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Conventional Versus Hypofractionated Radiotherapy in Node Positive Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02690636
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 24, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 1, 2016
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Met Ghamr Cancer Center
Clinical Oncology department. Elmansoura University.
Medical Oncology department. Zagazig University.
Assiut University
Clinical Oncology department. Tanta University.
Al-Azhar University
Medical Research Institute. Department of Cancer Management and Research.
Cairo University
Clinical Oncology Department. Banha University.
Ayadi El Mostakbal Cancer Center. Alexandria.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mahmoud Ellithy, Ain Shams University

Brief Summary:

Breast cancer patients operated with modified radical mastectomy or breast conservative surgery will be randomized for either adjuvant conventional radiotherapy versus hypofractionated radiotherapy for chest wall and axilla or breast and axilla.

The patients will be recruited for one year and will be followed for 5 years by monitoring local recurrence, cosmetic outcomes, health economic perspectives, and arm lymph edema.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Radiation: radiotherapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:
The investigators hypothesize that hypofractionated radiotherapy in node positive breast cancer is equally effective and safe as conventional fractionated radiotherapy. Breast cancer patients with pathological positive lymph nodes (N1 - N2) operated with modified radical mastectomy will be randomized 1:1 and also those with breast conservative surgery with positive lymph nodes will be randomized 1:1 for receiving either adjuvant conventional radiotherapy 200cgy x 25 fractions with 200cgy x 5 fractions boost for those with intact breast versus hypofractionated radiotherapy 266cgyx16 fractions and 266 cgy x 4 fractions boost for those with intact breast. The patients will be followed for 5 years to monitor locoregional recurrence, cosmetic outcomes, ipsilateral arm lymph edema. Health economic perspectives will be monitored by calculating cost effective analysis for both treatment plans.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 500 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Conventional Versus Hypofractionated Adjuvant Radiotherapy in Node Positive Breast Cancer. Phase III, Open Label, Randomized Trial. Comparing Local Control, Cosmetic Outcome, Arm Lymph Edema and Health Economic Perspectives
Study Start Date : January 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : April 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Conventional
The patients will receive adjuvant radiotherapy conventionally fractionated 5000 cgy fractionated by 200cgy daily fractions, five fractions per week over 5 weeks with an additional 200cgy daily for five days as boost for patients with breast conservative surgery.
Radiation: radiotherapy
daily fractions, five fractions per week.

Experimental: Hypofractionated
The patients will receive adjuvant radiotherapy hypofractionated 266cgy daily fractions, five fractions per week for total 16 fractions and an additional five daily fractions will be added as boost for patients with breast conservative surgery.
Radiation: radiotherapy
daily fractions, five fractions per week.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Locoregional recurrence [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

    Tumor locoregional recurrence is defined as: Any newly suspicious skin change/s or palpable lymph node in the irradiated area (compared to baseline photo and clinical examination of this area) that is/are pathologically proved to be locoregional tumor recurrence.

    Suspicious skin change/s and palpable lymph node from baseline photo and baseline clinical examination of the irradiated area will be monitored at 3 months throughout 5 years following the completion of radiotherapy in the two study arms to detect the incidence and time of locoregional recurrence.


  2. Cosmetic outcomes [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

    Aesthetic evaluation of the irradiated breast will be through 3 methods. Patient questionnaire (Subjective evaluation), Harvard score for breast cosmoses (Observer evaluation) and a computer soft ware that calculate the configuration difference between treated and non treated breast. Upon evaluation, each of the three methods will acquire a point ranging from 0 to 3 (poor to excellent cosmetic outcome respectively). The points of the three methods will be added yielding a score ranging from 0 to 9. Score 0-2, 3-4, 5-6 and 7-9 mean poor, fair, good and excellent cosmoses respectively.

    The cumulative incidence of changes in breast cosmoses from baseline for every patient will be assessed every year (as described above) through out the 5 years (Time frame of the study) following the completion of radiotherapy in the two study arms. By the end of the five years the aesthetic evaluation for each patient will be through calculating the average of her 5 years score.


  3. Arm lymph edema. [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
    To evaluate the cumulative incidence of lymph edema during the 5 years following completion of hypofractionated radiation treatment [ Time Frame: 5 years ] Incidence of lymphedema defined as ≥ 10% increase in arm circumference over baseline circumference compared to the contralateral arm measured every 6 months from the time of initiation of hypofractionated irradiation of breast and regional nodes through 5 years following the completion of radiation therapy in 2 study groups.

  4. Health economic perspectives [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

    The economic perspectives for the public health: (Time frame 5 years). Cost effective analysis of each treatment plan will be evaluated at the end of 5 years through calculation of the cost-effectiveness ratio = Cost of intervention / Health effect produced.

    The cost of intervention = the sum of (Cost of medical staff time, drugs and equipment maintenance during the 5 years time frame). (The cost of intervention during the 5 years time frame will be used for calculations).

    The health effect produced will be years of local control (Number of years the patient lived without any pathological evidence of local recurrence). (The mean years of local control during the 5 years time frame will be used for calculations).

    The treatment program with the less cost effectiveness ratio will be recommended for treating patients.




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Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. ECOG. (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group): 0-2
  2. Histologic documentation of invasive duct or lobular adenocarcinoma of the breast
  3. If neoadjuvant chemotherapy was NOT administered: pathologic T1-3, N1-2 following definitive surgery
  4. If neoadjuvant chemotherapy was administered, pathology from the definitive surgery must confirm pathologic T1-3, N1-2 disease and also meet one of the following criteria:

    Clinical T1-3, N1-2 or Pathologic confirmation of axillary nodal involvement at presentation (ie, before neoadjuvant therapy) based on any of the following: Positive fine-needle aspiration (FNA), Positive core needle biopsy.

  5. Complete resection of known breast disease by one of the following surgeries Lumpectomy with axillary lymph node dissection with no more than 12 resected lymph nodes.

Mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection with no more than 12 resected lymph nodes.

5- ER(estrogen-receptor), PR (progesterone-receptor), and HER2(human epidermal growth factor receptor 2) testing performed on the primary breast tumor; when applicable, testing must have been performed before receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

6-Margins of the resected specimen must be histologically free of invasive tumor and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) as determined by the pathologist.

7-The surgical wound should be completely healed without any signs of infection.

8-Interval between the last surgery for breast cancer or the completion of adjuvant chemotherapy and study enrollment must be ≤ 56 days (ie, a maximum of 8 weeks).

9-If adjuvant chemotherapy is received there should be at least 10 days gap between the last day of chemotherapy and the enrollment in the study to avoid skin toxicity.

10-Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use a medically accepted form of pregnancy prevention for the duration of study treatment 11-Ability to understand and willingness to sign the consent form written in Arabic

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with surgical margins less than or equal to 2mm.
  2. Patients with axillary dissection of more than 12 lymph nodes due to high incidence of arm lymphedema.
  3. Women with Huge pendulous breast.
  4. Patients with bad breast conservative surgery ( Surgery that impair the cosmetic outcome before starting radiotherapy).
  5. T4 tumors including inflammatory breast cancer.
  6. Known definitive clinical or radiologic evidence of metastatic disease.
  7. Patients re operated for microscopic positive margins after definitive surgery.
  8. Previous radiation therapy for the currently diagnosed breast cancer prior to study enrollment
  9. History of ipsilateral or contralateral breast or thoracic radiotherapy for any condition
  10. History of ipsilateral or contralateral axillary surgery for any condition
  11. History of lymphedema involving the ipsilateral or contralateral arm at present or at any time in the past
  12. Active collagen vascular disease, specifically dermatomyositis with a creatine phosphokinase (CPK) level above normal or with an active skin rash, systemic lupus erythematosis, or scleroderma.
  13. Pregnancy or breastfeeding
  14. Second primary cancer.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02690636


Contacts
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Contact: Mahmoud Ellithy, Phd 01000069694 ext 002 ellithym@med.asu.edu.eg

Locations
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Egypt
Mahmoud Ellithy Recruiting
Cairo, Abbasia, Egypt, 14031
Contact: Mahmoud Ellithy, Phd    01000069694 ext 002    ellithym@med.asu.edu.eg   
Sub-Investigator: Heba Abdallah, Specialist         
Sub-Investigator: Ahmed Nagy, Consultant         
Sub-Investigator: Lamia Elwakil, Pharmacist         
Sub-Investigator: Noha Elboghdady, Pharmacist         
Sub-Investigator: Ahmad Abdel-Hady, Consultant         
Sub-Investigator: Wael Elsheshtawy, Consultant         
Sub-Investigator: Rasha Haggag, Consultat         
Sub-Investigator: Mohamed A. Alm El-Din, Consultant         
Sub-Investigator: Mostafa Elnaggar, Consultant         
Sub-Investigator: Marwa I. Abdelgawad, Consultant         
Sub-Investigator: Abdelmoneim Elsayed, Consultant         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ain Shams University
Met Ghamr Cancer Center
Clinical Oncology department. Elmansoura University.
Medical Oncology department. Zagazig University.
Assiut University
Clinical Oncology department. Tanta University.
Al-Azhar University
Medical Research Institute. Department of Cancer Management and Research.
Cairo University
Clinical Oncology Department. Banha University.
Ayadi El Mostakbal Cancer Center. Alexandria.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mahmoud Ellithy, Phd Ain Shams University

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Responsible Party: Mahmoud Ellithy, Associate professor of clinical oncology, Ain Shams University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02690636     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Cure and More3
First Posted: February 24, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 1, 2016
Last Verified: May 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases