgical or drainage procedure is required". Clinical failure was defined as "death related to IAI at any time point; persisting or recurrent infection within the abdomen requiring additional intervention to cure; need for treatment with additional antibiotics for ongoing IAI symptoms; or post-surgical wound infection that requires additional antimicrobial therapy and/or non-routing wound care". Indeterminate was defined as "study data are not available for evaluation for any reason, including death during the study period unrelated to the index infection; or extenuating circumstances that preclude classification as cure or failure".

  2. Percentage of Participants With Clinical Response (Clinical Cure, Clinical Failure, or Indeterminate) at Late Follow-Up (LFU) [ Time Frame: Up to Day 42 (28 days after completing study therapy) ]
    The percentage of participants with clinical responses (cure, failure, or indeterminate) at LFU was determined. Clinical cure was defined as "complete resolution or significant improvement in signs and symptoms of the index infection, such that no additional antibacterial therapy or surgical or drainage procedure is required". Clinical failure was defined as "death related to IAI at any time point; persisting or recurrent infection within the abdomen requiring additional intervention to cure; need for treatment with additional antibiotics for ongoing IAI symptoms; or post-surgical wound infection that requires additional antimicrobial therapy and/or non-routing wound care". Indeterminate was defined as "study data are not available for evaluation for any reason, including death during the study period unrelated to the index infection; or extenuating circumstances that preclude classification as cure or failure".

  3. Percentage of Participants With Microbiological Response (Eradication, Persistence, or Indeterminate) at EOT [ Time Frame: Up to Day 14 ]
    The percentage of participants with microbiological responses (eradication, persistence, or indeterminate) at EOT was determined. Eradication was defined as "absence of the baseline pathogen in a specimen". Persistence was defined as "presence of the baseline pathogen in a specimen". Indeterminate was defined as "Baseline culture either not obtained or has an assessment of no growth, or any other circumstance that makes it impossible to define the microbiological response".

  4. Percentage of Participants With Microbiological Response (Eradication, Persistence, or Indeterminate) at TOC [ Time Frame: Day 28 (28 days after initiating study therapy) ]
    The percentage of participants with microbiological response (eradication, persistence, or indeterminate) at TOC was determined. Eradication was defined as "absence of the baseline pathogen in a specimen". Persistence was defined as "presence of the baseline pathogen in a specimen". Indeterminate was defined as "Baseline culture either not obtained or has an assessment of no growth, or any other circumstance that makes it impossible to define the microbiological response".

  5. Percentage of Participants With Microbiological Response (Eradication, Persistence, or Indeterminate) by Pathogen at EOT [ Time Frame: Up to Day 14 ]
    The percentage of participants with per-pathogen microbiological responses at EOT was determined. Individual pathogens were identified at baseline, and the overall percentage of participants with eradication or presumed eradication within each pathogen category are shown.

  6. Percentage of Participants With Microbiological Response (Eradication, Persistence, or Indeterminate) by Pathogen at TOC [ Time Frame: Day 28 (28 days after initiating study therapy) ]
    The percentage of participants with per-pathogen microbiological responses at TOC was determined. Individual pathogens were identified at baseline, and the overall percentage of participants with eradication or presumed eradication within each pathogen category are shown.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Has one of the following diagnoses with evidence of intra-peritoneal infection: cholecystitis (including gangrenous cholecystitis) with rupture, perforation, or progression of the infection beyond the gallbladder wall; diverticular disease with perforation or abscess; appendiceal perforation or periappendiceal abscess; acute gastric or duodenal perforation, traumatic perforation of the intestine; peritonitis due to perforated viscus or following a prior operative procedure; or Intra-abdominal abscess (including liver and spleen).
  • Has evidence of systemic infection
  • Had or has plans to have surgical intervention within 24 hours of the first dose of study drug
  • Has radiographic evidence of perforation or abscess if enrolled preoperatively
  • Is able to have intra-abdominal specimen taken at baseline for the microbiological assessment
  • Female participants of child bearing potential must not be pregnant (negative human chorionic gonadotropin test) or breastfeeding and must agree to use adequate contraception for the duration of the study and up to 35 days after the last dose of study drug
  • Male participants must agree to use adequate contraception for the duration of the study and up to 75 days after the last dose of study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has simple appendicitis; abdominal wall abscess; small bowel obstruction or ischemic bowel disease without perforation; spontaneous bacterial peritonitis associated with cirrhosis and chronic ascites; acute suppurative cholangitis; infected necrotizing pancreatitis; pancreatic abscess; infectious mononucleosis; cystic fibrosis; or pelvic infections
  • Has complicated intra-abdominal infection managed by staged abdominal repair (STAR) or open abdomen drainage
  • Has had acute gastric or duodenal perforation (≤ 24 hours after) or traumatic perforation of the intestine (≤ 12 hours after) operated on after the perforation occurred
  • Is expected to be cured by only surgical intervention without use of systemic antibacterial therapy
  • Has used systemic antibacterial therapy for intra-abdominal infection for more than 24 hours prior to the first dose of study drug, unless there is a documented treatment failure with such therapy
  • Has severe impairment of renal function (estimated CrCl < 30 mL/minute), or requirement for peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis or hemofiltration, or oliguria (< 20 mL/hour urine output over 24 hours)
  • Has a concomitant infection at the time of randomization, which requires non-study systemic antibacterial therapy in addition to study drug with the exception of an antibacterial with Gram-positive activity only (vancomycin, teicoplanin, linezolid and daptomycin)
  • Has used any postoperative non-study antibacterial therapy if enrolled preoperatively
  • Has used more than 1 dose of non-study antibacterial therapy following surgery if enrolled postoperatively
  • Has hepatic disease
  • Is unlikely to survive the 4 to 5 week study period
  • Has organic brain or spinal cord disease
  • Has any rapidly-progressing disease or immediately life-threatening illness
  • Has an immunocompromising condition (i.e., AIDS, hematological malignancy, or bone marrow transplantation, or immunosuppressive therapy) or is receiving ≥ 40 mg of prednisone per day administered continuously for > 14 days prior to study start
  • Has a history of any moderate or severe hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to any beta-lactam (β-lactam) antibacterial, including cephalosporins, carbapenems, penicillins, or β-lactamase inhibitors, or metronidazole, or nitroimidazole derivatives
  • Is receiving or has received disulfiram within 14 days before receiving study drug or who is currently receiving probenecid
  • Has participated in any clinical study of an investigational product within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug
  • Has previously participated in any study of ceftolozane or MK-7625A.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02739997


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02739997     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 7625A-013
MK-7625A-013 ( Other Identifier: Merck Registration Number )
163275 ( Registry Identifier: JAPIC-CTI )
First Posted: April 15, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 12, 2018
Last Update Posted: July 12, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: https://www.merck.com/clinical-trials/pdf/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infection
Communicable Diseases
Intraabdominal Infections
Tazobactam
Ceftolozane, tazobactam drug combination
Metronidazole
Penicillanic Acid
Cephalosporins
Anti-Infective Agents
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
beta-Lactamase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Renal Agents