Emotional Disorders and Outcomes in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at Primary Care (EDDMQoL-Pro)
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This study aims to determine which factors are related to change in diabetes-related distress and change in depressive symptoms after three years of follow-up in Asian adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus in primary care. The investigators will explore the impact of patient demographics, cardiometabolic control, medications adherence, health-related quality of life, self-efficacy and self-management behaviors on diabetes-related distress and depressive symptoms.
Condition or disease
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been shown to experience psychological burden and distorted illness perception. These psychological burden include feeling of burned-out, fatigue, distress and depression, and in addition of distorted illness perception often lead to difficulty in coping with the demands of life-style changes and adherence to medication. Diabetes-related distress (DRD) and depressive symptoms (DS) were associated with glycaemic control and medication adherence, and life-styles behaviors, respectively. However, evidence on the relationships between DRD, DS and clinically significant outcomes are scarce in Asian adults with T2DM. Primary care patients who participated before will be re-invited. This is a repeated cross-sectional study of a cohorts of 700 patients who were first studied in 2013 (Emotional Distress in adults with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus & Quality of Life [EDDMQoL] study with the National Medical Research Register (NMRR) identification number: NMRR-12-1167-14158). Demographic data (age, gender, ethnicity, religion, educational level, occupation and monthly income), smoking status, self-perceive social support and health literacy will be collected by questionnaires.
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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:
30 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients who participated before in the EDDMQoL in 2013 (NMRR ID: NMRR-12-1167-14158)
Those who participated in the EDDMQoL study
Adults aged at least 30 year-old
Diagnosed of T2DM more than three years ago
On regular follow-up with at least three visits in the previous year
Patients who are pregnant or lactating
Having psychiatric/psychological disorders that could impair judgments and memory
Patients who cannot read or understand English, Malay or Mandarin