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Genetically Modified T-Cell Therapy in Treating Patients With Advanced ROR1+ Malignancies

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified December 2017 by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02706392
First Posted: March 11, 2016
Last Update Posted: December 11, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
  Purpose
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of genetically modified T-cell therapy in treating patients with receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 1 positive (ROR1+) chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), or triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment (advanced). Genetically modified therapies, such as ROR1 specific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells, are taken from a patient's blood, modified in the laboratory so they specifically may kill cancer cells with a protein called ROR1 on their surfaces, and safely given back to the patient after conventional therapy. The "genetically modified" T-cells have genes added in the laboratory to make them recognize ROR1.

Condition Intervention Phase
Estrogen Receptor Negative HER2/Neu Negative Progesterone Receptor Negative Recurrent Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Stage IV Breast Cancer AJCC v6 and v7 Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer AJCC v7 Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: ROR1 CAR-specific Autologous T-Lymphocytes Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Adoptive Immunotherapy for Advanced ROR1+ Malignancies With Defined Subsets of Autologous T Cells Engineered to Express a ROR1-Specific Chimeric Antigen Receptor

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Within 35 days of receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 1 positive chimeric antigen receptor-T cell infusion ]
    Will be graded according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of persistence of adoptively transferred receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 1 positive chimeric antigen receptor-T cells [ Time Frame: Up to 365 days after the T cell infusion ]
    Data should be collected for persistence of transferred T cells and descriptive statistics will be used to summarize the changes from baseline where possible.

  • Identification of sites where receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 1 positive chimeric antigen receptor-T cells migrate [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Samples of bone marrow, blood and other tissues (e.g. cerebral spinal fluid, tumor, thoracentesis fluid) will be collected from patients as clinically indicated. receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 1 positive chimeric antigen receptor-T cells and their frequency/persistence will be detected by flow cytometry, polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry as appropriate

  • Objective response rate of complete remission and partial remission [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Data should be collected for efficacy of transferred T cells and descriptive statistics will be used to summarize the changes from baseline where possible. For those patients with measurable disease at the time T cell therapy commences, responses will be evaluated using standard response criteria based on computed tomography or positron emission tomography imaging and histologic analysis of bone marrow or other tissue samples.

  • Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Data should be collected for efficacy of transferred T cells and descriptive statistics will be used to summarize the changes from baseline where possible.

  • Progression free survival [ Time Frame: Up to 15 years ]
    Data should be collected for efficacy of transferred T cells and descriptive statistics will be used to summarize the changes from baseline where possible.


Estimated Enrollment: 60
Actual Study Start Date: March 16, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 1, 2021 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (ROR1 CAR-specific autologous T-lymphocytes)
Patients receive chemotherapy comprising fludarabine phosphate and cyclophosphamide as determined by the referring physician in consultation with the protocol PI. Beginning within 36-96 hours after completion of lymphodepleting chemotherapy, patients receive ROR1 CAR-specific autologous T-lymphocytes IV over 20-30 minutes. Patients may receive a second infusion of ROR1 CAR-specific autologous T-lymphocytes with or without additional cytoreductive therapy at the same (for those that received the highest cell dose) or up to the next highest dose level and there is persistent disease, there were no toxicities attributed to the first infusion, and the patient is at least 21 days from the first T cell infusion.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies
Biological: ROR1 CAR-specific Autologous T-Lymphocytes
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Autologous ROR1-CAR-T Cells
  • Chimeric Anti-ROR1 T-cell Receptor-expressing Autologous T-lymphocytes
  • ROR1-CAR-T

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the safety of adoptive T cell therapy using ex vivo expanded autologous cluster of differentiation (CD)8+ and CD4+ ROR1 CAR-T cells for patients with advanced ROR1+ hematologic (Cohort A) and epithelial (Cohort B) malignancies.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine duration of in vivo persistence of adoptively transferred T cells, and the phenotype of persisting T cells.

II. To determine trafficking of adoptively transferred T cells traffic to the bone marrow or other tumor site and function in vivo.

III. To determine preliminary antitumor activity of the adoptive transfer of ROR1 CAR-T cells in patients with measurable tumor burden prior to T cell transfer.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation study of ROR1 CAR-specific autologous T-lymphocytes.

Patients receive chemotherapy comprising fludarabine phosphate and cyclophosphamide as determined by the referring physician in consultation with the protocol principal investigator (PI). Beginning within 36-96 hours after completion of lymphodepleting chemotherapy, patients receive ROR1 CAR-specific autologous T-lymphocytes intravenously (IV) over 20-30 minutes. Patients may receive a second infusion of ROR1 CAR-specific autologous T-lymphocytes with or without additional cytoreductive therapy at the same (for those that received the highest cell dose) or up to the next highest dose level and there is persistent disease, there were no toxicities attributed to the first infusion, and the patient is at least 21 days from the first T cell infusion.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for at least 15 years.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS WITH CLL, MCL OR ALL (COHORT A)

  • CLL who are beyond first remission and who have failed combination chemoimmunotherapy with regimens containing a purine analogue and anti-CD20 antibody, or who have failed tyrosine kinase or phosphatidylinositol 3 (PI3) kinase inhibitors, or who were not eligible for or declined such therapy; patients with fludarabine refractory disease are eligible
  • Mantle cell lymphoma patients who are beyond first remission and previously treated with chemoimmunotherapy; patients who have relapsed following autologous hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) are eligible
  • ALL patients who have relapsed or have residual disease following treatment with curative intent; ALL patients must have ROR1 expressed on > 90% of the leukemia blasts to be eligible
  • Confirmation of diagnosis by internal pathology review of initial or subsequent biopsy or other pathologic material at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC)/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance (SCCA)
  • Evidence of ROR1 expression by immunohistochemistry or flow cytometry on any prior or current tumor specimen
  • Karnofsky performance status >= 70%
  • Negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
  • Fertile male and female patients must be willing to use a contraceptive method before, during, and for at least two months after the T cell infusion
  • Ability to understand and provide informed consent

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS WITH NSCLC OR TNBC (COHORT B):

  • Patients with non-small cell lung cancer that is metastatic or inoperable and who have been treated with at least one line of prior therapy or declined conventional therapy
  • Patients with known epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutations must have been treated on at least one line of molecularly targeted therapy (e.g., erlotinib, crizotinib)
  • Patients must have measurable disease by at least one of the criteria below:

    • Extra skeletal disease that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension as >= 10 mm with conventional computed tomography (CT) techniques as defined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1
    • Skeletal or bone-only disease measurable by fludeoxyglucose F 18 (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) imaging
  • ROR1 expression in > 20% of the primary tumor or metastasis by immunohistochemistry (IHC)
  • Karnofsky performance status of >= 70%
  • Patients must be off chemotherapy for a minimum of 3 weeks prior to start of treatment; targeted therapies must be stopped at least 3 days prior to start of lymphodepletion
  • Negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
  • Fertile male and female patients must be willing to use a contraceptive method before, during and for at least two months after the T cell infusion
  • Ability to understand and provide informed consent

INCLUSION CRITERIA FOR TNBC

  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic TNBC; i.e. breast cancer that is estrogen receptor (ER) negative (=< 10%), progesterone receptor (PR) negative (=< 10%), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative (0 or 1+ by immunohistochemistry or negative for gene amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH])
  • Patients must have measurable disease by at least one of the criteria below:

    • Extra skeletal disease that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension as >= 10 mm with conventional CT techniques as defined by RECIST 1.1
    • Skeletal or bone-only disease measurable by FDG PET imaging
  • Patients must have received standard adjuvant, neoadjuvant, and/or metastatic chemotherapy per National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) or institutional practice; no maximum on number of prior systemic treatment regimens
  • Patients may receive agents to protect against skeletal related complications such as zolendronic acid or denosumab
  • ROR1 expression in > 20% of the primary tumor or metastasis by IHC
  • Karnofsky performance status of >= 70%
  • Patients must be off chemotherapy for a minimum of 3 weeks prior to planned leukapheresis
  • Negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential; subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year
  • Fertile male and female patients must be willing to use a contraceptive method before, during and for at least two months after the T cell infusion
  • Ability to understand and provide informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS WITH CLL, MCL, OR ALL (COHORT A)

  • Treatment with other investigational agent(s) within 30 days of planned lymphodepletion
  • Patients requiring ongoing daily corticosteroid therapy at a dose of > 15 mg of prednisone per day (or equivalent); pulsed corticosteroid use for disease control is acceptable
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring immunosuppressive therapy
  • Serum creatinine > 2.5 mg/dL
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) > 5 x upper limit of normal
  • Bilirubin > 3.0 mg/dL
  • Patients with clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, as determined by medical history and physical exam should undergo pulmonary function testing; those with a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) of =< 65% or diffusion capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) (corrected) < 40% will be excluded
  • Significant cardiovascular abnormalities as defined by any one of the following: congestive heart failure, clinically significant hypotension, symptomatic coronary artery disease, or a documented ejection fraction of < 45%; any patient with an ejection fraction (EF) of 45-49% must receive clearance by a cardiologist to be eligible for the trial
  • Patients who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositive
  • Uncontrolled active infection (bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial) not responding to treatment with intravenous antibiotics, antiviral or antifungal agents, or long-term treatment with oral agents
  • Women who are breast-feeding
  • Patients who have contraindication to cyclophosphamide chemotherapy
  • Known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy
  • Active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to enrollment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR PATIENTS WITH NSCLC OR TNBC (COHORT B)

  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) < 1000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) < 9 mg/dl (transfusion permitted to achieve this)
  • Platelet count < 75,000/mm^3
  • Treatment with other investigational agent(s) within 30 days of planned lymphodepletion
  • Patients requiring ongoing daily corticosteroid therapy at a dose of > 15 mg of prednisone per day (or equivalent); pulsed corticosteroid use for disease control is acceptable
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring immunosuppressive therapy
  • Serum creatinine > 2.5 mg/dL
  • SGOT > 5 x upper limit of normal
  • bilirubin > 3.0 mg/dL
  • Patients with clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, as determined by medical history and physical exam should undergo pulmonary function testing; those with an FEV1 of =< 65% or DLCO (corrected) < 40% will be excluded
  • Significant cardiovascular abnormalities as defined by any one of the following: congestive heart failure, clinically significant hypotension, symptomatic coronary artery disease, or a documented ejection fraction of < 45%; any patient with an EF of 45-49% must receive clearance by a cardiologist to be eligible for the trial
  • Patients who are HIV seropositive
  • Uncontrolled active infection (bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial) not responding to treatment with intravenous antibiotics, antiviral or antifungal agents, or long-term treatment with oral agents
  • Women who are breastfeeding
  • Patients who have contraindication to cyclophosphamide chemotherapy
  • Known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy
  • Active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to enrollment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases

EXCLUSION CRITERIA FOR TNBC

  • ANC < 1000/mm^3
  • Hgb < 9 mg/dl (transfusion permitted to achieve this)
  • Platelet count < 75,000/mm^3
  • Treatment with other investigational agent(s) within 30 days of planned lymphodepletion
  • Patients requiring ongoing daily corticosteroid therapy at a dose of > 15 mg of prednisone per day (or equivalent); pulsed corticosteroid use for disease control is acceptable
  • Active autoimmune disease requiring immunosuppressive therapy
  • Serum creatinine > 2.5 mg/dL
  • SGOT > 5 x upper limit of normal
  • Bilirubin > 3.0 mg/dL
  • Patients with clinically significant pulmonary dysfunction, as determined by medical history and physical exam should undergo pulmonary function testing; those with an FEV1 of =< 65% or DLCO (corrected) < 40% will be excluded
  • Significant cardiovascular abnormalities as defined by any one of the following: congestive heart failure, clinically significant hypotension, symptomatic coronary artery disease or a documented ejection fraction of < 45%; any patient with an EF of 45-49% must receive clearance by a cardiologist to be eligible for the trial
  • Patients who are HIV seropositive
  • Uncontrolled active infection (bacterial, viral, fungal, mycobacterial) not responding to treatment with intravenous antibiotics, antiviral or antifungal agents, or long-term treatment with oral agents
  • Breast-feeding women
  • patients who have contraindication to cyclophosphamide chemotherapy
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment; exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy
  • Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis; subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least four weeks prior to enrollment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline) and have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02706392


Locations
United States, Washington
Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium Recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Contact: Immunotherapy Trials Intake, SCCA       immunotherapy@seattlecca.org   
Contact    206-606-4668      
Principal Investigator: David G. Maloney         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David Maloney Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium
  More Information

Responsible Party: Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02706392     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9330
NCI-2015-01753 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
9330 ( Other Identifier: Fred Hutch/University of Washington Cancer Consortium )
P30CA015704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P50CA138293 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: March 1, 2016
First Posted: March 11, 2016
Last Update Posted: December 11, 2017
Last Verified: December 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell
Breast Neoplasms
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases