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Effects of Switching From ATRIPLA™ (Efavirenz, Tenofovir, Emtricitabine) to MK-1439A (Doravirine, Tenofovir, Lamivudine) in Virologically-Suppressed Participants (MK-1439A-028)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02652260
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 11, 2016
Results First Posted : August 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 29, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:
This study aims to evaluate a switch from fixed dose combination (FDC) treatment with ATRIPLA^TM for 12 weeks prior to screening to FDC treatment with MK-1439A in virologically-suppressed, human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected participants. The primary hypothesis is that switching from ATRIPLA^TM to MK-1439A results in a lower proportion of participants with at least one CNS toxicity of at least Grade 2 intensity at Week 12 than continuation of ATRIPLA^TM treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV-1 Central Nervous System Drug: MK-1439A - Blinded Drug: MK-1439A - Open-Label Drug: ATRIPLA^TM Drug: Placebo to ATRIPLA™ Drug: Placebo to MK-1439A Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 86 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase IIb, Double-Blinded, Multicenter, Randomized Study to Assess the Effect on Central Nervous System (CNS) Toxicity of Switching From ATRIPLA™ (Efavirenz, Tenofovir, Emtricitabine) to MK-1439A (Doravirine, Tenofovir, Lamivudine) in Virologically-Suppressed Subjects.
Actual Study Start Date : March 4, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 14, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : May 5, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Immediate Switch to MK-1439A
Participants on a baseline regimen of ATRIPLA™ for at least 12 weeks prior to screening will be switched to blinded MK-1439A orally, once daily for 12 weeks, followed by open-label MK-1439A orally, once daily for an additional 12 weeks. Participants who meet eligibility criteria can enter study extension 1 to receive open-label MK-1439A for an additional 96 weeks. Participants who meet eligibility criteria can enter study extension 2 to receive open-label MK-1439A, with a maximum total duration of treatment of 228 weeks.
Drug: MK-1439A - Blinded
A single tablet FDC containing doravirine 100 mg, lamivudine (3TC) 300 mg and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) 300 mg administered orally, once daily for 12 weeks during the Blinded period

Drug: MK-1439A - Open-Label
A single-tablet FDC containing doravirine 100 mg, 3TC 300 mg and TDF 300 mg administered orally, once daily for either 12 or 24 weeks during the Open-Label Period; also an additional 96 weeks during the Open-Label extension period 1; and also a maximum total duration of treatment of 228 weeks during the Open-Label extension period 2.

Drug: Placebo to ATRIPLA™
A single placebo to ATRIPLA™ tablet administered orally, once daily for 12 weeks during the Blinded period

Experimental: Deferred Switch to MK-1439A
Participants will continue on their ongoing ATRIPLA™ regimen orally, once daily for 12 weeks, followed by open-label MK-1439A orally, once daily for 24 weeks. Participants who meet eligibility criteria can enter study extension 1 to receive open-label MK-1439A for an additional 96 weeks. Participants who meet eligibility criteria can enter study extension 2 to receive open-label MK-1439A, with a maximum total duration of treatment of 228 weeks.
Drug: MK-1439A - Open-Label
A single-tablet FDC containing doravirine 100 mg, 3TC 300 mg and TDF 300 mg administered orally, once daily for either 12 or 24 weeks during the Open-Label Period; also an additional 96 weeks during the Open-Label extension period 1; and also a maximum total duration of treatment of 228 weeks during the Open-Label extension period 2.

Drug: ATRIPLA^TM
A single tablet FDC containing efavirenz (EFV) 600 mg, emtricitabine (FTC) 200 mg, and TDF 300 mg administered orally, once daily for 12 weeks during the Blinded period

Drug: Placebo to MK-1439A
A single placebo to MK-1439A tablet administered orally, once daily for 12 weeks during the Blinded period




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With at Least One Central Nervous System (CNS) Toxicity of at Least Grade 2 Intensity at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Week 12 ]
    A questionnaire was used to solicit for CNS toxicity based on the following 10 events: dizziness; depression/low mood; insomnia/sleeplessness; anxiety/nervousness; confusion; impaired concentration/attention; headache; somnolence/daytime sleepiness; aggressive mood/behavior; and abnormal dreams. Participants were asked to rate the intensity for each of the 10 events as none (Grade 0), mild (Grade 1), moderate (Grade 2), or severe (Grade 3). Mild = symptom is noticeable but does not interfere with normal activities; moderate = symptom has some impact on normal activities; severe = symptom prevents conduct of normal activities. Percentage of participants with at least one CNS toxicity of Grade 2 or higher were recorded, based on the last observation carried forward (LOCF) approach.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With at Least One CNS Toxicity of at Least Grade 2 Intensity at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Week 4 ]
    A questionnaire was used to solicit for CNS toxicity based on the following 10 events: dizziness; depression/low mood; insomnia/sleeplessness; anxiety/nervousness; confusion; impaired concentration/attention; headache; somnolence/daytime sleepiness; aggressive mood/behavior; and abnormal dreams. Participants were asked to rate the intensity for each of the 10 events as none (Grade 0), mild (Grade 1), moderate (Grade 2), or severe (Grade 3). Mild = symptom is noticeable but does not interfere with normal activities; moderate = symptom has some impact on normal activities; severe = symptom prevents conduct of normal activities. Percentage of participants with at least one CNS toxicity of Grade 2 or higher were recorded, based on the last observation carried forward (LOCF) approach.

  2. Change From Baseline in CNS Toxicity Score at Week 4 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 4 ]
    A questionnaire was used to solicit for CNS toxicity based on the following 10 events: dizziness; depression/low mood; insomnia/sleeplessness; anxiety/nervousness; confusion; impaired concentration/attention; headache; somnolence/daytime sleepiness; aggressive mood/behavior; and abnormal dreams. Participants were asked to rate the intensity for each of the 10 events as none (Grade 0), mild (Grade 1), moderate (Grade 2), or severe (Grade 3). Mild = symptom is noticeable but does not interfere with normal activities; moderate = symptom has some impact on normal activities; severe = symptom prevents conduct of normal activities. The CNS toxicity score was calculated by summing across all 10 CNS toxicities and converting the sum to a percentage of the maximum possible sum of intensities (10 x 3 = 30). A positive change from baseline score indicates worsening symptoms. A negative change from baseline score indicates improvement in symptoms.

  3. Change From Baseline in CNS Toxicity Score at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 12 ]
    A questionnaire was used to solicit for CNS toxicity based on the following 10 events: dizziness; depression/low mood; insomnia/sleeplessness; anxiety/nervousness; confusion; impaired concentration/attention; headache; somnolence/daytime sleepiness; aggressive mood/behavior; and abnormal dreams. Participants were asked to rate the intensity for each of the 10 events as none (Grade 0), mild (Grade 1), moderate (Grade 2), or severe (Grade 3). Mild = symptom is noticeable but does not interfere with normal activities; moderate = symptom has some impact on normal activities; severe = symptom prevents conduct of normal activities. The CNS toxicity score was calculated by summing across all 10 CNS toxicities and converting the sum to a percentage of the maximum possible sum of intensities (10 x 3 = 30). A positive change from baseline score indicates worsening symptoms. A negative change from baseline score indicates improvement in symptoms.

  4. Percentage of Participants With at Least One CNS Toxicity of at Least Grade 2 Intensity at Time of Switch, and at 24 Weeks Post-switch for the Combined Treatment Groups [ Time Frame: Baseline (time of switch) and 24 weeks post-switch ]
    A questionnaire was used to solicit for CNS toxicity based on the following 10 events: dizziness; depression/low mood; insomnia/sleeplessness; anxiety/nervousness; confusion; impaired concentration/attention; headache; somnolence/daytime sleepiness; aggressive mood/behavior; and abnormal dreams. Participants were asked to rate the intensity for each of the 10 events as none (Grade 0), mild (Grade 1), moderate (Grade 2), or severe (Grade 3). Mild = symptom is noticeable but does not interfere with normal activities; moderate = symptom has some impact on normal activities; severe = symptom prevents conduct of normal activities. For the Immediate Switch Group (ISG) time of switch was study Day 1, and week 24 post-switch was week 24. For the Delayed Switch Group (DSG) time of switch was study week 12, and week 24 post-switch was week 36.

  5. CNS Toxicity Scores at Time of Switch, and at 24 Weeks Post-switch for the Combined Treatment Groups [ Time Frame: Baseline (time of switch) and 24 weeks post-switch ]
    A questionnaire was used to solicit for CNS toxicity based on the following 10 events: dizziness; depression/low mood; insomnia/sleeplessness; anxiety/nervousness; confusion; impaired concentration/attention; headache; somnolence/daytime sleepiness; aggressive mood/behavior; and abnormal dreams. Participants were asked to rate the intensity for each of the 10 events as none (Grade 0), mild (Grade 1), moderate (Grade 2), or severe (Grade 3). The CNS toxicity score was calculated by summing across all 10 CNS toxicities and converting the sum to a percentage of the maximum possible sum of intensities (10 x 3 = 30). A higher CNS score indicates worse symptoms. A positive change in CNS score indicates worsening symptoms. A negative change indicates improvement in symptoms. For the ISG time of switch was study Day 1, and week 24 post-switch was week 24. For the DSG time of switch was study week 12, and week 24 post-switch was week 36.

  6. Change From Baseline in Fasting Lipids at Week 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline (study Day 1) and study week 12 ]
    Blood was collected under fasting conditions on Day 1 and on week 12 in order to determine the concentration of the following lipids: low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol; Non high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol; cholesterol; HDL cholesterol; and triglyceride.

  7. Change in Fasting Lipids Between Time of Switch and Week 24 Post-switch for the Combined Treatment Groups [ Time Frame: Baseline (time of switch) and 24 weeks post-switch ]
    Blood was collected under fasting conditions at time of switch and 24 weeks post-switch in order to determine the change from baseline of the following lipids: low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol; Non high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol; cholesterol; HDL cholesterol; and triglyceride. For the ISG time of switch was study Day 1, and week 24 post-switch was week 24. For the DSG time of switch was study week 12, and week 24 post-switch was week 36.

  8. Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA <50 and <40 Copies/ml at Week 24 Post-switch for the Combined Treatment Groups [ Time Frame: 24 weeks post-switch ]
    Blood was collected under fasting conditions at 24 weeks post-switch in order to determine the HIV-1 RNA. For the ISG week 24 post-switch was week 24. For the DSG week 24 post-switch was week 36.

  9. Change From Time of Switch to Week 24 Post Switch in CD4 T-cell Count for the Combined Treatment Groups [ Time Frame: Baseline (time of switch) and 24 weeks post-switch ]
    Blood was collected at time of switch and at 24 weeks post-switch in order to determine the CD4 T-cell count. For the ISG time of switch was study Day 1, and week 24 post-switch was week 24. For the DSG time of switch was study week 12, and week 24 post-switch was week 36.

  10. Number of Participants With One or More Adverse Events (AEs) Through Study Week 12 [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 ]
    An adverse event (AE) is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change in frequency and/or intensity) of a preexisting condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, is also an AE.

  11. Number of Participants With One or More Drug-related AEs Through Study Week 12 [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 ]
    An adverse event (AE) is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change in frequency and/or intensity) of a preexisting condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, is also an AE. A drug-related AE was determined by the investigator to be related to the drug.

  12. Number of Participants With One or More Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) Through Study Week 12 [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 ]
    A serious adverse event (SAE) is any AE occurring at any dose or during any use of Sponsor's product that results in any of the following: death; is life threatening; results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity; results in or prolongs an existing hospitalization; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; is another important medical event; is a cancer; is associated with an overdose.

  13. Number of Participants With One or More Drug-related SAEs Through Study Week 12 [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 ]
    A serious adverse event (SAE) is any AE occurring at any dose or during any use of Sponsor's product that results in any of the following: death; is life threatening; results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity; results in or prolongs an existing hospitalization; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; is another important medical event; is a cancer; is associated with an overdose. A drug-related SAE was determined by the investigator to be related to the drug.

  14. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Treatment Due to an AE Through Study Week 12 [ Time Frame: Up to Week 12 ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change in frequency and/or intensity) of a preexisting condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, is also an AE.

  15. Number of Participants With One or More AEs for the Combined Treatment Groups 24 Weeks After the Switch [ Time Frame: 24 weeks post-switch ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change in frequency and/or intensity) of a preexisting condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, is also an AE. For the ISG 24 week post-switch was week 24; for the DSG week 24 post-switch was week 36.

  16. Number of Participants With One or More Drug-related AEs for the Combined Treatment Groups 24 Weeks After the Switch [ Time Frame: 24 weeks post-switch ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change in frequency and/or intensity) of a preexisting condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, is also an AE. A drug-related AE was determined by the investigator to be related to the drug. For the ISG 24 week post-switch was week 24; for the DSG week 24 post-switch was week 36.

  17. Number of Participants With One or More SAEs for the Combined Treatment Groups 24 Weeks After the Switch [ Time Frame: 24 weeks post-switch ]
    A serious adverse event (SAE) is any AE occurring at any dose or during any use of Sponsor's product that results in any of the following: death; is life threatening; results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity; results in or prolongs an existing hospitalization; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; is another important medical event; is a cancer; is associated with an overdose. For the ISG 24 week post-switch was week 24; for the DSG week 24 post-switch was week 36.

  18. Number of Participants With One or More Drug-related SAEs for the Combined Treatment Groups 24 Weeks After the Switch [ Time Frame: 24 weeks post-switch ]
    A serious adverse event (SAE) is any AE occurring at any dose or during any use of Sponsor's product that results in any of the following: death; is life threatening; results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity; results in or prolongs an existing hospitalization; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; is another important medical event; is a cancer; is associated with an overdose. A drug-related SAE was determined by the investigator to be related to the drug. For the ISG 24 week post-switch was week 24; for the DSG week 24 post-switch was week 36.

  19. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Treatment Due to an AE for the Combined Treatment Groups 24 Weeks After the Switch [ Time Frame: 24 weeks post-switch ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product or protocol - specified procedure. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change in frequency and/or intensity) of a preexisting condition that is temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, is also an AE. For the ISG 24 week post-switch was week 24; for the DSG week 24 post-switch was week 36.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • is taking ATRIPLA™, generic versions of ATRIPLA™, or the components of ATRIPLA™ (EFV,TDF plus emtricitabine),
  • has documentation of HIV-1 ribonucleic acid (RNA) < 50 copies/mL during the 12 weeks prior to screening while on ATRIPLA™.
  • has plasma HIV-1 RNA levels below the limits of quantification (BLoQ) at the screening visit.
  • if genotyped prior to starting initial antiretroviral regimen, must have no known resistance to any of the study agents
  • has at least one EFV-associated CNS toxicities of Grade 2 or worse intensity both at the time of screening and at Study Day 1
  • is highly unlikely to become pregnant or to impregnate a partner
  • To be eligible for study extension 1, participants from Immediate Switch Group (ISG) must have completed Study Week 24, and benefited from study participation; participants from Deferred Switch Group (DSG) must have completed Study Week 36, and benefited from study participation as determined by the investigator
  • To be eligible for study extension 2, participants from ISG must have completed Study Week 120, and benefited from study participation; participants from DSG must have completed Study Week 132, and benefited from study participation as determined by the investigator

Exclusion Criteria:

  • is a user of recreational or illicit drugs or has had a recent history of drug or alcohol abuse or dependence.
  • has ongoing Grade 4 CNS toxicity during screening period that requires a prompt change in ART
  • has been treated for a viral infection other than HIV-1, such as hepatitis B, with an agent that is active against HIV-1 including, but not limited to, adefovir, emtricitabine, entecavir, lamivudine or tenofovir.
  • has documented or known resistance to study drugs including MK-1439, lamivudine, and/or tenofovir
  • has participated in, or anticipates participating in a study with an investigational compound/device within 30 days prior to signing informed consent
  • has used systemic immunosuppressive therapy or immune modulators or anticipates using them within 30 days prior to this study
  • requires or anticipates requiring any of the prohibited medications
  • has significant hypersensitivity or other contraindication to any of the components of the study drugs
  • has a current (active) diagnosis of acute hepatitis due to any cause.
  • has evidence of decompensated liver disease manifested by the presence of or a history of ascites, esophageal or gastric variceal bleeding, hepatic encephalopathy or other signs or symptoms of advanced liver diseases, or has liver cirrhosis and a Child-Pugh Class C score or Pugh-Turcotte (CPT) score > 9.
  • is pregnant, breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive.
  • female is expecting to donate eggs (at any time during the study) or male is expecting to donate sperm (at any time during the study).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02652260


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02652260     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1439A-028
2015-003617-18 ( EudraCT Number )
MK-1439A-028 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
First Posted: January 11, 2016    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 29, 2019
Last Update Posted: August 29, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Tenofovir
Lamivudine
Emtricitabine
Efavirenz
Efavirenz, Emtricitabine, Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate Drug Combination
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6 Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inducers
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inducers