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Efficacy and Safety of 2 Dose Regimens of TEV-48125 Versus Placebo for the Preventive Treatment of Episodic Migraine

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02629861
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 14, 2015
Results First Posted : November 8, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 8, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products, R&D Inc. )

Brief Summary:
The study is being conducted to evaluate two doses of TEV-48125 in adult patients with episodic migraine

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Migraine Drug: Fremanezumab Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 875 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel-Group Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of 2 Dose Regimens of Subcutaneous Administration of Fremanezumab (TEV-48125) vs Placebo for the Preventive Treatment of Episodic Migraine
Actual Study Start Date : March 23, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 10, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : April 10, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Migraine
Drug Information available for: Calcitonin

Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Matching Placebo
Drug: Placebo
Placebo 1.5 mL pre-filled syringes identical in appearance to active intervention. Study drug was administered at the clinical site.

Experimental: Fremanezumab 675 mg/placebo/placebo
Participants randomized to receive fremanezumab 675 mg/placebo/placebo received 675 mg of fremanezumab as 3 injections (225 mg/1.5 mL) on Day 0, and placebo as a single 1.5-mL injection on Days 28 and 56.
Drug: Fremanezumab

Fremanezumab was provided as a sterile, unpreserved, aqueous solution for injection, 225 mg/1.5 mL pre-filled syringe for single-use administration.

The 675 mg dose was given as 3 injections; doses of 225 mg were given as a single injection. Study drug was administered at the clinical site.

Other Name: TEV-48125, anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide (anti-CGRP)

Drug: Placebo
Placebo 1.5 mL pre-filled syringes identical in appearance to active intervention. Study drug was administered at the clinical site.

Experimental: Fremanezumab 225/225/225 mg
Participants randomized to receive fremanezumab 225/225/225 mg received 1 active injection (225 mg/1.5 mL) on Days 0, 28 and 56.
Drug: Fremanezumab

Fremanezumab was provided as a sterile, unpreserved, aqueous solution for injection, 225 mg/1.5 mL pre-filled syringe for single-use administration.

The 675 mg dose was given as 3 injections; doses of 225 mg were given as a single injection. Study drug was administered at the clinical site.

Other Name: TEV-48125, anti-calcitonin gene-related peptide (anti-CGRP)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in the Monthly Average Number of Migraine Days During the 12-Week Period After the First Dose of Study Drug [ Time Frame: Baseline (Days -28 to Day -1), Treatment (Days 1 - Week 12) ]
    A migraine day was defined as when at least 1 of the following situations occurred: - a calendar day (0:00 to 23:59) demonstrating at least 4 consecutive hours of a headache endorsing criteria for migraine with or without aura - a calendar day (0:00 to 23:59) demonstrating at least 4 consecutive hours of a headache endorsing criteria for probable migraine, a migraine subtype where only 1 migraine criterion is missing - a calendar day (0:00 to 23:59) demonstrating a headache of any duration that was treated with migraine-specific medications (triptans and ergot compounds) Monthly averages are derived and normalized to 28 days equivalent by the following formula: (# days of efficacy variable over relevant period / # days with assessments recorded in the e-diary over the relevant period) * 28. The change is calculated as postbaseline value - baseline value.

  2. Participants With Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week 12 ]
    An adverse event was defined as any untoward medical occurrence that develops or worsens in severity during the conduct of a clinical study and does not necessarily have a causal relationship to the study drug. Severity was rated by the investigator on a scale of mild, moderate and severe, with severe= an AE which prevents usual activities. Relationship of AE to treatment was determined by the investigator. Serious AEs include death, a life-threatening adverse event, inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, persistent or significant disability or incapacity, a congenital anomaly or birth defect, OR an important medical event that jeopardized the patient and required medical intervention to prevent the previously listed serious outcomes.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With At Least 50% Reduction In Monthly Average Number of Migraine Days During the 12-Week Period After the First Dose of Study Drug [ Time Frame: Baseline (Days -28 to Day -1), Treatment Month 1, Month 2, Month 3, Month 1-3 (Days 1 - Week 12) ]
    Responder rates were defined as the percentage of total subjects who reached at least a 50% reduction in the monthly average of headache days (as subjectively reported by participants in the study diary) of at least moderate severity relative to the baseline period. For the overall analysis (Month 1-3), patients who discontinued early were considered nonresponders. Monthly averages are derived and normalized to 28 days equivalent by the following formula: (# days of efficacy variable over relevant period / # days with assessments recorded in the e-diary over the relevant period) * 28. The percentage reduction in monthly average is calculated as: ((baseline value - postbaseline value) / baseline value) * 100

  2. Change From Baseline in the Monthly Average Number of Days of Use of Any Acute Headache Medicine During the 12 Week Period After the First Dose of Study Drug [ Time Frame: Baseline (Days -28 to Day -1), Treatment (Days 1 - Week 12) ]
    Patients recorded any migraine medications (name of drug, number of tablets/capsules, and the dose in milligrams per tablet/capsule) taken on each day in their electronic headache diary device. Acute migraine-specific medication included triptans or ergots. Monthly averages are derived and normalized to 28 days equivalent by the following formula: (# days of efficacy variable over relevant period / # days with assessments recorded in the e-diary over the relevant period) * 28. The change is calculated as postbaseline value - baseline value.

  3. Change From Baseline in the Number of Migraine Days During the 4 Week Period After the First Dose of Study Drug [ Time Frame: Baseline (Days -28 to Day -1), Treatment (Days 1 - Week 4) ]
    A migraine day was defined as when at least 1 of the following situations occurred: - a calendar day (0:00 to 23:59) demonstrating at least 4 consecutive hours of a headache endorsing criteria for migraine with or without aura - a calendar day (0:00 to 23:59) demonstrating at least 4 consecutive hours of a headache endorsing criteria for probable migraine, a migraine subtype where only 1 migraine criterion is missing - a calendar day (0:00 to 23:59) demonstrating a headache of any duration that was treated with migraine-specific medications (triptans and ergot compounds) Monthly averages are derived and normalized to 28 days equivalent by the following formula: (# days of efficacy variable over relevant period / # days with assessments recorded in the e-diary over the relevant period) * 28. The change is calculated as postbaseline value - baseline value.

  4. Change From Baseline in the Monthly Average Number of Migraine Days During the 12 Week Period After the First Dose of Study Medication in Patients Not Receiving Concomitant Preventive Migraine Medications [ Time Frame: Baseline (Days -28 to Day -1), Treatment (Days 1 - Week 12) ]
    A subset of patients (specified in the protocol not to exceed 30%) were allowed to use 1 concomitant migraine preventive medication. This outcome only includes those participants who did not take concomitant preventive migraine medication during this study. A migraine day has been previously defined. Monthly averages are derived and normalized to 28 days equivalent by the following formula: (# days of efficacy variable over relevant period / # days with assessments recorded in the e-diary over the relevant period) * 28. The change is calculated as postbaseline value - baseline value.

  5. Change From Baseline in Migraine-Related Disability Score (MIDAS), As Measured by the Migraine Disability Assessment At 4 Weeks After the Last (3rd) Dose of Study Drug [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0), Treatment Week 12 (4 weeks after the 3rd dose) ]
    The MIDAS questionnaire is a 5-item instrument developed to assess headache-related disability based on lost days of activity in 3 domains (work, household work, and nonwork) over the previous 3 months. The total score, ie, the sum of the # lost days answered for the first 5 questions, is used for grading of disability, with scores of 0-5 lost days = grade 1 (little or no disability), 6-10 lost days =grade 2 (mild disability), 11-20 lost days = grade 3 (moderate disability), and ≥21 lost days interpreted as grade 4 (severe disability). Negative change from baseline scores indicate a reduction (improvement) in headache-related disability.

  6. Electrocardiogram Finding Shifts From Baseline to Overall [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0), Treatment Week 12 (or early withdrawal) ]
    12-lead ECGs were performed before other assessments (eg, blood draws and administration of questionnaires) and performed in triplicate. The worst post-baseline finding for the patient is summarized. Only patients with both baseline and post-baseline ECGs are included. The ECG was evaluated by the investigator at the time of recording (signed and dated), and the printout was kept in the source documentation file. When potentially clinically significant findings were detected by the investigator, a cardiologist at a central diagnostic center was consulted for a definitive interpretation. Any ECG finding that was judged by the investigator as a potentially clinically significant change (worsening) compared with a baseline value was considered an adverse event. - NCS = abnormal, not clinically significant - CS = abnormal, clinically significant Shift format is: baseline finding / worst post-baseline finding

  7. Participants With Vital Signs Potentially Clinically Significant Abnormal Values [ Time Frame: Treatment Days 28, 56 and 84. Changes from previous reading may reflect the baseline reading performed on Day 0. ]
    Vital signs were performed before other assessments (eg, blood draws and administration of questionnaires). Vital signs with at least one participant showing potentially clinically significant abnormal findings included: - Pulse Rate Low: <=50 and decrease of >=15 beats per minute - Systolic Blood Pressure Low: <=90 mmHg and decrease of >=20 mmHg - Diastolic Blood Pressure High: >=105 mmHg and increase of >=15 mmHg - Diastolic Blood Pressure Low: <=50 mmHg and decrease of >=15 mmHg - Respiratory Rate Low: <10 breaths / minute

  8. Participants With Serum Chemistry and Hematology Potentially Clinically Significant Abnormal Results [ Time Frame: Treatment Days 28, 56 and 84 (or early withdrawal) ]
    Serum chemistry and hematology laboratory tests with potentially clinically significant abnormal findings included: - Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) High: >=10.71 mmol/L - Bilirubin High: >=34.2 umol/L - Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT): >=3*upper limit of normal (ULN) - Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST): >=3*upper limit of normal (ULN) - Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT): >=3*upper limit of normal (ULN) - Hemoglobin: Male: <115 g/L or Female: <=95 g/L - Hematocrit: Male: <0.37 L/L or Female: <0.32 L/L - Leukocytes: >=20*10^9/L or <=3*10^9/L - Eosinophils/Leukocytes: >=10% - Platelets: >=700*10^9/L or <=75*10^9/L

  9. Participants With Urinalysis Laboratory Tests Potentially Clinically Significant Abnormal Results [ Time Frame: Treatment Days 28, 56 and 84. Changes from previous reading reflect the baseline reading performed on Day 0. ]
    Urinalysis with potentially clinically significant abnormal findings included: - Blood: >=2 unit increase from baseline - Urine Glucose (mg/dL): >=2 unit increase from baseline - Ketones (mg/dL): >=2 unit increase from baseline - Urine Protein (mg/dL): >=2 unit increase from baseline

  10. Prothrombin Time Shifts From Baseline to Endpoint [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day 0), Treatment Endpoint (Week 12) ]
    Shifts in prothrombin time from baseline to endpoint were summarized using patient counts grouped into three categories: - Low (below normal range) - Normal (within the normal range of 9.4 to 12.5 seconds) - High (above normal range) Shift format is: baseline finding / endpoint finding

  11. Injection Site Reaction Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week 12 ]
    Counts of participants who reported treatment-emergent injection site reactions as AEs are summarized. Preferred terms from MedDRA version 18.1 are offered without a threshold applied.

  12. Participants With Positive Electronic Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale Results After the First Dose of Study Drug [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Week 12 ]
    The electronic Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (eC-SSRS) was used to assess the patient's suicidal ideation (severity and intensity) and behavior (Posner et al 2011). The eC-SSRS Baseline/Screening version was completed by the patient at visit 2, and the eC-SSRS Since Last Visit version was completed by the patient at all other time points. Any positive findings on the eC-SSRS Since Last Visit version required evaluation by a physician or doctoral-level psychologist. Findings after the first dose of study drug using the eC-SSRS Since Last Visit version are summarized.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females aged 18 to 70 years, inclusive, with migraine onset at ≤50 years of age
  • Patient signs and dates the informed consent document
  • Patient has history of migraine according to International Classification of Headache Disorders, or clinical judgment suggests a migraine diagnosis
  • 85% e-diary compliance
  • Total body weight between 99 and 265 lbs, inclusive

    • Additional criteria apply, please contact the investigator for more information

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically significant hematological, cardiac, renal, endocrine, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, neurologic, hepatic, or ocular disease, at the discretion of the investigator
  • Evidence or medical history of clinically significant psychiatric issues, including any suicide attempt in the past, or suicidal ideation with a specific plan in the past 2 years
  • History of clinically significant cardiovascular disease or vascular ischemia (such as myocardial, neurological [eg, cerebral ischemia], peripheral extremity ischemia, or other ischemic event) or thromboembolic events (arterial or venous thrombotic or embolic events), such as cerebrovascular accident (including transient ischemic attacks), deep vein thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism
  • Known infection or history of human immunodeficiency virus, tuberculosis, or chronic hepatitis B or C infection
  • Past or current history of cancer in the last 5 years, except for appropriately treated nonmelanoma skin carcinoma
  • Pregnant or nursing females
  • History of hypersensitivity reactions to injected proteins, including monoclonal antibodies
  • Participation in a clinical study of a new chemical entity or a prescription medicine within 2 months or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer

    • Additional criteria apply, please contact the investigator for more information

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02629861


  Show 275 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products, R&D Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Teva Medical Expert, MD Teva Pharmaceuticals USA
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products, R&D Inc. ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] March 30, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 26, 2017


Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Teva Branded Pharmaceutical Products, R&D Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02629861     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: TV48125-CNS-30050
2015-004598-34 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 14, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 8, 2018
Last Update Posted: November 8, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Migraine Disorders
Headache Disorders, Primary
Headache Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide
Calcitonin
Vasodilator Agents
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs