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Omalizumab to Mepolizumab Switch Study in Severe Eosinophilic Asthma Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02654145
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 13, 2016
Results First Posted : January 31, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 6, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:

Mepolizumab is an anti-interleukin-5 ( IL-5) monoclonal antibody that neutralizes IL-5 and reduces eosinophil counts in both sputum and blood. Omalizumab an anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) monoclonal antibody (mAb) is effective in the treatment of moderate to severe allergic asthma. The aim of this study is to investigate whether subjects not optimally controlled on their current omalizumab treatment, who are eligible for therapy with mepolizumab can be effectively and safely switched to treatment with mepolizumab to improve asthma control. The study will provide data on the efficacy, safety, immunogenicity, and tolerability of mepolizumab when switched directly from omalizumab without any wash-out. The learnings from this study may help guide physicians when substituting one biologic with another for the treatment of patients with severe eosinophilic asthma.

The study will be a multi-centre, open-label single arm trial. Patients with severe eosinophilic asthma who are receiving omalizumab, but are not optimally controlled will be eligible to participate. Subjects will remain on their current maintenance therapy including omalizumab throughout the run-in period for a minimum of one week and up to 4 weeks. At Visit 2 (week 0) subjects will discontinue their omalizumab treatment and be switched to mepolizumab 100 mg subcutaneous (SC) every 4 weeks for 28 weeks. The treatment period is 32 weeks, including an Exit Visit/Early Withdrawal Visit, 4 weeks following the subject's last dose of mepolizumab.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Asthma Drug: Mepolizumab 100mg SC Drug: Albuterol/salbutamol MDIs Drug: Omalizumab Phase 4

Expanded Access : An investigational treatment associated with this study is available outside the clinical trial.   More info ...

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 145 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-centre, Open Label, Single Arm, 32-week Treatment Study in Subjects With Severe Eosinophilic Asthma Not Optimally Controlled With Current Omalizumab Treatment Who Are Switched From Omalizumab to Mepolizumab 100mg Subcutaneous (Study Number 204471- the OSMO Study)
Actual Study Start Date : March 17, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 31, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : May 31, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Omalizumab switch to mepolizumab 100mg SC every 4 weeks
Subjects with severe eosinophilic asthma who are receiving omalizumab will enter a run-in period for a minimum of one week and a up to 4 weeks. Subjects will remain on their current maintenance therapy throughout the run-in period, including omalizumab. At Visit 2 (week 0) subjects will discontinue omalizumab treatment and will be switched to receiving mepolizumab 100 mg SC every 4 weeks for 28 weeks. Except for omalizumab, subjects will remain on their current maintenance therapy throughout the open-label treatment period. Albuterol/salbutamol metered dose inhalers (MDIs) will be provided as rescue medication during treatment period.
Drug: Mepolizumab 100mg SC
At Visit 2 (Week 0) eligible subjects will receive mepolizumab 100mg SC into the upper arm or thigh every 4 weeks over a period of 28 weeks.

Drug: Albuterol/salbutamol MDIs
Albuterol/salbutamol metered dose inhalers (MDIs) will be provided as rescue medication during treatment period.

Drug: Omalizumab
Subjects receiving omalizumab will enter in a run-in period and will continue to receive omalizumab throughout the run-in period. At Visit 2 (week 0) subjects will discontinue omalizumab.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Change From Baseline in Asthma Control Questionnaire-5 (ACQ-5) Score at Week 32 [ Time Frame: Baseline and at Week 32 ]
    The ACQ-5 is a five-item, self-completed questionnaire, which is used as a measure of asthma control of a participant. The five questions (concerning nocturnal awakening, waking in the morning, activity limitation, shortness of breath and wheeze) enquire about the frequency and/or severity of symptoms over the previous week. The response options for all these questions range from zero (no impairment/limitation) to six (total impairment/ limitation) scale. ACQ-5 score range from 0 to 6. Higher scores indicates worsening of condition. Baseline was defined as the latest available assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab. Change from Baseline at Week 32 was calculated as Week 32 value of ACQ-5 score minus Baseline value and was analyzed using Mixed Model Repeated Measures allowing for covariates of region, baseline maintenance OCS therapy, exacerbations in the year prior to the study (as ordinal variable) and visit.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Change From Baseline in St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) Score at Week 32 [ Time Frame: Baseline and at Week 32 ]
    The SGRQ Questionnaire is a well-established, self-completed tool, comprising of 50 questions with 76 weighted responses designed to measure Quality of Life in participants with diseases of airway obstruction. It consists of two parts; Part 1 produces the symptom score and Part 2 produces the activity and impact score. A Total score is also calculated which summarizes the impact of the disease on overall health status. Scores are expressed as a percentage of overall impairment where 100 represents worst possible health status and zero indicates best possible health status. Baseline was defined as the latest available assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab. Change from Baseline at Week 32 was calculated as Week 32 value of SGRQ score minus Baseline value and was analyzed using Mixed Model Repeated Measures allowing for covariates of region, baseline maintenance OCS therapy, exacerbations in the year prior to the study (as an ordinal variable) and visit.

  2. The Rate of Clinically Significant Asthma Exacerbations Over 32 Weeks' Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to Week 32 ]
    Clinically significant exacerbations of asthma were defined as worsening of asthma which requires use of systemic corticosteroids and/or hospitalization and/or Emergency Department (ED) visits. The frequency of clinically significant asthma exacerbations over 32 weeks' treatment was analyzed using Negative Binomial Regression via generalized estimating equations with a covariate of time period (pre-treatment versus on- and off treatment).

  3. Ratio to Baseline in Blood Eosinophil Count at Week 32 [ Time Frame: Baseline and at Week 32 ]
    Blood samples were collected at specific time points to measure blood eosinophils level for evaluation of pharmacodynamic effects in participants with a severe eosinophilic asthma phenotype when they were directly switched to mepolizumab. Baseline was defined as the latest available assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab and ratio to Baseline at Week 32 was defined as Week 32 value divided by Baseline value and was analyzed using Mixed Model Repeated Measures allowing for covariates of region, Baseline maintenance oral corticosteroid (OCS) therapy, exacerbations in the year prior to the study (as an ordinal variable) and visit. The log transformation was applied to blood eosinophil counts prior to analysis. If a blood eosinophil count of zero was reported, it was imputed with half of the lowest possible blood eosinophil count, where applicable, prior to log transforming the data. The dispersion measure used was log standard error.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • At least 12 years of age at the time of signing the informed consent. For those countries where local regulations permit enrolment of adults only, subject recruitment will be restricted to those who are >= 18 years of age.
  • Asthma: A physician diagnosis of asthma for >=2 years that meets the National Heart and Lung Institute guidelines.
  • Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1): Persistent airflow obstruction as indicated by: For subjects >=18 years of age at Visit 1, a pre-bronchodilator FEV1 <80% predicted recorded at Visit 1, For subjects 12-17 years of age at Visit 1, a pre-bronchodilator FEV1 <90% predicted recorded at Visit 1 or FEV1/ Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) ratio <0.8 recorded at Visit 1
  • Eosinophilic asthma: Airway inflammation characterized as eosinophilic in nature as indicated by one of the following: A peripheral blood eosinophil count of >=300 cells/microliter (uL) that is related to asthma demonstrated in the past 12 months prior to Visit 1 or a peripheral blood eosinophil count of >=150 cells/uL at Visit 1 that is related to asthma.
  • Inhaled Corticosteroid: A well-documented requirement for regular treatment with high-dose inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) in the 12 months prior to Visit 1 with or without maintenance oral corticosteroids (OCS). For 18 years of age and older: ICS dose must be >=880 microgram (ug)/day fluticasone propionate (FP) (ex-actuator) or equivalent daily. For ICS/ Long-Acting Beta-2-Agonists (LABA) combination preparations, the highest approved maintenance dose in the local country will meet this ICS criterion. For subjects 12-17 years of age at Visit 1: ICS dose must be >=440 ug/day fluticasone propionate (FP) (ex-actuator) or equivalent daily, For ICS/LABA combination preparations, the highest approved maintenance dose in the local country will meet this ICS criterion.
  • Controller Medication: Current treatment with an additional controller medication, besides ICS, for at least 3 months or a documented failure in the past 12 months of an additional controller medication for at least 3 successive months. [e.g., LABA, leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA), or theophylline.]
  • Asthma symptoms not optimally controlled: An ACQ-5 score of >=1.5 recorded at Visit 1.
  • Omalizumab Treatment: Receiving omalizumab, based on weight and IgE levels, for at least the 4 months prior to Visit 1.
  • Exacerbation history: Previously confirmed history of two or more exacerbations requiring treatment with systemic corticosteroids (intramuscular, intravenous, or oral) in the 12 months prior to Visit 1 despite the use of high-dose ICS. For subjects receiving omalizumab for >=8 months, at least one exacerbation must have occurred while on omalizumab treatment. For subjects receiving maintenance oral corticosteroids, the corticosteroid treatment for the exacerbations must have been a two-fold dose increase or greater.
  • Male or eligible Female: Females: a) Non-reproductive potential defined as :Pre-menopausal females with one of the following: Documented tubal ligation, Documented hysteroscopic tubal occlusion procedure with follow-up confirmation of bilateral tubal occlusion, Hysterectomy, Documented Bilateral Oophorectomy, Postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea [in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol levels consistent with menopause (refer to laboratory reference ranges for confirmatory levels)]. Females on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use one of the highly effective contraception methods if they wish to continue their HRT during the study. Otherwise, they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of post-menopausal status prior to study enrolment. b) Reproductive potential and agrees to follow one of the options listed in the Modified List of Highly Effective Methods for Avoiding Pregnancy in Females of Reproductive Potential (FRP) from 30 days prior to the first dose of study medication and until at least five terminal half-lives or until any continuing pharmacologic effect has ended, whichever is longer, after the last dose of study medication and completion of the Exit visit/Early Withdrawal visit.The investigator is responsible for ensuring that subjects understand how to properly use these methods of contraception.
  • Capable of giving signed informed consent which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form and in this protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Concurrent Respiratory Disease: Presence of a known pre-existing, clinically important lung condition other than asthma. This includes current infection, bronchiectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, or diagnoses of emphysema or chronic bronchitis (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease other than asthma) or a history of lung cancer.
  • Malignancy: A current malignancy or previous history of cancer in remission for less than 12 months prior to screening (subjects that had localized carcinoma of the skin which was resected for cure will not be excluded).
  • Liver disease: Subjects must not be enrolled in the study if :At screening (Visit 1) Alanine Transaminase (ALT) >2x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN); and bilirubin >1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%) Current active liver or biliary disease (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones or otherwise stable chronic liver disease per investigator assessment). Stable chronic liver disease should generally be defined by the absence of ascites, encephalopathy, coagulopathy, hypoalbuminaemia, oesophageal or gastric varices, or persistent jaundice, or cirrhosis.
  • Hepatitis status: Diagnosis of chronic hepatitis B, as evidenced by positive Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) at Visit 1. Chronic stable hepatitis C (e.g.,positive hepatitis C antibody test result at screening (Visit 1) or within 3 months prior to first dose of study treatment) are acceptable if subject otherwise meets entry criteria.
  • Cardiovascular: Subjects who have severe or clinically significant cardiovascular disease uncontrolled with standard treatment. Including but not limited to: a) known ejection fraction of <30% or b) severe heart failure meeting New York Heart Association Class IV classification or c) hospitalised in the 12 months prior to Visit 1 for severe heart failure meeting New York Heart Association Class III or d) angina diagnosed less than 3 months prior to Visit 1 or at Visit 1
  • Subjects with QT interval corrected (QTc) > 450 milliseconds (msec) or QTc > 480 msec in subjects with Bundle Branch Block at screening Visit 1.The QTc is the QT interval corrected for heart rate according to Bazett's formula (QTcB), Fridericia's formula (QTcF), and/or another method, machine-read or manually over-read. The specific formula that will be used to determine eligibility and discontinuation for an individual subject should be determined prior to initiation of the study. In other words, several different formulae cannot be used to calculate the QTc for an individual subject and then the lowest QTc value used to include or discontinue the subject from the trial.For purposes of data analysis, QTcB, QTcF, another QT correction formula, or a composite of available values of QTc will be used.
  • Other Concurrent Medical Conditions: Subjects who have known, pre-existing, clinically significant endocrine, autoimmune, metabolic, neurological, renal, gastrointestinal, hepatic, haematological or any other system abnormalities that are uncontrolled with standard treatment.
  • Eosinophilic Diseases: Subjects with other conditions that could lead to elevated eosinophils such as Hypereosinophilic Syndromes, including Churg-Strauss Syndrome (Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis [EGPA]), or Eosinophilic Esophagitis. Subjects with a known, pre-existing parasitic infestation within 6 months prior to Visit 1 are also to be excluded.
  • Immunodeficiency: A known immunodeficiency (e.g., human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]), other than that explained by the use of corticosteroids taken as therapy for asthma.
  • Other Monoclonal Antibodies: Subjects who have received any monoclonal antibody (other than omalizumab) to treat inflammatory disease within 5 half-lives of Visit 1.
  • Smoking history: Current smokers or former smokers with a smoking history of >=10 pack years (number of pack years = (number of cigarettes per day / 20) x number of years smoked). A former smoker is defined as a subject who quit smoking at least 6 months prior to Screening Visit 1.
  • Alcohol/Substance Abuse: A history (or suspected history) of alcohol misuse or substance abuse within 2 years prior to Visit 1.
  • Adherence: Subjects who have known evidence of lack of adherence to controller medications and/or ability to follow physician's recommendations.
  • Hypersensitivity: Subjects with allergy/intolerance to a monoclonal antibody or biologic. History of sensitivity to any of the study medications, or components thereof or a history of drug or other allergy that, in the opinion of the investigator or Medical Monitor, contraindicates their participation.
  • Investigator opinion: Omalizumab treatment has provided significant clinical benefit despite experiencing 2 exacerbations in the past 12 months, and potential benefit from a switch to mepolizumab would not outweigh the potential harm after omalizumab withdrawal for the subject.
  • Previous participation: Previously participated in any study with mepolizumab and received investigational product (including placebo).
  • Investigational Medications: Subjects who have received treatment with an investigational drug within the past 30 days or five terminal phase half-lives of the drug whichever is longer, prior to Screening (V1) (this also includes investigational formulations of marketed products).
  • Pregnancy: Subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Patients should not be enrolled if they plan to become pregnant during the time of study participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02654145


  Show 60 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 8, 2017
Study Protocol  [PDF] March 23, 2016


Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02654145     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 204471
First Posted: January 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 31, 2018
Last Update Posted: August 6, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
mepolizumab
Omalizumab
SGRQ
severe eosinophilic asthma
ACQ
exacerbations

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Asthma
Pulmonary Eosinophilia
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Hypereosinophilic Syndrome
Eosinophilia
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Albuterol
Omalizumab
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Tocolytic Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Adrenergic beta-2 Receptor Agonists
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Adrenergic Agonists
Adrenergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents