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Mobilization and Collection of Peripheral Blood Stem Cells in Patients With Fanconi Anemia Using G-CSF and Plerixafor (FancoMob)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02678533
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 9, 2016
Last Update Posted : December 22, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of Plerixafor used in combination with G-CSF (Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor) in 5 Fanconi anemia patients to mobilize and collect a sufficient number of peripheral blood CD34+ cells for peripheral blood apheresis, for further gene therapy study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fanconi Anemia Drug: G-CSF Drug: Plerixafor Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Fanconi anemia is an autosomal recessive disease with an average survival of around 24 years old. The number of cells producted by bone marrow decreases around 5-10 years old. Hematological symptoms occur around 7 years old. 80% of patients with Fanconi anemia have clinical signs of bone marrow failure in the first decade of life. Generally macrocytosis is the first noticeable sign. Then it leads to thrombocytopenia, anemia and pancytopenia.

Epidemiologic studies show that nearly all of the patients will have medullar aplasia before 40 years old, which is then the first cause of mortality.

It must be emphasized that these complications may occur simultaneously for the same patient, so joint therapeutic intervention is needed.

There is no basic treatment. Some currently used treatments cure cytopenias. These treatments involve blood transfusion, oral androgen, hematopoietic growth factor administration, such as Epo and G-CSF to treat anemia and neutropenia. These treatments are not curative. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only treatment able to restore permanently hematopoiesis. However, this treatment leads to a high level risk of developing solid tumors and other complications.

All these data justify of developing a stem cells gene therapy treatment using a lentiviral vector expressing wild-type FANCA gene under CIBER promoter.

Three studies have shown the potential number of cells to be mobilized in patients with Fanconi anemia.

The aim is first, to show if administering G-CSF with plerixafor may lead to collect enough cells to potentially perform a gene therapy graft. Secondly the study will assess the tolerance, the stem cells' mobilization kinetic and collected cells' biological features.

This study will be performed in Necker Children Hospital. 8 patients will be enrolled in order to reach 5 treated patients and to analyse how many injections and days are required to reach the cells' number goal.

Sequential blood samples of patients will be drawn to monitor complete blood count (CBC), platelet, CD34+ cells rate and stem cells phenotype.

The clinical and biological data will be anonymously entered in a electronic case report by the investigators up to the end of the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 4 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Pilot Study Assessing the Feasibility of CD34+ Cells Mobilization and Collection After Treatment With G-CSF and Plerixafor in Patients With Fanconi Anemia for Subsequent Treatment by Gene Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : February 10, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 20, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : May 3, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Fanconi anemia
G-CSF and Plerixafor
Drug: G-CSF
D1 to D4 : Injection of 12 µg/kg of G-CSF twice a day . D5 : injection of 12 µg/kg of G-CSF (once/ twice a day according to cytapheresis's realization)

Drug: Plerixafor
D5 : injection of 24mg/kg of plerixafor once a day until cytapheresis has be done (maximum of 4 days)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. level of CD34+ cells mobilization [ Time Frame: from day 5 to day 8 after the first injection of G-CSF ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. number of treatment-related adverse events as a measure of tolerability [ Time Frame: 30 days after cytapheresis ]
    Occurrence of adverse effect due to G-CSF and plerixafor administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 17 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient with Fanconi anemia
  • Patient from 2 to 17 years old
  • Potential indication for allogenic bone arrow graft without HLA-identical brotherhood available
  • Patient's weight >10kg
  • Treated and followed for at least the previous two years in a specialized center where they got a full assessment of their disease
  • For women of childbearing age, not pregnant and use of an effective contraception during the entire participation in the research.
  • Affiliated or beneficiary of an health insurance regimen
  • Informed and signed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient unable to follow the visits required by the protocol
  • Positive serology for HIV-1/2, HTLV-1/2, HCV and HbS
  • Bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic active infection with clinical signs
  • Personal history of cancer, myeloproliferative hematopathy or immune deficiency
  • Heart failure and / or heart rhythm disorder
  • History of allogeneic graft of hematopoietic stem cells
  • Patient with an HLA-identical brotherhood donor available
  • Myelodysplasia diagnose on myelogram
  • Cytogenetic abnormality on karyotype
  • Malignant solid tumor
  • Documented spontaneous genetic reversion of medullary process
  • Diagnosis of a psychiatric disorder that could compromise his/her ability to participate in the study
  • Any disorder according to the investigator, that could compromise the ability of patient to give his writing consent and/or to comply with requiring study's procedures
  • Current Pregnancy
  • Heart, kidney or liver failure
  • Current participation in another interventional clinical trial
  • Patient under Medical Assistance State
  • Hypersensitivity to plerixafor or any excipient contained in MOZOBIL®
  • Hypersensitivity to filgrastim or any of its' excipient

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02678533

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Hôpital necker-Enfants malades
Paris, France, 75015
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
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Study Director: Marina CAVAZZANA, MD, PhD AP-HP, Necker hospital
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02678533    
Other Study ID Numbers: P130103
2014-005264-14 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 9, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 22, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:
Fanconi Anemia
CD34+ cells mobilization
gene therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fanconi Syndrome
Fanconi Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Anemia, Hypoplastic, Congenital
Anemia, Aplastic
Congenital Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes
Bone Marrow Failure Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
DNA Repair-Deficiency Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Renal Tubular Transport, Inborn Errors
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents