Community-Engaged Research: A Tool to Advance Cookstove Interventions
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02658383|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 18, 2016
Last Update Posted : July 12, 2018
Nearly 3 billion people rely on biomass combustion to meet basic domestic energy needs. Many households use traditional cookstoves to meet these energy needs, which can result in extremely high indoor air pollution concentrations. Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion accounts for an estimated 3.9 million premature deaths per year, representing about 4.8% of the global disease burden. Improved stove designs have the potential to substantially reduce indoor air pollution exposures. However, there are few randomized intervention trials, and previous stove intervention studies have been plagued by low improved stove adoption and sustained use, severely limiting interpretations of these studies. This research proposes to conduct community surveys and in-depth interviews among Honduran cookstove users to gain insight into the complex pathways surrounding barriers to and predictors of sustained improved cookstove adoption (among the target population for the proposed intervention). This information will be used to conduct and enhance a randomized improved cookstove intervention among 300 Honduran families, incorporating qualitative and quantitative measures of cookstove use and measuring pre- to post-intervention changes in pollutant exposures and subclinical indicators of cardiovascular health.
The primary goals are twofold:
- To incorporate community-engaged approaches throughout all aspects of the research
- To maximize sustained stove use (thereby maximizing the health impact of the intervention) to achieve valid exposure-response estimates.
Both objectives utilize innovative strategies to fill knowledge gaps. The research team will build upon previous studies in Latin America that have focused on identifying and validating appropriate field techniques for exposure and health assessments in rural areas of developing countries.
In summary, the proposed project will provide insight regarding barriers/predictors of sustained cookstove adoption, an issue impeding research in this field; assess the relationship between stove use and indicators of cardiovascular health, a substantial and quickly growing disease burden in developing countries; and result in a more comprehensive and valid assessment of the impact of a cookstove intervention.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Blood Pressure Inflammation||Other: Cleaner cookstove received after visit 2 Other: Cleaner cookstove received after visit 4||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||222 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Community-Based Participatory Research: A Tool to Advance Cookstove Interventions|
|Study Start Date :||August 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 2018|
Experimental: Cleaner cookstove received after visit 2
This arm receives the cleaner cookstove earlier in the study (after visit 2 which is approximately after 6 months)
Other: Cleaner cookstove received after visit 2
The participants will change from a traditional wood burning cookstove to a cleaner burning (wood) cookstove called the JUSTA (after visit 2).
Experimental: Cleaner cookstove received after visit 4
This arm receives the cleaner cookstove later in the study (thus acting as a control arm until after visit 4 which is after approximately 1 yr and 6 months)
Other: Cleaner cookstove received after visit 4
The participants will change from a traditional wood burning cookstove to a cleaner burning (wood) cookstove called the JUSTA (after visit 4).
- Change in Blood pressure [ Time Frame: The cleaner burning cookstove will be installed in the homes after 2 visits (after approximately 6 months) and after 4 visits (after approximately 1 yr and 6 months) for half of the population, respectively. ]Intention to treat analyses will incorporate the repeated measures within participants and the change in blood pressure comparing the two research arms will be the primary outcome of interest. Blood pressure is measured at each of 6 visits spaced approximately 6 months apart over the course of 2.5 years.
- Change in Inflammation [ Time Frame: The cleaner burning cookstove will be installed in the homes after 2 visits (after approximately 6 months) and after 4 visits (after approximately 1 yr and 6 months) for half of the population, respectively. ]Inflammatory markers will be measured in dried blood spots collected at each of 6 visits spaced approximately 6 months apart. Exhaled nitric oxide will also be measured at each visit to assess pulmonary inflammation. The lab will analyze the dried blood spots after the completion of the study (not at each 6 month interval); planned inflammatory markers include C-reactive protein, intracellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), Serum amyloid A, and vascular endothelial cell adhesion molecule (VCAM-1)
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02658383
|Field site in Honduras|
|La Esperanza, Intibuca, Honduras|
|Principal Investigator:||Maggie L Clark, PhD||Colorado State University|