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Sequential, Related Donor Partial Liver Transplantation Followed by Bone Marrow Transplantation for Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02702960
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (This study was withdrawn due to lack of necessary resources from the liver transplant surgical group.)
First Posted : March 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 15, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Fibrolamellar Cancer Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins

Brief Summary:

This trial is a phase II, single arm, open-label, single center study to assess a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen, bone marrow transplantation and high dose PTCy in recipients of a partial liver allograft from a Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-matched or -haploidentical living related donor in patients with HCC.

The primary objective of this trial is to characterize recurrence-free survival at 1 year following bone marrow transplantation among recipients of prior partial liver transplantation from the same donor.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fibrolamellar Hepatocellular Carcinoma Hepatocellular Carcinoma (Fibrolamellar Variant) Hepatocellular Carcinoma Procedure: living related donor partial liver transplantation Radiation: Total body irradiation Procedure: Bone marrow transplant from same donor Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Mesna Drug: Filgrastim Drug: Tacrolimus Drug: mycophenolate mofetil Drug: Prednisone Drug: Antithymocyte globulin Drug: fludarabine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to characterize the safety and anti-tumor efficacy of sequential partial liver transplantation followed by bone marrow transplantation from the same living related donor. This treatment applies to patients whose cancer remains confined to the liver but is too widespread to be removed by surgery or treated by a liver transplant from a deceased donor. The purpose of this combined treatment is to reduce the risk of the cancer coming back after the liver transplant The bone marrow transplant may reduce the risk of cancer relapse in two ways. First, patients who have combined bone marrow and solid organ transplants may be able to get off all anti-rejection drugs, which inhibit the immune system from destroying cancer cells. Second, the donor's bone marrow contains cells of the immune system, which can attack any cancer cells that remain after the liver transplant.

This trial is a phase II, single arm, open-label, single center pilot study to assess a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen, bone marrow transplantation and high dose post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) in recipients of a partial liver allograft from a Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-matched or -haploidentical living related donor in patients with HCC. The trial includes analyses of tumor characteristics and the number and phenotype of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes in the explanted tumor. The trial also includes periodic monitoring of circulating hepatocytes to correlate with tumor response.

The study is expected to take two years to complete accrual of six patients, and the primary objective of this trial is to characterize recurrence-free survival at 1 year following bone marrow transplantation among recipients of prior partial liver transplantation from the same donor. Secondary objectives include documenting percentage of patients who become tolerant of the transplanted liver, i.e. off immunosuppression for >6 months without biochemical evidence of liver rejection, and characterizing the relationship between donor chimerism and transplantation tolerance.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Sequential, Related Donor Partial Liver Transplantation Followed by Bone Marrow Transplantation for Fibrolamellar or Non-fibrolamellar Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Including Fibrolamellar HCC
Study Start Date : March 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 3, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : January 3, 2018


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: part. liver transplant and BMT

Patients receive living related donor partial liver transplantation performed according to standard practices. Patients will be maintained on tacrolimus, MMF, and prednisone after liver transplantation.

Upon recovery, patient must undergo eligibility screening for bone marrow transplantation (BMT).

If eligible, patients will begin:

Antithymocyte globulin (ATG): Day -16 to Day -14; fludarabine: Days -6 to Day -2 low-dose cyclophosphamide: Day -6 and -5. Tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), and prednisone: day -7 and day -6. Total body irradiation on Day -1 Bone marrow infusion on Day 0. High dose cyclophosphamide plus MESNA: Day 3 and 4th Filgrastim, tacrolimus,MMF, and prednisone: Day 5 until neutrophil counts recover.

Patients followed up through post transplant day 60, then weekly following discharge.

Procedure: living related donor partial liver transplantation
HLA matched or haploidentical related living donor partial liver transplant followed by tacrolimus, prednisone, and MMF immunosuppression for >3 wks

Radiation: Total body irradiation
200 cGy total body irradiation (TBI) on Day -1.

Procedure: Bone marrow transplant from same donor
BMT using cells from the same Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-matched or -haploidentical living related donor will be performed on Day 0
Other Name: BMT

Drug: Cyclophosphamide
Pre-transplantation low dose cyclophosphamide given day -6 and -5 Post-transplantation high dose cyclophosphamide (PTCy; 50 mg/kg/day) will be administered on Days 3 and 4 with hydration
Other Name: Cytoxan

Drug: Mesna
administered on Days 3 and 4 with PTCy
Other Name: sodium-2-mercaptoethane sulfonate

Drug: Filgrastim
administered daily starting on Day 5 until absolute neutrophil count (ANC) recovery

Drug: Tacrolimus
Given after liver transplant for through day -7, stopped on day -6 and restarted on day 5 post BMT

Drug: mycophenolate mofetil
Given after liver transplant for through day -7, stopped on day -6 and restarted on day 5 post BMT
Other Name: MMF

Drug: Prednisone
Given after liver transplant for through day -7, stopped on day -6 and restarted on day 5 post BMT

Drug: Antithymocyte globulin
Given from Day -16 to Day -14 prior to bone marrow transplantation on day 0
Other Name: ATG

Drug: fludarabine
fludarabine given from Days -6 to Day -2 before BMT




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 1 year disease-free survival (at 1 year after BMT) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Disease-free is defined as the lack of radiographic evidence of recurrence by computed tomography or MRI.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Occurrence of Graft versus Host Disease [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Determine the cumulative incidences of acute grades II-IV, III-IV and chronic graft-versus-host disease

  2. Death [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Proportion of transplanted participants who die

  3. Liver allograft failure [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Determine the proportion of transplanted participants with liver allograft rejection demonstrated by a biopsy or clinically if a biopsy cannot be performed.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Efficacy measure - proportion disease free [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The proportion of transplanted participants who remain free of disease recurrence for 1 year post bone marrow transplantation

  2. Efficacy measure- proportion off immunosuppression without graft versus host disease (GVHD) or liver rejection [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    The proportion of participants who are off immunosuppression without GVHD or liver rejection at 1 year after bone marrow transplantation.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

RECIPIENT

  1. Histologic diagnosis of liver-confined fibrolamellar or non-fibrolamellar HCC. Ineligible for curative resection or deceased donor liver transplantation by virtue of NOT meeting the Milan criteria or down-staging criteria:

    1. Single viable tumor ≤5 cm in size or ≤3 tumors each ≤3 cm in size based on CT or Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging
    2. Pretransplant alpha fetoprotein (AFP) level of ≤400.
  2. Available human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched or -haploidentical, living related donor who is willing to donate bone marrow and part of liver. The donor and recipient must be HLA identical for at least one allele (using high resolution DNA based typing) at the following genetic loci: HLA-A, HLA-B, HLA-C and HLA-DRB1. Fulfilment of this criterion shall be considered sufficient evidence that the donor and recipient share one HLA haplotype.
  3. Age 16 to 65 years.
  4. Normal estimated left ventricular ejection fraction ( >30% ) and no history of ischemic heart disease requiring revascularization, unless cleared by a cardiologist (as per normal liver and bone marrow (BM) transplant eligibility requirements). Those with an ejection fraction between 30-40%, will require a cardiology consultation and clearance for transplantation.
  5. Forced expiratory volume (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) > 40% of predicted at the screening visit.
  6. Serum creatinine <2.0 mg/dl
  7. For women of childbearing potential, a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with sensitivity less than 50 milli-International unit (mIU)/m within 72 hours before the start of study medication.
  8. Use of two forms of contraception with less than a 5% failure rate or abstinence by all transplanted participants for 12 months after the first dose of study therapy. For the first 60 days post-transplant, recipients should be encouraged to use non-hormonal contraceptives due to the potential adverse effect of hormones on bone marrow engraftment.
  9. Ability to receive oral medication.
  10. Ability to understand and provide informed consent.
  11. Must meet all other criteria for listing for liver transplantation

DONOR:

  1. HLA-matched or -haploidentical, parent, child, sibling, or half-sibling of the recipient
  2. Meets all requirements for live liver donation based on established criteria
  3. Ability to understand and provide informed consent for all study procedures including partial liver transplant and bone marrow harvest.
  4. Age < 60 years
  5. Body Mass Index (BMI) <35

Exclusion Criteria:

RECIPIENT

  1. Extrahepatic disease at the time of enrollment.
  2. Macrovascular invasion by tumor as seen on imaging
  3. Anti-donor HLA antibody with a level that produces a positive test on flow cytometric crossmatch. [Note: patients with a positive flow cytometric crossmatch may undergo desensitization and may become eligible, at the discretion of the protocol investigators, if desensitization decreases the antibody concentration to a level that produces a negative flow cytometric crossmatch.]
  4. Ineligible for liver transplantation per institutional criteria (see Appendix 1)
  5. Women who are breastfeeding.
  6. History of positive HIV-1 or HIV-2 serologies or nucleic acid test.
  7. Active hepatitis B infection as documented by positive Hepatitis B assay
  8. Any active, severe local or systemic infection at the screening visit.
  9. Use of investigational drug, other than the study medications specified by the protocol, within 30 days of transplantation.
  10. Receipt of a live vaccine within 30 days of receipt of study therapy.
  11. The presence of any medical condition that the Investigator deems incompatible with participation in the trial.

DONOR

  1. Age: less than age 18 or older than age 60
  2. BMI >35
  3. History of blood product donation to the recipient
  4. Significant cardiovascular disease (per cardiology consultation)
  5. Significant pulmonary disease (per pulmonology consultation)
  6. Significant renal disease
  7. History of diabetes mellitus
  8. Ongoing malignancies
  9. Severe local or systemic infection
  10. Severe neurologic deficits
  11. Active substance abuse
  12. Untreatable/unstable psychiatric illness
  13. History of positive HIV-1 or HIV-2 serology or nucleic acid test.
  14. Evidence of prior hepatitis B infection as evaluated by hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), total hepatitis B core antibody, and hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBsAb).
  15. Positive HBV PCR
  16. Positive anti-hepatitis C (HCV) antibodies and a positive serum HCV RNA PCR. All positive HCV antibody results must be assessed by an electroimmunoassay enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (EIA) assay and confirmed by a quantitative serum HCV RNA assay. Participants with positive HCV antibodies but undetectable serum HCV RNA may be considered for eligibility. Participants with negative anti-HCV antibodies but unexplained liver enzyme abnormalities must undergo a quantitative serum RNA assay to rule out false negative HCV serologies.
  17. Autoimmune disease requiring immunosuppressive drugs for maintenance.
  18. The presence of any medical condition that the Investigator deems incompatible with participation in the trial.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02702960


Locations
United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Fibrolamellar Cancer Foundation

Responsible Party: Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02702960     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: J15171
IRB00080373 ( Other Identifier: JHU IRB )
First Posted: March 9, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 15, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

Keywords provided by Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins:
FL-HCC
living donor liver transplant
HLA matched first degree relative
Milan Criteria
Ephraim Fuchs
Fibrolamellar Cancer Foundation
fibrolamellar
non-fibrolamellar

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Liver Extracts
Cyclophosphamide
Tacrolimus
Fludarabine phosphate
Antilymphocyte Serum
Fludarabine
Prednisone
Mycophenolic Acid
Lenograstim
Mesna
Hematinics
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents