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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    ACTG A5350
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Effects of the Probiotic Visbiome Extra Strength on Gut Microbiome & Immune Activation Markers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02706717
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 11, 2016
Results First Posted : June 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 6, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Exegi Pharma, LLC
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AIDS Clinical Trials Group

Brief Summary:
The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether the probiotic Visbiome Extra Strength reduces inflammation in HIV-infected men and women when compared to a placebo (inactive medication like a dummy pill). The study evaluated whether taking Visbiome Extra Strength by mouth for 24 weeks was safe and well-tolerated for HIV-infected persons on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Probiotics are germs such as yeast or bacteria that are found in food and supplements that are used to improve the health of the digestive system. Many people refer to probiotics as "helpful bacteria." These bacteria live in the body and help the body work normally. In some medical conditions, including HIV infection, helpful bacteria are replaced with bacteria that can change the normal intestinal function and increase inflammation. The investigators tested whether giving a probiotic restored normal intestinal function and decreased inflammation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV-1 Infection Drug: Visbiome Extra Strength Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This was a phase II, randomized, double-blind, two-arm study to evaluate whether there is a significant change in sCD14 after 24 weeks of probiotic Visbiome Extra Strength (ES) therapy, and to determine the safety and tolerability of this agent in HIV-infected participants on stable antiretroviral therapy (ART). Participants were randomized 1:1 to Visbiome ES and placebo arms. Both arms initiated study treatment at Week 2 and took 1 sachet per day for the first 2 weeks and then 1 sachet twice daily for the next 22 weeks. All participants were followed for an additional 12 weeks off study product.

The study clinic visits included Entry (Week 0), and Weeks 2, 6, 14, 25, 26, and 38. Plasma for the primary outcome was collected at Weeks 0, 2, 25, and 26. The evaluations of safety (clinical assessment for signs and symptoms, diagnoses, and laboratory tests) were done at Weeks 2, 6, 14, 26, and 38.

Currently, the results are entered for the primary outcome measure and select secondary outcomes only. The results on the remaining secondary outcomes will be posted when they become available.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 93 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Care Provider)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety, Tolerability, and Effects of the Probiotic Visbiome Extra Strength on Gut Microbiome and Immune Activation Markers in HIV-Infected Participants on Suppressive Antiretroviral Therapy: A Phase II Study
Actual Study Start Date : April 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 5, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 28, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Visbiome Extra Strength Drug: Visbiome Extra Strength
From week 2 to 4, participant will receive one sachet orally daily. From week 4 to 26, participant will receive one sachet orally twice daily.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo for Visbiome Extra Strength Drug: Placebo
From week 2 to 4, participant will receive one sachet orally daily. From week 4 to 26, participant will receive one sachet orally twice daily.
Other Name: Control




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in sCD14 From Baseline to Week 25/26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 0, 2, 25, and 26 ]

    Baseline is defined as the average of the Entry and Week 2 values. Week 25/26 is defined as the average of the Week 25 and Week 26 values.

    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 25/26 minus the value at Baseline.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in IL-6 From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    IL-6 data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  2. Change in IP-10 From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]

    All values were log10 transformed prior to calculating change and conducting analyses.

    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2. Mean changes were exponentiated to be back on the untransformed scale and corresponds to a mean fold change.


  3. Change in sCD163 From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    sCD163 data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  4. Change in sTNF-RI From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    sTNF-RI data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  5. Change in Oxidized LDL From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Oxidized LDL data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  6. Change in Kynurenine to Tryptophan Ratio From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Fold change was calculated as the value at Week 26 divided by the value at Week 2.

  7. Change in D-dimer From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]

    All values were log10 transformed prior to calculating change and conducting analyses.

    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2. Mean changes were exponentiated to be back on the untransformed scale and corresponds to a mean fold change.


  8. Change in LPS From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    LPS data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  9. Change in LBP From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    LBP data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  10. Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2.

  11. Change in CD4+/CD8+ Ratio From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Fold change was calculated as the value at Week 26 divided by the value at Week 2.

  12. Change in %CD14++CD16- From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2.

  13. Change in %CD14++CD16+ From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2.

  14. Change in %CD14lowCD16hi From Week 2 to Week 26 [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    %CD14lowCD16hi data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  15. Change in %CD4+CD38+ From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    %CD4+CD38+ data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  16. Change in %CD4+HLA-DR+ From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    %CD4+HLA-DR+ data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  17. Change in %CD4+CD38+HLA-DR+ From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2.

  18. Change in %CD8+CD38+ From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    %CD8+CD38+ data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  19. Change in %CD8+HLA-DR+ From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    %CD8+HLA-DR+ data are not available as of June, 2018. These data are based on assays which are to be tested in batch to minimize variability. Due to batch testing, shipment of samples for testing could not begin until after the study follow-up completion, which was 3 months after the primary completion date. Please note that these secondary outcomes were not included in the primary analysis report. There are many outcomes in this study and the labs had to give priority to the assays planned to be included in the primary manuscript.

  20. Change in %CD8+CD38+HLA-DR+ From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2.

  21. Change in %CD4+CD28-CD57+ From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2.

  22. Change in %CD8+CD28-CD57+ From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2.

  23. Change in Chao1 Richness Index From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]

    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2.

    Chao1 is a diversity index that reflects how many different quantifiable types (species, individuals, items, etc…) there are in a dataset (see Chao reference). Chao1 diversity is a richness measure which quantifies how many different types there are in a given dataset. The Chao 1 index can range from 1 to infinity as it is constrained only by the number of types defined as measurable. The greater a value is, the more diverse it is but only in direct comparison to groups considering the same parameters. That is, diversity indices are relative to the community (cohort or ecosystem) studied in part due to the definition of the "types" that are considered.


  24. Change in Shannon Diversity Index From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]

    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2.

    Shannon is a diversity index that reflects how many different quantifiable types (species, individuals, items, etc…) there are in a dataset (see Lemos and Magurran references). The Shannon index is an estimator of richness and evenness. It quantifies uncertainty (entropy) within a dataset. The Shannon Index ranges from 0-5. The greater a value is, the more diverse it is but only in direct comparison to groups considering the same parameters. That is, diversity indices are relative to the community (cohort or ecosystem) studied in part due to the definition of the "types" that are considered.


  25. Change in Chao1 Richness Index From Week 26 to Week 38. [ Time Frame: Weeks 26 and 38 ]

    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 38 minus the value at Week 26.

    Chao1 is a diversity index that reflects how many different quantifiable types (species, individuals, items, etc…) there are in a dataset (see Chao reference). Chao1 diversity is a richness measure which quantifies how many different types there are in a given dataset. The Chao 1 index can range from 1 to infinity as it is constrained only by the number of types defined as measurable. The greater a value is, the more diverse it is but only in direct comparison to groups considering the same parameters. That is, diversity indices are relative to the community (cohort or ecosystem) studied in part due to the definition of the "types" that are considered.


  26. Change in Shannon Diversity Index From Week 26 to Week 38. [ Time Frame: Weeks 26 and 38 ]

    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 38 minus the value at Week 26.

    Shannon is a diversity index that reflects how many different quantifiable types (species, individuals, items, etc…) there are in a dataset (see Lemos and Magurran references). The Shannon index is an estimator of richness and evenness. It quantifies uncertainty (entropy) within a dataset. The Shannon Index ranges from 0-5. The greater a value is, the more diverse it is but only in direct comparison to groups considering the same parameters. That is, diversity indices are relative to the community (cohort or ecosystem) studied in part due to the definition of the "types" that are considered.


  27. Change in I-FABP From Week 2 to Week 26. [ Time Frame: Weeks 2 and 26 ]
    Absolute change was calculated as the value at Week 26 minus the value at Week 2.

  28. Safety [ Time Frame: Treatment dispensation to Week 38 ]

    Summary of the highest adverse event grade (0-5) for each participant.

    Protocol definition of Adverse Events: 1) signs and symptoms Grade ≥3 and any that led to a change in treatment regardless of grade; 2) new diagnoses; 3) Grade ≥3 lab values and any that led to a change in treatment or were associated with a diagnosis were recorded, regardless of grade.

    DAIDS AE Grading Table, Version 2.0 was used.


  29. Tolerability [ Time Frame: Treatment dispensation to Week 38 ]
    Tolerability was successfully completing the protocol-defined treatment period.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- HIV-1 infection, documented by any licensed rapid HIV test or HIV enzyme or chemiluminescence immunoassay (E/CIA) test kit at any time prior to study entry and confirmed by a licensed Western blot or a second antibody test by a method other than the initial rapid HIV and/or E/CIA, or by HIV-1 antigen, plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load.

NOTE: The term "licensed" refers to a US FDA-approved kit.

WHO (World Health Organization) and CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) guidelines mandate that confirmation of the initial test result must use a test that is different from the one used for the initial assessment. A reactive initial rapid test should be confirmed by either another type of rapid assay or an E/CIA that is based on a different antigen preparation and/or different test principle (eg, indirect versus competitive), or a Western blot or a plasma HIV-1 RNA viral load.

- Currently on continuous antiretroviral therapy (ART) for ≥48 weeks prior to study entry with no change in the ART regimen within the 24 weeks prior to study entry except as noted below.

NOTE A: Continuous ART is defined as continuous ART for the 48-week period prior to study entry with no ART interruption longer than 7 consecutive days.

NOTE B: Modifications of ART during the 24 weeks prior to study entry are permitted in certain circumstances. For example, the change in formulation (eg, from standard formulation to fixed-dose combination including ART modifications switching from ritonavir- to cobicistat-boosted protease inhibitors or from tenofovir disoproxil fumarate to tenofovir alafenamide) is allowed within 24 weeks prior to study entry. A within-class, single-drug substitution (eg, switch from nevirapine to efavirenz or from atazanavir to darunavir) is allowed within 24 weeks prior to study entry, with the exception of a switch between any other NRTI to/from abacavir. No other changes in ART within the 24 weeks prior to study entry are permitted.

  • No plan to change ART regimen for the study duration.
  • Screening CD4+ cell count >200 cells/mm3 obtained within 45 days prior to study entry by any US laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent.
  • Screening HIV-1 RNA levels <50 copies/mL using a FDA-approved assay performed by any laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent within 45 days prior to study entry.
  • HIV-1 RNA levels below the limit of quantification using a FDA-approved assay with a quantification limit of 50 copies/mL or lower for at least 48 weeks prior to study entry performed by any laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent.

NOTE: Single determinations that are between the assay quantification limit and 500 copies/mL (ie, "blips") are allowed as long as the preceding and subsequent determinations are below the level of quantification. The screening value may serve as the subsequent undetectable value following a blip.

  • The following laboratory values obtained within 45 days prior to entry by any US laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1000/mm3
    • Hemoglobin ≥10.0 g/dL for men and 9.0 g/dL for women
    • Platelet count ≥50,000/mm3
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (SGOT) ≤5 x upper limit normal (ULN)
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SGPT) ≤5 x ULN
    • Alkaline phosphatase ≤5 x upper limit normal ULN
    • Total bilirubin ≤2.5 x ULN (if on atazanavir ≤5 x ULN)
    • Calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) >60 mL/min, as estimated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation.
  • For females of reproductive potential, negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 45 days prior to entry by any US clinic or laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent, or is using a point-of-care (POC)/ CLIA-waived test, or at any network-approved non-US laboratory or clinic that operates in accordance with Good Clinical Laboratory Practices (GCLP) and participates in appropriate external quality assurance programs.
  • If participating in sexual activity that could lead to pregnancy, the female study participant must be willing to use a contraceptive while receiving protocol-specified medication. At least one of the following methods MUST be used:

    • Condoms (male or female), with or without a spermicidal agent
    • Diaphragm or cervical cap with spermicide
    • Intrauterine device (IUD)
    • Hormone-based contraceptive
  • Ability and willingness of participant or legal guardian/representative to provide informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Initiation of ART during acute HIV infection.

NOTE: Participants who initiate ART within 6 months of HIV seroconversion are considered to have been initiated during acute infection and are excluded.

- Receipt of antibiotic therapy within 60 days prior to study entry.

NOTE: Antibiotics for opportunistic infection prophylaxis are exclusionary.

  • Known allergy/sensitivity or any hypersensitivity to components of Visbiome Extra Strength or its formulation.
  • Use of investigational therapies or investigational vaccines within 90 days prior to study entry.
  • Non-investigational vaccinations within 2 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that in the opinion of the site investigator would interfere with adherence to study requirements.
  • Serious illness requiring systemic treatment and/or hospitalization within 30 days prior to entry.
  • History of positive HCV antibody with detectable HCV RNA in plasma within 48 weeks prior to study entry.

NOTE: Persons with positive HCV Ab but negative plasma HCV RNA are allowed to participate. Sites must document negative HCV RNA within 24 weeks of study entry.

  • History of positive HBsAg within 48 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Liver cirrhosis, history of inflammatory bowel disease, total colectomy, colon or rectal anastomosis, bowel resection, or current colostomy.
  • Current diagnosis of diabetes.
  • Either breastfeeding or pregnant within 24 weeks prior to study entry.
  • OIs within 45 days prior to study entry.
  • Use of any of the following medications/products for more than 3 consecutive days within the 60 days prior to study entry:

    • Immunosuppressives (eg, azathioprine, corticosteroids greater than 20 mg per day [physiologic replacement doses are allowed], cyclosporine, mycophenolate, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), interferon, sirolimus, sulfasalazine, tacrolimus).
    • Immune modulators (eg, cytokines [eg, IL-2], granulocyte colony stimulating factor, growth hormone, tumor necrosis factor antagonists, thalidomide).
    • Antineoplastic agents (except for topical agents for skin cancer).
    • Probiotics and prebiotics (supplements and products).

NOTE: Yogurt with live cultures is allowed.

  • History of lactose intolerance or milk allergy.
  • Any episode of acute or persistent diarrhea within 60 days prior to study entry.

NOTES:

  1. Diarrhea is defined as three or more stools per day that are liquid/loose/watery and will take the shape of a container. If the duration of loose stools meeting this criterion definition is greater than 30 days, this is chronic diarrhea and is not exclusionary.
  2. Acute diarrhea is defined as 3-14 day duration.
  3. Persistent diarrhea is defined as 15-30 day duration.

    • Weight loss or gain of more than 25 pounds in the 24 weeks prior to study entry.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02706717


Locations
Show Show 25 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
AIDS Clinical Trials Group
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Exegi Pharma, LLC
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Adriana Andrade, MD, MPH Johns Hopkins University
Study Chair: Edgar T Overton, MD University of Alabama at Birmingham
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by AIDS Clinical Trials Group:
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 15, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] April 6, 2018

Additional Information:
Publications:
Chao, Anne. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 1 January 1984, Vol.11(4), pp.265-270
Magurran A. 2004. Measuring Biological Diversity. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, United Kingdom

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Responsible Party: AIDS Clinical Trials Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02706717    
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG A5350
1U01AI068636 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: March 11, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 27, 2018
Last Update Posted: January 6, 2020
Last Verified: December 2019