A Pilot Study of Dexmedetomidine-Propofol in Children Undergoing Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02633241|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : December 17, 2015
Last Update Posted : April 26, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Epilepsy Cerebral Palsy Developmental Delay||Drug: Dexmedetomidine-Propofol||Phase 4|
A recent publication in the New England Journal of Medicine highlighted the accumulating evidence for neurotoxic effects of anesthetics in animal models and a collection of epidemiologic studies in humans. Recent studies of anesthesia in fetal and neonatal primates are yielding more evidence of neurotoxicity associated with many common anesthesia and sedation techniques (e.g. propofol, etomidate, sevoflurane, desflurane and isoflurane). On the other hand, the data suggests that some alternative sedative agents, such as Dexmedetomidine, may not have the same neurotoxic effect.
Children routinely undergo sedation for MRI scanning with large doses of propofol and other sedatives. Many of these scans occur at young ages when these children may be at risk of neurological injury from sedative exposure. In addition, these scans do not involve any stimulation - which could be protective against neurodegeneration.
The investigators propose a pilot study to determine if a standard bolus dose and infusion of dexmedetomidine can significantly decrease the dose of propofol (infusion) required for accomplishing an MRI. Based on previous work with the combination of propofol with dexmedetomidine for other procedures, we propose a standard dose of dexmedetomidine (1 mcg/kg bolus followed by an infusion at 1mcg/kg/hour). The investigators will augment this sedation with propofol (1mg/kg followed by 100mcg/kg/min infusion).
The investigators hypothesize that the use of low dose propofol with dexmedetomidine will be effective undergoing MRI while sparing exposure to the high dose of the sedative.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||30 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Primary Purpose:||Health Services Research|
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study of Dexmedetomidine-Propofol in Children Undergoing Magnetic Resonance Imaging|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 2, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 20, 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 2018|
Patients in this cohort will receive a combination of Dexmedetomidine 1mcg/kg and Propofol100mcg/kg/minute to accomplish an MRI examination.
First, the investigators will administer dexmedetomidine 1mcg/kg over 5 minutes. Next, the investigators will begin an infusion at 1mcg/kg/hour. At the 5 minute point, propofol will be given (2mg/kg bolus followed by 100mcg/kg/min infusion). The attending clinician will determine whether or not the child is in an adequate state to begin the MRI scan. If the sedative effect of the dexmedetomidine-propofol does not produce a sufficiently sedated state within 10 minutes, a repeat bolus of propofol 2mg/kg will be administered. The dose of Dexmedetomidine will not be changed. The dose will be repeated if the child is not adequately sedated in 2 more minutes. At this time infusion rate of propofol will be increased to 200 mcg/kg/minute. If the child is not sedated in 5 more minutes, the outcome will be recorded as a technique failure and sedation will continue at the discretion of the anesthesiologist.
- Dosage/consumption [ Time Frame: Through the completion of the study, up to 1 year ]
- Incidence of patient movement and MRI interruption [ Time Frame: Through the completion of the study, up to 1 year ]
- Incidence of adverse events [ Time Frame: Through the completion of the study, up to 1 year ]arterial desaturation, airway obstruction, hypotension and bradycardia
- Case Times [ Time Frame: Through the completion of the study, up to 1 year ]Time of initiation of Dexmedetomidine infusion, time participant meets sedation criteria for MRI scan, start and stop times of infusions of dexmedetomidine and propofol, arrival and exit time in MRI suite, time participant wakes up in Post Anesthesia Care Unit (eye opening), time participant is fully responsive, time participant is "ready for Post Anesthesia Care Unit discharge". All times are recorded in the 24-hour notation.
- Incidence of technique failure [ Time Frame: Through the completion of the study, up to 1 year ]lack of adequate sedation for MRI scan in spite of the sedation as described above
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02633241
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Boston Children's Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Principal Investigator:||Joseph Cravero, MD||Boston Children’s Hospital|