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APBI: 27Gy in 5 Fractions for Early Breast Cancer (ACCEL)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02681107
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified February 2019 by AHS Cancer Control Alberta.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : February 12, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 21, 2019
Alberta Cancer Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AHS Cancer Control Alberta

Brief Summary:
This study will test the safety of partial breast RT using 27Gy in 5 daily fractions which is expected to be equally tolerated as standard whole breast irradiation (WBI) based on radiobiologic modeling of the fibrosis response of normal tissues but be more convenient and less costly than 3-6 weeks of standard WBI. 274 women will be treated. Rates of fibrosis and cosmesis at 2 years will be compared to data already collected using standard WBI in the Canadian RAPID trial.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Radiation: APBI 27Gy in 5 fractions Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Background: Previously, accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) using 3D conformal external beam techniques to deliver 38.5Gy in 10, twice daily, fractions caused worse fibrosis and cosmetic deterioration than standard whole breast irradiation (WBI) following breast conserving surgery (BCS) for women with early breast cancer. Over the decade since the original APBI technique was designed, long-term outcomes of various breast RT fractionation regimens have become available and suggest that normal tissue fibrosis and cosmesis varies with the radiobiological constant: α/β=2 rather than α/β=3.4 as previously estimated. Radiobiologic modeling using α/β=2, indicates that a dose of 27Gy in 5 daily treatments should result in comparable late effects as 42.5Gy in 16, or 50Gy in 25 fractions. This clinical trial will validate the safety of a short, convenient and less costly APBI using 27Gy in 5 daily fractions.

Objective: To determine the cosmetic and normal tissue outcomes of APBI using 3D-conformal RT with 27Gy in 5 fractions over 1 week.

Methods: A single-arm, phase II, non-inferiority, prospective study will be conducted. 274 women with newly diagnosed, invasive or in-situ ductal carcinoma treated with BCS and sentinel lymph node biopsy (or axillary dissection) who are candidates for WBI alone, will be treated. Subjects will be age 50 years and older, with tumors less than 3cm diameter, with negative margins and nodes and with excellent or good baseline cosmetic outcome following BCS. Patients with extensive ductal carcinoma in-situ, BRCA mutations, Grade 3 cancers with lymphatic or vascular invasion, or lobular carcinoma will be excluded. These selection criteria are similar to the Canadian RAPID trial. In the first phase of the study, 150 patients will be recruited and interim analyses will be conducted to rule out unacceptable toxicity at 2 years.

Study endpoints: The primary endpoint will be the proportion of women who retain an Excellent or Good cosmetic score at 2 years using the EORTC Cosmetic Rating System and clinical photographs taken prior to, and at 1 and 2 years after RT. Secondary endpoints will include rates and grades of breast fibrosis, induration, telangiectasia, breast pain, ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence, overall and breast cancer-specific survival and subsequent mastectomy rates.

Sample size, statistical analyses: In the RAPID trial, 88% of patients with Excellent or Good cosmesis prior to RT had Excellent or Good scores at 3 years. Only patients with Excellent/Good cosmesis at baseline will be included in the current study. The proportion of women with Excellent/Good cosmesis at 1 and 2 years will be calculated. Using 80% power, a non-inferiority margin of 0.08 and a one-sided binomial test for non-inferiority and a significance level of 0.05, will require a sample size of 249 women with evaluable 2-yr cosmesis. 274 patients will be recruited to allow for a 10% drop-out rate. To ensure safety, a first interim analysis with Grade 2 or higher breast fibrosis as the primary endpoint, will be conducted when 50 patients have completed their 1-year assessment and repeated when 50 patients have completed their 2-year follow up. If the rate of Grade 2 or higher fibrosis exceeds 5% at either time point, trial accrual will be suspended.

Feasibility: Over 600 women eligible for this protocol receive RT in Alberta each year. If 30% accept study participation, accrual will be complete in <2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 274 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Phase 2 - Irradiation
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation Using Five Daily Fractions: A Single Arm, Phase II, Prospective Cohort Study to Examine Cosmetic Outcomes and Toxicity (The ACCEL Trial)
Actual Study Start Date : May 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : July 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Single Arm
Single cohort to receive Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation (APBI) 27Gy in 5 fractions
Radiation: APBI 27Gy in 5 fractions
Patients will be treated with 3-D conformal, external beam, partial breast RT to deliver 27 Gy in 5 daily fractions using 3-5 beams on a linear accelerator. The target PTV will be the CT-visible seroma plus a 1cm margin to form the CTV (minus 5mm from skin and excluding chest wall) and a further 7mm to form the PTV. Real time review will ensure compliance with target and normal tissues dose constraints in this multi-institutional study. Any (or no) systemic therapy is permitted.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of Excellent or Good Global cosmetic score [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Global cosmetic score assessed by trained observers and patients themselves using the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Breast Cancer rating system for cosmetic assessment; rate of deterioration from Excellent/Good to Fair Poor. This will be augmented by assessment of clinical photographs prior to and at 1 and 2 years after radiation therapy (RT).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Breast induration [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) Late Radiation Morbidity Scoring Scheme, rate of Grade 2+ subcutaneous fibrosis

  2. Breast pain [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Patient reported average and worst pain in the treated breast over the week prior to assessment

  3. Local recurrence [ Time Frame: 2 and 5 years ]
    Any new invasive or in situ breast cancer within the ipsilateral breast

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Female, with new invasive or in-situ ductal carcinoma of the breast
  • Treated with Breast conserving surgery (BCS) with negative margins
  • pN0 on sentinel node biopsy or axillary dissection; cN0 if DCIS alone
  • Maximum pathologic tumor diameter is 3.0 cm (invasive or DCIS)
  • No clinical or imaging evidence of distant metastases
  • Age 50 years or older at diagnosis
  • No contraindications to breast irradiation
  • Excellent or Good overall cosmetic score at baseline following BCS
  • Able and willing to provide written informed consent
  • Available for 2 year follow up at the treating RT centre

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age < 50 years at diagnosis
  • BRCA 1 or 2 pathogenic mutation
  • Pathologic tumor diameter >3cm (including DCIS+invasive disease)
  • Lobular histology alone
  • Triple negative (ER-, PR-, HER2-) or HER2 overexpressing disease
  • Margin (other than deep) <2 mm
  • Presence of both Grade 3 and lymphatic or vascular invasion
  • Fair or Poor overall cosmetic score at baseline following BCS
  • Presence of ipsilateral breast implants
  • Inability to develop an APBI plan meeting all dosimetry constraints
  • Unable to start RT within 16 weeks of BCS or 8 weeks of last iv chemotherapy
  • Unable or unwilling to sign informed consent document or attend for 2-year cosmetic assessment at the treating RT centre
  • Potential contraindications for breast RT including a confirmed diagnosis of lupus, scleroderma, or pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02681107

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Contact: Petra Grendarova, MD 403-521-3105
Contact: Mark Lesiuk, BSc

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Canada, Alberta
Tom Baker Cancer Centre Recruiting
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Contact: Mark Lesiuk, BScRT MRTT    403-521-3958   
Sponsors and Collaborators
AHS Cancer Control Alberta
Alberta Cancer Foundation
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Principal Investigator: Petra Grendarova, MD Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Health Services
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Responsible Party: AHS Cancer Control Alberta Identifier: NCT02681107    
Other Study ID Numbers: HREBA.CC-16-0006
No. 11629-27/5-01 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: TBCC CTU )
First Posted: February 12, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 21, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description:

At least one peer-review publication will be prepared by the investigators following the conclusion of the study. In addition, an abstract to report interim results following the 1-year, interim cosmetic evaluation may be submitted to the annual Canadian Association of Radiation Oncology and/or San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium scientific meetings.

Authorship will include the named investigators involved in the development of the grant proposal plus additional authors proportional to subject accrual, participation in the cosmetic photograph review panels and/or other contributions to study analysis or success.

Keywords provided by AHS Cancer Control Alberta:
Radiation therapy
Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI)
Breast conserving surgery
Stage 1
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases