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Alvelestat (MPH966), an Oral Neutrophil Elastase Inhibitor, in Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02669251
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 1, 2016
Last Update Posted : June 2, 2023
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) )

Brief Summary:


Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is a complication people can experience after hematopoietic stem cell transplant. It usually affects people with chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD). This occurs when donor stem cells attack the cells of the person who received them. BOS reduces airflow and oxygen levels in the body. It may be caused by neutrophil elastase in the body. Researchers believe the new drug alvelestat (MPH966) may help.


To test the safety of alvelestat (MPH966) and see what dose best inhibits neutrophil elastase in people with BOS after a stem cell transplant. To study how well the best dose improves lung function in those people.


Adults 18 and older who have had a hematopoietic stem cell transplant and have cGVHD and BOS.


Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical exam, and blood and urine tests. They will have lung function and heart function tests. They will have computed tomography scans of the chest.

Study part 1: Participants will take the starting dose of the study drug by mouth twice a day for 14 days. This is 1 cycle. They will get different doses, for up to 4 cycles.

Study part 2: Participants will take the study drug twice a day by mouth at the dose set in part 1, for up to 12 months.

Participants will keep medicine diaries.

Participants will have several study visits. These may include:

Repeats of the screening tests.

Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage.

Sputum samples taken.

6-minute walking test.

cGVHD assessment and answer questions.

Participants will be contacted after the study for up to 24 months.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Graft vs Host Disease Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome Drug: MPH966 Phase 1 Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 34 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1b/2 Study of Alvelestat (MPH966), an Oral Neutrophil Elastase Inhibitor, in Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Actual Study Start Date : April 28, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 1, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 1, 2024

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Phase 1b
Phase Ib dose escalation
Drug: MPH966

Phase 1b Cycle= 14 days: Each dose level will increase by 60mg PO BID, up to a maximum of 240mg PO BID

Phase 2 Cycle=28 days: MTD PO BID

Experimental: Phase 2
MTD po bid on days 1-28
Drug: MPH966

Phase 1b Cycle= 14 days: Each dose level will increase by 60mg PO BID, up to a maximum of 240mg PO BID

Phase 2 Cycle=28 days: MTD PO BID

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Optimal biologic dose (OBD) based on maximal NE inhibition measured in sputum [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after study drug initiation ]

  2. To determine the clinical efficacy of MPH966 at the OBD in patients with BOS after SCT [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

  3. determine the safety of MPH966 [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after study drug initiation ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phase 1b and 2: Pharmacokinetics of blood and sputum [ Time Frame: Phase 1b: Baseline, first day of each cycle at dose escalation. Phase 2: Baseline, C1D1, C3D1, C6D1. ]
    Pharmacokinetics of study drug.

  2. Phase 1B: Correlation of NE activity in blood with sputum measurements [ Time Frame: Phase 1b: Pre/post dose on day 1 of each dose level and at start of continuation phase. Phase 2: Pre/post dose on day one of each dose level. ]
    Efficacy/drug effect on laboratory values.

  3. Phase 1B and 2: Determine the impact on lung inflammatory markers based on levels in blood, sputum and BAL fluid [ Time Frame: Phase 1b: Baseline, 8 wees. Phase 2: Baseline, 3 months and 6 months (end of treatment). ]
    Efficacy/drug effect on laboratory values.

  4. Phase 2: Efficacy testing via NIH Lung Symptom Score, 6 minute walk test, survival, FEV1 slope measured from baseline, and other PFT measurements [ Time Frame: Baseline, C1D1, D4D1, C7D1, c10D1, Off treatment. ]

  5. Phase 1B and 2: Determine effect on patient-reported outcomes viaLee cGVHD Symptom Scale, HAP, FACT-BMT [ Time Frame: Phase 1B: C1D1, D1 of continuation phase, D1 of Cycle 11+, Off treatment. Phase 2: Baseline, D1 of C7-12, Off treatment. ]
    Analysis of patient-reported outcomes.

  6. Phase 2: Determine effect on markers of target inhibition in sputum and blood [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3 months and 6 months (end of treatment) or off study. ]
    Efficacy/drug effect on laboratory values.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Patients must have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and have moderate to severe chronic GVHD as defined by the NIH consensus criteria.
  • Patients must have BOS as defined by the NIH consensus criteria (2014 updated criteria). To meet the criteria for BOS, all of the following must be present, in addition to at least one distinctive manifestation of cGVHD:

    • FEV1/vital capacity <0.7 or the fifth percentile of predicted
    • FEV1 <75% of predicted with greater than or equal to 10% decline over less than 2 years. FEV1 should not correct to >75% with albuterol, and the absolute decline for the corrected values should still remain at greater than or equal to 10% from pre-translplant
    • Absence of infection in the respiratory tract
    • One of the 2 supporting features of BOS:

      1. Evidence of air trapping by expiratory CT or small airway thickening or bronchiectasis by high-resolution CT, or
      2. Evidence of air trapping by PFTs: residual volume >120% predicted or residual volume/total lung capacity elevated outside the 90% confidence interval.

If a patient carries the diagnosis of cGVHD by virtue of organ involvement elsewhere, then only the first 3 criteria above are necessary.

  • For the Phase 1b study, patients may have had the diagnosis of BOS for any period of time. For the Phase 2 study, patients must be within 2 years from the time of diagnosis. Patients may be at any time interval after SCT as long as the criteria for chronic GVHD and BOS are met.
  • If patients are taking systemic therapy for cGVHD at the time of enrollment, they must be receiving stable or tapering doses within the previous 4 weeks. Patients are not required to have completed a course of steroids prior to enrollment.
  • Age greater than or equal to18 years.
  • Karnofsky greater than or equal to 60%
  • Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes greater than or equal to 3,000/mcL
    • absolute neutrophil count greater than or equal to 1,000/mcL
    • platelets greater than or equal to 50,000/mcL
    • total bilirubin less than or equal to 3 X institutional upper limit of normal, unless there is a known history of Gilbert s disease
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) less than or equal to 2 X institutional upper limit of normal
    • creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 60 mL/min will be calculated using eGFR per DLM standards
  • Patients will be required to have received prior treatment with azithromycin for at least 3 months prior to enrollment, unless there is evidence of progression or unsatisfactory response while on azithromycin prior to 3 months of treatment, as deemed by the treating or referring physician. Patients who are on azithromycin will need to discontinue for at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment
  • Agree to adhere to methods of contraception and other fertility control measures:

The effects of alvelestat (MPH966)on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study therapy. Contraception should be used up until 1 week of discontinuing study medication. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she is participating in this study, or if a man s partner becomes pregnant or suspects she is pregnant while he is participating in this study, she or he should inform their treating physician immediately.

-Ability of subject to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.


  • FEV1 <30% (based on absolute percent predicted using USA-ITS-NIH equation) on pulmonary function testing
  • Patients with clinically relevant abnormal ECG findings, including abnormal QTc>500 ms on screening ECG (Note: If a patient has a QTc interval >500 ms on screening ECG, the screening ECG may be repeated twice [at least 24 hours apart] for a total of 3 ECGs).
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Recurrent or progressive malignancy requiring anticancer treatment
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, acute kidney injury, or psychiatric illness/social situations within the previous 4 weeks that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because the teratogenic effects of alvelestat (MPH966) are unknown. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with alvelestat (MPH966), breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with this agent.
  • Prior use of neutrophil elastase inhibitors
  • Patients with a history of cirrhosis, esophageal varices, ascites and hepatic encephalopathy
  • Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or use of drugs associated with NAFLD for more than 2 weeks in the year prior to screening
  • Patients with a history of significant alcohol consumption for a period of more than 3 consecutive months within 1 year prior to screening. NOTE: Patients must also be willing to refrain from drinking alcohol during study participation, until end of study drug administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02669251

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Contact: Steven Z Pavletic, M.D. (240) 760-6174

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United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Steven Z Pavletic, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT02669251    
Other Study ID Numbers: 160060
First Posted: February 1, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 2, 2023
Last Verified: January 25, 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: .All IPD recorded in the medical record will be shared with intramural investigators upon request.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Time Frame: Clinical data available during the study and indefinitely.
Access Criteria: Clinical data will be made available via subscription to BTRIS and with the permission of the study PI.

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Cancer Institute (NCI) ):
Optimal Biologic Dose
Chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease (cGVHD)
Inflammatory Lung Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bronchiolitis Obliterans Syndrome
Bronchiolitis Obliterans
Graft vs Host Disease
Pathologic Processes
Immune System Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Organizing Pneumonia