Incisional Negative Pressure Wound Therapy for Preoperatively Irradiated Lower Extremity Soft Tissue Sarcoma Wounds
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02638298|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 23, 2015
Last Update Posted : May 7, 2018
This is a study comparing two methods of dressing a post operative wound that are currently in practice. One method is a traditional dry gauze dressing. The other method is using a negative pressure dressing that provides gentle suction on the wound.
The investigators will attempt to determine how well the use of post-operative negative pressure dressing reduces wound healing problems in patients who have surgery after radiation for a sarcoma in the thigh or leg.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Sarcoma Cancer Infectious Disease||Device: Prevana Dressing Other: Standard Dry Gauze Dressing||Not Applicable|
Postoperative surgical site infections pose a significant challenge to the orthopaedic oncologist, especially in wounds that have been previously irradiated with neo adjuvant external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). There are many studies demonstrating the relatively high risk of wound complications after lower extremity sarcoma resection. Published data suggest that these preoperatively radiated wounds have a postoperative infection rate of 17%-44% with "traditional" dressings (e.g. dry gauze surgical dressings).
A prospective series of 190 patients and showed a wound complication risk of 35% in preoperative irradiated wounds. The morbidity associated with wound complications can range from moderate (prolonged dressing changes) to severe (life or limb threatening infection). Patients who develop wound complications have been shown to longer hospitalizations and higher costs [ref]. Anatomic location of the tumor has been shown to be a risk factor for the development of wound complications with lower extremities being higher risk than upper extremities. There are several published studies examining the effect of negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) on high risk surgical wounds. Abdominal wound complications can be reduced with the use of incisional NPWT. In the orthopaedic literature the use of negative pressure incisional dressings have been shown to lower the risk of wound complications in total hip arthroplasty, acetabular fractures, and extremity fractures.
To our knowledge, there have not been any published studies on the utility of negative pressure wound therapy in previously irradiated soft tissue sarcoma wounds. The investigators feel that this high risk patient cohort could potentially benefit from reducing wound complications through NPWT and is an ideal population to study its effect.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||30 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Incisional Negative Pressure Wound Therapy for Preoperatively Irradiated Lower Extremity Soft Tissue Sarcoma Wounds. A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial|
|Study Start Date :||December 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2020|
|Experimental: NPWT dressing||
Device: Prevana Dressing
negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) dressing
|Placebo Comparator: Standard dry gauze dressing||
Other: Standard Dry Gauze Dressing
Standard Dry Gauze Dressing
- Wound Complication Rate [ Time Frame: longitudinally up to 6 months postoperatively ]To estimate the wound complication rate of post-operative negative pressure dressings and traditional dry dressings, and risk of secondary interventions after resection of soft tissue sarcoma in lower extremities that have received pre-operative radiation.
- Total Costs [ Time Frame: 6 months ]To estimate the on total cost of care and resource utilization in patients treated with negative pressure wound therapy and traditional dry dressings.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02638298
|Contact: Monica E Baczko, MPAemail@example.com|
|United States, South Carolina|
|Medical University of South Carolina||Recruiting|
|Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425|
|Contact: Monica E Baczko, MPA 843-792-8169 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Lee R Leddy, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Lee R Leddy, MD||Medical University of South Carolins|