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Ticagrelor Versus Clopidogrel in Carotid Artery Stenting (PRECISE-MRI)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified April 2017 by University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02677545
First Posted: February 9, 2016
Last Update Posted: April 28, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
  Purpose
Patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid stenosis in whom carotid artery stenting is planned are randomised between antiplatelet therapy with ticagrelor plus aspirin or clopidogrel plus aspirin and examined with brain MRI before and after stent treatment. The proportion of patients with new ischaemic lesions on MRI after treatment is compared between the two groups.

Condition Intervention Phase
Carotid Artery Stenosis Drug: Ticagrelor Drug: Clopidogrel Drug: Aspirin Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prevention of Cerebral Ischaemia in Stent Treatment for Carotid Artery Stenosis - A Randomised Multi-centre Phase II Trial Comparing Ticagrelor Versus Clopidogrel With Outcome Assessment on MRI (PRECISE-MRI)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • At least one new ischaemic brain lesion after CAS [ Time Frame: Up to 32 days after CAS ]
    The primary efficacy outcome is the presence of at least one new ischaemic brain lesion on the second MRI scan done 1-3 days after CAS or on the third MRI scan done 28-32 days after CAS, which had not been present on the first MRI scan done 1-3 days before CAS.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Composite of any stroke, myocardial infarction, major bleeding, or cardiovascular death [ Time Frame: Through study completion, an average of 1 month after randomisation ]
    The clinical safety outcome is the composite of any stroke, myocardial infarction, major bleeding (including fatal, life-threatening or other major bleeding) or cardiovascular death occurring between randomisation and study completion.

  • Number of new ischaemic brain lesions after CAS [ Time Frame: Up to 32 days after CAS ]
    A secondary efficacy outcome is the number of new ischaemic brain lesions on the second MRI scan done 1-3 days after CAS or on the third MRI scan done 28-32 days after CAS, which had not been present on the first MRI scan done 1-3 days before CAS.

  • Volume of new ischaemic brain lesions after CAS [ Time Frame: Up to 32 days after CAS ]
    A secondary efficacy outcome is the total volume of new ischaemic brain lesions on the second MRI scan done 1-3 days after CAS or on the third MRI scan done 28-32 days after CAS, which had not been present on the first MRI scan done 1-3 days before CAS.

  • At least one new haemorrhagic brain lesion after CAS [ Time Frame: Up to 32 days after CAS ]
    A secondary safety outcome is the presence of at least one new haemorrhagic brain lesion on the second MRI scan done 1-3 days after CAS or on the third MRI scan done 28-32 days after CAS, which had not been present on the first MRI scan done 1-3 days before CAS.


Estimated Enrollment: 370
Study Start Date: December 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Ticagrelor & Aspirin
Participants will receive a loading dose of 180 mg ticagrelor 1-3 days before stenting followed by a maintenance dose of 90 mg twice daily until 28-32 days after stenting. All participants will receive 75-100 mg aspirin per day throughout the study period.
Drug: Ticagrelor
Other Name: Brilique
Drug: Aspirin
Active Comparator: Clopidogrel & Aspirin
Participants will receive a loading dose of 300 mg clopidogrel 1-3 days before stenting followed by a maintenance dose of 75 mg once daily until 28-32 days after stenting. All participants will receive 75-100 mg aspirin per day throughout the study period.
Drug: Clopidogrel
Other Name: Plavix
Drug: Aspirin

Detailed Description:
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is an emerging treatment for atherosclerotic carotid stenosis. The main adverse event is embolic stroke during the procedure. Current medical management to prevent peri-procedural embolisation consists of dual antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin. Ticagrelor, a novel reversible inhibitor of the platelet adenosine diphosphate receptor P2Y12, was superior to clopidogrel, as add-on therapy to aspirin, in preventing stent thrombosis, cardiovascular outcome events, and death in patients undergoing coronary artery stenting, without causing an increase in major bleeding events. This study aims to test the hypothesis that ticagrelor is superior to clopidogrel as add-on to aspirin in preventing cerebral embolism during the CAS procedure.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Written informed consent as documented by signature from the patient;
  • Men or women ≥40 years of age;
  • Moderate (50-69% narrowing of the artery according to the measuring method used in the NASCET trial64) or severe (70-99%) stenosis of the extracranial internal carotid artery caused by atherosclerosis;
  • Symptomatic carotid stenosis (any transient or permanent symptoms caused by focal ischaemia in the vascular territory supplied by the carotid artery in the past 180 days, including ischaemic stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), amaurosis fugax or ischaemic retinal infarct), as long as the patient is clinically stable and independent (mRS ≤2) at the time of randomisation; or asymptomatic carotid stenosis (no ischaemic symptoms in the past 180 days);
  • Stenosis amenable for treatment by CAS according to routine clinical work-up (degree of stenosis and suitability of vascular anatomy for CAS must be demonstrated either by consistent findings on two of the following non-invasive imaging modalities: duplex ultrasound, magnetic resonance angiography, or computer tomography angiography; or by intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography);
  • CAS scheduled to take place within 1-3 days of randomisation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability or unwillingness of the patient to understand and/or comply with study procedures and/or follow-up, e.g. due to language problems, psychological disorders, dementia, etc.;
  • Women who are pregnant or breast feeding, or who intend to become pregnant during the course of the study. Women of childbearing age must take a pregnancy test to be eligible for the study;
  • Lack of safe contraception, defined as: Female Participants of childbearing potential, not using and not willing to continue using a medically reliable method of contraception for the entire study duration, such as oral, injectable, or implantable contraceptives, or intrauterine contraceptive devices, or who are not using any other method considered sufficiently reliable by the Investigator in individual cases. Female Participants who are surgically sterilised / hysterectomised or post-menopausal for longer than 2 years are not considered as being of child bearing potential;
  • Acute ischaemic stroke with symptom onset in the previous 24 hours before randomisation;
  • Fresh thrombus in the relevant carotid artery;
  • Patient clinically unstable at the time of randomisation (includes worsening in NIH Stroke Scale of >2 points over the previous 24 hours);
  • Patient dependent on others in functions of daily living at the time of randomisation (mRS >2);
  • Patients with known bleeding diathesis or coagulation disorder (e.g., thrombotic-thrombocytopenic purpura);
  • Any active pathological bleed;
  • Severe thrombocytopenia (platelet count <50'000/uL);
  • History of previous symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage at any time (asymptomatic microbleeds do not qualify)
  • History of gastrointestinal bleed within the past 6 months;
  • Any contraindication to non-contrast MRI, including but not limited to: cardiac pacemaker incompatible with MRI; metal implants incompatible with MRI; claustrophobia);
  • Contraindications to ticagrelor, clopidogrel, or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), or to any of their excipients, including known hypersensitivity or allergy;
  • Increased risk of bradycardic events (e.g., patients without a pacemaker who have sick sinus syndrome, 2nd or 3rd degree atrioventricular (AV) block, or history of bradycardia-related syncope;
  • Need for medication not permitted during treatment period: Antithrombotic therapy other than Study Medication or permitted concomitant medication (see section 8.7) including: Antiplatelet therapy (other than ASA 100 mg daily), e.g.: open-label clopidogrel or ticagrelor; GPIIb/GPIIIa inhibitors, ticlopidine, prasugrel, dipyridamole, ozagrel, cilostazol; Therapeutic-dose anticoagulation (other than unfractioned heparin at the start of the CAS procedure), e.g.: phenprocoumon, warfarin, oral thrombin and factor Xa inhibitors, bivalirudin, hirudin, argatroban, unfractionated and low molecular weight heparins; Receipt of any intravenous or intra-arterial thrombolysis or mechanical thrombectomy within 24 hours prior to randomisation. If a patient requires intravenous or intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy during the treatment period, the Study Medication must be discontinued for at least 24 hours; Strong cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) inhibitors leading to substantial increases in ticagrelor plasma levels: ketoconazole, itraconazole, voriconazole, telithromycin, clarithromycin (but not erythromycin or azithromycin), nefazadone, ritonavir, saquinavir, nelfinavir, indinavir, atazanavir; or consumption of more than 1 litre of grapefruit juice daily; Strong CYP3A inducers leading to substantial decreases in ticagrelor plasma levels: rifampicin, rifabutin, phenytoin, carbamazepine, and phenobarbital; CYP3A substrates with narrow therapeutic indices which may be substantially increased by co-administration of ticagrelor: cyclosporine, quinidine, simvastatin at doses >40 mg daily or lovastatin at doses >40 mg daily. (Co-administration of ticagrelor with simvastatin increases simvastatin Cmax by 81% and area under curve (AUC) by 56% and increases simvastatin acid Cmax by 64% and AUC by 52% with some individual increases equal to 2- to 3-fold. Ticagrelor may have similar effect on lovastatin, but is not expected to have a clinically meaningful effect on other statins including atorvastatin and rosuvastatin); Anticipated requirement for long-term (>7 days) non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs; short-term treatment with NSAIDs up to 7 days is allowed during the treatment period at the investigator's discretion);
  • Need for invasive procedure (surgery or intervention) other than the index CAS procedure for which the patient was randomised, which requires halting of Study Medication within the next 30 days after randomisation;
  • History of major surgery within the past 30 days;
  • Moderate or severe hepatic impairment;
  • Renal impairment requiring dialysis;
  • Known or suspected non-compliance, drug or alcohol abuse;
  • Previous enrolment into the present study;
  • Participation in another study with investigational drug within the 30 days preceding and during the present study;
  • Patients incapable of judgment or patients under tutelage;
  • Enrolment of the Investigator, his/her family members, employees and other dependent persons;
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02677545


Contacts
Contact: Leo H Bonati, MD +41615565442 leo.bonati@usb.ch

Locations
Switzerland
University Hospital Basel Recruiting
Basle, Switzerland, 4031
Contact: Leo H Bonati, MD    +41 61 556 5442    leo.bonati@usb.ch   
Insel Gruppe AG, Department of Neurology Recruiting
Bern, Switzerland, 3010
Contact: Arnold Arnold, MD    0041316322111    marcel.arnold@insel.ch   
Stadtspital Triemli Zürich/Department of Cardiology Recruiting
Zurich, Switzerland, 8063
Contact: Franz H Eberli, MD,FAHA,FESC    +41 44 4163411    franz.eberli@triemli.zuerich.ch   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Leo H Bonati, MD Department of Neurology and Stroke Center, University Hospital Basel
  More Information

Responsible Party: University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02677545     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: D5130C00171
First Submitted: January 25, 2016
First Posted: February 9, 2016
Last Update Posted: April 28, 2017
Last Verified: April 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: De-identified individual participant data will be available for further analyses. Specific requests will be considered by the Trial Steering Committee.

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Constriction, Pathologic
Carotid Stenosis
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Carotid Artery Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Aspirin
Ticlopidine
Clopidogrel
Ticagrelor
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Fibrinolytic Agents
Fibrin Modulating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Antipyretics