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A Phase 2 Trial of Lenvatinib for the Treatment of Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer (ATC)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02657369
First Posted: January 15, 2016
Last Update Posted: November 7, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eisai Inc.
  Purpose
The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate objective response rate ([ORR]: complete response [CR] and partial response [PR]) by investigator review in participants with anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) treated with lenvatinib.

Condition Intervention Phase
Thyroid Cancer, Anaplastic Drug: Lenvatinib 24 mg Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label, Single-Arm, Multicenter, Phase 2 Trial of Lenvatinib for the Treatment of Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer (ATC)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Eisai Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: From the date of beginning of lenvatinib administration to the date of first documentation of disease progression or death (whichever occurs first), or up to approximately 24 months ]
    ORR is defined as the percentage of participants with best overall response (BOR) of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) as determined by investigator review using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 for target lesions and assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/computed tomography (CT) scans. CR is defined as disappearance of all target lesions. All pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) must have a reduction in their short axis to less than 10 millimeters (mm). PR is defined as at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameters of target lesions, taking as reference the Baseline sum diameters. ORR = CR + PR.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS) at Week 12 [ Time Frame: From the date of beginning of lenvatinib administration up to Week 12 ]
    Twelve-week PFS is the percentage of participants in the analysis population who remain alive and progression-free at 12 weeks.

  • Overall Survival (OS) at Month 6 [ Time Frame: From the date of beginning of lenvatinib administration up to Month 6 ]
    Six-month OS is defined as the percentage of participants in the analysis population who are alive at 6 months.

  • Median PFS [ Time Frame: From the date of beginning of lenvatinib administration to the date of first documentation of disease progression or death (whichever occurs first), or up to approximately 24 months ]
    PFS is defined as the time from the date of beginning of lenvatinib administration to the date of first documentation of disease progression or death (whichever occurs first). Median PFS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.

  • Median OS [ Time Frame: From the date of beginning of lenvatinib administration until date of death from any cause, or up to approximately 24 months ]
    OS is defined as the time from the date of beginning of lenvatinib administration until date of death from any cause. Median OS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method.


Estimated Enrollment: 76
Actual Study Start Date: July 7, 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date: February 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Lenvatinib
Participants will receive lenvatinib 24 milligrams (mg) (2 10-mg capsules and one 4-mg capsule) once daily by oral administration at approximately the same time each morning for up to approximately 24 months.
Drug: Lenvatinib 24 mg
Other Names:
  • Lenvima
  • E7080

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Participants must have histological diagnosis consistent of Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer (ATC). Cytologic diagnosis by fine needle aspiration alone is not sufficient. Histologic diagnosis may be made by core needle biopsy, incisional biopsy, thyroidectomy, or other surgical biopsy. Fresh tumor biopsies (re-biopsy) should be obtained whenever feasible. The central pathology review may take place prior to or after the participant starts treatment with lenvatinib.

    1. Central review of pathology is required for study participation, but not required prior to enrollment or start of treatment in order to avoid delay. If the results of central pathology review are not available prior to the start of study treatment, the confirmation of diagnosis of ATC at the local laboratory is mandatory prior to scheduled start of treatment with lenvatinib.
    2. If central pathology review indicates a diagnosis other than ATC, the participant may continue treatment with lenvatinib per standard of care, at the discretion of the treating investigator. Participants deemed to have another diagnosis (not ATC) will be taken off this study and replaced for the purpose of efficacy analyses.
    3. Differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) with focus loci of ATC is allowed. If a participant has pathology showing a small focus of ATC arising out of DTC and the measurable disease is not fully consistent with ATC, confirmation of ATC by biopsy is required.
    4. An incidental focus of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), DTC, and/or poorly differentiated thyroid cancer in a participant with ATC is allowed.
    5. Histological diagnosis of ATC made through surgical resection is also acceptable.
  2. Prior neoadjuvant, adjuvant, or palliative chemotherapy for ATC is allowed.
  3. Measurable disease based on investigator's assessments meeting the following criteria:

    1. At least 1 lesion of ≥ 10 millimeters (mm) in the longest diameter for a non-lymph node or ≥ 15 mm in the short-axis diameter for a lymph node which is serially measurable according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 using computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
    2. Lesions that have had external beam radiotherapy or locoregional therapies such as radiofrequency ablation must show evidence of subsequent progressive disease (substantial size increase of ≥ 20%) to be deemed a target lesion.
  4. Participants with known brain metastases who have completed whole brain radiotherapy, stereotactic radiosurgery, or complete surgical resection will be eligible if they have remained clinically stable, asymptomatic, and off steroids for 1 month prior to enrollment.
  5. All previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy-related toxicities, except dry mouth, dysphagia, esophagitis, mucositis, alopecia, and irreversible late sequelae of radiation therapy, must have resolved to Grade 0 or 1 per Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v 4.03), and all wounds from prior surgery must have adequately recovered.
  6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 to 1.
  7. Blood pressure (BP) ≤ 140/90 millimeter of mercury (mmHg) at screening with or without antihypertensive medications and no change in antihypertensive medications within 1 week prior to Cycle 1/Day 1.
  8. Adequate renal function as evidenced by calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 30 millimeter/ minute (mL/min) according to the Cockcroft and Gault formula.
  9. Adequate bone marrow function:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/liter (L) and
    2. Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 grams/deciliter (g/dL) (can be corrected by growth factor or transfusion) and
    3. Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L.
  10. Adequate blood coagulation function as evidenced by an International Normalized Ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5.
  11. Adequate liver function:

    1. Bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) except for unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia or Gilbert's syndrome;
    2. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 x ULN (≤ 5 x ULN if participant has liver metastases). If ALP is > 3 x ULN (in the absence of liver metastases) or > 5 x ULN (in the presence of liver metastases) AND participants are also known to have bone metastases, the liver-specific ALP must be separated from the total and used to assess the liver function instead of the total ALP.
  12. Voluntary agreement to provide written informed consent and the willingness and ability to comply with all aspects of the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) or MTC. However, ATC arising out of DTC is allowed, as long as the measurable disease is clinically consistent with ATC i.e., rapidly progressive and/or 18F fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avid.
  2. Newly diagnosed participants who are considered appropriate candidates for comprehensive multimodality treatment (involving surgery and/or external beam radiotherapy or chemo radiotherapy).
  3. Prior treatment with lenvatinib or any tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) - (except for combination therapy of radiation and reduced dose of TKI given for the purpose of radiosensitization).
  4. Major surgery within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of lenvatinib.
  5. Any anti-cancer treatment within 14 days or any investigational agent within 30 days before the first dose of study drug.
  6. Radiotherapy within 3 weeks prior to the first dose of lenvatinib.
  7. Participants having > 1 + proteinuria on urine dipstick testing will undergo 24 hour urine collection for quantitative assessment of proteinuria. Participants with urine protein ≥ 1 gram/24 hours will be ineligible.
  8. Significant cardiovascular impairment: History of (a) congestive heart failure greater than New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II, (b) unstable angina, (c) myocardial infarction, (d) stroke, or (e) cardiac arrhythmia associated with impairment within 6 months of the first dose of study drug.
  9. A clinically significant electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormality, including a marked Baseline prolonged QT/QTc interval (e.g., a repeated demonstration of a QTc interval >500 milliseconds (msec)).
  10. Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  11. Clinically significant hemoptysis or tumor bleeding within two weeks prior to first dose of lenvatinib.
  12. Radiographic evidence of major blood vessel invasion/infiltration.
  13. Other active malignancy (except definitively treated melanoma in-situ, basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or carcinoma in-situ of the cervix or bladder) within past 24 months.
  14. Scheduled for major surgery during the study.
  15. Females who are breastfeeding or pregnant at Screening or Baseline (as documented by a positive beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [ß-hCG] or human chorionic gonadotropin [hCG] test with a minimum sensitivity of 25 international units/liter (IU/L) or equivalent units of ß-hCG [or hCG]). A separate Baseline assessment is required if a negative screening pregnancy test was obtained more than 72 hours before the first dose of study drug.
  16. Females of childbearing potential who:

    1. Do not agree to use a highly effective method of contraception (ie, total abstinence, [if it is their preferred and usual lifestyle], an intrauterine device or intrauterine system, a contraceptive implant, an oral contraceptive, or have a vasectomized partner with confirmed azoospermia) within 30 days before study entry and throughout the entire study period and for 30 days after study drug discontinuation.
    2. Are currently totally abstinent (as their preferred and usual lifestyle), and who do not agree to be totally abstinent during the study period and for 30 days after study drug discontinuation.
    3. Are using hormonal contraceptives but are not on a stable dose of the same hormonal contraceptive product for at least 4 weeks before dosing and who do not agree to use the same contraceptive during the study and for 30 days after study drug discontinuation.
    4. Are using oral hormonal contraceptives and who do not agree to add a barrier method.

    (NOTE: All females will be considered to be of childbearing potential unless they are postmenopausal [amenorrheic for at least 12 consecutive months, in the appropriate age group, and without other known or suspected cause] or have been sterilized surgically [i.e. bilateral tubal ligation, total hysterectomy, or bilateral oophorectomy, all with surgery at least 1 month before dosing]).

    For sites outside of the European Union (EU), it is permissible that if a highly effective method of contraception is not appropriate or acceptable to the subject, then the subject must agree to use a medically acceptable method of contraception, i.e. double barrier methods of contraception such as condom plus diaphragm or cervical/vault cap with spermicide.

  17. Evidence of clinically significant disease (e.g., cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal disease) that in the opinion of the investigator(s) could affect the participant's safety or interfere with the study assessments.
  18. Known intolerance to the study drug or any of the excipients.
  19. Any medical or other condition that in the opinion of the investigator(s) would preclude the participant's participation in a clinical study.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02657369


  Show 26 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eisai Inc.
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Eisai Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02657369     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: E7080-M000-213
First Submitted: January 13, 2016
First Posted: January 15, 2016
Last Update Posted: November 7, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes

Keywords provided by Eisai Inc.:
Lenvatinib
Thyroid Cancer, Anaplastic
Lenvima
E7080

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Thyroid Diseases
Thyroid Neoplasms
Thyroid Carcinoma, Anaplastic
Endocrine System Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lenvatinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action