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Nivolumab in Treating Patients With HTLV-Associated T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02631746
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 16, 2015
Results First Posted : March 1, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 11, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well nivolumab works in treating patients with human T-cell leukemia virus (HTLV)-associated T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. Nivolumab is an antibody, which is a type of blood protein that tags infected cells and other harmful agents. Nivolumab works against a protein called programmed cell death (PD)-1 and may help the body destroy cancer cells by helping the immune system to keep fighting cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Chronic Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma HTLV-1 Infection Lymphomatous Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Smoldering Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Biological: Nivolumab Other: Pharmacogenomic Study Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the safety and tolerability of nivolumab for patients with HTLV-associated adult T-cell leukemia lymphoma (ATLL).

II. To determine the efficacy of nivolumab for patients with HTLV-associated ATLL.


I. To determine effects of nivolumab on HTLV-1 proviral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) loads.

II. To determine the effects of nivolumab on anti-HTLV-1 and anti-ATLL immune responses.

III. To determine effects of nivolumab on HTLV-1 integration site clonality.


Patients receive nivolumab intravenously (IV) over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 46 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Nivolumab for HTLV-Associated Adult T Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
Actual Study Start Date : February 21, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 30, 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (nivolumab)
Patients receive nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 14 days for 46 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Other: Pharmacogenomic Study
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of Adverse Events of Nivolumab, Graded According to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 4.0 [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Toxicity by grade will be summarized using descriptive statistics. The incidence of toxicities will be estimated using the binomial proportion and its 90% confidence interval.

  2. Tumor Response, Evaluated Using the New International Criteria Proposed by the Revised Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors Guideline (Version 1.1) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Summarized using descriptive statistics. Binomial proportions and their 90% confidence intervals will be used to estimate the response rates of therapy.

  3. Duration of Response [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Summarized using descriptive statistics. Binomial proportions and their 90% confidence intervals will be used to estimate the response rates of therapy. The Kaplan-Meier method will be used to evaluate the response duration.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Effects of Treatment [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Analysis of variance methods will be used to evaluate the effects of treatment.

  2. Time on the Viral Load Measurements [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Analysis of variance methods will be used to evaluate the effects of treatment and time on the viral load measurements, as well as measurements of viral transcripts. A proportional hazards analysis with viral load measures as time dependent covariates will be used to evaluate the effects of these measures on duration of response.

  3. HTLV-1 Clonality [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Measured from peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples.

  4. HTLV-1 Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes (CTLs) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Measured from PBMC samples.

  5. Immune Cell Numbers [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Measured from blood and tissue samples.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with any stage of pathologically confirmed cluster of differentiation (CD)3+ acute, lymphoma, chronic, or smoldering subtypes of ATLL
  • Documentation of HTLV infection (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay [ELISA]) in individual with confirmation of HTLV-1 infection (by immunoblot or polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) or a consistent clinical picture (including two of the following: 1) CD4+ leukemia or lymphoma, 2) hypercalcemia, and/or 3) Japanese, Caribbean or South American birthplace)
  • Patients with acute or lymphoma forms must have received at least one cycle of combination chemotherapy (with or without mogamulizumab) or interferon (with or without zidovudine and/or arsenic); individuals with chronic or smoldering acute T-cell lymphoma (ATL) are not required to have had prior treatment or could have received any number of previous courses of therapy
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Life expectancy > 12 weeks
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; or abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; women should continue birth control for 23 weeks after stopping nivolumab, and men should continue birth control for 31 weeks after stopping nivolumab; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 31 weeks after completion of nivolumab administration
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to nivolumab
  • Prior allogeneic transplantation
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Any condition requiring > 10 mg/d prednisone equivalents
  • Current or prior HTLV-1 associated inflammatory diseases, including but not limited to myelopathy, uveitis, arthropathy, pneumonitis, or a Sjogren's disease-like disorder
  • Prior treatment with anti-PD-1, anti-programmed death-ligand (PD-L)1, anti-PD-L2 antibody
  • Grade 2 or greater toxicity from prior therapy
  • Grade 2 or greater diarrhea
  • Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids, should be excluded; these include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue diseases, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded; patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible; patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies (other than HTLV-associated arthropathy), and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible; patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating event)
  • Patients who have had evidence of active or acute diverticulitis, intra-abdominal abscess, gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction and abdominal carcinomatosis which are known risk factors for bowel perforation should be evaluated for the potential need for additional treatment before coming on study
  • Patients who have hepatitis C (both reactive anti-hepatitis C virus [HCV] antibody and detectable HCV RNA) and hepatitis B (hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] positive and anti-hepatitis B core [HBc]-total positive), may be enrolled, provided their total bilirubin: =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) AST (SGOT)/ALT (SGPT): =< 2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Patients with concurrent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may be enrolled if compliant with 3 or more drug anti-retroviral regimen and virus load less than 50 copies/ml and CD4 count greater than 250 cells/ml, and no concurrent opportunistic infection or other malignancy
  • Any other prior malignancy from which the patient has been disease free for less than 3 years, with the exception of adequately treated and cured basal or squamous cell skin cancer, superficial bladder cancer, carcinoma in situ of any site or any other cancer
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with nivolumab

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02631746

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United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
NCI - Center for Cancer Research
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New York
Montefiore Medical Center-Einstein Campus
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Montefiore Medical Center - Moses Campus
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Lee Ratner Duke University - Duke Cancer Institute LAO
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02631746    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2015-02126
NCI-2015-02126 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
9925 ( Other Identifier: Duke University - Duke Cancer Institute LAO )
9925 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
UM1CA186704 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 16, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 1, 2019
Last Update Posted: December 11, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HTLV-I Infections
Leukemia, T-Cell
Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Deltaretrovirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action