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Improving The Safety And Nutritional Adequacy Of The Home Food Supply Of Elderly Recipients Of Home Delivered Meals

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02719626
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 25, 2016
Last Update Posted : March 25, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Brief Summary:

Rutgers University will partner with the Meals on Wheels America (MOWA) and affiliated agencies in five states to conduct a study designed to improve food safety nutrition and emergency preparedness among homebound elderly recipients of home delivered meals (HDM). This population is at increased risk for food borne diseases, as a result of unique physiological and behavioral factors, and is particularly vulnerable to any disruptions in the food system because of their lack of mobility.

A multi-method research approach will be used with a target sample of 1,000 MOWA homebound elderly clients. Methods include the use of a novel UPC scanning technology that quickly and comprehensively catalogues all of the food in the clients' homes, a home food safety audit, and a face-to-face interview.

The goal of the study is to provide an improved understanding of the unique food safety threats to this at-risk population, suggest easy, cost-effective ways of reducing known food safety risk factors, and provide clear guidelines about the amount and types of food most needed by this population in emergency situations. Dissemination of research findings and recommendations will be done through a partnership with EDEN and MOWA, both of which have national constituencies poised to act on the recommendations.


Condition or disease
Food Safety Nutritive Value Homebound Persons Frail Elderly

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 740 participants
Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Improving The Safety And Nutritional Adequacy Of The Home Food Supply Of Elderly Recipients Of Home Delivered Meals
Study Start Date : April 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Food Safety




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Food Safety Kitchen Audit Score [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    A 7-scale home food safety kitchen audit score was calculated by summing the affirmative responses to the audit questions was calculated for each household. Items on each scale ranged from 3-12 for total score of 0 to 43 and all were weighted equally.

  2. Nutritional Adequacy Ratio (NAR) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]
    A household Nutrition Adequacy Ratio was calculated by summing nutrition values based on the daily values for a 2,000kcal diet for each food. NARs are ratios where 1 is recommended, >1 is more than recommended and <1 is inadequate.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Nutritional Quality Score (QS) [ Time Frame: Day 1 ]

    A household summary nutrition quality score was calculated by summing up the NARs for 6 recommended nutrients and dividing the result by the NARs for the non-recommended nutrients in the home food supply for each household.

    Quality Score is a ratio where 1 is recommended, >1 is more than recommended and <1 is inadequate.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   60 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Home delivered meal recipients for at least 6 months, who: live alone, are 60 or more years old, have no overt cognitive impairment, and are from 5 states (AR, CA, IA, NJ & SC; one site per state).
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 60 or more years old
  • live alone
  • no overt cognitive impairment
  • receiving home delivered meals for at least 6 months prior to the in-home visit

Exclusion Criteria:

  • < 60 years old
  • do not live alone
  • overt cognitive impairment
  • receiving home delivered meals for less than 6 months prior to the in-home visit

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02719626


Locations
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United States, Arkansas
CareLink
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72119-5988
United States, California
St. Vincent's Meals on Wheels
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90057
United States, Iowa
The Heritage Agency on Aging
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States, 52404
United States, New Jersey
Linden Meals on Wheels
Linden, New Jersey, United States, 07036
Rutgers University
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08902
United States, South Carolina
Greenville Meals on Wheels
Greenville, South Carolina, United States, 29605-1780
United States, Virginia
Meals on Wheels America
Arlington, Virginia, United States, 22202
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: William K Hallman, PhD Department of Human Ecology, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey
Principal Investigator: Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, PhD, RD Department of Nutrition, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey
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Responsible Party: Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02719626    
Other Study ID Numbers: 10-551Mx
USDA NIFSI # 2010-51110-21078 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: USDA NIFSI )
First Posted: March 25, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 25, 2016
Last Verified: February 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Aggregate results will be made available via website (in process).
Keywords provided by Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey:
senior
nutrition
home delivered meals
food safety
emergency prep