Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Effect of SGLT-2 Inhibitor Dapagliflozin on Glycemic Variability in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02719756
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2016 by Research Clinical Centre of the Russian Railways, JSC.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
First Posted : March 25, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 25, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Research Clinical Centre of the Russian Railways, JSC

Brief Summary:
This study will test the hypothesis that early use of combination therapy with dapagliflozin and metformin will provide good glycemic control with low glycemic variability and without hypoglycemic episodes, and will be better tolerated than up-titration of metformin monotherapy. The study will also correlate these benefits with glycated hemoglobin.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetes Mellitus Hypoglycemic Episodes Drug: Metformin Drug: Dapagliflozin Drug: Metformin up-titration Phase 4

Detailed Description:
Type 2 diabetes is a progressive, chronic metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia. Despite therapeutic advances, the incidence and prevalence of diabetes continue to surge. Worldwide, the number of individuals with diabetes is projected to rise from 366 million in 2011 to 552 million by 2030, which is the equivalent of approximately three new cases being diagnosed every 10 seconds. Type 2 diabetes doubles the risk of cardiovascular disease, and macrovascular complications (myocardial infarction and stroke) are a common cause of death in patients with type 2 diabetes. The U.K. Prospective Diabetes Study showed that every 1% absolute decline in mean A1C was associated with a 37% reduction in the risk of microvascular complications and a 21% reduction in the risk of any diabetes-related complication or death. Diabetes also exacts a tremendous economic burden. Meeting treatment goals is elusive for many people with diabetes. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2003 to 2006 showed that only 57.1% of adults with diagnosed diabetes achieved an A1C < 7%, 45.5% had a blood pressure level < 130/80 mmHg, and 46.5% had an LDL cholesterol level < 100 mg/dl. Only 12.2% of people with diabetes reached all three goals. Treatment of Type 2 diabetes is not limited to just glycaemic control. Rather, the proper management of hyperglycaemia, weight, blood pressure, and lipids can have benefits in terms of slowing the progression of Type 2 diabetes, decreasing the risk of CV disease, and improving overall health.Current antihyperglycaemic treatments are predominantly insulin-dependent. These treatments can effectively manage HbA1c, and treatment may be influenced by the patient's comorbidities and any potential treatment-related adverse events. However, as Type 2 diabetes progresses, regimens need to be modified to compensate for declining beta-cell function and decreasing insulin sensitivity. On this basis,the EASD/ADA guidelines suggest following a treatment pathway that has well validated therapies at it's core.Of the many comorbid conditions described, excess weight is especially important, not only because of the increased disease risk, but also for the management of blood pressure and lipids. Consequently, AACE/ACE algorithms give priority to those regimens that have the added benefit of minimising hypoglycaemic events and weight gain.In addition, while antidiabetic treatments tend to focus on insulin-dependent mechanisms in organs such as the liver and pancreas, it should not be forgotten that the kidneys also have a role in maintaining glucose homeostasis There are multiple barriers to achieving optimal glycemic control. Current medications for type 2 diabetes have potential adverse effects; for example, can cause hypoglycemia and weight gain. Hypoglycaemia is a limiting factor in the glycaemic management of patients with advanced Type 2 diabetes.Most often hypoglycaemia is associated with mild to severe neurologic symptoms, and in some cases it can result in death. Additionally, the risk of cardiac ischaemia is increased in Type 2 diabetes patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic hypoglycaemia compared with patients with hyperglycaemia or stable normoglycaemia. The risk of hypoglycaemia increases with advancing age, polypharmacy, later stages of disease, and intensive antihyperglycaemic treatment with certain drugs, such as sulphonylureas. Intensive treatment (target HbA1c<7.0%) results in a greater number of patients experiencing severe hypoglycaemic events (3-21%) compared with conventional treatment (target HbA1c ≥7.0%; 2-10%), although intensive therapy may have a greater beneficial effect in terms of a decreased risk of microvascular disease. As a result, hypoglycaemia is one of several factors, including weight gain and increases in CV disease-related and overall mortality, that may limit the microvascular benefits of intensive therapy. Thus, the search continues for novel therapeutic agents that can help patients avoid these limiting side effects while providing glycemic control.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Official Title: Randomized, Open Prospective Study of the Effect of SGLT-2 Inhibitor Dapagliflozin on Glycemic Variability in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Study Start Date : April 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Metformin & Dapagliflozin
Metformin stable dose tablets and Dapagliflozin 10 mg tablets by mouths, once daily in morning for 3 months
Drug: Metformin
Metformin tablets 1000 mg
Other Name: GLUCOPHAGE

Drug: Dapagliflozin
Dapagliflozin 10 mg tablets
Other Names:
  • FORXIGA
  • FARXIGA

Active Comparator: Metformin up-titration
Metformin tablets up-titration by mouths, for 3 months
Drug: Metformin
Metformin tablets 1000 mg
Other Name: GLUCOPHAGE

Drug: Metformin up-titration



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dynamics (delta from the baseline) of blood glucose variability - integral index of glycemia (LBGI-HBGI) after 3 months of therapy [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dynamics (delta from the baseline or % decrease of blood glucose level) of blood glucose variability (ADRR) after 3 months of therapy [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  2. Dynamics of MAGE after 3 months of therapy [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  3. Dynamic of glycaemia parameters: % of normoglycemia time after 3 months of therapy [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  4. Dynamic of glycaemia parameters: % of hyperglycemia time after 3 months of therapy [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  5. Dynamic of glycaemia parameters: % of hypoglycemia time after 3 months of therapy [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  6. Dynamics of HbA1c (%) from baseline after 3 months of therapy [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
  7. Percentage of diabetes mellitus patients achieved individual target HbA1c [ Time Frame: 3 months ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 74 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria

The subject population that will be observed in the study, must fulfil all of the following criteria:

  1. Signed informed consent.
  2. Written informed consent by women of childbearing age to interception during study participation period, with determination of level of chorionic gonadotropic hormone by the pregnancy test, prior to study enrollment.
  3. Age >=18 - 74 years.
  4. eGFR >=60 mL/min/1.73 m2 by MDRD formula.
  5. BMI <40 kg / m2
  6. C-peptide >= 1 ng/ml
  7. HbA1c 7 - 9% both included
  8. Stabile 1000 mg dose of Metformin daily for at least 8 weeks prior to enrollment

Exclusion criteria

  1. The presence of absolute contraindications to therapy by SGLT-2 inhibitor Dapagliflozin:

    1.1. Individual idiosyncrasy of any drug component.

    1.2. Type 1 diabetes.

    1.3. Diabetic ketoacidosis.

    1.4. Renal disease, medium to severe (eGFR <60 ml/min /1.73m2 by MDRD formula) or end-stage renal failure.

    1.5.Hereditary lactose intolerance, lactase deficiency, and glucose and galactose intolerance.

    1.6. Pregnancy and breast-feeding.

    1.7. Children under 18 years of age.

    1.8. Patients receiving loop diuretics or with reduced volume of blood circulation, such as a result of acute diseases (e.g. gastrointestinal problems).

    1.9. Elderly patients aged 75 years and older.

  2. A history of moderate or severe congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] Class III or IV) within 3 months prior to the screening visit
  3. Increased liver transaminases ALT and/or AST more than 3 times higher than normal.
  4. Any condition that in the opinion of the PI confound the evaluation and interpretation of efficacy and or safety data. Significant medical or psychological condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise the patient's safety or successful participation in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02719756


Contacts
Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Alexander Ametov, prof., MD (499)1510951 ext 8107 alexander.ametov@gmail.com
Contact: Viktoria Blagova, PhD cand. (499)6130363 ext 8107 vika-blagova@mail.ru

Locations
Layout table for location information
Russian Federation
Research Clinical Centre of the Russian Railways, JSC Not yet recruiting
Moscow, Russian Federation, 125993
Contact: Alexander Ametov, prof., MD    (499)1510951 ext 8107    alexander.ametov@gmail.ru   
Contact: Viktoria Blagova, PhD cand.    (499)6130363 ext 8107    vika-blagova@mail.ru   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Research Clinical Centre of the Russian Railways, JSC
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Alexander Ametov, prof., MD Research Clinical Center of the Russian Railways, JSC

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Research Clinical Centre of the Russian Railways, JSC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02719756     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ESR-15-11023
First Posted: March 25, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 25, 2016
Last Verified: March 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Metformin
2-(3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)-4-chlorophenyl)-6-hydroxymethyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol
Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action