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A Pilot Study of Tralokinumab in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Alopecia Areata

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02684097
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 17, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Emma.Guttman, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess whether tralokinumab can be a helpful treatment for alopecia areata. This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of a total of 30 subjects with moderate to severe alopecia areata involving 30-100% of the scalp. Expected is 50% of these subjects to have concomitant alopecia areata (AA) and atopic dermatitis (AD). Subjects with AA alone (15 subjects) will be randomized (2:1) to either receive tralokinumab or placebo via subcutaneous injection every 2 weeks for 24 weeks. Subjects with concomitant alopecia areata and atopic dermatitis (15 subjects) will be randomized separately in a 2:1 ratio to receive tralokinumab or placebo via subcutaneous injection every 2 weeks for 24 weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alopecia Areata Drug: Tralokinumab Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to assess whether tralokinumab can be a helpful treatment for alopecia areata.

This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study of a total of 30 subjects with moderate to severe alopecia areata involving 30-100% of the scalp. The researchers expect 50% of these subjects to have concomitant alopecia areata (AA) and atopic dermatitis (AD).

The researchers' experience in AD12-14, and past experience in psoriasis15, 16 showed that biomarker studies in skin tissues are critical to the understanding of key pathogenic pathways that are upregulated in each disease and how well they are suppressed with effective treatment. These mechanistic studies coupled with clinical trials are key in the disease to shed light on important disease mechanisms, and to explain which molecules are suppressed by each therapeutic target. Data shows that IL-13 is significantly upregulated in both AD and AA lesions compared to nonlesional skin. It is very important to associate the clinical responses with suppression of this cytokine and related molecules as well as other pathway cytokines in skin tissues. Both the whole genomic profiling and individual molecular and cellular markers are very important in order to understand how well anti-IL-13 will change/suppress AA-associated pathways and compare with those that will be suppressed in AD.

Since this study is designed to gain basic knowledge rather than to yield information directly related to patient care, the results are not entered in the participants' medical records. If, at a later date, correlations of in-vitro tests and the patients' clinical situation suggest that the results do bear on the patients' health, an amended protocol will be submitted to the IRB so that results can be made available to the medical record.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 22 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Placebo-controlled Single Center Pilot Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Tralokinumab in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Alopecia Areata
Study Start Date : January 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 28, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 28, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Tralokinumab
Tralokinumab subcutaneous injection every two weeks for 24 weeks
Drug: Tralokinumab
All groups will receive study drug every two weeks for 24 weeks.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Saline subcutaneous injection every two weeks for 24 weeks.
Drug: Placebo
Matching placebo given every two weeks for 24 weeks
Other Name: Saline subcutaneous injection




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Gene expression changes in Th2/IL-13, "T22"/IL-22, S100A7 and S100A8, Th1/IFN-gamma, and Th17/IL-17A jointly correlated [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    Change from baseline in cellular, and molecular markers in skin biopsies after treatment


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Percentage change from Baseline in the Severity of Alopecia Tool (SALT) at Week 24.

  2. SALT score (SALT50) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Percentage of patients achieving 50% or greater improvement in their SALT score (SALT50) at Week 24, compared to Baseline.

  3. Alopecia Areata Symptom Impact Scale (AASIS) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Percentage change from baseline in the Alopecia Areata Symptom Impact Scale (AASIS) at Week 24.

  4. Alopecia Areata Quality of Life questionnaire (AA-QoL) [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    Percentage change from Baseline in the Alopecia Areata Quality of Life questionnaire (AA-QoL) at Week 24


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Side effects [ Time Frame: Week 40 ]
    To study the safety of tralokinumab in patients with moderate to severe alopecia areata and in patients with concomitant moderate to severe alopecia areata and atopic dermatitis



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female, aged from 18 to 75 years, inclusively at the time of signing the informed consent document.
  • Subject has provided written informed consent prior to any study specific procedures.
  • Body weight of ≥40 and <150 kg at enrollment.
  • Subject has a history of alopecia areata for at least 3 months.
  • Subject has extensive patchy alopecia areata (at least 30% scalp hair loss).
  • No evidence of hair regrowth at Baseline.
  • For WOCBP only: have a negative urine pregnancy test prior to administration of the IP.
  • For inclusion in the voluntary pharmacogenetic research, subjects should fulfill the following criterion: Provision of a signed and dated written informed consent for the pharmacogenetic sample and analysis. If a subject declines to participate in the pharmacogenetic research, there will be no consequence or loss of benefit to the subject. The subject will not be excluded from the other aspects of the study described in the protocol, as long as they consent to participate in the study.
  • Subject is judged to be in good general health as determined by the principal investigator based upon the results of medical history, laboratory profile, and physical examination performed at Screening.
  • Subjects may be naïve to treatment or unresponsive to intralesional steroids or other treatments for alopecia areata.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of male or female pattern hair loss Ludwig stage III or Hamilton > stage V.
  • Subjects in whom the diagnosis of alopecia areata is in question.
  • Any disorder, including but not limited to, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal, neurological, musculoskeletal, infectious, endocrine, metabolic, haematological, psychiatric, or major physical impairment that is not stable in the opinion of the Investigator and could:

    1. Affect the safety of the subject throughout the study
    2. Influence the findings of the studies or their interpretations
    3. Impede the subject's ability to complete the entire duration of study
  • Known history of allergy or reaction to any component of the IP formulation.
  • History of anaphylaxis following any biologic therapy.
  • The following treatments within 4 weeks before the Baseline visit, or any condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, will likely require such treatment(s) at any time during the study:

    1. Systemic corticosteroids
    2. Immunosuppressive/immunomodulating drugs (eg, cyclosporine, mycophenolate-mofetil, IFN-γ, Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors, azathioprine or methotrexate), Ultra-Violet (UV) B phototherapy; and/or Psoralen Ultra-Violet A (PUVA) therapy.
  • Treatment with topical corticosteroids, tacrolimus and/or pimecrolimus within 1 week before the Baseline visit.
  • Subject has taken enzyme-modifying drugs that are moderate inhibitors/potent inducers of cytochrome P450 3A4 or potent inhibitors of cytochrome P450 2C19 enzymes (such as cimetidine, quinidine, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin, fluconazole, ketoconazole etc…) and strong inducers of CYP enzymes (such as rifampin etc…), in the previous 28 days before day 0.
  • A helminth parasitic infection diagnosed within 6 months prior to the date informed consent or assent obtained that has not been treated with, or has failed to respond to, standard of care therapy.
  • History of clinically significant infection, including acute upper or lower respiratory infections, requiring antibiotics or antiviral medication within 30 days prior to the date informed consent or assent is obtained or during the run-in period.
  • Tuberculosis requiring treatment within the 12 months prior to enrolment (Visit 1).
  • Any clinically significant abnormal findings in physical examination, vital signs, ECG, hematology, clinical chemistry, or urinalysis during the run-in period, which in the opinion of the Investigator, may put the subject at risk because of his/her participation in the study, or may influence the results of the study, or the subject's ability to complete entire duration of the study.
  • History of chronic alcohol or drug abuse within 12 months of the enrolment visit, or a condition associated with poor compliance as judged by the Investigator.
  • Positive hepatitis B surface antigen or hepatitis C virus antibody serology. Subjects with a history of hepatitis B vaccination without a history of hepatitis B are allowed to be enrolled.
  • History of any known primary immunodeficiency disorder including a positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test at enrolment, or the subject taking antiretroviral medications as determined by medical history and/or subject's verbal report.
  • Current tobacco smoking (smoking must have stopped for ≥ 3 months prior to enrollment) or a history of tobacco smoking for ≥ 10 pack-years (one pack year = 20 cigarettes smoked per day for 1 year).
  • History of cancer: - Subjects who have had basal cell carcinoma, localized squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix are eligible provided that the subject is in remission and curative therapy was completed at least 12 months prior to the date informed consent was obtained Subjects who have had other malignancies are eligible provided that the subject is in remission and curative therapy was completed at least 5 years prior to the date informed consent was obtained
  • Use of immunosuppressive medication (including but not limited to: methotrexate, troleandomycin, cyclosporine, azathioprine, systemic corticosteroids including regular treatment with OCS or intramuscular long-acting depot corticosteroids, or any experimental anti-inflammatory therapy) within 3 months prior to the date informed consent or assent is obtained.
  • Clinically significant asthma exacerbation, in the opinion of the Investigator, including those requiring use of oral corticosteroids 30 days prior to the date of informed consent or during the screening/run-in period.
  • Receipt of immunoglobulin or blood products within 30 days prior to the date informed consent or assent is obtained.
  • Receipt of any marketed or investigational biologic agent within 4 months or 5 half-lives prior to the enrolment visit, whichever is longer.
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccines 30 days prior to the date of randomization and during the study including the follow-up period Receipt of inactive/killed vaccinations (eg, inactive influenza) are allowed, provided they are not administered within 5 days before/after any study visit.
  • Receipt of any investigational non-biologic agent within 30 days or 5 half lives prior to informed consent or assent being obtained, whichever is longer.
  • Previous receipt of tralokinumab (CAT-354).
  • Initiation of new allergen immunotherapy or change in existing immunotherapy is not allowed within 30 days prior to the date of informed consent. However allergen immunotherapy initiated prior to this period may be continued provided there is a span of at least 5 days between the immunotherapy and IP administration.
  • Current use of oral or ophthalmic non-selective β-adrenergic antagonist (eg, propranolol).
  • Current use of five- lipoxygenase inhibitors (eg, Zileuton) or roflumilast.
  • Major surgery within 8 weeks prior to the enrolment visit, or planned in-subject surgery or hospitalization during the study period.
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) level ≥2.5 times the upper limit of normal (ULN) at enrolment
  • Pregnant, currently breast-feeding, or lactating women.
  • Previous randomization in the present study.
  • Concurrent enrollment in another clinical study where the subject is receiving an IP.
  • Involvement in the planning and/or conduct of the study (applies to both AstraZeneca staff and/or staff at the study site).
  • Employees of the clinical study site or any other individuals directly involved with the planning or conduct of the study, or immediate family members of such individuals.
  • Individuals who are legally institutionalized.

For exclusion from the voluntary pharmacogenetic research:

  • Previous allogeneic bone marrow transplant.
  • Non-leukocyte depleted whole blood transfusion within 120 days of genetic sample collection.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02684097


Locations
United States, New York
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emma.Guttman
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Emma Guttman, MD, PhD ISMMS

Publications:
Responsible Party: Emma.Guttman, Associate Professor, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02684097     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GCO 15-1497
First Posted: February 17, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Emma.Guttman, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai:
Alopecia, Alopecia Totalis, Alopecia Universalis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alopecia
Alopecia Areata
Hypotrichosis
Hair Diseases
Skin Diseases
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical