LeukoSEQ: Whole Genome Sequencing as a First-Line Diagnostic Tool for Leukodystrophies
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02699190|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : March 4, 2016
Last Update Posted : December 2, 2019
|Condition or disease|
|Leukodystrophy White Matter Disease|
Leukodystrophies are a group of approximately 30 genetic diseases that primarily affect the white matter of the brain, a complex structure composed of axons sheathed in myelin, a glial cell-derived lipid-rich membrane. Leukodystrophies are frequently characterized by early onset, spasticity and developmental delay, and are degenerative in nature. As a whole, leukodystrophies are relatively common (approximately 1 in 7000 births or almost twice as prevalent as Prader-Willi Syndrome, which has been far more extensively studied) with high associated health-care costs; however, more than half of the suspected leukodystrophies do not have a definitive diagnosis, and are generally classified as "leukodystrophies of unknown etiology". Even when a diagnosis is achieved, the diagnostic process lasts an average of eight years and results in test expenses in excess of $8,000 on average per patient, including the majority of patients who never achieve a diagnosis at all. These diagnostic challenges represent an urgent and unresolved gap in knowledge and disease characterization, as obtaining a definitive diagnosis is of paramount importance for leukodystrophy patients. The diagnostic workup begins with findings on cranial Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) followed by sequential targeted genetic testing, however next generation sequencing technologies (NGS) offer the promise of rapid and more cost effective approaches.
Despite significant advances in diagnostic efficacy, there are still significant issues with respect to implementation of NGS in clinical settings. First, sample cohorts demonstrating diagnostic efficacy are generally small, retrospective, and susceptible to ascertainment bias, ultimately rendering them poor candidates for utility analyses (to determine how efficient a test is at producing a diagnosis). Second, historic sample cohorts have not been examined prospectively for information about impact on clinical management (whether the test results in different clinical monitoring, a change in medications, or alternate clinical interventions).
To address these issues, the study team conducted an investigation of patients with suspected leukodystrophies or other genetic disorders affecting the white matter of the brain at the time of initial confirmation of MRI abnormalities, with prospective collection of patients randomly received on a "first come, first served" basis from a network of expert clinical sites. Subjects were randomized to receive early (1 month) or late (6 months) WGS, with SoC clinical analyses conducted alongside WGS testing. An interim analysis performed in May 2018 assessed these study outcomes for a cohort of thirty-four (34) enrolled subjects. Two of these subjects were resolved before complete enrollment and were retained as controls. Nine subjects were stratified to the Immediate Arm, of which 5 (55.6%) were resolved by WGS and 4 (44.4%) were persistently unresolved. Of the 23 subjects randomized to the Delayed Arm, 14 (60.9%) were resolved by WGS and 5 (21.7%) by SoC, while the remaining 4 (17.4%) remained undiagnosed. The diagnostic efficacy of WGS in both arms was significant relative to SoC (p<0.005). The time to diagnosis was significantly shorter in the immediate WGS group (p<0.05). The overall diagnostic efficacy of the combination of WGS and SoC approaches was 26/34 (76.5%; 95% CI = 58.8% to 89.3%) over <4 months, greater than historical norms of <50% over more than 5 years.
The study now seeks to determine whether WGS results in changes to clinical management in subjects affected by undiagnosed genetic disorders of the white matter of the brain relative to standard diagnostic approaches. We anticipate that WGS will produce measurable downstream changes in clinical management, as defined by disease-specific screening for complications or implementation of disease-specific therapeutic approaches.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||450 participants|
|Official Title:||LeukoSEQ: Whole Genome Sequencing as a First-Line Diagnostic Tool for Leukodystrophies|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 6, 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||August 11, 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||August 11, 2020|
Prospective Study Cohort
This cohort comprises recently identified individuals for whom a clinical decision has been made to pursue whole genome sequencing (WGS) as a first-line diagnostic test. The cohort also includes each subject's biological parents.
Historical Study Cohort
This cohort comprises approximately 50 historical controls who received either whole genome sequencing (WGS) or standard diagnostic testing as part of their participation in a previous version of this protocol, which used a randomized controlled design to assess diagnostic efficacy of WGS. This cohort is closed to new enrollment, and exists for statistical analysis purposes only.
- Changes in Clinical Management (Resulting from WGS) [ Time Frame: 01/06/2017 - 08/26/2019 ]The primary objective of this study is to evaluate changes in clinical management between the study cohort, who will undergo whole genome sequencing (WGS) as part of clinical care, and a historical cohort of patients whose diagnoses were established using standard (i.e. non-WGS) diagnostic approaches. Differences in clinical management will be measured at six months following disclosure of results.
- Time to Implementation of Changes in Clinical Management (Resulting from WGS) [ Time Frame: 01/06/2017 - 08/26/2019 ]Determine whether time to implementation of clinical management approaches differs between subjects who received whole genome sequencing over standard diagnostic approaches.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02699190
|Contact: Omar Sherbini, MPHfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia||Recruiting|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104|
|Contact: Omar Sherbini, MPH 215-590-3068 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Adeline Vanderver, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Adeline Vanderver, MD||Children's Hospital of Philadelphia|