ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Abemaciclib in Children With DIPG or Recurrent/Refractory Solid Tumors (AflacST1501)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02644460
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 31, 2015
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Cynthia Wetmore, Emory University

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase I clinical trial evaluating abemaciclib (LY2835219), an inhibitor of cyclin dependent-kinases 4 and 6 (Cdk 4/6) in children and young adults with newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) (Stratum A) and in relapsed/refractory/progressive malignant brain (Grade III/IV, including DIPG; MBT) and solid tumor (ST) patients (Stratum B).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma Brain Tumor, Recurrent Solid Tumor, Recurrent Neuroblastoma, Recurrent, Refractory Ewing Sarcoma, Recurrent, Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma, Recurrent, Refractory Osteosarcoma, Recurrent, Refractory Rhabdoid Tumor, Recurrent, Refractory Drug: Abemaciclib Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Stratum A- Appropriate dose RT will be administered in 30-33 fractions over approximately 6 weeks for Stratum A patients. Treatment with abemaciclib (LY2835219) will start on the same day as radiation therapy (RT) and continue twice daily during and after RT for a maximum treatment duration of 2 years. Investigators plan to treat a maximum of 4 cohorts of research participants (dosage levels 1, 2, 3, and 4) with escalating doses of abemaciclib (LY2835219) starting with dose level 1 (80% of adult dose). A cycle is defined as 28 days and the first 6 weeks of therapy will constitute the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT)-evaluation period. Participants must take abemaciclib by mouth as intact capsules.

Stratum B - Abemaciclib (LY2835219) will be administered orally on a twice daily basis continuously for 28 days, which defines one cycle. The maximum treatment duration will be 2 years. Investigators plan to treat a maximum of 4 cohorts of research participants (dosage levels 1, 2, 3, and 4) with escalating doses of abemaciclib starting with dose level 1 (80% of adult dose). Dose escalation will be independent of Stratum A escalation. A cycle is defined as 28 days and the first 4 weeks of therapy will constitute the DLT-evaluation period. Participants must take abemaciclib by mouth as intact capsules.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Abemaciclib in Children With Newly Diagnosed Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma, and in Children With Recurrent and Refractory Solid Tumors Including Malignant Brain Tumors
Study Start Date : February 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Stratum A
Appropriate dose RT will be administered in 30-33 fractions over approximately 6 weeks for Stratum A patients. Treatment with abemaciclib (LY2835219) will start on the same day as RT and continue twice daily during and after RT for a maximum treatment duration of 2 years. Investigators plan to treat a maximum of 4 cohorts of research participants (dosage levels 1, 2, 3, and 4) with escalating doses of abemaciclib (LY2835219) starting with dose level 1 (80% of adult dose). A cycle is defined as 28 days and the first 6 weeks of therapy will constitute the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT)-evaluation period. Participants must take abemaciclib by mouth as intact capsules.
Drug: Abemaciclib
Other Name: LY2835219

Experimental: Stratum B
Abemaciclib (LY2835219) will be administered orally on a twice daily basis continuously for 28 days, which defines one cycle. The maximum treatment duration will be 2 years. Investigators plan to treat a maximum of 4 cohorts of research participants (dosage levels 1, 2, 3, and 4) with escalating doses of abemaciclib starting with dose level 1 (80% of adult dose). Dose escalation will be independent of Stratum A escalation. A cycle is defined as 28 days and the first 4 weeks of therapy will constitute the DLT-evaluation period. Participants must take abemaciclib by mouth as intact capsules.
Drug: Abemaciclib
Other Name: LY2835219




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Abemaciclib Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) for Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    The maximum dose of abemaciclib tolerated in participants with newly diagnosed diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG).

  2. Abemaciclib Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) for Recurrent/Refractory Solid Tumors [ Time Frame: Week 6 ]
    The maximum dose of abemaciclib in participants with recurrent/refractory solid tumors, including malignant tumors of the brain and spine.

  3. Pharmacokinetics (PK): Predose Concentration (Cmin) of Abemaciclib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 to End of Study (up to two years) ]
  4. Pharmacokinetics (PK): Maximum Concentration (Cmax) of Abemaciclib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 to End of Study (up to two years) ]
  5. Pharmacokinetics (PK): Area Under the Concentration Time Curve (AUC) of Abemaciclib [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 to End of Study (up to two years) ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of participants with adverse events [ Time Frame: End of study (Up to two years) ]
    The number of participants who experience adverse events.

  2. Number of hematological toxicities [ Time Frame: End of study (Up to two years) ]
    The number of hematological toxicities observed throughout the study among participants.

  3. Number of non-hematological toxicities [ Time Frame: End of study (Up to two years) ]
    The number of non-hematological toxicities observed throughout the study among participants.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 25 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria for All Participants:

  • Patient must have measurable or evaluable disease.
  • Age must be ≥ 2 years and < 25 years
  • Body surface area (BSA) ≥ 0.5 m^2
  • Lansky (for participants ≤ 16 years) or Karnofsky (for participants > 16 years) performance score ≥ 40 at the time of study enrollment
  • Adequate organ function at the time of study enrollment as follows:

    • Bone marrow: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,000/μL, platelet count ≥ 75,000/μL (transfusion independent for ≥ 7 days), hemoglobin concentration ≥ 8g/dL (may be transfused)
    • Patients with bone marrow metastatic disease who do not meet the above criteria will be eligible to enroll in the study with the following count criteria. These patients will not be evaluable for hematologic toxicity or hematologic DLT.

      • ANC > 750/μL within 7 days prior to first dose of abemaciclib
      • Platelet count > 50,000/μL (may receive platelet transfusions) within 7 days prior to first dose of abemaciclib
      • Hemoglobin ≥ 7.5 g/dL (may receive red blood cell (RBC) transfusions) within 7 days prior to first dose of abemaciclib
    • Renal: Normal serum creatinine concentration based on age or glomerular filtration rate (GFR) > 70 ml/min/1.73m^2
    • Hepatic: Total bilirubin concentration < 1.5x the institutional upper limit of normal for age; serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) < 10x the institutional upper limit of normal for patients on Stratum A. Stratum B patients must have SGPT < 4x the institutional upper limit of normal.
    • Cardiac: Adequate cardiac conductivity with corrected Q-T interval (QTC) of < 450 ms on screening ECG.
  • Female research participants of childbearing age must not be pregnant as confirmed by a serum or urine pregnancy test within 1 week of start of treatment. Participants must not be breast-feeding.
  • All patients should submit an archival tumor biopsy specimen (collected at diagnosis or relapse). Patients who have no tumor tissue available may be permitted to participate after discussion with the principal investigator.
  • Males or females of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to use two effective contraceptive methods. Abstinence in a non-sexually active child will be sufficient birth control.

Inclusion Criteria for Stratum A (Newly Diagnosed DIPG)

  • Diagnosis of DIPG or high-grade glioma originating from the brainstem
  • Participants have had no previous treatment except corticosteroid use.

Inclusion Criteria for Stratum B (Recurrent/refractory/progressive MBT (including DIPG) or ST)

  • Patients must have radiologic evidence of recurrent, refractory or progressive malignant central nervous system (WHO Grade III or IV) or solid tumor. For patients with radiologic features of DIPG histologic confirmation of diagnosis is not required though biopsy is suggested if clinically indicated.
  • Patients with neurological deficits should have deficits that are stable for a minimum of 1 week prior to registration.
  • Patients who are on dexamethasone must be on a stable or decreasing dose for at least one week prior to registration.
  • Patients must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study.
  • Myelosuppressive chemotherapy: Patients must have received their last dose of known myelosuppressive anticancer chemotherapy at least 21 days prior to study registration or at least six weeks if nitrosourea. At least two weeks must have lapsed if patients received lower dose oral etoposide (50 mg/2) without experiencing evidence of myelosuppression (i.e. neutropenia or requiring transfusion with blood products)
  • Biologic agent: Patient must have recovered from any toxicity potentially related to the agent and received their last dose of the biologic agent ≥ 7 days prior to study registration.
  • Monoclonal antibody treatment: At least three half-lives must have elapsed prior to registration.
  • Radiation: Patient has received radiation therapy prior to study registration. Patients must have had their last fraction of local irradiation to the primary tumor ≥ 3 months prior to registration, their last fraction of craniospinal irradiation (>24Gy) or total body irradiation > 3 months prior to registration or > 6 wks for therapeutic doses of metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG). Patient has not received focal irradiation for symptomatic metastatic sites within 14 days prior to registration.
  • Bone Marrow Transplant: Patient must be ≥ 3 months since high dose chemotherapy and peripheral blood stem cell rescue prior to registration.
  • Autologous stem cell transplant following myeloablative therapy within 3 months prior to the first dose of abemaciclib or prior allogeneic stem cell transplant at any time. Patients who received stem cell reinfusion following non-myeloablative therapy are eligible once they meet peripheral blood count criteria.
  • Growth factors: Patients must be off all colony forming growth factors(s) for at least 1 week prior to registration (filgrastim, sargramostim, erythropoietin) and at least 2 weeks for long-acting formulations (e.g. Neulasta).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with uncontrolled infection
  • Patients with any concomitant significant medical illness that in the investigator's opinion cannot be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy, or that would impair the evaluation of side effects related to this treatment, alter drug metabolism or the tolerance to this treatment
  • Patients receiving any other anticancer or investigational drug therapy
  • Prior therapy with abemaciclib
  • Known mutation of Rb in tumor tissue
  • Prior history of QTC prolongation or QTC>450 ms on screening ECG.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02644460


Contacts
Contact: Amy Autry-Bush 404-785-6011 amy.autry-bush@choa.org
Contact: Chanta Whitlow 4047850696 chanta.whitlow@choa.org

Locations
United States, Arizona
Phoenix Children's Hospital Recruiting
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85016
Contact: Cynthia Wetmore, MD, PhD    602-933-0920    cwetmore@phoenixchildrens.com   
United States, Colorado
Children's Hospital colorado Recruiting
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
Contact: Astrid Eder, PhD, CCRP    720-777-8531    astrid.eder@childrenscolorado.org   
Principal Investigator: Margaret Macy, MD         
United States, Georgia
Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Egleston Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
Contact: Amy Autry-Bush    404-785-6011    amy.autry-bush@choa.org   
Principal Investigator: Cynthia Wetmore, MD, PhD         
Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Scottish Rite Recruiting
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342
Contact: Amy Autry-Bush    404-785-6011    amy.autry-bush@choa.org   
Principal Investigator: Cynthia Wetmore, MD, PhD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Emory University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Cynthia Wetmore, MD, PhD Children's Healthcare of Atlanta/Emory University

Responsible Party: Cynthia Wetmore, Professor, Emory University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02644460     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00083793
First Posted: December 31, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 26, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms
Glioma
Brain Neoplasms
Neuroblastoma
Osteosarcoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma
Sarcoma, Ewing
Rhabdoid Tumor
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Sarcoma
Myosarcoma
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed