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The Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Antitumor Activity of BGB-A317 in Combination With BGB-290 in Participants With Advanced Solid Tumors

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02660034
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 21, 2016
Results First Posted : December 6, 2021
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
BeiGene

Brief Summary:
This trial studied the safety, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity of the anti-programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody (mAb) BGB-A317 (tislelizumab) in combination with the poly(adenosine diphosphate ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor BGB-290 (pamiparib) in participants with advanced solid tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Solid Tumors Biological: Tislelizumab Drug: Pamiparib Phase 1

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 229 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1/1b, Open Label, Multiple Dose, Dose Escalation and Expansion Study to Investigate the Safety, Pharmacokinetics and Antitumor Activity of the Anti-PD-1 Monoclonal Antibody BGB-A317 in Combination With the PARP Inhibitor BGB-290 in Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : February 2, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 9, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : September 9, 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part A: Dose Escalation Phase
Participants received tislelizumab and pamiparib (dose escalation) until determination of the maximum tolerated dose/recommended Phase 2 dose.
Biological: Tislelizumab
Other Name: BGB-A317

Drug: Pamiparib
Other Name: BGB-290

Experimental: Part B: Dose Expansion Phase
Participants received tislelizumab and pamiparib (dose expansion).
Biological: Tislelizumab
Other Name: BGB-A317

Drug: Pamiparib
Other Name: BGB-290




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part A: Number Of Participants Experiencing Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to 4 years and 7 months ]
    An AE was defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease (new or exacerbated) temporally associated with the use of a study drug, whether considered related to study drug or not. All AEs reported are treatment-emergent, which was defined as having a reported onset time or worsening in severity on or after the date of the first dose of study treatment through 30 days after the last dose (permanent discontinuation of study treatment) or initiation of new anticancer therapy. A summary of serious and all other non-serious AEs, regardless of causality, is located in the Reported Adverse Events module.

  2. Part A: Number Of Participants Experiencing Dose-limiting Toxicity (DLT) [ Time Frame: 21 days following the first dose of tislelizumab and pamiparib in Cycle 1 ]
    DLT was defined as an AE or abnormal laboratory value assessed as unrelated to disease progression, intercurrent illness, or concomitant medications, and occurs during the first 21 days following the first dose of tislelizumab and pamiparib in Cycle 1 and meets protocol-specified criteria. A summary of serious and all other non-serious AEs, regardless of causality, is located in the Reported Adverse Events module.

  3. Part B: Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Starting from Day 1 until disease progression (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of participants with a best overall response of complete response (CR) and partial response (PR).

  4. Part B: Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Starting from Day 1 until disease progression (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    PFS was defined as the time from first dose of study medication to the first documented objective disease progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first.

  5. Part B: Duration Of Response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Starting from Day 1 until disease progression (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    DOR, defined as the time from the first determination of an objective response, was assessed by investigator per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors v1.1 until the first documentation of progression or death, whichever occurred first. Results are reported only for arms with responders.

  6. Part B: Disease Control Rate (DCR) [ Time Frame: Starting from Day 1 until disease progression (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    DCR was defined as the percentage of participants with a best overall response of CR, PR, and stable disease (SD).

  7. Part B: Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: Starting from Day 1 until disease progression (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    CBR was defined as the percentage of participants with a best overall response of CR, PR, and SD lasting ≥ 24 weeks.

  8. Part B: Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From Day 1 Every 3 months following completion or discontinuation of the treatment (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    OS was defined as the time from the date of first dose of study drug to death due to any cause.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Part A: Minimum Observed Plasma Concentration (Ctrough) Of Tislelizumab [ Time Frame: Cycle 4 Day 1 (0 hours and 4 hours) post dose ]
  2. Part A: Ctrough Of Pamiparib [ Time Frame: Cycle 2 Day 1 (Pre-dose and 7 hours Post-dose) ]
  3. Part A: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration At Steady State (Cmax,ss) Of Pamiparib [ Time Frame: Cycle 2 Day 1 (Pre-dose and 7 hours Post-dose) ]
  4. Part A: Time To Reach Maximum Plasma Concentration At Steady State (Tmax,ss) Of Pamiparib [ Time Frame: Cycle 2 Day 1 (Pre-dose and 7 hours Post-dose) ]
  5. Part A: Ctrough At Steady State (Ctrough,ss) Of Pamiparib [ Time Frame: Cycle 2 Day 1 (Pre-dose and 7 hours Post-dose) ]
  6. Part A: ORR [ Time Frame: Starting from Day 1 until disease progression (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of participants with a best overall response of CR and PR.

  7. Part A: PFS [ Time Frame: Starting from Day 1 until disease progression (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    PFS was defined as the time from first dose of study medication to the first documented objective disease progression or death due to any cause, whichever occurred first.

  8. Part A: DCR [ Time Frame: Starting from Day 1 until disease progression (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    DCR was defined as the percentage of participants with a best overall response of CR, PR, and SD.

  9. Part A: CBR [ Time Frame: Starting from Day 1 until disease progression (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    CBR was defined as the percentage of participants with a best overall response of CR, PR, and SD lasting ≥ 24 weeks.

  10. Part A: OS [ Time Frame: Starting from Day 1 Every 3 months following completion or discontinuation of the treatment (up to 4 years and 7 months) ]
    OS was defined as the time from the date of first dose of study drug to death due to any cause.

  11. Part A: Percentage Of Participants With Anti-drug Antibodies (ADAs) For Tislelizumab [ Time Frame: Within 24 hours before the start of the first dose of tislelizumab in Cycle 1, Day 8 of Cycle 1, and Day 1 of Cycle 2, Cycle 3, Cycle 4, Cycle 5, Cycle 9, and Cycle 17 ]
    Immunogenicity was summarized by participants who were ADA positive and developed detectable ADAs.

  12. Part B: Number Of Participants Experiencing AEs [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Cycle 1 up to 4 years and 7 months ]
    An AE was defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease (new or exacerbated) temporally associated with the use of a study drug, whether considered related to study drug or not. All AEs reported are treatment-emergent, which was defined as having a reported onset time or worsening in severity on or after the date of the first dose of study treatment through 30 days after the last dose (permanent discontinuation of study treatment) or initiation of new anticancer therapy. A summary of serious and all other non-serious AEs, regardless of causality, is located in the Reported Adverse Events module.

  13. Part B: Ctrough Of Tislelizumab [ Time Frame: Cycle 4 Day 1 ( 0 hours and 4 hours post dose) ]
    As pre-specified in the protocol, pharmacokinetic evaluations were performed for all Part B dose expansion arms combined.

  14. Part B: Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax) Of Tislelizumab [ Time Frame: Cycle 4 Day 1 ( 0 hours and 4 hours) post dose ]
    As pre-specified in the protocol, pharmacokinetic evaluations were performed for all Part B dose expansion arms combined.

  15. Part B: Ctrough Of Pamiparib [ Time Frame: Cycle 2 Day 1 (7 hours Post-dose) ]
    As pre-specified in the protocol, pharmacokinetic evaluations were performed for all Part B dose expansion arms combined.

  16. Part B: Cmax Of Pamiparib [ Time Frame: Cycle 2 (7 hours Post-dose) ]
    As pre-specified in the protocol, pharmacokinetic evaluations were performed for all Part B dose expansion arms combined.

  17. Part B: Percentage Of Participants With ADAs For Tislelizumab [ Time Frame: 24 hours predose of Day 1 of every cycle ]
    Immunogenicity was summarized by participants who developed detectable ADAs. Treatment-emergent ADAs: sum of both treatment-induced ADAs and treatment-boosted ADAs.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Key Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants voluntarily agreed to participate by giving written informed consent.
  2. Must have received standard of care in the primary treatment of their disease.
  3. Participants who had the below specified histologically confirmed malignancies that had progressed to the advanced or metastatic stage:

    1. In Part A, the participants must have had an advanced malignancy, including but not limited to high-grade serous cancer of the ovary, fallopian tube, or peritoneum, triple negative breast cancer, small cell lung cancer (SCLC), primary peritoneal cancer, and any tumor likely to harbor DNA damage repair deficiencies susceptible to treatment with a PARP inhibitor or likely to be responsive to a PD-1 blocker.
    2. In Part B, the participants recruited to 1 of the 8 expansion arms must have had advanced solid tumors of the following types:

    Arm 1: Participants with relapsed, platinum-sensitive high-grade epithelial, non-mucinous, ovarian cancer, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer (EOC) must have met the following criteria:

    i. Must have had at least 2 prior platinum-containing treatments in any treatment setting.

    ii. Must have had platinum-sensitive recurrent disease and must not have progressed (by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST] v1.1 criteria) within 6 months of the completion of the last platinum-containing line of treatment.

    • Note: Participants may have received additional non-platinum-based chemotherapy for recurrence after prior last platinum-containing regimen if the criteria for platinum sensitivity were met.

    iii. Arm 1a: Participants with relapsed, platinum-sensitive high-grade EOC with either known deleterious or suspected deleterious germline or somatic breast cancer susceptibility gene 1/2 (BRCA1/2) mutations or with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD).

    • If HRD or BRCA1/2 mutation status from archival tissue was unknown or had not been previously evaluated, then the archival tissue must have undergone tissue screening using a validated diagnostic test to determine eligibility. If the diagnostic test result was BRCA1/2 or HRD positive, the participant was eligible for enrollment in Arm 1a.

    iv. Arm 1b: Participants with relapsed, platinum-sensitive high grade EOC who otherwise met the above criteria and were without known germline or somatic BRCA1/2 mutations and without HRD mutation.

    Arm 2: Participants with triple negative breast cancer must have met the following criteria:

    i. 0-1 prior platinum-containing treatment in any treatment setting.

    • Note: participants could have received additional therapy after the last platinum-containing line of treatment if the other eligibility criteria were met.

    ii. Participants who received at least 1 prior treatment but not more than 3 prior lines of treatment in the advanced or metastatic setting.

    iii. Known deleterious or suspected deleterious germline or somatic BRCA1/2 mutations or with documented HRD.

    • If HRD or BRCA1/2 mutation status from archival tissue was unknown or had not been previously evaluated, then the archival tissue must have undergone tissue screening using a validated diagnostic test to determine eligibility. If the diagnostic test result was HRD positive, then the participant was eligible for enrollment in Arm 2.

    • If archival tissue was not available and the participant submitted a fresh tumor biopsy, then the diagnostic test needed to demonstrate somatic BRCA1/2 mutation or HRD positivity.

    Arm 3: Participants with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, including but not limited to mutations in homologous recombination (HR) pathways and/or defined by HRD algorithms, and must have met the following criteria:

    i. May be either chemotherapy-naïve, but must have received prior abiraterone acetate and/or enzalutamide treatment, or have previously had no more than 2 taxane-based chemotherapy lines of treatment, including docetaxel and carbazitaxel. If docetaxel was used more than once, this was considered as 1 line of treatment.

    ii. At least 2 weeks since the completion of prior flutamide, bicalutamide, and nilutimide, or enzalutamide and abiraterone treatment.

    iii. Documented prostate cancer with one of the following:

    • Surgically or medically castrated. The testosterone levels did not need to be checked if the participant had undergone surgical castration for > 4 months. Participants receiving chemical castration should have had testosterone levels checked at baseline and confirmed to be in the castrate levels (< 0.5 ng/mL or 1.735 nM). In all cases, the luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone antagonist/agonist was to be continued in these participants.
    • Participants with only non-measurable bone lesions must have had disease progression based on Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials Working Group with 2 or more new lesions or have had prostate-specific antigen progression before enrolment.

    iv. Known deleterious or suspected deleterious germline or somatic BRCA1/2 mutations or with documented HRD.

    • If HRD or BRCA1/2 mutation status from archival tissue was unknown or had not been previously evaluated, then the archival tissue must have undergone tissue screening using a validated diagnostic test to determine eligibility. If the diagnostic test result was HRD positive, then the participant was be eligible for enrollment in Arm 3.
    • If archival tissue was not available and the participant summitted a fresh tumor biopsy, then the diagnostic test needed to demonstrate somatic BRCA1/2 mutation or HRD positivity.

    Arm 4: Participants with extensive-stage disease SCLC must have met the following criteria:

    i. Received at least 1 and not more than 2 prior lines of treatment; ii. At least 1 prior line of treatment must have contained a platinum agent

    Arm 5: Participants with human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)-negative gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer must have met the following criteria:

    i. May have received at least 1 and not more than 2 prior lines of treatment

    Arm 6: Participants with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial (muscle-invasive bladder, ureter, urethra, or renal pelvis) cancer must have met the following criteria:

    i. Received at least 1 and not more than 2 prior lines of treatment in the advanced or metastatic disease setting; ii. At least 1 prior line of treatment must have contained a platinum agent

    Arm 7: Participants with advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma must have met the following criteria:

    i. Received at least 1 but not more than 2 lines of treatment in either an advanced or metastatic setting; ii. At least 1 prior treatment for advanced or metastatic disease must have contained a platinum agent; iii. Participants with known deleterious germline or somatic BRCA1/2 mutation could be considered for the study even if platinum naïve.

    Arm 8: (Note: Closed to enrollment) Participants with advanced or metastatic recurrent non-ovarian gynecological cancers (endometrial cancer, cancer of the cervix and participants with tumors known to be mismatch repair deficient or HRD positive) must have met the following criteria:

    i. Participants with a complete response, partial response, or stable disease from at least 1 prior platinum-containing treatment in any treatment setting; ii. The Sponsor medical monitor would approve tumor types for Arm 8 prior to screening.

    • Note: Excluded tumor types included participants with bone or soft tissue sarcoma; central nervous system (CNS) malignancies; colorectal cancer (except microsatellite instability-high colorectal cancer is permitted); cutaneous or ocular melanoma; hematologic malignancies; HER2-negative breast cancer without BRCA mutation; mesothelioma, papillary, follicular, medullary or Hürthle cell thyroid cancer; unknown primary malignancy.

  4. Participants who were treated with chemotherapy or any investigational therapies, if eligible, must have completed at least 4 weeks or at least 5 half-lives (whichever is longer, but no less than 3 weeks) before the study drug administration, and all adverse events (AEs) had either returned to baseline or stabilized.
  5. At least 2 weeks from palliative radiotherapy.
  6. Participants must have had archival tumor tissue or agree to a tumor biopsy for mutation and biomarkers analysis unless previously discussed with Sponsor's medical monitor or its designee (fresh tumor biopsies were recommended at baseline in participants with readily accessible tumor lesions and who consented to the biopsies). Participants with ovarian, fallopian tube, primary peritoneal, or breast cancer in Part A and all participants enrolled in Part B must also have agreed to provide fresh blood sample at the baseline for the evaluation of BRCA mutations and/or confirmation of prior BRCA results or other HR deficiency mutations, even if it was previously tested.
  7. Participants must have had measurable disease as defined in RECIST v1.1. Participants with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and epithelial, non-mucinous, ovarian cancer, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer may have used separate disease-specific criteria.
  8. Male or female ≥ 18 years of age on the day of signing informed consent.
  9. Must have had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status ≤ 1.
  10. Must have had a life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks.
  11. Must have had adequate organ function.
  12. Females of childbearing potential must have been willing to use a highly effective method of birth control for the duration of the study, and for at least 6 months after the last dose of investigational drug, and have had a negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of the first dose of study drug(s).
  13. Non-sterile males and their female partners must have been willing to use a highly effective method of birth control for the duration of the study and for at least 6 months after the last dose of investigational drug. Nonsterile males must have avoided sperm donation for the duration of the study and for at least 6 months after last study drug.
  14. Females must have agreed not to breastfeed starting at screening and throughout the study period, and for 6 months after the final study drug administration.

Key Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants with ovarian cancer who have platinum-resistant/refractory disease, defined as progressive disease at the first tumor assessment while receiving platinum-containing chemotherapy.
  2. Participant had history of severe hypersensitivity reactions to other mAbs.
  3. Any major surgery within 28 days before first dose of study drugs.
  4. Prior allogeneic stem cell transplantation or organ transplantation.
  5. Participants with toxicities (as a result of prior anticancer therapy) that had not recovered to baseline or stabilized, except for AEs not considered a likely safety risk (for example, alopecia, neuropathy and specific laboratory abnormalities).
  6. Concurrent participation in another clinical trial.
  7. Prior malignancy within the previous 2 years except for locally curable non-melanoma dermatologic cancers that had been apparently cured, such as basal or squamous cell skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the skin, cervix, breast, bladder, or prostate.
  8. Symptomatic CNS metastasis or leptomeningeal disease. Note: Baseline magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and spinal cord was required for SCLC participants enrolled in Arm 4 if they had a history of CNS disease.

    Note: Participants with previously treated CNS metastatic disease were eligible for any arm if CNS metastatic disease was asymptomatic, clinically stable, and did not require corticosteroids or anticonvulsants within a minimum of 4 weeks of enrollment.

  9. Prior therapies targeting PD-1, programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), or PARP.
  10. Active autoimmune diseases or history of autoimmune diseases that may have relapsed.

    Note: Participants with the following diseases were not excluded and may have proceeded to further screening:

    1. Controlled Type I diabetes;
    2. Hypothyroidism managed with no treatment other than with hormone replacement therapy;
    3. Controlled celiac disease;
    4. Skin diseases not requiring systemic treatment (for example, vitiligo, psoriasis, alopecia);
    5. Any other disease that was not expected to recur in the absence of external triggering factors.
  11. Any condition that required systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily of prednisone or equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medication within 2 weeks of the study drug administration.

    Note: Participants who were currently or had previously been on any of the following steroid regimens were not excluded:

    1. Adrenal replacement steroid (dose ≤ 10 mg daily of prednisone or equivalent);
    2. Topical, ocular, intra-articular, intranasal, or inhalational corticosteroid with minimal systemic absorption;
    3. Short course (≤ 7 days) of corticosteroid prescribed prophylactically (for example, for contrast dye allergy) or for the treatment of a non-autoimmune condition (for example, delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction caused by contact allergen).
  12. With severe chronic or active infections requiring systemic antibacterial, antifungal or antiviral therapy, including tuberculosis infection, et cetera.
  13. History of interstitial lung disease, non-infectious pneumonitis or uncontrolled systemic diseases, including diabetes, hypertension, pulmonary fibrosis, acute lung diseases, et cetera.
  14. History of non-viral hepatitis or cirrhosis.
  15. Positive human immunodeficiency virus status.
  16. A known history of hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus infection.
  17. History of alcohol abuse.
  18. Underlying medical conditions or alcohol or drug abuse or dependence that, in the investigator's opinion, would be unfavorable for the administration of study drug or affect the explanation of drug toxicity or AEs; or insufficient compliance during the study according to investigator's judgement.
  19. Inability to swallow oral medications (capsules and tablets) without chewing, breaking, crushing, opening, or otherwise altering the product formulation. Participants should not have had gastrointestinal illnesses that would have precluded the absorption of pamiparib, which was an oral agent.
  20. Had been administered a live vaccine within 4 weeks (28 days) of initiation of study therapy.
  21. Any of the following cardiovascular criteria:

    1. Current evidence of cardiac ischemia;
    2. Current symptomatic pulmonary embolism;
    3. Acute myocardial infarction ≤ 6 months prior to Day 1;
    4. Heart failure of New York Heart Association Classification III or IV ≤ 6 months prior to Day 1;
    5. Grade ≥ 2 ventricular arrhythmia ≤ 6 months prior to Day 1;
    6. History of cerebrovascular accident within 6 months before first dose of study drugs.
  22. Use or had anticipated need for food or drugs known to be strong or moderate cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A inhibitors or strong CYP3A inducers ≤ 10 days (or ≤ 5 half-lives, whichever is shorter) prior to Day 1.

Note: Other protocol-defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may have applied.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02660034


Locations
Show Show 29 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
BeiGene
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Study Director BeiGene
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by BeiGene:
Study Protocol  [PDF] September 18, 2018
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] September 4, 2020

Publications of Results:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: BeiGene
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02660034    
Other Study ID Numbers: BGB-A317/BGB-290_Study_001
2017-003580-35 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: January 21, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 6, 2021
Last Update Posted: December 6, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Keywords provided by BeiGene:
Dose Escalation
Dose Expansion
BGB-A317
BGB-290
Tislelizumab
Pamiparib
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Neoplasms