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Phase 3 Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Elafibranor Versus Placebo in Patients With Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) (RESOLVE-IT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02704403
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study did not meet the predefined primary surrogate efficacy endpoint, no safety issues identified)
First Posted : March 10, 2016
Results First Posted : March 23, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Genfit

Brief Summary:
The primary objectives of this study are to evaluate the effect of Elafibranor treatment compared to placebo on 1) histological improvement and 2) all-cause mortality and liver-related outcomes in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) With Fibrosis Drug: Elafibranor Drug: Placebo Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 2157 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase III Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Elafibranor in Patients With Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) and Fibrosis
Study Start Date : March 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 28, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : October 28, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 120 mg Elafibranor
Coated tablets dosed at 120mg Elafibranor; oral administration; one tablet per day before breakfast with a glass of water
Drug: Elafibranor
Other Name: GFT505

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Coated placebo tablets; oral administration; one tablet per day before breakfast with a glass of water
Drug: Placebo



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Elafibranor-treated Participants Relative to Placebo Achieving Resolution of Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Without Worsening of Fibrosis [ Time Frame: Measurement at 72 weeks ]
    To evaluate the effect of Elafibranor compared to placebo on liver histology in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) participants with fibrosis by assessing the following endpoint: The number of Elafibranor-treated participants relative to placebo achieving NASH resolution without worsening of fibrosis. This outcome measure is for the surrogate endpoint analysis.

  2. Time to Long-term Outcome Composed of All-cause Mortality, Cirrhosis, and Liver-related Clinical Outcomes [ Time Frame: From first randomization up to early termination of the study corresponding to 54 months (54 months being the longest duration for any given participant) ]
    Composite long-term outcome measured by the number of participants with the onset of any of the adjudicated events, composed of death due to any cause, histological liver cirrhosis, and the full list of portal hypertension/cirrhosis related events as follows: liver transplantation; model for end stage liver disease (MELD) score greater than or equal to 15 for participants with baseline score less than or equal to 12, and onset of variceal bleeding requiring hospitalization, hepatic encephalopathy with West Haven/Conn score greater than or equal to 2 and requiring hospitalization, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and ascites requiring treatment. The MELD scale ranges from 6 to 40, showing how much a participant needs a liver transplant: higher number is more urgent. The West Haven/Conn scale is 5-point (0 to 4) grading severity of hepatic encephalopathy: higher score means worse hepatic encephalopathy. This outcome measure is for the long-term endpoint analysis.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Elafibranor-treated Participants Relative to Placebo Achieving Improvement of Fibrosis of at Least 1 Stage [ Time Frame: Measurements at 72 weeks ]
    To evaluate the effect of Elafibranor compared to placebo on liver histology in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) participants by assessing the following endpoint: The number of Elafibranor-treated participants relative to placebo achieving improvement of liver fibrosis of at least 1 stage according to NASH Clinical Research Network (CRN) Scoring. As the primary efficacy objective was not met, the secondary efficacy endpoints were not formally tested. This outcome measure is for the surrogate endpoint analysis.

  2. Change From Baseline of Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in Diabetic Participants After 72 Weeks of Treatment in Elafibranor-treated Participants Relative to Placebo [ Time Frame: Measurements after 72 weeks of treatment and up to study termination ]
    Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were tested at Week 72. Changes from baseline in HbA1c at Week 72 were evaluated. As the primary efficacy objective was not met, the secondary efficacy endpoints were not formally tested. This outcome measure is for the surrogate endpoint analysis.

  3. Change From Baseline of High-density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol After 72 Weeks of Treatment in Elafibranor-treated Participants Relative to Placebo [ Time Frame: Measurements after 72 weeks of treatment and up to study termination ]
    High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was tested at Week 72. Changes from baseline in HDL cholesterol were evaluated at Week 72. As the primary efficacy objective was not met, the secondary efficacy endpoints were not formally tested. This outcome measure is for the surrogate endpoint analysis.

  4. Change From Baseline of Low-density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol After 72 Weeks of Treatment in Elafibranor-treated Participants Relative to Placebo [ Time Frame: Measurements after 72 weeks of treatment and up to study termination ]
    Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol was tested at Week 72. Changes from baseline in LDL cholesterol were evaluated at Week 72. As the primary efficacy objective was not met, the secondary efficacy endpoints were not formally tested. This outcome measure is for the surrogate endpoint analysis.

  5. Change From Baseline of Homeostatic Model Assessment-IR (HOMA-IR) After 72 Weeks of Treatment in Elafibranor-treated Participants Relative to Placebo in Non-diabetic Participants [ Time Frame: Measurements after 72 weeks of treatment and up to study termination ]
    Homeostatic model assessment-IR (HOMA-IR) was tested at Week 72. Changes from baseline in HOMA-IR were evaluated at Week 72. As the primary efficacy objective was not met, the secondary efficacy endpoints were not formally tested. This outcome measure is for the surrogate endpoint analysis.

  6. Change From Baseline of Non-high Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol After 72 Weeks of Treatment in Elafibranor-treated Participants Relative to Placebo [ Time Frame: Measurements after 72 weeks of treatment and up to study termination ]
    Non-high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol was tested at Week 72. Changes from baseline in non-HDL cholesterol were evaluated at Week 72. As the primary efficacy objective was not met, the secondary efficacy endpoints were not formally tested. This outcome measure is for the surrogate endpoint analysis.

  7. Change From Baseline of Triglycerides After 72 Weeks of Treatment in Elafibranor-treated Participants Relative to Placebo [ Time Frame: Measurements after 72 weeks of treatment and up to study termination ]
    Triglycerides was tested at Week 72. Changes from baseline in triglycerides were evaluated at Week 72. As the primary efficacy objective was not met, the secondary efficacy endpoints were not formally tested. This outcome measure is for the surrogate endpoint analysis.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Males or females aged from 18 to 75 years inclusive at first screening visit.
  2. Must provide signed written informed consent and agree to comply with the study protocol.
  3. Females participating in this study must be of nonchildbearing potential or using highly efficient contraception for the full duration of the study and for 1 month after the end of treatment, as described below:

    1. Cessation of menses for at least 12 months due to ovarian failure,
    2. Surgical sterilization such as bilateral oopherectomy, hysterectomy, or medically documented ovarian failure
    3. If requested by local IRB regulations and/or National laws, sexual abstinence may be considered adequate (the reliability of sexual abstinence needs to be evaluated in relation to the duration of the clinical trial and the preferred and usual lifestyle of the patient)
    4. Using a highly effective nonhormonal method of contraception (bilateral tubal occlusion, vasectomized partner, or intra-uterine device)
    5. Double contraception with barrier AND highly effective hormonal method of contraception (oral, intravaginal, or transdermal combined estrogen and progestogen hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation; oral, injectable, or implantable progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation; or intrauterine hormone-releasing system). The hormonal contraception must be started at least 1 month prior to Randomization.
  4. Histological confirmation of steatohepatitis on a diagnostic liver biopsy by central reading of the slides (biopsy obtained within 6 months prior to randomization or during the screening period) with at least 1 in each component of the NAS score (steatosis scored 0-3, ballooning degeneration scored 0-2, and lobular inflammation scored 0-3).
  5. NAS score ≥4.
  6. Fibrosis stage of 1 or greater and below 4, according to the NASH CRN fibrosis staging system.
  7. Stable dose of vitamin E, polyunsaturated fatty acids, or ursodeoxycholic acid from at least 6 months prior to diagnostic liver biopsy
  8. For participants with type 2 diabetes, glycemia must be controlled. If glycemia is controlled by antidiabetic drugs, change in anti-diabetic therapy must follow these requirements:

    1. No qualitative change 6 months prior to diagnostic liver biopsy up to Randomization (i.e., implementation of a new anti-diabetic therapy) for participants treated with metformin, gliptins, sulfonylureas, sodium/glucose cotransporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors, glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 agonists, or insulin. Dose changes of these medications are allowed in the 6 months prior to diagnostic liver biopsy, except for GLP-1 agonists, which must remain on stable dose in the 6 months prior to diagnostic liver biopsy.
    2. No implementation of GLP-1 agonists and SGLT2 inhibitors up to 72 weeks of treatment (Visit 7).

Initiation of any other antidiabetic drugs is allowed after Randomization based on treating physicians' judgment, except for glitazones which are prohibited 6 months prior to diagnostic liver biopsy until the end of treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known heart failure (Grade I to IV of New York Heart Association classification).
  2. History of efficient bariatric surgery within 5 years prior to screening.
  3. Uncontrolled hypertension during the Screening Period despite optimal antihypertensive therapy
  4. Type 1 diabetes participants .
  5. Participants with decompensated diabetes (HbA1c>9%).
  6. Participants with a history of clinically significant acute cardiac event within 6 months prior to screening
  7. Weight loss of more than 5% within 6 months prior to randomization
  8. Compensated and decompensated cirrhosis
  9. Current or recent history (<5 years) of significant alcohol consumption
  10. Pregnant or lactating females or females planning to become pregnant during the study period.
  11. Other well documented causes of chronic liver disease according to standard diagnostic procedures
  12. Participants with previous exposure to Elafibranor
  13. Prohibited concomitant medication
  14. Any medical conditions that may diminish life expectancy to less than 2 years including known cancers.
  15. Evidence of any other unstable or untreated clinically significant immunological, endocrine, hematological, gastrointestinal, neurological, neoplastic or psychiatric disease.
  16. Mental instability or incompetence, such that the validity of informed consent or ability to be compliant with the study is uncertain.
  17. Participants with biological criteria exclusion as per effective protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02704403


Locations
Show Show 326 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Genfit
Investigators
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Study Director: Carol Addy, MD MMSc Genfit
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Genfit:
Study Protocol: Local Protocols  [PDF] April 23, 2020
Study Protocol: General Protocols  [PDF] April 20, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] November 23, 2020

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Responsible Party: Genfit
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02704403    
Other Study ID Numbers: GFT505-315-1
2015-005385-38 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: March 10, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 23, 2022
Last Update Posted: March 23, 2022
Last Verified: February 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Keywords provided by Genfit:
Elafibranor
NASH
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
Fatty liver disease
Fibrosis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fatty Liver
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases