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Reduced Craniospinal Radiation Therapy and Chemotherapy in Treating Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed WNT-Driven Medulloblastoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02724579
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 31, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 28, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well reduced doses of radiation therapy to the brain and spine (craniospinal) and chemotherapy work in treating patients with newly diagnosed type of brain tumor called WNT)/Wingless (WNT)-driven medulloblastoma. Recent studies using chemotherapy and radiation therapy have been shown to be effective in treating patients with WNT-driven medulloblastoma. However, there is a concern about the late side effects of treatment, such as learning difficulties, lower amounts of hormones, or other problems in performing daily activities. Radiotherapy uses high-energy radiation from x-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, vincristine sulfate, cyclophosphamide and lomustine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving reduced craniospinal radiation therapy and chemotherapy may kill tumor cells and may also reduce the late side effects of treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Untreated Childhood Medulloblastoma Drug: Cisplatin Drug: Cyclophosphamide Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Lomustine Radiation: Radiation Therapy Drug: Vincristine Sulfate Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) of children >= 3 years of age with wingless-type MMTV integration site family (WNT)/WNT-driven average-risk medulloblastoma using reduced craniospinal radiotherapy (CSI) (18 Gray [Gy]) with a limited target volume boost to the tumor bed of 36 Gy for a total of 54 Gy and reduced chemotherapy approach (no vincristine [vincristine sulfate] during radiotherapy and reduced-dose maintenance chemotherapy) and to monitor the PFS for early evidence that the outcome is unacceptable.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To prospectively test the hypothesis that deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation profiling will result in "real-time" classification of WNT-driven medulloblastoma.

II. To use the ALTE07C1 protocol to prospectively evaluate and longitudinally model the cognitive, social, emotional and behavioral functioning of children who are treated with reduced CSI (18 Gy) with a limited target volume boost to the tumor bed (to a total of 54 Gy) and reduced chemotherapy (reduced cisplatin, vincristine and lomustine [CCNU]).

TERTIARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To explore whether DNA methylation profiling of medulloblastoma samples will result in a "real-time" predictive classification scheme for the Sonic Hedgehog (SHH), Group 3 and Group 4 medulloblastoma subgroups according to the Heidelberg classifier.

OUTLINE:

RADIATION THERAPY: Beginning 4-5 weeks after surgery, patients undergo craniospinal radiation therapy 5 days a week for 6 weeks.

MAITENANCE THERAPY (WEEKS 1, 3, 5, and 7): Beginning 4-6 weeks after completion of radiation therapy patients receive lomustine orally (PO) on day 1, vincristine sulfate intravenously (IV) over 1 minute or via minibag on days 1, 8, and 15, and cisplatin IV over 6 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 42 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY (WEEKS 2, 4, AND 6): Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 2, mesna IV over 15-30 minutes on days 1 and 2, and vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute or via minibag on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually for 6 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 45 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of Reduced Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Average-Risk WNT-Driven Medulloblastoma Patients
Study Start Date : October 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2025


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (reduced radiation therapy and chemotherapy)

RADIATION THERAPY: Beginning 4-5 weeks after surgery, patients undergo craniospinal radiation therapy 5 days a week for 6 weeks.

MAITENANCE THERAPY (WEEKS 1, 3, 5, and 7): Beginning 4-6 weeks after completion of radiation therapy patients receive lomustine PO on day 1, vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute or via minibag on days 1, 8, and 15, and cisplatin IV over 6 hours on day 1. Treatment repeats every 42 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

MAINTENANCE THERAPY (WEEKS 2, 4, AND 6): Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes on days 1 and 2, mesna IV over 15-30 minutes on days 1 and 2, and vincristine sulfate IV over 1 minute or via minibag on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: Cisplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Abiplatin
  • Blastolem
  • Briplatin
  • CDDP
  • Cis-diammine-dichloroplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloridoplatinum
  • Cis-diamminedichloro Platinum (II)
  • Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum
  • Cis-dichloroammine Platinum (II)
  • Cis-platinous Diamine Dichloride
  • Cis-platinum
  • Cis-platinum II
  • Cis-platinum II Diamine Dichloride
  • Cismaplat
  • Cisplatina
  • Cisplatinum
  • Cisplatyl
  • Citoplatino
  • Citosin
  • Cysplatyna
  • DDP
  • Lederplatin
  • Metaplatin
  • Neoplatin
  • Peyrone's Chloride
  • Peyrone's Salt
  • Placis
  • Plastistil
  • Platamine
  • Platiblastin
  • Platiblastin-S
  • Platinex
  • Platinol
  • Platinol- AQ
  • Platinol-AQ
  • Platinol-AQ VHA Plus
  • Platinoxan
  • Platinum
  • Platinum Diamminodichloride
  • Platiran
  • Platistin
  • Platosin

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
  • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
  • Carloxan
  • Ciclofosfamida
  • Ciclofosfamide
  • Cicloxal
  • Clafen
  • Claphene
  • CP monohydrate
  • CTX
  • CYCLO-cell
  • Cycloblastin
  • Cycloblastine
  • Cyclophospham
  • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
  • Cyclophosphamidum
  • Cyclophosphan
  • Cyclophosphane
  • Cyclophosphanum
  • Cyclostin
  • Cyclostine
  • Cytophosphan
  • Cytophosphane
  • Cytoxan
  • Fosfaseron
  • Genoxal
  • Genuxal
  • Ledoxina
  • Mitoxan
  • Neosar
  • Revimmune
  • Syklofosfamid
  • WR- 138719

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Lomustine
Given PO
Other Names:
  • 1-(2-Chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea
  • 1-Nitrosourea, 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-
  • Belustin
  • Belustine
  • CCNU
  • Cecenu
  • CeeNU
  • Chloroethylcyclohexylnitrosourea
  • Citostal
  • Lomeblastin
  • Lomustinum
  • Lucostin
  • Lucostine
  • N-(2-Chloroethyl)-N'-cyclohexyl-N-nitrosourea
  • Prava
  • RB-1509
  • WR-139017

Radiation: Radiation Therapy
Undergo craniospinal radiation therapy
Other Names:
  • Cancer Radiotherapy
  • Irradiate
  • Irradiated
  • Irradiation
  • RADIATION
  • Radiotherapeutics
  • Radiotherapy
  • RT
  • Therapy, Radiation

Drug: Vincristine Sulfate
Given IV or via minibag
Other Names:
  • Kyocristine
  • Leurocristine Sulfate
  • Leurocristine, sulfate
  • Oncovin
  • Vincasar
  • Vincosid
  • Vincrex
  • Vincristine, sulfate




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PFS [ Time Frame: From the initiation of protocol treatment to the occurrence of any of the following events: disease progression or disease recurrence or death from any cause, assessed up to 10 years ]
    PFS along with the confidence intervals will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. PFS will also be reported based on central radiology review.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in neurocognitive function (cognitive, social, emotional and behavioral) according to Children Oncology Group Standard Neuropsychological Battery [ Time Frame: Baseline to up to 60 months post-diagnosis ]
    Neurocognitive function will be measured at 9, 30 and 60 months post diagnosis and will be compared with the neurocognitive outcomes from an age and gender matched ACNS0331 cohort to the WNT patients treated on ACNS1422. Data for all assessments will be available as standardized t-scores. The change over time for each component of the neuropsychological testing will be estimated using the Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) approach, with the standardized t-scores as the dependent variable and the assessment times as a covariate. Within the ACNS1422 cohort GEE models will also be used to exp

  2. DNA methylation profiling as real-time classification of WNT-driven medulloblastoma [ Time Frame: Within 32 days of definitive surgery ]
    Results will be compared to the results of the molecular screening tests. The sensitivity and specificity comparison between DNA methylation arrays and the standard methods (molecular screening tests for WNT using IHC and CTNNB1 sequencing) will be performed using McNemar's test.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. DNA methylation profiling of medulloblastoma real-time" predictive classification scheme for the SHH, group 3 and group 4 medulloblastoma subgroups according to the Heidelberg classifier [ Time Frame: Within 32 days of definitive surgery ]
    The proportion of patients classified into each medulloblastoma subgroup in "real time" will be reported.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be newly diagnosed and have a confirmed molecular diagnosis of classical histologic type (non large cell/anaplastic [LC/A]) WNT medulloblastoma from rapid central pathology screening review on APEC14B1 (immunohistochemistry [IHC]/molecular screening [positive nuclear beta (B)-catenin by IHC and positive for catenin beta 1 [CTNNB1] mutation) and confirmation of =< 1.5 cm^2 maximal cross-sectional area of residual tumor from rapid central imaging review
  • Patient must have negative lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology; CSF cytology for staging should be performed preferably no sooner than 14 days post operatively to avoid false positive CSF; ideally, CSF should be obtained between day 14 and day 21 to allow for final staging status before enrollment onto the study

    • Note: patients with positive CSF cytology obtained prior to 14 days after surgery may have cytology repeated to determine eligibility and final CSF status
  • Patients must have eligibility confirmed by rapid central imaging review on APEC14B1; standard whole brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with and without contrast (gadolinium) and spine MRI with contrast (gadolinium) must be performed at the following time points:

    • Pre-operative to include an MRI of the brain with and without contrast (including post-contrast three-dimensional [3D] T1-weighted image [T1WI] and post-contrast fluid-attenuated inversion recovery [FLAIR])
    • Pre-operative spinal MRI with gadolinium; post-operative staging spinal MRI may be obtained if pre-operative imaging is not possible or is suboptimal; pre-operative spine imaging is strongly preferred, due to the potential of post-operative sequelae, which could affect metastasis detection
    • Post-operative brain MRI within 72 hours of surgery
  • Patients must be enrolled on ALTE07C1 prior to enrollment on ACNS1422

    • Patients must be enrolled within 36 days of definitive diagnostic surgery (day 0)

      • Note: patients must begin treatment within 36 days of definitive surgery
  • Patients must have no previous radiotherapy or chemotherapy other than corticosteroids
  • Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1000/uL
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/uL (transfusion independent)
  • Hemoglobin >= 10.0 g/dL (may receive red blood cell [RBC] transfusions)
  • Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) >= 70 mL/min/1.73 m^2 or a serum creatinine based on age/gender as follows:

    • 3 to < 6 years of age: maximum (max) serum creatinine 0.8 mg/dL (males and females)
    • 6 to < 10 years of age: max serum creatinine 1 mg/dL (males and females)
    • 10 to < 13 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.2 mg/dL (males and females)
    • 13 to < 16 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.5 md/dL (males) and 1.4 md/dL (females)
    • >= 16 years of age: max serum creatinine 1.7 mg/dL (males) and 1.4 mg/dL (females)

      • The threshold creatinine values were derived from the Schwartz formula for estimating GFR utilizing child length and stature data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  • Total or direct bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) for age, and
  • Serum glutamate pyruvate (SGPT) (alanine aminotransferase [ALT]) =< 110 U/L (for the purpose of this study, the upper limit of normal [ULN] for SGPT is 45 U/L)
  • Central nervous system function defined as:

    • Patients with seizure disorder may be enrolled if on anticonvulsants and well controlled
    • Patients must not be in status epilepticus, a coma or on assisted ventilation at the time of study enrollment
  • All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent; assent, when appropriate, will be obtained according to institutional guidelines
  • All institutional, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with metastatic disease by either MRI evaluation (brain and spine) or lumbar CSF cytology are not eligible; patients who are unable to undergo a lumbar puncture for assessment of CSF cytology are ineligible
  • Patients must not have received any prior tumor-directed therapy other than surgical intervention and corticosteroids
  • Female patients who are pregnant are ineligible
  • Lactating females are not eligible unless they have agreed not to breastfeed their infants
  • Female patients of childbearing potential are not eligible unless a negative pregnancy test result has been obtained
  • Sexually active patients of reproductive potential are not eligible unless they have agreed to use an effective contraceptive method for the duration of their study participation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02724579


Locations
United States, Pennsylvania
Childrens Oncology Group Not yet recruiting
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Contact: Nicholas J. Gottardo       nick.gottardo@health.wa.gov.au   
Principal Investigator: Nicholas J. Gottardo         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Nicholas Gottardo Children's Oncology Group

Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02724579     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACNS1422
NCI-2016-00150 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
ACNS1422 ( Other Identifier: Childrens Oncology Group )
ACNS1422 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180886 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 31, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 28, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Medulloblastoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Cisplatin
Cyclophosphamide
Vincristine
Lomustine
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Myeloablative Agonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators