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Safety and Efficacy of Saracatinib In Subjects With Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (SLAM-2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02737202
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : April 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 30, 2020
University of Cincinnati
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Stanford University
Loyola University
University of South Florida
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Nicola Hanania, Baylor College of Medicine

Brief Summary:
This study is being done to determine if there is a potential benefit of saracatinib in LAM subjects. Based on the information of this trial, additional clinical development trials will be needed. The study will also test the tolerability of 125 mg of saracatinib given once daily over a 9 month period.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pulmonary Lymphangioleiomyomatosis Drug: saracatinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in tuberous sclerosis complex 1 (TSC1) or TSC2 tumor suppressor genes. TSC is characterized by tumors in a wide range of tissues, seizures, mental retardation, autism, and organ failure. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), the major pulmonary manifestation in women with TSC, is a progressive lung disease characterized by infiltration of atypical smooth muscle like cells (TSC-/- LAM cells) and formation of parenchymal cysts. Sporadic LAM can develop in women who do not meet the criteria for the diagnosis of TSC, owing to somatic mutations in the TSC2 gene.

The long term goal of this research is to devise novel therapeutic strategies for patients with LAM. The observed behavior of LAM cells with respect to their infiltrative growth pattern, metastatic potential, and altered cell differentiation is reminiscent of cells undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Src kinases are key regulators of cellular proliferation, motility, invasiveness and EMT. Recent results have shown that autophagy promotes degradation of active Src. Thereby, decreased autophagy due to mTOR activation known to occur in LAM cells, may play a significant role in accumulation of active Src in these cells. Src suppresses transcription of E-cadherin by upregulating its transcriptional repressors. The preliminary data reveal an increase in active Src in lung tissues of patients with LAM as well as in cultured TSC2-/- cells. Further, in TSC2-/- cells, E-cadherin is considerably reduced and does not localize to the plasma membrane, as it does in wild-type cells.

The focus of this study is to examine if Src inhibition represents a potential therapeutic strategy in LAM. It is proposed that Src activation in TSC2-/- cells results in the reduction of E-cadherin, loss of cell-cell adhesion and elevation of oncogenic and metastatic potential of these cells. The increased Src activity in TSC2-/- cells is likely caused by inhibition of autophagy associated with hyper-activation of mTOR. Therefore, the use of Src inhibitors may lead to a reduction in tumor growth and prevent dissemination of TSC2-/- cells. In this study, the investigators will evaluate the safety and efficacy of Src inhibition in subjects with LAM.

A number of inhibitors of Src are now in clinical trials in patients with a range of different tumors. Dasatinib, an oral adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-competitive Src inhibitor, is now approved for clinical use in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia or acute lymphoblastic leukemia. However, dasatinib has wider 'off target' inhibitory activity than saracatinib including potent activity against Abl, ephrin receptor kinases, platelet-derived growth factor receptor and c-KIT (type of receptor tyrosine kinase and a type of tumor marker. Also called CD117 and stem cell factor receptor.) In contrast, saracatinib has a >10-fold preference for Src over Abl kinases and has very little activity against other tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases. Saracatinib has been already characterized in multiple clinical trials in terms of safety and pharmacokinetics.

The investigators have conducted a Phase1b study to test the safety of various doses of Saracatinib in LAM subjects. The purpose of the Phase1b trial was to determine the optimal dose in terms of safety and tolerability in LAM population. Three escalating doses of saracatinib; 50, 125 and 175 mg were studied. Saracatinib was given orally once a day. Overall, subjects tolerated Saracatinib well. The investigators chose the dose of 125 mg to conduct further testing of both safety and efficacy in this Phase 2a trial.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 28 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety and Efficacy of Saracatinib In Subjects With Lymphangioleiomyomatosis
Actual Study Start Date : April 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 30, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : July 30, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Saracatinib
Saracatinib will be given orally at a dose of 125 milligrams once daily for 9 months. Saracatinib is provided as a pink tablet.
Drug: saracatinib
Subjects will receive enough tablets for 90 days +/- 14 days at each visit. Subject will have visits every 90 days for drug accountability as well as safety and efficacy testing to include pulmonary function testing, laboratory testing to include liver and kidney profile, urine pregnancy testing at each visit, vital signs, physical examination - any medically significant changes from baseline visit will be recorded, all adverse events will be monitored until resolution.
Other Name: AZD0530

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. FEV1 [ Time Frame: 9 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Angiomyolipoma measured volumetrically on MRI [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  2. Lung Cyst size measured on chest CT [ Time Frame: 9 months ]
  3. VEGF-D serum levels [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Pulmonary Function Testing [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female patients. It should be noted that LAM occurs almost exclusively in women.
  • 18 to 65 years of age.
  • All patients must have a diagnosis of LAM as defined by compatible cystic changes on chest computed tomography (CT) and one of the following:
  • Open lung, transbronchial or thoracic needle biopsy consistent with LAM
  • Open or needle abdominal biopsy findings consistent with LAM
  • Clinical findings of tuberous scleroma complex (TSC), renal angiomyolipoma, cystic abdominal lymphangiomas, or history of chylous effusion in the chest or abdomen
  • Serum vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGF-D) > 800 pg/ml
  • Subjects must have had a recent reduction in forced expiratory volume at 1-second (FEV1) of > 50ml/year, as shown by at least two pulmonary function testing (PFT) measured at least 6 months apart in the last 24 months prior to enrolling study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current infection.
  • Major surgery within the past 2 months
  • Advanced hematologic, renal, hepatic, non-LAM lung disease or metabolic diseases; or BMI of >35
  • The use of another investigational drug within 30 days
  • The use of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) inhibitors within 30 days
  • Previous lung transplantation.
  • Inability to attend scheduled clinic visits
  • Inability to give informed consent
  • Inability to perform pulmonary function testing
  • History of malignancy in the past two years, other than squamous or basal cell skin cancer or status post successful excision or treatment.
  • Nursing mothers
  • Current or planned pregnancy.
  • Not using adequate contraception (in woman of childbearing potential).
  • Significant clinical change in health in the past 30 days

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02737202

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United States, California
Stanford University
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Illinois
Loyola Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 90153
United States, Maryland
Laboratory of Translational Research NHLBI
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20814
United States, Ohio
University of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine - Ben Taub General Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Baylor College of Medicine
University of Cincinnati
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Stanford University
Loyola University
University of South Florida
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
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Study Chair: Tony Eissa, MD Baylor College of Medicine
Principal Investigator: Nicola A Hanania, MD Ben Taub Hospital
Principal Investigator: Francis X McCormack, MD University of Cincinnati
Principal Investigator: Daniel Dilling, MD Loyola University
Principal Investigator: Stephen Ruoss, MD Stanford University
Principal Investigator: Joel Moss, MD Laboratory of Translational Research - NHLBI

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Responsible Party: Nicola Hanania, Principal Investigator, Baylor College of Medicine Identifier: NCT02737202    
Other Study ID Numbers: SLAM 7602
4UH3TR000961-02 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: April 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 30, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Nicola Hanania, Baylor College of Medicine:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphatic Vessel Tumors
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action