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Trial record 4 of 38 for:    "Spinal Disease" | "Benzocaine"

Effect of Neuromuscular Blockade on Operating Conditions and Overall Satisfaction During Spinal Surgery

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02724111
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 31, 2016
Results First Posted : October 13, 2017
Last Update Posted : October 13, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Byung Gun Lim, Korea University Guro Hospital

Brief Summary:
The investigators aim to investigate operating conditions, postoperative recovery and overall satisfaction of surgeons between deep neuromuscular blockade (NMB) group and restricted NMB group during spinal surgery under general anesthesia. The investigators hypothesize that this study can present good surgical conditions, postoperative recovery outcomes and overall satisfaction of surgeons in deep NMB group, thereby proving the advantages of deep NMB as well as flaws of restricted NMB in spine surgeries.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuromuscular Blockade Surgery Anesthesia Spinal Diseases Drug: sufficient dose of rocuronium Drug: sugammadex 10 min after position change Phase 4

Detailed Description:
  • Group treatment (Arms): group treated with restricted neuromuscular blockade (NMB) (Group RB); group treated with deep NMB (Group DB) → randomized allocation (subjects: motor-evoked potential [MEP] not monitored surgeries)
  • Inclusion criteria: American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-II adults, aged 18-75 years, scheduled for elective spinal surgery (cervical or lumbar surgeries which have lesions no more than 3 spinal levels and not monitored by MEP) of duration >1 hour and prone position under total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA).
  • Exclusion criteria: Pregnancy, the receipt of medication known to interfere with neuromuscular blockade, diseases affecting neuromuscular transmission, and the history of hypersensitivity on rocuronium or sugammadex. The patients who will have hemodynamic instability, mean blood pressure increase or fall of > 30% from baseline (lasting for more than 5min), and blood loss > 1 L during surgery, and MEP monitored surgeries.
  • Outcome Measures

    • Primary outcome: Mean value of peak inspiratory pressure recorded every 15 minutes.
    • Secondary outcomes:

      1. The number of body movements (including cough or any diaphragm movement).
      2. The degree of bleeding of each patient scaled by surgeons (Intraoperative scale for assessment of operating condition of surgical field: 0 - No bleeding, 1 - Slight bleeding - no suctioning of blood required, 2 - Slight bleeding - occasional suctioning required but not threatened the operative field, 3 ‑ Slight‑bleeding - frequent suctioning of blood was required that threatens the operative field a few seconds after suctioning, 4 - Moderate bleeding - frequent suctioning of blood was required which threatens the operative field directly after suctioning, 5 - Sever bleeding - continuous suctioning of blood was required which severely threatened the operative field make the surgery not possible).
      3. The muscle tone of each patient scaled by surgeons (1: muscle tone is good, suitable for surgery; 2: muscle tone is moderate, but do not affect the operation; 3: muscle tone is hard, making the operation difficult.).

        • Three time-points of assessment of the muscle tone: ① At the placement of back muscle retractor for opening the operating site after the skin and subcutaneous incision, ② At the screw insertion through the pedicle of spine during surgery, ③ At the other period (overall muscle tone).
      4. Mean value of pressure of back muscle retractor placed in the operating site (recorded every 15 minutes): measured by the pressure probe placed between the retractor and the back muscle.
      5. Overall satisfaction of surgeons for the surgical condition will be assessed by the surgeons who perform surgery using numerical rating scale (NRS; 1-10) after surgery.
      6. Recovery profiles including eye opening time, extubation time and sedation score (the Observer's Assessment of Alertness/ Sedation (OAA/S) score; awake, 5 to unresponsive, 1) every 10 min for 1 hour at postanesthesia care unit (PACU).
      7. Postoperative adverse events

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 90 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Comparison of Operating Conditions, Postoperative Recovery and Overall Satisfaction Between Deep and Restricted Neuromuscular Blockade for Spinal Surgery Under General Anesthesia
Actual Study Start Date : May 15, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 16, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : February 16, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: deep neuromuscular blockade
This arm will be given sufficient dose of rocuronium. In this Arm group, rocuronium will be administered to maintain deep neuromuscular blockade [NMB] (train-of-four [TOF] count 0, post-tetanic count [PTC] of 1-2 twitches) until the end of surgery and the reversal of NMB will be performed by sugammadex 4 mg/kg at the end of surgery'.
Drug: sufficient dose of rocuronium
Other Name: sugammadex at the end of surgery

Active Comparator: restricted neuromuscular blockade
This arm will not be given sufficient dose of rocuronium. In this Arm group, sugammadex will be administered according to the prescribing indications (4 mg/kg for deep neuromuscular blockade [NMB] state or 2 mg/kg for moderate NMB or less) to reverse the NMB 10 min after position change (sugammadex 10 min after position change [a prone position]). Thereafter, muscle relaxants will not be injected any more throughout the surgery except the following situations: If the patients show any body movement during surgery or if surgeons express any complaint about muscle tone (the muscle tone: grade 3), rescue rocuronium 5 mg will be administered and the number of body movements and rescue rocuronium administration (dose) will be recorded.
Drug: sugammadex 10 min after position change
Other Name: restricted dose of rocuronium




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Value of Peak Inspiratory Pressure [ Time Frame: Every 15 minutes during anesthesia, up to 3 hours ]
    This outcome is the mean value of the peak inspiratory pressure measured at each 15 minute during the anesthesia, which can reflect the degree of the tone of respiratory muscles. As muscle tone increases, airway pressure usually increases due to increased tone of abdominal muscle and respiratory muscles including diaphragm. The longer the surgery goes, the higher the airway pressure gets. Also, as neurospinal surgeries are operated in the prone position, the potential for increased airway pressure is high. As airway pressure gets higher, intrathoracic pressure and intraabdominal pressure also become higher. These consequences may bring about similar results with detrimental effects derived from marked increase in intraabdominal pressure in laparoscopic abdominal surgeries


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Value of Pressure of Back Muscle Retractor [ Time Frame: Every 15 minutes at the period of the retractor placement during surgery, up to 2 hours ]
    Mean value of pressure of back muscle retractor placed in the operating site (recorded every 15 minutes during the placement of the retractor): measured by the pressure probe placed between the retractor and the back muscle.

  2. Overall Satisfaction of Surgeons for the Surgical Condition [ Time Frame: After surgery ]
    Overall satisfaction of surgeons for the surgical condition will be assessed by the surgeons who perform surgery using numerical rating scale (NRS; 1-10) after surgery (1, worst; 10, best).

  3. The Muscle Tone [ Time Frame: at the screw insertion through the pedicle of spine during surgery ]
    The muscle tone of each patient at the screw insertion through the pedicle of spine during surgery scaled by surgeons (1: muscle tone is good, suitable for surgery; 2: muscle tone is moderate, but do not affect the operation; 3: muscle tone is hard, making the operation difficult.).

  4. The Number of Body Movements [ Time Frame: At the occurrence of the event during surgery, up to 3 hours ]
    The number of body movements (including cough or any diaphragm movement) observed during the surgery.

  5. The Degree of Bleeding [ Time Frame: Continuously observed during the whole period of surgery, up to 3 hours ]
    2.The degree of bleeding of each patient scaled by surgeons (Intraoperative scale for assessment of operating condition of surgical field: 0 - No bleeding, 1 - Slight bleeding - no suctioning of blood required, 2 - Slight bleeding - occasional suctioning required but not threatened the operative field, 3 ‑ Slight‑bleeding - frequent suctioning of blood was required that threatens the operative field a few seconds after suctioning, 4 - Moderate bleeding - frequent suctioning of blood was required which threatens the operative field directly after suctioning, 5 - Severe bleeding - continuous suctioning of blood was required which severely threatened the operative field make the surgery not possible).

  6. Recovery Time (Time to Reach Sedation Score 5 at Postanesthesia Care Unit (PACU). [ Time Frame: every 10 min for 1 hour at PACU. ]
    the time to reach sedation score 5 (the Observer's Assessment of Alertness/ Sedation (OAA/S) score; awake, 5 to unresponsive, 1) at PACU

  7. Adverse Events : The Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting Occurrence in Subject [ Time Frame: during the postoperative 24 hours ]
    The occurrence of any adverse events was recorded in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) and a ward during the postoperative 24 hours.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-II adult patients scheduled for elective spinal (cervical or lumbar) surgery under general anesthesia

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy
  • Present medication known to interfere with neuromuscular blockade
  • Diseases affecting neuromuscular transmission
  • History of hypersensitivity on rocuronium or sugammadex
  • Emergent spinal surgery
  • Spinal surgeries which have lesions more than 3 spinal levels
  • Spinal surgeries which have duration less than 1 hour
  • Spinal surgeries which are not performed under prone position
  • Spinal surgeries which are not performed under total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA).
  • Patients who will have hemodynamic instability (mean blood pressure increase or fall of > 30% from baseline lasting for more than 5 min) during surgery
  • Patients who will have blood loss > 1 L during surgery
  • MEP monitored spinal surgeries

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02724111


Locations
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Korea, Republic of
Korea University Guro Hospital
Seoul, Korea, Republic of, 08308
Sponsors and Collaborators
Korea University Guro Hospital
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Byung Gun Lim, Ph.D. Korea University Guro Hospital
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Byung Gun Lim, Korea University Guro Hospital:
Study Protocol  [PDF] February 4, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] February 4, 2016
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] June 9, 2016


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Responsible Party: Byung Gun Lim, Associate Professor, Korea University Guro Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02724111     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: KUGH15297-002
First Posted: March 31, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 13, 2017
Last Update Posted: October 13, 2017
Last Verified: September 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Keywords provided by Byung Gun Lim, Korea University Guro Hospital:
Neuromuscular blockade
Surgical rating scale
Rocuronium
Sugammadex
Spinal surgery
General anesthesia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Spinal Diseases
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rocuronium
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents
Neuromuscular Blocking Agents
Neuromuscular Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents