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A Mindfulness Mobile Intervention Targeting Reductions in Food Cravings

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02694731
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 29, 2016
Last Update Posted : May 8, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of California, San Francisco

Brief Summary:
Participants will complete a 5-week smartphone app-based intervention that teaches mindful eating skills. One goal is to determine to what extent participants will enjoy using the app and complete the intervention. The investigators predict that after completing the intervention, participants will report fewer episodes of eating in response to food cravings. The investigators will also measure several other biological and behavioral outcomes.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Food Cravings Behavioral: Mobile application intervention (Device: Smartphone) Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

In this prospective repeated-measures cohort study, participants will complete a 5-week smartphone app-based intervention that teaches mindful eating skills. The investigators will assess psychological and behavioral intervention targets using questionnaires and brief mobile assessments. The investigators will also measure BMI and adiposity. Assessments will occur at pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 1 and 2 months post intervention. At several times during the study, participants will also receive multiple daily text messages asking them to complete a brief food craving assessment on their phone. This "experience sampling" approach is critical as it allow the investigators to capture experiences and behaviors that are often brief and automatic, making them poorly suited to traditional retrospective questionnaires. The investigators will also assess acceptability and continued use of the app via anonymous usage logs.

Overall, the aims are to 1) assess feasibility of the protocol, 2) assess changes in food cravings and indulgence of cravings, and 3) determine the extent to which participants remain engaged with the app after completing the 5-week intervention period and whether this predicts maintenance of benefits at 1 month and 2 months post-intervention. An exploratory aim is to measure the effects of the intervention on body weight, bodyfat, and bodyfat distribution.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 104 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Mindfulness Mobile Intervention Targeting Reductions in Food Cravings
Actual Study Start Date : February 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 29, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : November 30, 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Mobile application intervention
Participants receive a mobile app with a 5-week mindful eating program and ongoing tools for coping with cravings
Behavioral: Mobile application intervention (Device: Smartphone)
Consists of the app described in the arm description.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Craving indulgence frequency [ Time Frame: 1 month post-intervention ]
    Cell phone questionnaires assess frequency with which participants eat in response to food cravings. Cell phone questionnaires assess frequency with which participants eat in response to food cravings. Participants are asked whether they ate in response to a craving in the past hour


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Craving indulgence frequency [ Time Frame: Administered 9 times over the 7 days after the participant completes the intervention (typically 28 days after beginning the study; may be longer if participant takes extra days to complete the intervention) ]
    Cell phone questionnaires assess frequency with which participants eat in response to food cravings. Participants are asked whether they ate in response to a craving in the past hour

  2. Reward-based Eating Drive (RED) [ Time Frame: 1 month post-intervention ]
    Questionnaire measure of drive to eat for hedonic properties of food

  3. Reward-based Eating Drive (RED) [ Time Frame: immediate post-intervention (within 7 days of completing the intervention) ]
    Questionnaire measure of drive to eat for hedonic properties of food

  4. Palatable Eating Motives Scale, coping subscale [ Time Frame: 1 month post-intervention ]
    Questionnaire measure of drive to eat for coping

  5. Palatable Eating Motives Scale, coping subscale [ Time Frame: Immediate post-intervention (within 7 days of completing the intervention) ]
    Questionnaire measure of drive to eat for coping

  6. Food Cravings Questionnaire (FCQ-T-R) [ Time Frame: 1 month post-intervention ]
    Questionnaire measure of food cravings

  7. Food Cravings Questionnaire (FCQ-T-R) [ Time Frame: Immediate post-intervention (within 7 days of completing the intervention) ]
    Questionnaire measure of food cravings



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Problems with controlling food intake as indexed by "yes" responses to the following two questions: "Do you have food cravings?" and "Do you eat in response to your food cravings more than you would like to?"
  • Overweight or obese (BMI of 25.0 to 39.9 kg/m2)
  • Score at or above the scale midpoint on the Readiness Ruler, a single-item visual analog scale measure of readiness for behavioral change (prompt is, "I have decided to give in to food cravings less")
  • Have and use a smartphone (Android or iOS) with internet access.
  • Report food cravings on most days and a desire to indulge in food cravings less

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current diabetes
  • Pregnant or plans to become pregnant within 4 months
  • Current diagnosis of anorexia or bulimia
  • In the opinion of an investigator, meets any of the following criteria:

    1. Likely to drop out due to expressed ambivalence or lack of interest
    2. Likely to be harmed in any way by participating
    3. Likely to have provided untruthful answers to the screening questions (based on evidence such as unclear or inconsistent responses when talking to study staff vs. reporting online, or log data showing repeated attempts to "game" the screening questionnaire).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02694731


Locations
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United States, California
University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Ashley E Mason, PhD University of California, San Francisco

Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of California, San Francisco
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02694731     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 15-17250
First Posted: February 29, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 8, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The investigators will deposit anonymized individual-level data in a depository such as the Open Science Framework.

Keywords provided by University of California, San Francisco:
Craving
Mobile Apps