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A Study to Evaluate Clinical Effect, Pharmacokinetics , Safety, and Tolerability of Umeclidinium in Palmar Hyperhidrosis Subjects

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02673619
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 4, 2016
Results First Posted : February 9, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 9, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline ( Stiefel, a GSK Company )

Brief Summary:
Umeclidinium (UMEC) is a potent pan-active long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA). It is anticipated that topical administration of UMEC will block stimulation of muscarinic receptors, thereby reducing the overproduction of sweat in subjects who suffer from hyperhidrosis. This study will assess the clinical effect, pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability of topically applied UMEC following once daily topical administration, for 28 days, to the palms, in subjects with primary palmar hyperhidrosis. The study will also investigate if topically applied UMEC, at the highest possible concentration, will decrease palmar hyperhidrosis with a systemic anticholinergic adverse event profile similar to or below that observed with inhaled administration. This is a double blind (Sponsor unblind), repeat dose, randomized, parallel group, placebo controlled study. Study will enrol up to 55 subjects.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hyperhidrosis Drug: Umeclidinium Drug: Vehicle Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 58 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2a Study to Evaluate the Clinical Effect, Pharmacokinetics, Safety and Tolerability of Topically Applied Umeclidinium in Subjects With Primary Palmar Hyperhidrosis
Actual Study Start Date : March 7, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 8, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : December 8, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Sweat

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Umeclidinium once daily (QD) 1.85%
Subjects will apply UMEC topically once daily (2microliter [µL]/centimeter [cm]^2) to both the hands (palm and fingers) using graduated syringe at night before bedtime for 28 days. Randomization will be 4:1 (UMEC 1.85%: vehicle)
Drug: Umeclidinium
Umeclidinium (GSK573719) 1.85% will be supplied as a clear, colourless solution, free from visible particulates, for topical application. Each subject total daily dose will be calculated as per study reference manual (SRM) using subject's hand area. A single dose of study treatment will be based on the size of the subject's hand in order to provide coverage of approximately 2µL/ cm^2. If certain pre-specified criteria for safety and tolerability are met, consideration will be given to decreasing the dose by decreasing the concentration of the topical formulation to 1.15% for the remaining subjects.

Placebo Comparator: Vehicle QD
subjects will apply vehicle topical once daily (2µL/cm^2) to both the hands (palm and fingers) using graduated syringe at night before bedtime for 28 days.
Drug: Vehicle
The vehicle will be supplied as a clear, colorless solution, free from visible particulates, for topical application.This formulation will be similar to the umeclidinium formulation except that it will be devoid of the umeclidinium parent. A single dose of study treatment will be based on the size of the subject's hand in order to provide coverage of approximately 2µL/ cm^2




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Posterior Probability That the Response Rate is Greater Than 50% [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 29 ]
    A response rate is defined as percentage of participants who achieved at least 30 percent decrease from Baseline in gravimetric sweat production at Day 29. Baseline was latest assessment prior to first dosing. A response rate of greater than 50 percent was considered to be clinically meaningful (greater than 50 percent of participants achieving at least 30 percent decrease from Baseline in gravimetric sweat production at Day 29). The posterior probability that response rate in sweat production is greater than 50 percent was analyzed. The evaluation was performed using Bayesian analysis, in which latest pre-dose value was used as Baseline.

  2. Percentage of Participants With at Least 30 Percent Reduction From Baseline in Sweat Production at Day 29 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 29 ]
    Percentage of participants at Day 29 post-treatment with at least a 30 percent reduction from Baseline in sweat production measured by gravimetry. Participants remained at rest for at least 20-30 min before the measurements in order to reduce external interference. The latest pre-dose value was considered as Baseline value. The summary of percentage of participants from both the cohorts with at least 30 percent reduction from Baseline in sweat production was presented for the average of both palms.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With at Least 50% Reduction From Baseline in Sweat Production at Day 29 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 29 ]
    Percentage of participants at Day 29 post-treatment with at least a 50 percent reduction from Baseline in sweat production was measured by gravimetric analysis. Participants remained at rest for at least 20-30 min before the measurements in order to reduce external interference. The latest pre-dose value was considered as Baseline value. The summary of percentage of participants from both the cohorts with at least 50 percent reduction from Baseline in sweat production was presented for the average of both palms.

  2. Change From Baseline in Amount of Sweat Produced at Day 29 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 29 ]
    The amount of sweat produced was assessed by gravimetric measurement . Participants remained at rest for at least 20-30 min before the measurements in order to reduce external interference. Baseline value was the latest assessment prior to first dosing. The latest pre-dose value was considered as Baseline value.Change from Baseline value was calculated by post-dose visit value minus Baseline value. The summary of change from Baseline in sweat production has been presented for the average of both palms.

  3. Percentage Change From Baseline/Day1 in Amount of Sweat Produced at Day 29 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 29 ]
    The amount of sweat produced was assessed by gravimetric measurement . Participants remained at rest for at least 20-30 min before the measurements in order to reduce external interference. Baseline value was the latest assessment prior to first dosing. The latest pre-dose value was considered as Baseline value. Percentage change from Baseline was calculated with post-dose visit value minus Baseline value, divided by Baseline value and multiplied by 100. The summary of percentage change from Baseline in sweat production was presented for the average of both palms.

  4. Number of Participants With Shift of Response in HDSS Score at Day 29 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 29 ]
    The HDSS was assessed based on a score 1 to 4 .The HDSS is a 4-point scale ranging from 1 (sweating never noticeable and never interferes daily activities), 2 (sweating tolerable but sometimes interferes daily activities), 3(sweating barely tolerable and frequently interferes daily activities) and 4 (sweating intolerable and always interferes daily activities s). A shift table describing change in response in participants from 1.85 percent cohort to 1.15 percent cohort has been presented for weekly average HDSS scores.

  5. Percentage of Participants With at Least 2-point Decrease From Baseline to Day 29 in HDSS Score [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 29 ]
    The HDSS was assessed based on a score 1 to 4. The HDSS is a 4-point scale ranging from 1 (sweating never noticeable and never interferes daily activities), 2 (sweating tolerable but sometimes interferes daily activities), 3 (sweating barely tolerable and frequently interferes daily activities) and 4 (sweating intolerable and always interferes daily activities). Baseline value was the latest assessment prior to first dosing. The summary of percentage of participants from both the cohorts with at least 2-point decrease from Baseline in HDDS scores was presented.

  6. Plasma Concentration After Repeat Dosing of UMEC [ Time Frame: Pre dose on Day 27 and 28; 3, 6, 9, 10, 12, 16, 24 hours post dose on Day 29; 36 and 48 hours post dose on Day 30 ]
    Blood samples were collected at indicated time points. Samples were collected at nominal times relative to the proposed time of UMEC dosing. NA represents that the values were not available for specific arm or category. The participants with data available at specified time points were represented by n=x in the category titles.

  7. Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    Blood samples were collected to measure Cmax at Day 28. Cmax is the maximum observed concentration, determined directly from the concentration-time data. The geometric mean and geometric coefficient were presented for all log transformed Cmax values.

  8. Time of the Maximum Measured Plasma Concentration (Tmax) After Repeat Dosing of UMEC [ Time Frame: Pre dose on Day 28; 3, 6, 9, 10, 12, 16, 24 hours post dose on Day 29; 36 and 48 hours post dose on Day 30 ]
    Blood samples were collected to measure Tmax at indicated time-points. Tmax is the time to reach Cmax, determined directly from the concentration-time data. Mean and standard deviation has been presented for Tmax values.

  9. The Terminal Plasma Elimination Rate Constant (Lambda z) [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    Blood samples were planned to be collected to measure Lambda Z. The outcome measure was not analyzed due to lack of data availability.

  10. The Apparent Terminal Phase Half-life (t1/2) After Repeat Dosing of UMEC [ Time Frame: Day 28 ]
    Blood samples were planned to be collected to measure t1/2. The outcome measure was not analyzed due to lack of data availability.

  11. The Area Under the Concentration-time Curve From Time Zero (Pre-dose) to Last Time of Quantifiable Concentration [AUC(0-t)] and AUC Over the Dosing Interval Tau, [AUC(0-tau)] After Repeat Dosing of UMEC [ Time Frame: Pre dose on Day 28; 3, 6, 9, 10, 12, 16, 24 hours post dose on Day 29; 36 and 48 hours post dose on Day 30 ]
    Blood samples were collected to measure AUC(0-t) at indicated time-points. AUC(0-t) and AUC(0-tau) was calculated by the linear up and log down trapezoidal method. Samples were collected at nominal times relative to the proposed time of UMEC dosing. The participants with data available at specified time points were represented by n=x in the category titles.

  12. Plasma Pre-dose (Trough) Concentration at the End of the Dosing Interval (Ctau) [ Time Frame: Pre dose on Day 27 and 28; 3, 6, 9, 10, 12, 16, 24 hours post dose on Day 29; 36 and 48 hours post dose on Day 30 ]
    Trough (pre-dose at the end of each dosing interval) plasma concentration (Ctau) was analyzed at indicated time-points. Trough concentration samples were used for the assessment/attainment of steady state (ss). Samples were collected at nominal times relative to the proposed time of UMEC dosing. NA represents the data was not available for specific arm or category.

  13. Population Pharmacokinetic Profile After Repeat Dosing of UMEC [ Time Frame: Pre dose on Day 27 and 28; 3, 6, 9, 10, 12, 16, 24 hours post dose on Day 29; 36 and 48 hours post dose on Day 30 ]
    Population pharmacokinetic profiling was planned to characterize the population pharmacokinetics of UMEC administered topically to both palms in participants with palmar hyperhidrosis. Due to the fact that the majority of the pharmacokinetic samples were below the limit of quantitation, a population pharmacokinetic analysis could not be performed.

  14. Number of Participants With Adverse Event (AE) and Serious Adverse Events (SAE's) [ Time Frame: Up to Day 43 ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. SAE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence that, that results in death, life-threatening, requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, disability/incapacity, any a congenital anomaly/birth defect or other situations at any dose.

  15. Number of Participants With Abnormal Electrocardiogram (ECG) Findings [ Time Frame: Day 1, 15 and 29 ]
    Single measurements of 12-lead ECGs were obtained using an ECG machine that automatically calculates the heart rate and measures PR, QRS, QT, and corrected QT (QTc) intervals. ECG values were recorded as abnormal not clinically significant (NCS) and abnormal clinically significant (CS). The participants with data available at specified time points were represented by n=x in the category titles.

  16. Number of Participants With Abnormal Values of Hematological Parameters [ Time Frame: Day 29 ]
    Blood samples were collected from participants for evaluation of hematology parameters by Potential Clinical Chemistry Criteria. The data was presented for only those hematology parameters for which abnormal values were found (neutrophils and hemoglobin) . During the analysis, no participant in the higher dose cohort- vehicle group, nor in the lower dose cohort (for both UMEC and vehicle groups) had abnormal hematology values that met the pre-specified criteria for potential clinical importance. Hence, the data for only higher dose cohort was presented. The measurements taken at Day 29 were presented. Participants were counted in the category for their values greater than (>) reference (ref) range high and less than (<) ref range low. The participants with data available at specified time points were represented by n=x in the category titles.

  17. Number of Participants With Abnormal Values of Chemistry Parameters Assessment as a Safety Measure [ Time Frame: Day 1, 15 and 29 ]
    Blood samples were collected to analyze the abnormal clinical chemistry parameters by Potential Clinical Importance Criteria. The data was presented for only those parameters for which abnormal values were found (calcium, alanine aminotransferase [ALT]). Participants in the higher dose cohort (UMEC group) had abnormal calcium values and for ALT, the abnormal values were found in lower dose cohort (UMEC group). Hence, data was presented only for these specific cohorts. Participants were counted in the category for their values > ref range high and < ref range low. The measurements taken at Day 1, Day 15 and Day 29 were presented. The participants with data available at specified time points were represented by n=x in the category titles. "n=0" in category titles represents that the data was not available for participants in respective category or arm.

  18. Number of Participants With Abnormal Urine Analysis [ Time Frame: Day 1, 15 and 29 ]
    Urine sample were taken to analyze glucose and protein levels, blood and ketones body.Urinalysis analytes were measured by dipstick test. Results have been reported in a semi-quantitative manner as negative, Trace, 1+, 2+, 3+ and 4+, indicating proportional concentrations of the analyte in the urine sample. Abnormal laboratory values have been presented in the table. The participants with data available at specified time points were represented by n=x in the category titles.

  19. Change From Baseline in Body Temperature Assessment as a Safety Measure [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 15, 27, 28 and 29 ]
    Body temperature was measured as a vital sign in seated position, after 5 min rest. Baseline value was the latest assessment prior to first dosing. Change from Baseline value was calculated by post-dose visit value minus Baseline value. The participants with data available at specified time points were represented by n=x in the category titles.

  20. Change From Baseline in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) and Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 15, 27, 28 and 29 ]
    Vital signs including SBP and DBP were measured in a seated position, after 5 minutes rest. Baseline value was the latest assessment prior to first dosing. Change from Baseline value was calculated by post-dose visit value minus Baseline value. The participants with data available at specified time points were represented by n=x in the category titles.

  21. Change From Baseline in Heart Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 15, 27, 28 and 29 ]
    Heart rate was measured in a seated position, after 5 minutes rest. Baseline value was the latest assessment prior to first dosing. Change from Baseline value was calculated by post-dose visit value minus Baseline value. The participants with data available at specified time points were represented by n=x in the category titles.

  22. Change From Baseline in Weight [ Time Frame: Baseline and Up to Day 29 ]
    Weight measurement was performed as a measure of safety. Baseline value was the latest assessment prior to first dosing. Change from Baseline value was calculated by post-dose visit value minus Baseline value.

  23. Number of Participants With Local Tolerability Assessments [ Time Frame: Day 1, 8, 15, 22, 27, 28, 29, 30, 36 and 43 ]
    Skin tolerability was assessed by a 5-point tolerability scale ranging from 0 to 4; where 0 (no irritation), 1 (mild), 2 (moderate), 3 (severe) to 4 (Very Severe).The participants with data available at specified time points were represented by n=x in the category titles.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female subjects between 18 and 65 years of age inclusive, at the time of signing the informed consent may be considered for enrolment. A female subject is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant (as confirmed by a negative urine human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) test), not lactating, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

Non-reproductive potential defined as, Pre-menopausal females with one of the following: Documented tubal ligation or Documented hysteroscopic tubal occlusion procedure with follow-up confirmation of bilateral tubal occlusion or Hysterectomy or Documented Bilateral Oophorectomy OR Postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea [in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol levels consistent with menopause]. Females on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use one of the highly effective contraception methods if they wish to continue their HRT during the study. Otherwise, they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of post-menopausal status prior to study enrolment.

Reproductive potential and agrees to follow one of the options listed in the Modified List of Highly Effective Methods for Avoiding Pregnancy in Females of Reproductive Potential (FRP) from 30 days prior to the first dose of study medication and for 30 days after the last dose of study medication and completion of the follow-up visit.

The investigator is responsible for ensuring that subjects understand how to properly use these methods of contraception.

  • The subject has a HDSS score of 3 or 4.
  • The subject has a diagnosis of primary, palmar hyperhidrosis, defined as excessive, palmar sweating of at least 6 months duration without apparent cause and with at least one of the following characteristics: Positive family history of hyperhidrosis or Hyperhidrosis is bilateral and relatively symmetrical or First episode of hyperhidrosis before 25 years of age or Cessation of focal sweating during sleep.
  • The subject has a Baseline/Day 1 gravimetric assessment of at least 150 mg sweat produced at rest, during a period of 5 minutes separately for each palm. (Measurements can be repeated up to two times on two different days, screening and/or Baseline/Day 1 visits, but subjects need to qualify on at least one occasion for each palm.)
  • The subject agrees to avoid to use nicotine-containing products (including nicotine patches) during the treatment period
  • The subject is capable of giving signed informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form and in protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • The subject has an unstable or life threatening cardiac disease such as: Myocardial infarction or unstable angina in the last 6 months or Unstable or life threatening cardiac arrhythmia requiring intervention in the last 3 months or New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class IV heart failure
  • The subject has a diagnosis of Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes, or is receiving treatment for control of blood glucose levels.
  • The subject has a diagnosis of hyperthyroidism, as confirmed by thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), or is receiving treatment for hyperthyroidism.
  • The subject has a diagnosis of narrow-angle glaucoma, urinary retention, prostatic hypertrophy or bladder neck obstruction that in the opinion of the study Investigator or Medical Monitor would prevent use of an anticholinergic.
  • The subject has irritation or active infection of palm area, including sweat glands.
  • The subject has a current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones that the Investigator deems clinically insignificant)
  • The subject has an ALT>2xUpper limit of normal (ULN) and bilirubin >1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%) at screening.
  • The subject has QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) > 450 milli second (msec) or QTc > 480 msec in subjects with Bundle Branch Block.

The QTc according to Bazett's formula (QTcB), Fridericia's formula (QTcF), and/or another method, machine-read or manually over-read The specific formula that will be used to determine eligibility and discontinuation for an individual subject should be determined prior to initiation of the study. In other words, several different formulae cannot be used to calculate the QTc for an individual subject and then the lowest QTc value used to include or discontinue the subject from the trial.

For purposes of data analysis, QTcB, QTcF, another QT correction formula, or a composite of available values of QTc will be used as specified in the Reporting and Analysis Plan (RAP).

  • The subject has a history of allergy or hypersensitivity to anticholinergic/muscarinic receptor antagonist or any ingredient of the preparation.
  • The subject has had a prior surgical procedure for palmar hyperhidrosis.
  • The subject has had treatment with radiofrequency and/or microwave devices for palmar hyperhidrosis
  • The subject has had botulinum toxin injections for palmar hyperhidrosis in the last year prior to Baseline/Day 1
  • The subject has had treatment with iontophoresis for palmar hyperhidrosis within 4 weeks prior to Baseline/Day 1
  • The subject used antiperspirant on the palms within 2 weeks of the Baseline/Day 1
  • The subject is a menopausal female who has had symptoms of menopause such as sweating or flushing within 3 years of Baseline/Day 1
  • The subject has used any prohibited medication within the indicated washout period
  • The subject tested positive for any of the following at screening or within 3 months of the first scheduled dose of study medication: Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and Hepatitis C antibody.
  • The subject has a positive pre-study drug and/or alcohol test at screening
  • The subject has a positive test for Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody at screening.
  • The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an investigational product within the following time periods prior to the first dosing day in the current study: 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer). This does not apply to UMEC when a subject who participated in the 1.85% cohort participates in the 1.15% cohort
  • The subject has had exposure to more than four investigational medicinal products within 12 months prior to the first dosing day.
  • The subject has any other condition which, in the judgment of the Investigator, would put the subject at unacceptable risk from participation in the study (e.g., subjects with renal failure).
  • The subject has clinically significant abnormalities in laboratory values which, according to the Investigator, would put the subject at undue risk due to study participation.
  • The subject has abnormal findings on screening ECG deemed clinically significant by the Investigator.
  • The subject is pregnant or lactating or is planning on becoming pregnant during the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02673619


Locations
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United States, Nebraska
GSK Investigational Site
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68134
United States, North Carolina
GSK Investigational Site
Raleigh, North Carolina, United States, 27612
United States, Texas
GSK Investigational Site
Austin, Texas, United States, 78759
GSK Investigational Site
College Station, Texas, United States, 77845
GSK Investigational Site
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Canada, Quebec
GSK Investigational Site
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2K 4L5
Sponsors and Collaborators
Stiefel, a GSK Company
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
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Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline

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Responsible Party: Stiefel, a GSK Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02673619     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201484
First Posted: February 4, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 9, 2018
Last Update Posted: February 9, 2018
Last Verified: January 2018
Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline ( Stiefel, a GSK Company ):
Topical
Palmar Hyperhidrosis
Umeclidinium
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hyperhidrosis
Sweat Gland Diseases
Skin Diseases