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Study to Compare Gabapentin to Tramadol in Children With Chronic Neuropathic or Mixed Pain (GABA-1)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02722603
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 30, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 16, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
European Commission
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pharmaceutical Research Management srl

Brief Summary:
This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of gabapentin relative to tramadol for the treatment of chronic, neuropathic or mixed pain in the paediatric population. Children from 3 months to less than 18 years of age experiencing moderate to severe chronic pain will receive either gabapentin or tramadol for 15 weeks. The difference in average pain scores between treatment arms at the end of the treatment period will be assessed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Pain Drug: gabapentin Drug: tramadol Other: placebo tramadol Other: placebo gabapentin Phase 3

Detailed Description:

Gabapentin is indicated for the treatment of peripheral neuropathic pain in adults. In the absence of specific paediatric studies, it is not approved for the same condition in children.

The paediatric use of gabapentin is hampered by a) the lack of a suitable paediatric formulation, b) the significant variability of gabapentin pharmacokinetics profile and c) efficacy and safety data in this specific population.

The GABA-1 study is designed to demonstrate the efficacy of gabapentin oral solution relative to tramadol and to document the Pharmacokinetic and safety profile of gabapentin in this indication.

GABA-1 is a non-inferiority trial because gabapentin is expected to be equally effective but better tolerated than tramadol, thus providing a clinical benefit to affected children.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 94 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Double-blind, Double-dummy, Active Controlled, Multicentre, Non-inferiority Phase-III Study to Compare Gabapentin Liquid Formulation to Tramadol in Children Experiencing Moderate to Severe Chronic Neuropathic or Mixed Pain
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Chronic Pain

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: gabapentin / placebo tramadol
gabapentin 75 mg/ml syrup / placebo tramadol, 3 times/day for 15 weeks.
Drug: gabapentin
75 mg/ml gabapentin syrup

Other: placebo tramadol
placebo tramadol oral drops

Active Comparator: tramadol / placebo gabapentin
tramadol oral drops 100 mg/ml / placebo gabapentin, 3 times/day for 15 weeks.
Drug: tramadol
100 mg/ml tramadol oral drops

Other: placebo gabapentin
placebo gabapentin syrup




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pain score [ Time Frame: an average of 16 weeks ]

    Pain score (0-10) measured at baseline (before starting the therapy) and at the end of the treatment in: patients aged 3-24 months using FLACC pain scale, patients aged 3-7 years using FPS-R scale, patients aged 8-17 years using NRS-11.

    The FLACC (the Faces, Legs, Arms, Cry and Consolability) scale is composed by 5 categories. Each category is scored on the 0-2 scale, which results in a total score of 0-10, where 0=Relaxed and comfortable, 4-6=Moderate pain, 1-3=Mild discomfort, 7-10=Severe discomfort or pain or both.

    FPS-R (Faces Pain Scale - Revised - pts aged 3-7 years). Score is associated with face 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, or 10, where 0 = no pain and 10=very much pain.

    NRS-11 (Numerical Rating Scale - pts aged 8-17 years): numerical rating scale where 0=no pain and 10=worst possible pain.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of responders to treatment [ Time Frame: an average of 16 weeks ]

    Subjects with a pain intensity reduction of 30% from baseline or below or equal to 3/10, assessed by age-appropriate pain scale. FLACC (the Faces, Legs, Arms, Cry and Consolability) scale (pts aged 3-24-months) is composed by 5 categories. Each category is scored on the 0-2 scale, which results in a total score of 0-10, where 0=Relaxed and comfortable, 4-6=Moderate pain, 1-3=Mild discomfort, 7-10=Severe discomfort or pain or both.

    FPS-R (Faces Pain Scale - Revised - pts aged 3-7 years). Score is associated with face 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, or 10, where 0 = no pain and 10=very much pain.

    NRS-11 (Numerical Rating Scale - pts aged 8-17 years): numerical rating scale where 0=no pain and 10=worst possible pain.


  2. Daily pain intensity [ Time Frame: an average of 3 weeks ]

    Daily pain intensity, assessed by age-appropriate scale (FLACC, FPS-R or NRS-11) during dose optimization.

    The FLACC (the Faces, Legs, Arms, Cry and Consolability) scale (pts aged 3-24-months) is composed by 5 categories. Each category is scored on the 0-2 scale, which results in a total score of 0-10, where 0=Relaxed and comfortable, 4-6=Moderate pain, 1-3=Mild discomfort, 7-10=Severe discomfort or pain or both.

    FPS-R (Faces Pain Scale - Revised - pts aged 3-7 years). Score is associated with face 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, or 10, where 0 = no pain and 10=very much pain.

    NRS-11 (Numerical Rating Scale - pts aged 8-17 years): numerical rating scale where 0=no pain and 10=worst possible pain.


  3. Observational assessment of pain [ Time Frame: an average of 16 weeks ]

    Observational assessment of pain using the NRS-11 completed by parents and Investigator (or caregiver) at each visit.

    NRS-11: numerical rating scale where 0=no pain and 10=worst possible pain


  4. Self-assessment of pain for children ≥8 years of age [ Time Frame: an average of 16 weeks ]

    Self-assessment of pain for children ≥8 years of age using the FPS-R pain scale at each visit.

    FPS-R (Faces Pain Scale - Revised) Score is associated with face 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, or 10, where 0 = no pain and 10=very much pain.


  5. Extent of pain [ Time Frame: an average of 16 weeks ]
    number of painful areas using the pain charts at screening visit (V1), randomisation (v2) and EOS visit (V10). The pain charts are body maps (front and back) in which each body section is identified with a number.

  6. Number of episodes of breakthrough pain [ Time Frame: an average of 16 weeks ]
    Number of episodes of breakthrough pain (> 4/10 pain score and use of rescue medications) during treatment period.

  7. Number of rescue interventions [ Time Frame: an average of 15 weeks ]
    Number of rescue interventions required during treatment period

  8. Number of pain-free days [ Time Frame: an average of 15 weeks ]
    Number of pain-free (< 4/10 average pain score without the use of rescue medications) days during treatment period

  9. Number of participant dropouts [ Time Frame: up to 21 weeks ]
    Number of participant dropouts due to lack of efficacy

  10. The total cumulative weight normalized dose of each rescue drug [ Time Frame: up to 21 weeks ]
    The total cumulative weight normalized dose of each rescue drug

  11. Total Summary Score from PedsQL™ scale [ Time Frame: an average of 15 weeks ]

    Total score obtained using the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales (by parent, patient aged 3-17years) and PedsQL Infants Scales (by parent of pts aged 3-24months) at randomisation (V2) and at EOS (V10). The total score is a measure of Health Related Quality of life (HRQoL). Higher scores indicate better HRQOL.

    PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scales is composed by 4 multidimensional scales (Physical Funct, Emotional Funct, Social Funct, School Funct) and 3 summary scores (Total Scale Score, Physical Health Summary Score, Psychosocial Health Summary Score). Scoring is based on a 5-point Likert scale from 0 (Never) to 4 (Almost always).

    PedsQL Infant Scales is composed by 5 multidim. scales (Physical Functioning, Physical Symptoms, Emotional Functioning, Social Functioning, Cognitive Functioning) and 3 summary scores (Total Scale Score, Physical Health Summary Score, Psychosocial Health Summary Score). The scoring is based on a 5-point Likert scale from 0 (Never) to 4 (Almost always)


  12. Physical Health Summary Score from PedsQL™ scale [ Time Frame: an average of 15 weeks ]

    Physical Health Score obtained using the PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales (by parent, patient aged 3-17 years) and PedsQL™ Infant Scales (by parent, aged 3-24 months) at randomisation (V2) and at EOS (V10).

    PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales is composed by 4 multidimensional scales (Physical Funct, Emotional Funct, Social Funct, School Funct) and 3 summary scores (Total Scale Score, Physical Health Summary Score, Psychosocial Health Summary Score). Scoring is based on a 5-point Likert scale from 0 (Never) to 4 (Almost always).

    PedsQL™ Infant Scales is composed by 5 multidimensional scales (Physical Functioning, Physical Symptoms, Emotional Functioning, Social Functioning, Cognitive Functioning) and 3 summary scores (Total Scale Score, Physical Health Summary Score, Psychosocial Health Summary Score). The scoring is based on a 5-point Likert scale from 0 (Never) to 4 (Almost always).


  13. Psychosocial Health Summary Score from PedsQL™ scale [ Time Frame: an average of 15 weeks ]

    Psychosocial Health Score obtained using the PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales (by parent, patient aged 3-17 years) and PedsQL™ Infant Scales (by parent, aged 3-24 months) at randomisation (V2) and at EOS (V10).

    PedsQL™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales is composed by 4 multidimensional scales (Physical Funct, Emotional Funct, Social Funct, School Funct) and 3 summary scores (Total Scale Score, Physical Health Summary Score, Psychosocial Health Summary Score). Scoring is based on a 5-point Likert scale from 0 (Never) to 4 (Almost always).

    PedsQL™ Infant Scales is composed by 5 multidimensional scales (Physical Functioning, Physical Symptoms, Emotional Functioning, Social Functioning, Cognitive Functioning) and 3 summary scores (Total Scale Score, Physical Health Summary Score, Psychosocial Health Summary Score). The scoring is based on a 5-point Likert scale from 0 (Never) to 4 (Almost always).


  14. Acceptability of treatment [ Time Frame: at week 16 ]

    Acceptability of treatment (Five-Point Facial Hedonic scale) at EOS visit (V10).

    Each face in the scale is related to a score (1=unpleasant; 2=not sure; 3=pleasant).


  15. Global satisfaction with treatment [ Time Frame: at week 15 ]

    Global satisfaction with treatment (NRS-11, by parent, patient) at EOS visit (V10).

    The satisfaction is measeured by the numerical rating scale NRS-11 where 0=not satisfied and 10=fully satisfied


  16. Clinical Global Impression of Severity of the subject's condition [ Time Frame: an average of 15 weeks ]

    Clinical Global Impression of Severity (CGI-S) for Neuropathic or Mixed Pain Overall Severity Prior to Study Treatment (at randomization - V2) assessed by Investigator.

    Investigators will rate their impression of the severity of the subject's condition. Scoring: Normal: no signs of pain, Borderline painful, Mildly painful, Moderately painful, Markedly painful,Severely painful, Among the most extremely painful patients.


  17. Clinical Global Impression of Improvement for pain [ Time Frame: an average of 15 weeks ]

    Clinical Global Impression of Improvement (CGI-I) for Neuropathic or Mixed Pain Overall at V6 and EOS visit (V10) assessed by Investigator.

    Investigators will rate their impression of any change of the subject's overall condition of neuropathic or mixed pain since randomization in the study. Scoring are: Very much improved since the initiation of treatment; Much improved; Minimally improved; No change from baseline (the initiation of treatment); Minimally worse; Much worse; Very much worse since the initiation of treatment.


  18. Patient/parent Global Impression of Change [ Time Frame: an average of 12 weeks ]

    Patient/parent Global Impression of Change (PGIC; by parent, patient) at V6 and at EOS visit (V10).

    Patient/parent will rate their impression of any change of the subject's overall condition of neuropathic or mixed pain since randomization in the study. Scoring are: Very much improved since the initiation of treatment; Much improved; Minimally improved; No change from baseline (the initiation of treatment); Minimally worse; Much worse; Very much worse since the initiation of treatment.


  19. CL/F [ Time Frame: at week 3 or at week 4 or at week 16 ]
    Primary pharmacokinetic parameters for gabapentin and tramadol: assessment of apparent clearance (CL/F) and of its variability and precision. In total, 4 samples will be collected, 1 before dosing and again at 3 different time windows post-dosing (0 - 2 h; 2 - 4 h and 4 - 6 h)

  20. Vd/F [ Time Frame: at week 3 or at week 4 or at week 16 ]
    Primary pharmacokinetic parameter for gabapentin and tramadol: assessment of apparent volume of distribution (Vd/F) and of its variability and precision. In total, 4 samples will be collected, 1 before dosing and again at 3 different time windows post-dosing (0 - 2 h; 2 - 4 h and 4 - 6 h)

  21. ka [ Time Frame: at week 3 or at week 4 or at week 16 ]
    Primary pharmacokinetic parameter for gabapentin and tramadol: assessment of absorption rate constant (Ka) and of its precision and variability. In total, 4 samples will be collected, 1 before dosing and again at 3 different time windows post-dosing (0 - 2 h; 2 - 4 h and 4 - 6 h)

  22. AUC [ Time Frame: at week 3 or at week 4 or at week 16 ]
    Secondary pharmacokinetic parameter for gabapentin and tramadol: assessment of Area under the Concentration curve (AUC). In total, 4 samples will be collected, 1 before dosing and again at 3 different time windows post-dosing (0 - 2 h; 2 - 4 h and 4 - 6 h)

  23. Cmax [ Time Frame: at week 3 or at week 4 or at week 16 ]
    Secondary pharmacokinetic parameter for gabapentin and tramadol: assessment of peak plasma concentration (Cmax). In total, 4 samples will be collected, 1 before dosing and again at 3 different time windows post-dosing (0 - 2 h; 2 - 4 h and 4 - 6 h)

  24. Tmax [ Time Frame: at week 3 or at week 4 or at week 16 ]
    Secondary pharmacokinetic parameter for gabapentin and tramadol: assessment of time at which the Cmax is observed (Tmax). In total, 4 samples will be collected, 1 before dosing and again at 3 different time windows post-dosing (0 - 2 h; 2 - 4 h and 4 - 6 h)

  25. Css [ Time Frame: at week 3 or at week 4 or at week 16 ]
    Secondary pharmacokinetic parameter for gabapentin and tramadol: assessment of steady state Concentrations (Css). In total, 4 samples will be collected, 1 before dosing and again at 3 different time windows post-dosing (0 - 2 h; 2 - 4 h and 4 - 6 h)

  26. Cmin [ Time Frame: at week 3 or at week 4 or at week 16 ]
    Secondary pharmacokinetic parameter for gabapentin and tramadol: assessment of minimum concentration (Cmin). In total, 4 samples will be collected, 1 before dosing and again at 3 different time windows post-dosing (0 - 2 h; 2 - 4 h and 4 - 6 h)

  27. Systemic exposure to investigational products during maintenance period [ Time Frame: an average of 12 weeks ]
    Systemic exposure to investigational products during maintenance period, as assessed by predicted steady-state concentrations.

  28. Incidence of Adverse Events at all visits [ Time Frame: up to 21 weeks ]
    Incidence of Adverse Events at all visits

  29. Percentage of subjects discontinuing the trial due to treatment-emergent adverse events. [ Time Frame: up to 21 weeks ]
    Percentage of subjects discontinuing the trial due to treatment-emergent adverse events.

  30. Aggressive behaviour in children aged >6 years [ Time Frame: an average of 15 weeks ]

    Aggressive behaviour in children aged >6 years using the Retrospective-Modified Overt Aggression Scale (R-MOAS) at V2, V6 and EOS visit (V10).

    The scale includes 4 domains (Verbal Incidents, Incidents Toward Other People, Incidents Involving Property, Incidents Directed Toward Self) each one describing different behaviours.

    Parents rate the frequency of 16 aggressive behaviors (referred to the past week) in the 4 areas. Numeric weighting amplifies the seriousness of more harmful behaviors in the total score. Higher score indicating more aggressive behavior.


  31. Suicidal ideation/behaviour in subjects aged 6 years and older [ Time Frame: an average of 16 weeks ]

    Suicidal ideation/behaviour in subjects aged ≥ 6 years using the Columbia - Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) before IMP (screening V1), V6, EOS visit (V10) and end of taper visit (V11). The C-SSRS is divided into 2 sections: Suicidal Ideation and Suicidal Behaviour containing each one 5 "yes" or "no" questions.

    Suicidal Ideation Score: The maximum suicidal ideation category (1-5 on the CSSRS) present at the assessment. A score of 0 is assigned if no ideation is present.

    Composite endpoints are defined below:

    Suicidal ideation: A "yes" answer at any time during treatment to any one of the five suicidal ideation questions (Categories 1-5).

    Suicidal behavior: A "yes" answer at any time during treatment to any one of the five suicidal behavior questions (Categories 6-10).

    Suicidal ideation or behavior: A "yes" answer at any time during treatment to any one of the ten suicidal ideation and behavior questions (Categories 1-10)


  32. Assessment of blinding [ Time Frame: at week 16 ]
    Assessment of blinding: guess of the subject's treatment group (by Investigator, parents and subject if at adequate maturity level) at V10.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Months to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female, aged 3 months to less than 18 years at screening.
  2. Informed consent by parent(s) and/or legal guardian according to each country legal requirement.
  3. Assent by the patient, where applicable, according to each country legal requirement.
  4. Subjects that meet the diagnostic criteria for neuropathic or mixed pain.
  5. Subjects that present with chronic pain defined as the recurrent or continuous pain persisting more than 3 months. Duration of pain will be determined from the date of the first pain experienced.
  6. Subjects that present with at least moderate pain as defined by average pain intensity of ≥4/10 as assessed during a 3-day screening period
  7. Stable underlying disease condition and treatment.
  8. In presence of malignant diseases, subjects in clinical remission and/or no expected changes in their therapeutic protocol during participation to the present study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Pain duration of more than 5 years.
  2. Current use of gabapentin or tramadol.
  3. History of failure to respond to adequate treatment by gabapentin or tramadol/opioids for neuropathic pain.
  4. History of epileptic condition except febrile seizure disorder.
  5. Subjects with sleeping apnoea syndrome of any origin or subjects with history of severe respiratory impairment.
  6. Subjects with diagnosis of sickle cell disease.
  7. Subjects that present significant cognitive impairment.
  8. Subjects that present current, controlled or uncontrolled, co-morbid psychiatric diagnosis that can impair pain diagnosis and assessment such as severe depressive conditions or psychosis.
  9. Subjects with history of suicidal ideation or behaviour.
  10. History of substance abuse in particular opioids.
  11. Subjects under prohibited concomitant medication
  12. Subjects in need for corticosteroid oral treatment or corticosteroid infiltrations to treat pain caused by infiltration or compression of neural structures, e.g. peripheral nerves or spinal cord.
  13. Subjects born prematurely at ≤ 36 weeks gestational age, if recruited during the first year of age.
  14. Subjects with a body mass index (BMI) for age and gender of < 5th percentile or > 95th percentile.
  15. Subjects with glomerular filtration rate < 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 (Schwarz equation).
  16. Subjects with significant hepatic impairment or with Aspartate Transaminase (AST) or Alanine Transaminase (ALT) enzymes 3 times the upper limit of the age-specific reference range.
  17. Subjects with known allergy, hypersensitivity or clinically significant intolerance to gabapentin or tramadol or any component found in the study drugs.
  18. Subjects with fructose intolerance, diabetes, glucose-galactose malabsorption or lactase-isomaltase deficiency.
  19. Subjects with clinically relevant abnormal ECG at the screening visit in the discretion of the Investigator/cardiologist.
  20. Subjects participating in another clinical interventional trial.
  21. Subjects scheduled for surgery or in recovery from surgery occurring within 3 months of baseline assessment.
  22. Female subjects who are pregnant or currently lactating.
  23. Subjects that failed screening or were previously enrolled in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02722603


Contacts
Contact: Donato Bonifazi 00393287919866 donatobonifazi@pharmsrl.com

Locations
Albania
Qendra Spitalore Universitare Nene Tereza, Tirana Not yet recruiting
Tirana, Albania
Estonia
Sihtasutus Tartu Uelikooli Kliinikum Withdrawn
Tartu, Estonia
France
Centre Hospitalier Régional Universitaire de Lille Recruiting
Lille, France
Assistance Publique-Hopitaux de Marseille Not yet recruiting
Marseille, France
Assistance Publique Hôpitaux De Paris - Hôpital Necker de Paris Recruiting
Paris, France
Assistance Publique Hôpitaux De Paris - Hôpital Robert Debré de Paris Recruiting
Paris, France
Germany
Universitaets klinikum Erlangen Recruiting
Erlangen, Germany
Greece
Geniko Nosokomeio Paidon Αthinon I Agia Sophia - Paidon Pentelis Recruiting
Athens, Greece
Italy
Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Consorziale Policlinico di Bari Recruiting
Bari, Italy
Istituto Giannina Gaslini Genova Not yet recruiting
Genova, Italy
Azienda Ospedaliera Padova Withdrawn
Padova, Italy
Netherlands
Erasmus Universitair Medisch Centrum Rotterdam Recruiting
Rotterdam, Netherlands
University Medical Center Utrecht, Wilhelmina Kinderziekenhuis Not yet recruiting
Utrecht, Netherlands
Poland
Children's Memorial Health Institute Not yet recruiting
Warsaw, Poland
Ukraine
Shupyk National Academy of Postgraduate Education Withdrawn
Boyarka, Ukraine, 08150
Ivano-Frankivsk Regional Children's Clinical Hospital Withdrawn
Ivano-Frankivs'k, Ukraine
Acinus Withdrawn
Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine
Medical Institute of Sumy State University Withdrawn
Sumy, Ukraine
United Kingdom
Alder Hey Children's Hospital Not yet recruiting
Liverpool, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pharmaceutical Research Management srl
European Commission
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Florentia Kaguelidou Center of Clinical Investigations, INSERM CIC 1426, Hopital Robert Debré, Assistance Publique Hopitaux de Paris

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: Pharmaceutical Research Management srl
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02722603     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-004851-30
First Posted: March 30, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 16, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Chronic Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Gabapentin
Tramadol
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anticonvulsants
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Antimanic Agents
GABA Agents
Analgesics, Opioid
Narcotics