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Precision Medicine Guided Treatment for Cancer Pain

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02664350
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 14, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Florida

Brief Summary:
Pain is one of the most burdensome symptoms associated with cancer and its treatment, and opioids are the cornerstone of clinical pain management in cancer patients. Yet, individual patient responses to opioids vary widely, and the patient's genotype contributes to this variability. Specifically, cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) genotype has important relevance for response to opioid analgesics that depend on CYP2D6 for bioactivation. Poor metabolizers (PMs) have lower concentrations of active metabolites of codeine (morphine), tramadol (O-desmethyltramadol), oxycodone (oxymorphone), and hydrocodone (hydromorphone), compared to extensive metabolizers (EMs). Morphine and O-desmethyltramadol have 200-fold greater affinity for the µ-opioid receptor than the parent compound, whereas oxymorphone and hydromorphone have 40-fold and 10-fold higher receptor affinity compared to their parent compounds, respectively. Consequently, PMs may fail to derive pain relief from these opioids compared to EMs. Interestingly, the occurrence of side effects may not differ between PMs and EMs so that while PMs may get little to no pain relief from certain opioid analgesics, they may still experience troublesome adverse effects. Intermediate metabolizers (IMs) are also expected to have reduced analgesic response based on their significant reduction in enzyme activity. Conversely, individuals with the UM phenotype may have toxic concentrations of active opioid metabolites, with reports of life-threatening toxicity and death. The µ-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) is the primary binding site for endogenous opioid peptides and opioid analgesics, and may have additional contributions to opioid response. The investigators propose to examine the effect of CYP2D6 genotype-guided pain management on cancer pain control in study participants and the additional effect of the OPRM1 genotype on response to opioids.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pain CYP2D6 Polymorphism Genetic: CYP2D6 Behavioral: Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) Behavioral: M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) Genetic: OPRM1 Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This will be a randomized, open label, multi-site clinical trial conducted in UF Health Cancer Center in Gainesville, FL and in Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, FL. Each site will be responsible for overseeing patient care and research at their respective facility. This research will examine pain-related outcomes with CYP2D6-guided cancer pain management for study participants. In addition, the investigators will evaluate a prospective cohort study in the same population examining the effect of OPRM1 genetic variants on pain relief and adverse drug effects over time.

Participants will be randomized in a 1:1 manner to receive CYP2D6 genotype-guided (n=50) or non-genotype-guided (traditional, n=50) selection of pain medication. Patients in the genotype arm will be genotyped at baseline for CYP2D6 variants. Participants will fill out the the Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) and M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) questionnaires at baseline. Then, during the clinical visits the same questionnaires will be done during weeks 2, 4, 6, and 8 or by telephone or electronic survey.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 63 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Precision Medicine Guided Treatment for Cancer Pain
Study Start Date : April 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 10, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : January 10, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Genotype Arm
Participants in this arm will have genotyping performed for CYP2D6 variants. Based on the CYP2D6 the treating physicians will be provided with an interpretation of genotype results, and a recommendation will be provided by a pharmacist on the UF Health Personalized Medicine team through one-on-one consultation with the physician for the type of pain medication. These participants will also be genotyped for OPRM1 variants at the end of the study which is performed for research purposes only. In addition, they will fill out the following questionnaires Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) and M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI).
Genetic: CYP2D6
Gentic testing for CYP2D6 metabolic pathway will be performed at baseline.
Other Name: cytochrome P450 2D6

Behavioral: Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF)
This questionnaire will be completed at baseline and weeks 2, 4, 6 and 8.

Behavioral: M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI)
This questionnaire will be completed at baseline and weeks 2, 4, 6 and 8.

Genetic: OPRM1
Genetic testing of the OPRM1 will be performed after week 8.
Other Name: µ-opioid receptor gene

Active Comparator: Traditional Arm
Participants in this arm will have genotyping for CYP2D6 and OPRM1, however this information will not be provided to the physicians for treatment of the analgesic therapy but will be used for research purposes only. In addition, they will fill out the following questionnaires Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) and M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI).
Genetic: CYP2D6
Gentic testing for CYP2D6 metabolic pathway will be performed at baseline.
Other Name: cytochrome P450 2D6

Behavioral: Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF)
This questionnaire will be completed at baseline and weeks 2, 4, 6 and 8.

Behavioral: M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI)
This questionnaire will be completed at baseline and weeks 2, 4, 6 and 8.

Genetic: OPRM1
Genetic testing of the OPRM1 will be performed after week 8.
Other Name: µ-opioid receptor gene




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) will be used to evaluate pain management and interference between the groups. [ Time Frame: Change in baseline, weeks 2, 4, 6 and 8. ]
    Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form (BPI-SF) is a 9 item self-administered questionnaire used to evaluate the severity of a patient's pain and the impact of this pain on the patient's daily functioning. This is a 10-point scale with 0 being the best possible score, meaning "no pain", and 10 being the worst possible score, meaning "pain as bad as you can imagine".

  2. MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) will be used to evaluate symptom interference between the groups. [ Time Frame: Change in baseline, weeks 2, 4, 6 and 8. ]
    MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI) modules augment the 19 core MDASI symptom and interference items with additional items identified as unique to a particular patient population. This is a 10-point scale with 0 being the best possible score, meaning "did not interfere" and 10 being the worst possible score, meaning "interfered completely".


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Observe Differences in Pain Control and Pain Interference between the number of participants based on OPRM1 Genotype [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    At the end of the study, all participants will be genotyped for OPRM1 and evaluated for pain control (as assessed by the BPI-SF).

  2. Observe Differences in Symptom Interference between the number of participants based on OPRM1 Genotype [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    At the end of the study, all participants will be genotyped for OPRM1 and evaluated for symptom interference (as assessed by the MDASI).

  3. Observe Differences in Opioid Doses between the number of participants based on OPRM1 Genotype [ Time Frame: week 8 ]
    At the end of the study, all participants will be genotyped for OPRM1 and evaluated for opioid dose (as assessed in morphine equivalent doses).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of histologically or cytologically proven solid tumor with or without metastasis
  • Receiving treatment at UF Health Cancer Center for outpatient pain management with an opioid

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Undergone surgery within the last three months or are scheduled to undergo surgery during the study period (4 weeks)
  • Documented psychiatric or neurological condition that would interfere with study participation
  • Liver transplant
  • Allergic to opioids

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02664350


Locations
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United States, Florida
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32611
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33607
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Florida
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Larisa H Cavallari, PharmD University of Florida

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Florida
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02664350     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB201500780
OCR16264 ( Other Identifier: University of Florida )
First Posted: January 27, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 14, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cancer Pain
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms