Omalizumab to Mepolizumab Switch Study in Severe Eosinophilic Asthma Patients
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02654145|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 13, 2016
Results First Posted : January 31, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 19, 2019
Mepolizumab is an anti-interleukin-5 ( IL-5) monoclonal antibody that neutralizes IL-5 and reduces eosinophil counts in both sputum and blood. Omalizumab an anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) monoclonal antibody (mAb) is effective in the treatment of moderate to severe allergic asthma. The aim of this study is to investigate whether subjects not optimally controlled on their current omalizumab treatment, who are eligible for therapy with mepolizumab can be effectively and safely switched to treatment with mepolizumab to improve asthma control. The study will provide data on the efficacy, safety, immunogenicity, and tolerability of mepolizumab when switched directly from omalizumab without any wash-out. The learnings from this study may help guide physicians when substituting one biologic with another for the treatment of patients with severe eosinophilic asthma.
The study will be a multi-centre, open-label single arm trial. Patients with severe eosinophilic asthma who are receiving omalizumab, but are not optimally controlled will be eligible to participate. Subjects will remain on their current maintenance therapy including omalizumab throughout the run-in period for a minimum of one week and up to 4 weeks. At Visit 2 (week 0) subjects will discontinue their omalizumab treatment and be switched to mepolizumab 100 mg subcutaneous (SC) every 4 weeks for 28 weeks. The treatment period is 32 weeks, including an Exit Visit/Early Withdrawal Visit, 4 weeks following the subject's last dose of mepolizumab.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Asthma||Drug: Mepolizumab 100mg SC Drug: Albuterol/salbutamol MDIs Drug: Omalizumab||Phase 4|
Expanded Access : An investigational treatment associated with this study is no longer available outside the clinical trial. More info ...
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||145 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Multi-centre, Open Label, Single Arm, 32-week Treatment Study in Subjects With Severe Eosinophilic Asthma Not Optimally Controlled With Current Omalizumab Treatment Who Are Switched From Omalizumab to Mepolizumab 100mg Subcutaneous (Study Number 204471- the OSMO Study)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 17, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||May 31, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 31, 2017|
Experimental: Omalizumab switch to mepolizumab 100mg SC every 4 weeks
Subjects with severe eosinophilic asthma who are receiving omalizumab will enter a run-in period for a minimum of one week and a up to 4 weeks. Subjects will remain on their current maintenance therapy throughout the run-in period, including omalizumab. At Visit 2 (week 0) subjects will discontinue omalizumab treatment and will be switched to receiving mepolizumab 100 mg SC every 4 weeks for 28 weeks. Except for omalizumab, subjects will remain on their current maintenance therapy throughout the open-label treatment period. Albuterol/salbutamol metered dose inhalers (MDIs) will be provided as rescue medication during treatment period.
Drug: Mepolizumab 100mg SC
At Visit 2 (Week 0) eligible subjects will receive mepolizumab 100mg SC into the upper arm or thigh every 4 weeks over a period of 28 weeks.
Drug: Albuterol/salbutamol MDIs
Albuterol/salbutamol metered dose inhalers (MDIs) will be provided as rescue medication during treatment period.
Subjects receiving omalizumab will enter in a run-in period and will continue to receive omalizumab throughout the run-in period. At Visit 2 (week 0) subjects will discontinue omalizumab.
- Mean Change From Baseline in Asthma Control Questionnaire-5 (ACQ-5) Score at Week 32 [ Time Frame: Baseline and at Week 32 ]The ACQ-5 is a five-item, self-completed questionnaire, which is used as a measure of asthma control of a participant. The five questions (concerning nocturnal awakening, waking in the morning, activity limitation, shortness of breath and wheeze) enquire about the frequency and/or severity of symptoms over the previous week. The response options for all these questions range from zero (no impairment/limitation) to six (total impairment/ limitation) scale. ACQ-5 score range from 0 to 6. Higher scores indicates worsening of condition. Baseline was defined as the latest available assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab. Change from Baseline at Week 32 was calculated as Week 32 value of ACQ-5 score minus Baseline value and was analyzed using Mixed Model Repeated Measures allowing for covariates of region, baseline maintenance OCS therapy, exacerbations in the year prior to the study (as ordinal variable) and visit.
- Mean Change From Baseline in St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) Score at Week 32 [ Time Frame: Baseline and at Week 32 ]The SGRQ Questionnaire is a well-established, self-completed tool, comprising of 50 questions with 76 weighted responses designed to measure Quality of Life in participants with diseases of airway obstruction. It consists of two parts; Part 1 produces the symptom score and Part 2 produces the activity and impact score. A Total score is also calculated which summarizes the impact of the disease on overall health status. Scores are expressed as a percentage of overall impairment where 100 represents worst possible health status and zero indicates best possible health status. Baseline was defined as the latest available assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab. Change from Baseline at Week 32 was calculated as Week 32 value of SGRQ score minus Baseline value and was analyzed using Mixed Model Repeated Measures allowing for covariates of region, baseline maintenance OCS therapy, exacerbations in the year prior to the study (as an ordinal variable) and visit.
- The Rate of Clinically Significant Asthma Exacerbations Over 32 Weeks' Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to Week 32 ]Clinically significant exacerbations of asthma were defined as worsening of asthma which requires use of systemic corticosteroids and/or hospitalization and/or Emergency Department (ED) visits. The frequency of clinically significant asthma exacerbations over 32 weeks' treatment was analyzed using Negative Binomial Regression via generalized estimating equations with a covariate of time period (pre-treatment versus on- and off treatment).
- Ratio to Baseline in Blood Eosinophil Count at Week 32 [ Time Frame: Baseline and at Week 32 ]Blood samples were collected at specific time points to measure blood eosinophils level for evaluation of pharmacodynamic effects in participants with a severe eosinophilic asthma phenotype when they were directly switched to mepolizumab. Baseline was defined as the latest available assessment prior to first dose of mepolizumab and ratio to Baseline at Week 32 was defined as Week 32 value divided by Baseline value and was analyzed using Mixed Model Repeated Measures allowing for covariates of region, Baseline maintenance oral corticosteroid (OCS) therapy, exacerbations in the year prior to the study (as an ordinal variable) and visit. The log transformation was applied to blood eosinophil counts prior to analysis. If a blood eosinophil count of zero was reported, it was imputed with half of the lowest possible blood eosinophil count, where applicable, prior to log transforming the data. The dispersion measure used was log standard error.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02654145
|Study Director:||GSK Clinical Trials||GlaxoSmithKline|