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Propofol for Treatment on Emergence Agitation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02738814
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified April 2016 by Sangjae Park, Korea University Anam Hospital.
Recruitment status was:  Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : April 14, 2016
Last Update Posted : April 14, 2016
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sangjae Park, Korea University Anam Hospital

Brief Summary:
This study aimed to verify the effects of propofol for treatment on emergence agitation (EA) after sevoflurane anesthesia in pediatric strabismus surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Child Anesthesia Morbidity Drug: propofol Phase 4

Detailed Description:

Sevoflurane with rapid anesthetic induction and emergence, hemodynamic stability, and nonirritating airway properties, has acquired widespread acceptance in children. However, sevoflurane has been reported to be associated with emergence agitation in children, with a reported incidence of up to 80%. In severe case, it cause injury to the child or to the surgical site and lead to the accidental removal of surgical dressings and intravenous catheters. In case of intense agitation with high risk of self-injury, pharmacologic intervention seems reasonable. Pharmacologic treatment of emergence agitation relies on the administration of IV sedative agents (IV midazolam 0.1 mg/kg12 or propofol 0.5 or 1 mg/kg) or opioid agents (IV fentanyl 1 or 2 mcg/kg). However, these treatments are empirical and were extrapolated from pharmacologic preventive studies performed at the end of surgery or from personal experience. To the investigators knowledge, there is no risk of recurrence of EA after a first episode. Consequently, EA is not per se a factor of increased duration of PACU (post-anaesthesia care unit ) stay, but sedative or opioid agents administered postoperatively to alleviate it might prolong this stay.

Therefore, the investigators design a study to confirm statistically effect of propofol for treatment on emergence agitation after sevoflurane anesthesia in pediatric strabismus surgery through PAED scale. Furthermore duration of PACU stay is checked after propofol administration.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Study on the Effects of Propofol for Treatment on Emergence Agitation After Sevoflurane Anesthesia in Pediatric Strabismus Surgery
Study Start Date : April 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Propofol

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: PAED > 13
When severe emergence agitation(PAED is 14 or more) is occured, Pharmacologic treatment of emergence agitation relies on the administration of IV propofol 0.8 or 1 mg/kg.
Drug: propofol
When severe emergence agitation(PAED > 13) is occurred, Pharmacologic treatment of emergence agitation relies on the administration of IV propofol 0.8 or 1 mg/kg.
Other Name: fresofol MCT 1%

No Intervention: PAED < 14
Caregivers must first try to reassure patients.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of Emergent Adverse Events [Safety and Tolerability] [ Time Frame: From just after extubation until the discharge from PACU, assessed up to 2 hours. ]
    After anesthetic emergence, investigator, nurse and attending anesthesiologist check the PAED scale every 5min, up to 2 hours until discharge from PACU. If checked PAED scale is 14 or more, attending anesthesiologist administers 1% propofol 0.8~1.0mg/kg(sedative dose). Then they check PAED scale every 5min after the arousal from sedative state until the discharge from PACU.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Duration of PACU stay [ Time Frame: From the arrival of the PACU to discharge from the PACU, assessed an average of 1hour ]
    The investigator check the duration of PACU stay, defined as the interval from the time of arrival of PACU to the time of discharge from PACU, if sadisfacted to discharge criteria score(from Aldrete JA. J Clin Anesth 1995; 7:89-91), a score 9 or more is required for discharge.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 10 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ASA (american society of anesthesiologists) physical status patients, aged 3-10yr, presenting for elective strabismus surgery.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Refusal by parents, neurologic disease, developmental delay, history of any previous surgery, American society of Anesthesiologists physical status score of III or IV, and airway disease

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02738814

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Korea, Republic of
Korea University Medical Center, Anam hospital
Seoul, Seongbuk-gu, Korea, Republic of, 136-705
Sponsors and Collaborators
Korea University Anam Hospital
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Study Director: SeungZhoo Yoon, M.D.PhD. Department of Anesthesiology and Pain medicine. Korea universicy medical center.

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Responsible Party: Sangjae Park, resident, Korea University Anam Hospital Identifier: NCT02738814    
Other Study ID Numbers: ED15301
First Posted: April 14, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 14, 2016
Last Verified: April 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Sangjae Park, Korea University Anam Hospital:
emergence agitation
emergence delirium
PAED scale
The Modified Aldrete Scoring System
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Psychomotor Agitation
Emergence Delirium
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Psychomotor Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Postoperative Complications
Pathologic Processes
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders
Hypnotics and Sedatives
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anesthetics, Intravenous
Anesthetics, General
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Anesthetics, Inhalation