Biobanking of Rett Syndrome and Related Disorders
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02705677|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 10, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2021
|Condition or disease|
|Rett Syndrome MECP2 Duplication CDKL5 FOXG1 Disorders|
At the present time, effective treatments for RTT, MECP2 Dup, or Rett-related disorders are lacking. Investigators have made substantial progress in RTT over the past eleven years such that this study represents a narrowing of focus to mutations or duplications of the MECP2 gene and related disorders, including those with phenotypic overlap. Understanding of RTT has advanced remarkably well through the Rett Syndrome Natural History Clinical Protocol (NHS) and correspondingly advancement in the basic science realm has moved forward with equivalent success. Thus, progress in clinical and basic science has led to the establishment of clinical trials and other translational studies that hold promise for additional clinical trials in future. In the process, however, investigators became aware of additional MECP2- and RTT-related disorders that were unknown at the time the original proposal was conceived and further were impressed by the substantial clinical variability in individuals with RTT that cannot be explained by differences in mutations alone. In fact, variability among individuals with identical mutations has led investigators to search for additional explanations. At the time of the initial application (2002), just three years after the identification of the gene, MECP2, as the molecular link to RTT, investigators were not aware of the variation in clinical disorders related to MECP2 mutations or to the related but quite different MECP2 Dup. Each disorder is characterized by significant neurodevelopmental features related either to alterations in the MECP2 gene or related to phenotypes closely resembling those seen in individuals with RTT. Further, the phenotypic overlap with RTT due to mutations in CDKL5 and FOXG1 was also unexplored. The investigators propose in this new study to build on the substantial progress made in understanding both classic and variant RTT and to add these related disorders, MECP2 Dup and the Rett-related disorders including CDKL5, FOXG1, and individuals with MECP2 mutations who do not have RTT. In conjunction with the longitudinal clinical assessment performed via the natural history component, investigators will systematically collect from all willing participant's blood and isolate plasma, DNA, and RNA. All participants in the Natural History Study will be asked to contribute samples at the initial visit, whereas samples will be collected repeatedly on a subset of participants in order to look for changes over time. In order to identify factors that distinguish between affected and unaffected individuals, as well as to have the potential to characterize the heritability and potential consequences of genetic changes in families, samples will be collected from unaffected family members. Additionally, on a subset of individuals chosen because of unique clinical features skin biopsies and/or hair follicles will be collected to establish cell lines. Investigators will ask all individuals providing samples to agree to potential future whole-genome sequencing in order to be able to potentially evaluate for genetic modifiers of these diseases.
These materials will be stored at a central repository (Greenwood Genetics Laboratory). The main purpose of these samples is to serve as durable materials for future analyses, however, a set of defined analyses will be performed on all samples. For the samples collected in the Rett syndrome cohort, investigators will perform X-chromosome inactivation studies and evaluate common polymorphisms in Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and determine the contribution of these known factors to disease severity. For MECP2 Dup cohort investigators will characterize inflammatory markers in the plasma and correlate these with clinical features. Also for MECP2 Dup cohort investigators will perform detailed genomic breakpoint and gene content analysis and correlate this with disease severity. Similar analysis of genomic breakpoints and gene content will be performed on people with FOXG1 Duplications. Finally, in a pilot study, investigators will perform metabolic profiling on people from all disorders and evaluate for metabolic features correlated with disease severity, and metabolic features common or unique between these disorders. This work will provide a durable resource for future analysis, extend understanding of genotype/phenotype correlations, identify other biological factors contributing to disease severity, as well as provide the framework for the development of biomarkers of disease state and severity.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Actual Enrollment :||752 participants|
|Official Title:||Biobanking of Rett Syndrome and Related Disorders Protocol|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 1, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||July 31, 2021|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 31, 2021|
This is a biobanking project for individuals with mutations in MECP2 or meeting diagnostic criteria for classic (typical) or variant (atypical) Rett syndrome in order to identify other genetic factors such as X-chromosome inactivation or genetic background that may explain the variations noted in these individuals, including those with the same MECP2 mutation. No interventions are anticipated.
MECP2 Duplication disorder
This is a biobanking project for individuals with MECP2 duplications to understand the difference in the size of the duplication and the potential impact of other genes in the duplicated segment. No interventions are anticipated.
Rett-related disorders: CDKL5, FOXG1
This is a biobanking project for individuals with mutations in MECP2, CDKL5, and FOXG1 to understand the interplay of mutations in these individuals and the resultant phenotypic expression; for example, individuals with mutations in MECP2 but not meeting diagnostic criteria for Rett syndrome or individuals with mutations in CDKL5 or FOXG1 who may or may not meet diagnostic criteria for atypical Rett syndrome. No interventions are anticipated.
- X-chromosome inactivation in Rett syndrome (RTT) [ Time Frame: 5 years ]Characterize X-chromosome inactivation in RTT and correlate with clinical severity.
- Bdnf polymorphisms in RTT [ Time Frame: 5 years ]Characterize Bdnf polymorphisms in RTT and correlate with clinical severity.
- Inflammation markers in MECP2 duplication syndrome [ Time Frame: 5 years ]Evaluate inflammation markers in MECP2 duplication syndrome and correlate with disease severity.
- Biobanking of blood for Rett syndrome (RTT), MECP2 duplication syndrome, FOXG1, CDKL5, and MECP2 mutations not producing RTT [ Time Frame: 5 years ]Blood will be collected and stored from participants with RTT, MECP2 duplication, FOXG1, CDKL5, and MECP2 mutations without RTT to analyze factors noted in Outcomes 1-3 and in secondary outcome 5 to correlate with disease severity.
- Breakpoints and gene content of MECP2 and FOXG1 duplications [ Time Frame: 5 years ]Characterize breakpoints and gene content of MECP2 and FOXG1 duplications and correlate with disease severity
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02705677
|United States, Alabama|
|University of Alabama at Birmingham|
|Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294|
|United States, California|
|UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland|
|Oakland, California, United States, 94709|
|University of California San Diego|
|San Diego, California, United States, 92123|
|United States, Colorado|
|University of Colorado Denver|
|Denver, Colorado, United States, 80045-2571|
|United States, Illinois|
|Rush University Medical Center|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Children's Hospital Boston|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|United States, Minnesota|
|Gillette Children's Specialty Healthcare|
|Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55101|
|United States, Missouri|
|Washington University School of Medicine and St. Louis Children's Hospital|
|Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110-1093|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Children's Hospital of Philadelphia|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-4318|
|United States, South Carolina|
|Greenwood Genetic Center|
|Greenwood, South Carolina, United States, 29646|
|United States, Tennessee|
|Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37212|
|United States, Texas|
|Baylor College of Medicine|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Study Chair:||Jeffrey L Neul, MD, PhD||UCSD|