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Software Treatment for Actively Reducing Severity of ADHD (STARS-ADHD)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02674633
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 4, 2016
Results First Posted : July 24, 2020
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Akili Interactive Labs, Inc.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of videogame-like digital therapies on attentional functioning and symptoms in children diagnosed with ADHD.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity Device: AKL-T01 Device: AKL-T09 Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
The study will be a randomized, parallel group, controlled trial of two videogame-like (iPad-based) digital therapies. The study will consist of 3 primary phases: Screening, Washout/Baseline, and Treatment. During the Screening Phase (Day -28 to Day -7), participants will undergo screening to evaluate eligibility for the study. Screening may take place up to 28 days before the Baseline Visit (Day 0). For those children currently on medication for ADHD the Washout period will begin 7 days prior to Baseline where treatment will be discontinued. On Day 0, the Baseline visit will occur wherein additional eligibility criteria will be established. The Treatment Phase (Day 1 to Day 27) will involve using the digital therapy at home for each participant followed by an In-Clinic assessment on Day 28 to assess key outcomes. Compliance with treatment/use requirements will be monitored remotely during this phase.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 348 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Minimum number of subjects = 300, Anticipated number of subjects = 330, Maximum number of subjects = 1,000
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Controlled, Parallel-group, Intervention Study to Assess At-home, Game-based Digital Therapy for Treating Pediatric Participants Ages 8 to 12 Years Old With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Study Start Date : May 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 31, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : August 31, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: AKL-T01 (EVO Multi)
AKL-T01, or EVO Multi, is a digital intervention that requires the subject to navigate a character through a game-like space, while collecting objects, in a fixed period of time.
Device: AKL-T01
Videogame-like digital therapy
Other Name: EVO Multi

Active Comparator: AKL-T09 (EVO Words)
AKL-T09, or EVO Words, is a digital intervention that requires the subject to spell as many words as possible, by connecting letters in a game-like grid, in a fixed period of time.
Device: AKL-T09
Videogame-like digital therapy
Other Name: EVO Words




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Test of Variables of Attention-Attention Performance Index (Change From Baseline to Posttreatment) [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 28 ]

    TOVA API is a comparison of the subject's scores based on selected measures that persons with an independent diagnosis of ADHD frequently demonstrated. The API is calculated from variability, response time, and d' (D Prime) using the following formula:

    API = Response Time Z score (Half 1) + d' Z score (Half 2) + Variability Z score (Total) + 1.80 where Response Time is the average time it takes to respond correctly to a target, d' score is a response discriminability score reflecting the ratio of hits to "false alarms", and Variability is a measure of consistency of speed of responding based on the standard deviation of the mean correct response times. API tells how similar the score is to the ADHD profile. A score of less than 0 indicates that the subject had similar performance to a normative ADHD population. A lower score indicates a more severe ADHD profile.

    The calculation for difference in TOVA API was API at Day 28 minus API at Day 0 of this study.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. ADHD-RS Total (Change From Baseline to Posttreatment) [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 28 ]
    The ADHD-RS-IV is an 18-item, clinician-administered questionnaire for which a parent respondent rates the frequency of occurrence of ADHD symptoms and behaviors as defined by criteria outlined for ADHD in the DSM-IV. Each item is scored on a 4-point scale ranging from 0 (rarely or never) to 3 (very often) with total scores ranging from 0-54. A higher score indicates more severe ADHD symptoms and behaviors. A negative change in total score indicates improvement from Day 0 to Day 28.

  2. ADHD-RS Inattentive Subscale (Change From Baseline to Posttreatment) [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 28 ]

    The ADHD-RS-IV is an 18-item, clinician-administered questionnaire for which a parent respondent rates the frequency of occurrence of ADHD symptoms and behaviors as defined by criteria outlined for ADHD in the DSM-IV. Each item is scored on a 4-point scale ranging from 0 (rarely or never) to 3 (very often) with total scores ranging from 0-54. A higher score indicates more severe ADHD symptoms and behaviors.

    The 18 items are grouped into 2 subscales: hyperactivity/impulsivity (even numbered items 2-18) and inattentiveness (odd numbered items 1-17). Each subscale produces a sub-scale score ranging from 0-27. A higher subscale score indicates more severe ADHD symptoms and behaviors.

    A negative change indicated improvement on the subscale from Day 0 to Day 28.


  3. ADHD-RS Hyperactivity Subscale (Change From Baseline to Posttreatment) [ Time Frame: Study Day 0 to Study Day 28 ]

    The ADHD-RS-IV is an 18-item, clinician-administered questionnaire for which a parent respondent rates the frequency of occurrence of ADHD symptoms and behaviors as defined by criteria outlined for ADHD in the DSM-IV. Each item is scored on a 4-point scale ranging from 0 (rarely or never) to 3 (very often) with total scores ranging from 0-54. A higher score indicates more severe ADHD symptoms and behaviors.

    The 18 items are grouped into 2 subscales: hyperactivity/impulsivity (even numbered items 2-18) and inattentiveness (odd numbered items 1-17). Each subscale produces a sub-scale score ranging from 0-27. A higher subscale score indicates more severe ADHD symptoms and behaviors.

    A negative change indicated improvement on the subscale from Day 0 to Day 28.


  4. BRIEF Working Memory Percentile (Change From Baseline to Posttreatment) [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 28 ]

    The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) is a parent-rated form that assesses everyday behavior associated with specific domains of the executive functions of their child. The BRIEF working memory metacognition subscale measures the participants ability to hold information when completing a task in a sequential manner.

    A negative change in percentile indicated an improvement on the subscale.


  5. BRIEF Inhibit Percentile (Change From Baseline to Posttreatment) [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 28 ]

    The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) is a parent-rated form that assesses everyday behavior associated with specific domains of the executive functions of their child. The BRIEF Inhibit subscale measures the participant's ability to control impulses and to stop engaging in a behavior.

    A negative change in percentile indicated an improvement on the subscale.


  6. Impairment Rating Scale, Overall Impairment (Change From Baseline to Posttreatment) [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 28 ]

    The Impairment Rating Scale (IRS) is a parent-rated scale that assesses individualized areas of impairment for a child participant and asks parents to make a rating of how significantly these problems impact functioning across a range of domains (social, family, school, self-esteem). Parents describe the primary areas of difficulty for each child and then provide a rating (via a Visual Analog Scale) of how much the difficulties affect the different areas of functioning ranging from (1) "no problem; definitely does not need treatment or special services" to (7) "extreme problem; definitely needs treatment or special services."

    The total IRS is 8 items, the 8th rating overall impairment. A negative change indicated a decrease in overall impairment.


  7. CGI-I (at Posttreatment) [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]

    The Clinical Global Impression Scale - Improvement (CGI-I) is a clinician's comparison of the participant's overall clinical condition at follow up to the overall clinical condition at baseline. The CGI-S is a 7-point scale where 1 = Very much improved, 2=Much improved, 3=Minimally improved, 4=No change, 5=Minimally worse, 6=Much worse, and 7=Very much worse.

    A score of 1, 2, or 3 would indicate overall improvement of ADHD severity.




Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years to 12 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Confirmed ADHD diagnosis, any presentation, at Screening based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health-Fifth Edition criteria and established via the MINI-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents administered by a trained clinician

Screening/Baseline score on the clinician-rated ADHD-RS-IV score >= 28

Screening/Baseline score on the TOVA 8 API <= -1.8

Not undergoing pharmacological treatment with methylphenidate or amphetamine-based products at time of Screening; or, if undergoing pharmacological treatment, must be willing and appropriate (i.e. not optimally treated in the investigator's judgment) to wash out of current regimen

Ability to follow written and verbal instructions (English), as assessed by the PI

Estimated Intelligence Quotient score >= 80 as assessed by the Kaufmann Brief Intelligence Test, Second Edition (KBIT-II)

Ability to comply with all the testing and requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

Current, controlled (requiring a restricted medication) or uncontrolled, comorbid psychiatric diagnosis, based on MINI-KID and subsequent clinical interviewing, with significant symptoms including but not limited to post-traumatic stress disorder, psychosis, bipolar illness, pervasive developmental disorder, severe obsessive compulsive disorder, severe depressive or severe anxiety disorder, conduct disorder, or other symptomatic manifestations that in the opinion of the Investigator that may confound study data/assessments. Participants with clinical history of learning disorders will be allowed to participate, provided the disorder does not impact their ability to participate in the trial based on PI judgment

Participants who are currently treated with a non-stimulant medication for ADHD (i.e., atomoxetine, clonidine clonidine, guanfacine)

Initiation within the last 4 weeks of behavioral therapy. Participants who have been in behavior therapy consistently for more than 4 weeks may participate provided their routine is unchanged during the course of the study. Participants planning on changing or initiating behavior therapy during the course of the study will be excluded

Participant is currently considered a suicide risk in the opinion of the Investigator, has previously made a suicide attempt, or has a prior history of, or is currently demonstrating active suicidal ideation or self-injurious behavior as measured by Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale at screening

Motor condition (e.g., physical deformity of the hands/arms; prostheses) that prevents game playing as reported by the parent or observed by the investigator

Recent history (within the past 6 months) of suspected substance abuse or dependence

History of seizures (exclusive of febrile seizures), or significant motor or vocal tics, including but not limited to Tourette's Disorder

Has participated in a clinical trial within 90 days prior to screening

Diagnosis of or parent-reported color blindness (Confirmed in-clinic via ICBT)

Uncorrected visual acuity (Confirmed in-clinic via ability of subject to play the intervention)

Regular use of psychoactive drugs (other than stimulant) that in the opinion of the Investigator may confound study data/assessments

Any other medical condition that in the opinion of the investigator may confound study data/assessments

Has a sibling also enrolled/currently participating in the same study

Has previously participated in a study of Akili's EVO videogame-like digital therapy


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02674633


Locations
Show Show 20 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Akili Interactive Labs, Inc.
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Scott Kollins, PhD Duke Clinical Research Institution
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Akili Interactive Labs, Inc.:
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Responsible Party: Akili Interactive Labs, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02674633    
Other Study ID Numbers: Akili-001R
First Posted: February 4, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 24, 2020
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2020
Last Verified: July 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Keywords provided by Akili Interactive Labs, Inc.:
ADHD
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hyperkinesis
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders
Dyskinesias
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms