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Trial record 17 of 21 for:    Recruiting, Not yet recruiting, Available Studies | "Sterilization, Reproductive"

Electroacupuncture on Menstrual Frequency in Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Study Protocol

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02653911
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : January 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : October 27, 2017
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Zhou Jing, Guang'anmen Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences

Brief Summary:
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a dysfunction of endocrine system of women of reproductive age. Approximately 5%-10% women in China have this syndrome. Irregular menstruation (oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea), hirsutism and obesity are the common clinical manifestations of PCOS. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture in improving the menstrual frequency of PCOS patients who do not have fertility requirements.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Other: Acupuncture Other: Sham-acupuncture group Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Methods: A total of 172 participants diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome would be randomly assigned to either the acupuncture group or sham-acupuncture group, at a ratio of 1:1. Participants in both groups will receive treatment for 12 weeks, three times a week. The primary outcome will be the proportion of participants with at least a 50% increase from baseline in the monthly menstrual frequency from baseline after 12 weeks intervention, while secondary outcomes will be the difference in anthropometrics, serum hormone level, ovarian morphology, anxiety and depression, and quality of life from baseline to after 12 weeks intervention and to 12 weeks post-intervention follow-up between groups.

Discussion The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for improving menstrual frequency and other symptoms of patients with PCOS. The limitation of this trial is that it would be difficult to blind the acupuncturists. Additionally, these findings may not be suitable for women with PCOS who are seeking pregnancy.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 172 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of Acupunture on Menstrual Frequency in Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: Protocol for a Randomized, Controlled Trial
Estimated Study Start Date : July 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: acupuncture group
Bilateral ST25, EX-CA1, CV4 and SP6 will be selected for treatment. After routine sterilization of the local skin, bilateral ST25, EX-CA1, CV4 and SP 6 will be inserted by the needles (0.30 mm in diameter, 40 mm in length) to a depth of 25-30 mm to the abdominal muscle layer with the manipulation of lifting, thrusting and rotating until "de qi". Each session will last for 30 minutes, and the manipulation of lifting, thrusting and rotating evenly three times will be used for CV 4 and SP 6 every 10 minutes. If the date of treatment is during the menstrual circle, the treatment will be continued as usual. Participants will be treated three times a week for 12 weeks with 36 sessions.
Other: Acupuncture
Hwato Brand, Suzhou Medical Appliance Factory, China

Sham Comparator: Sham-acupuncture group
The sham ST25, EX-CA1, CV4 and SP 6, which are 1 cun (25 mm) outward to ST25, EX-CA1, CV4 and SP 6, will be inserted to 2-3 mm with needles with a diameter of 0.30 mm and a length of 13 mm. The needles will be inserted without de qi or any manipulation. The treatment sessions will be the same as those in the acupuncture group.
Other: Sham-acupuncture group
Hwato Brand, Suzhou Medical Appliance Factory, China
Other Name: Placebo needle




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The proportion of participants who have at least a 50% increase from baseline in monthly menstrual frequency [ Time Frame: Months 3 ]
    Baseline monthly menstrual frequency was calculated through the number of menstrual bleeds in three months before intervention divided by three. Monthly menstrual frequency from baseline to three months was calculated through the number of menstrual bleeds during the three month-intervention divided by three.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in menstrual frequency [ Time Frame: Months 6 ]
    The proportion of participants who have at least a 50% increase from baseline in monthly menstrual frequency

  2. The change in measurements for body mass index (BMI) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Change in anthropometry

  3. The change in measurements for waist-hip ratio (WHR) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Change in anthropometry

  4. The change in serum luteinizing hormone (LH) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Blood samples will be taken at menstrual cycle days 2-4 when ovulation or bleeding occurs. Otherwise, this will be performed on the arbitrary day of the cycle.

  5. The change in follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Blood samples will be taken at menstrual cycle days 2-4 when ovulation or bleeding occurs. Otherwise, this will be performed on the arbitrary day of the cycle.

  6. The change in LH/FSH ratio from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Blood samples will be taken at menstrual cycle days 2-4 when ovulation or bleeding occurs. Otherwise, this will be performed on the arbitrary day of the cycle.

  7. The change in testosterone (T) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Blood samples will be taken at menstrual cycle days 2-4 when ovulation or bleeding occurs. Otherwise, this will be performed on the arbitrary day of the cycle.

  8. The change in estrogen (E) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Blood samples will be taken at menstrual cycle days 2-4 when ovulation or bleeding occurs. Otherwise, this will be performed on the arbitrary day of the cycle.

  9. The change in prolactin (PRL) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Blood samples will be taken at menstrual cycle days 2-4 when ovulation or bleeding occurs. Otherwise, this will be performed on the arbitrary day of the cycle.

  10. The change in progesterone (Prog) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Blood samples will be taken at menstrual cycle days 2-4 when ovulation or bleeding occurs. Otherwise, this will be performed on the arbitrary day of the cycle.

  11. The change in dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Blood samples will be taken at menstrual cycle days 2-4 when ovulation or bleeding occurs. Otherwise, this will be performed on the arbitrary day of the cycle.

  12. The change in sex-hormone binding globulin (SHBG) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Blood samples will be taken at menstrual cycle days 2-4 when ovulation or bleeding occurs. Otherwise, this will be performed on the arbitrary day of the cycle.

  13. The change in androstenedione (AND) from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Blood samples will be taken at menstrual cycle days 2-4 when ovulation or bleeding occurs. Otherwise, this will be performed on the arbitrary day of the cycle.

  14. The change in mean difference in ovary volume from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Change in ovarian morphology

  15. The change in thickness of the endometrium from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Change in ovarian morphology

  16. The change in the number of follicles <9 mm from baseline [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    Change in ovarian morphology

  17. Change in hirsutism [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    The change in Ferriman-Gallwey (FG) score from baseline

  18. Change in acne [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    The change in Global Acne Grading System (GAGS) from baseline

  19. Change in anxiety and depression [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    The change in The score of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) from baseline

  20. Change in quality of life [ Time Frame: Months 3 and 6 ]
    The change in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Questionnaire (PCOSQ) scores from baseline


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Blinding assessment [ Time Frame: Months 3 ]
    Participants will answer the following questions after 12 weeks of intervention, in order to assess the blinding: "Do you think you have received traditional acupuncture in the past weeks?" The participants can answer "Yes", "No" or "Unclear".

  2. Expectation value of the acupuncture effect assessment [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Participants will answer the following questions before the intervention: "Do you think acupuncture will be effective for treating the disease?" "Do you think acupuncture will be effective for improving the related symptoms of PCOS?" The participants can answer "Yes", "No" or "Unclear".

  3. Safety assessment [ Time Frame: The whole process ]
    All adverse reactions will be presented in tables with a description on the categories, severity, rate of incidence, and correlation with the treatment. Adverse reactions related to acupuncture (severe pain, local hematoma, infection and abscess, and retained needle and broken needle during the treatment), including some discomforts after treatment, will be recorded in time in detail. Adverse events irrelevant with the treatment will also be recorded in detail.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 40 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Participants fulfilling any one of the following criteria will be excluded. Participants who fulfill the following criteria will be included.

  • Participants meet the Rotterdam diagnostic criteria with oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea. (Oligomenorrhoea is defined as an intermenstrual interval of >35 days or <8 menstrual bleedings in the past year. Amenorrhoea is defined as absent menstrual bleeding or no menstrual bleeding in the previous 90 days.)
  • Participants who have at least two of the following features that meet the Rotterdam diagnostic criteria:

    1. Clinical or biochemical hyperandrogenism: Biochemical hyperandrogenaemia is defined as a total serum testosterone concentration above normal threshold, and/or clinical hyperandrogenism is defined as a Ferriman-Gallwey (FG) score of ≥5 or acne defined by the Global Acne Grading System (GAGS) as "mild"/ "moderate"/ "severe"/ "very severe".
    2. Polycystic ovary morphology is defined as the presence of ≥12 follicles in each ovary measuring 2-9 mm in diameter and/or an ovarian volume >10 mL on transvaginal ultrasound.
  • Participants who are between 18 to 40 years old.
  • Participants who joined the research and provided a signed informed consent voluntarily.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants with fertility requirements.
  • Participants with oligomenorrhea or amenorrhea caused by hyperandrogenemia, premature ovarian failure, or hypothalamus or pituitary disorders.
  • Participants with hyperandrogenism caused by congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Cushing's syndrome and androgen-secreting tumors.
  • Participants with endocrine disorders such as thyroid dysfunction, adrenal disorders, hyperprolactinemia and diabetes mellitus.
  • Participants with severe heart disease, hepatic disease, renal system and hematopoietic system disease, or malnutrition of the whole body.
  • Participants who use hormones or other medications that would affect reproductive function, or received the same protocol of this study in the past three months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02653911


Contacts
Contact: Jing Zhou, Master 86-15650729586 zjinbj@sina.com

Sponsors and Collaborators
Guang'anmen Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
Investigators
Study Director: Zhishun Liu, Ph D Guang Am Men Hospital,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences

Responsible Party: Zhou Jing, Department of Acupuncture, Guang'anmen Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Guang'anmen Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02653911     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2015EC115
First Posted: January 13, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 27, 2017
Last Verified: October 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Zhou Jing, Guang'anmen Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences:
Acupuncture

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Syndrome
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Disease
Pathologic Processes
Ovarian Cysts
Cysts
Neoplasms
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Gonadal Disorders
Endocrine System Diseases