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ACY-1215 + Nab-paclitaxel in Metastatic Breast Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02632071
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 16, 2015
Last Update Posted : February 13, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Acetylon Pharmaceuticals Incorporated
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kevin Kalinsky, Columbia University

Brief Summary:
This is a non-randomized phase 1 trial designed to determine the MTD and evaluate the safety and tolerability of ACY-1215 with nab-paclitaxel. Based on the activity profile of ACY-1215 in breast cancer, corresponding biomarker availability with the HDAC6 MR score, and its potential synergy with taxanes, these data support the rationale for testing the ability of ACY-1215 to improve the response rate for patients with metastatic breast cancer in combination with standard taxane chemotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Breast Cancer Breast Carcinoma Drug: ACY-1215 Drug: Nab-paclitaxel Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Breast cancer is the most common female cancer and the second most common cause of death in women. Women with hormone receptor-negative tumors that are associated with symptomatic visceral metastases, or hormone receptor-positive tumors that are refractory to endocrine therapy require cytotoxic chemotherapy for disease control. The standard of care for patients with metastatic breast cancer includes single agent taxane-based chemotherapy. Combination chemotherapy generally provides higher rates of objective response and longer time to progression, compared to single-agent chemotherapy. However, it is associated with increased toxicity and is of little survival benefit. There remains an unmet need for combination regimens incorporating new, effective and oftentimes less toxic targeted agents together with standard chemotherapy.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multi-center Phase IB Trial of ACY-1215 (Ricolinostat) Combined With Nab-paclitaxel in Unresectable or Metastatic Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : February 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer
Drug Information available for: Paclitaxel

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: 80 mg
Subject will receive ACY-1215 (ricolinostat) orally once daily for 21 consecutive days (Day 1 to Day 21) at the assigned dose, followed by a 7-day non-dosing period (Day 22 to Day 28). 100 mg/m2 Nab-paclitaxel will be administered intravenously on Days 1, 8, and 15.
Drug: ACY-1215
An orally active, selective HDAC6 inhibitor. Assigned dosing 80 mg, 120 mg, 180 mg, 240 mg PO, once daily Days 1-21 in a 28-day cycle
Other Name: Ricolinostat

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel

Taxanes are among the most widely used chemotherapy agents in the treatment of breast cancer.

100 mg/m2 30 minute IV infusion Days 1, 8, and 15 in a 28-day cycle

Other Name: Abraxane

Active Comparator: 120 mg
Subject will receive ACY-1215 (ricolinostat) orally once daily for 21 consecutive days (Day 1 to Day 21) at the assigned dose, followed by a 7-day non-dosing period (Day 22 to Day 28). 100 mg/m2 Nab-paclitaxel will be administered intravenously on Days 1, 8, and 15.
Drug: ACY-1215
An orally active, selective HDAC6 inhibitor. Assigned dosing 80 mg, 120 mg, 180 mg, 240 mg PO, once daily Days 1-21 in a 28-day cycle
Other Name: Ricolinostat

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel

Taxanes are among the most widely used chemotherapy agents in the treatment of breast cancer.

100 mg/m2 30 minute IV infusion Days 1, 8, and 15 in a 28-day cycle

Other Name: Abraxane

Active Comparator: 180 mg
Subject will receive ACY-1215 (ricolinostat) orally once daily for 21 consecutive days (Day 1 to Day 21) at the assigned dose, followed by a 7-day non-dosing period (Day 22 to Day 28). 100 mg/m2 Nab-paclitaxel will be administered intravenously on Days 1, 8, and 15.
Drug: ACY-1215
An orally active, selective HDAC6 inhibitor. Assigned dosing 80 mg, 120 mg, 180 mg, 240 mg PO, once daily Days 1-21 in a 28-day cycle
Other Name: Ricolinostat

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel

Taxanes are among the most widely used chemotherapy agents in the treatment of breast cancer.

100 mg/m2 30 minute IV infusion Days 1, 8, and 15 in a 28-day cycle

Other Name: Abraxane

Active Comparator: 240 mg
Subject will receive ACY-1215 (ricolinostat) orally once daily for 21 consecutive days (Day 1 to Day 21) at the assigned dose, followed by a 7-day non-dosing period (Day 22 to Day 28). 100 mg/m2 Nab-paclitaxel will be administered intravenously on Days 1, 8, and 15.
Drug: ACY-1215
An orally active, selective HDAC6 inhibitor. Assigned dosing 80 mg, 120 mg, 180 mg, 240 mg PO, once daily Days 1-21 in a 28-day cycle
Other Name: Ricolinostat

Drug: Nab-paclitaxel

Taxanes are among the most widely used chemotherapy agents in the treatment of breast cancer.

100 mg/m2 30 minute IV infusion Days 1, 8, and 15 in a 28-day cycle

Other Name: Abraxane




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of ACY-1215 (Ricolinostat) [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) combination is defined as the dose combination associated with a target probability of dose limiting toxicity (DLT) of 0.25. A dose-limiting toxicity is defined as the MTD with DLTs defined as any grade 3 non-hematologic toxicities despite maximal supportive care or any grade 4 hematologic toxicity. The MTD will be estimated using the time to event continual reassessment method (TITE-CRM). The TITE-CRM will use an empirical dose-toxicity model, with a sample size of 24. The dose-toxicity model is calibrated such that the method will eventually select a dose that yields between 17% and 33% DLT, which will be the recommended phase II dose (RP2D).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of adverse events related to ACY-1215 (Ricolinostat) [ Time Frame: up to 14 days following the last administration of study treatment ]
    All patients will be evaluable for toxicity from the time of their first treatment with the study drug. Toxicities will be graded based upon CTCAE v4.0.2.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects have histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast -- all breast cancer subtypes are allowed.
  2. Unresectable or metastatic breast cancer. Locally recurrent disease must not be amenable to any local treatment with curative intent. Metastatic disease must be demonstrated either radiographically or histologically.
  3. Patients may have measurable disease only, non-measurable disease only, or both (RECIST 1.1).
  4. ECOG performance status of 0-1.
  5. Must have recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior therapy prior to registration for this study to grade 1 or less.
  6. Women and men of all races and ethnic groups are eligible for this trial.
  7. Minimum number of prior treatments required given standard nab-paclitaxel dosing:

    • If HER2 negative: none
    • If HER2 positive: two prior regimens containing HER2 targeted therapies in the inoperable locally advanced and/or metastatic setting. Prior therapy for inoperable locally advanced/metastatic disease should include trastuzumab plus pertuzumab as well as ado-trastuzumab. Pertuzumab and ado-trastuzumab must have been previously used, unless for reasons that include, but are not limited, to the following: intolerance to pertuzumab and/or ado-trastuzumab, medical contraindication, regimen declined by patient, treating investigator discretion, or medical insurance coverage issues which prevented administration of pertuzumab or ado-trastuzumab. These reasons must be reviewed with the study chairs and documented in the medical record and care report form. Patients who relapse within 12 months of completing neoadjuvant/adjuvant pertuzumab or ado-trastuzumab would be considered as having progressed on that regimen.

    There is no maximum number of prior treatments allowed in the metastatic setting.

  8. Age >18 years. Because breast carcinoma is a disease of adults that rarely occurs in children, children are excluded from this study.
  9. Patients must have normal organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • leukocytes ≥3,000/mcL
    • absolute neutrophil count ≥1,500/mcL
    • platelets ≥100,000/mcL
    • hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL
    • total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × the upper limit of normal
    • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) ≤2.5 × institutional upper limit of normal
    • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × the upper limit of normal or calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min
  10. Subject is capable of understanding the informed consent process.
  11. The effects of ACY-1215 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason and because the effects of chemotherapy are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 2 weeks after completion of ACY-1215 administration.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients who have had chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 2 weeks earlier. Concomitant treatment with bone-targeted therapies such as RANKL inhibitors or bisphosphonates is allowed.
  2. Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents concurrently or have received investigational agents within 2 weeks or 5 half-lives of the compound or active metabolites, whichever is longer before the first dose of the study treatment.
  3. Patients who have received HDAC inhibitors (including valproic acid, entinostat, vorinostat) are excluded
  4. Subject is pregnant or nursing. Pregnant women are excluded from this study because ACY-1215 is an investigational therapy with unknown potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with ACY-1215, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with ACY-1215.
  5. Symptomatic or unstable brain metastases. (Note: Asymptomatic patients with metastatic brain disease who have been on a stable dose of corticosteroids for treatment of brain metastases for at least 14 days prior to registration are eligible to participate in the study).
  6. HIV+ with a CD4 count <200 are ineligible because these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy. Appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy when indicated.
  7. Patients receiving any medications or substances that are strong inhibitors of CYP450 3A4 isoenzyme.
  8. History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to nab-paclitaxel.
  9. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  10. Corrected QT interval (QTc) value > 480 msec at screening; family or personal history of long QTc syndrome or ventricular arrhythmias including ventricular bigeminy at screening; previous history of drug-induced QTc prolongation or the need for treatment with medications known or suspected of producing prolonged QTc intervals on electrocardiogram (EKG). If QTc prolongation on screening ECG is felt to be related to electrolyte imbalance, an EKG can be repeated after correction of electrolytes.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02632071


Contacts
Contact: Kevin Kalinsky, MD, MS 212-305-1945 KK2693@cumc.columbia.edu

Locations
United States, New York
Columbia University Medical Center Recruiting
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Contact: Kevin Kalinsky, MD, MS    212-305-1945    KK2693@cumc.columbia.edu   
Principal Investigator: Kevin Kalinsky, MD, MS         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kevin Kalinsky
Acetylon Pharmaceuticals Incorporated
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Kevin Kalinsky, MD, MS Columbia University

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Kevin Kalinsky, Assistant Professor, Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02632071     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AAAQ3709
5U01CA168426 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 16, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 13, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

Keywords provided by Kevin Kalinsky, Columbia University:
Breast Cancer
Breast Carcinoma
Breast tumors
Cancer of the Breast
Malignant tumor of the breast
Metastatic Breast Cancer
Unresectable breast cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action