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A Study to Evaluate the Anti-inflammatory Effects of Solithromycin in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02628769
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : December 11, 2015
Results First Posted : December 30, 2019
Last Update Posted : December 30, 2019
Melinta Therapeutics, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Imperial College London

Brief Summary:
This study examines the potential benefit of a new antibiotic, Solithromycin, for the long-term treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Solithromycin is hypothesised to work by reducing inflammation in the lungs of patients with COPD. Stable COPD patients will receive treatment with solithromycin for 28 days and comparisons will be made between any effects observed with Solithromycin and a placebo. This will include any changes in inflammatory proteins, lung function and reported symptoms.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Drug: Solithromycin Drug: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common and debilitating respiratory illness, that kills around 30,000 people annually in the UK. The primary risk factor is cigarette smoking, which causes inflammation in the air passages of the lungs. This inflammation is irreversible and results in progressive lung destruction. Currently, there are no effective anti-inflammatory medications available for COPD.

Inhalers remain the mainstay of regular treatment for COPD. Macrolide antibiotics however, are occasionally used as a supplementary treatment for some patients. They have been shown to be anti-inflammatory. However, concerns exist over the development of bacterial resistance to such antibiotics. Consequently they are not widely prescribed for COPD. Solithromycin is a new macrolide antibiotic, which has been shown to possess superior anti-inflammatory properties. Importantly, bacteria are far less likely to develop resistance to this new medication.

The current study will assess the effect of solithromycin as an anti-inflammatory treatment for COPD. 30 patients will be recruited to receive 28 days of treatment with solithromycin or placebo, followed by a 28 day wash out period (no study medication), before taking a further 28 days of treatment (the medication not taken first time around, i.e. either solithromycin or placebo). This study is a single-centre (Harefield Hospital), double-blind (study team and patient are not told what treatment they are taking), randomised (order in which solithromycin and placebo are taken), placebo-controlled and has a crossover design (subjects take both solithromycin and placebo separately). Sputum, blood and fluid from the nasal lining will be periodically sampled to examine any effect on the levels of inflammatory cells and proteins during the study. Any changes in lung function parameters or symptoms (COPD Assessment Test) will also be assessed.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single-center, Double-blind, Randomised, Placebo-controlled Crossover Study to Evaluate the Effect of Solithromycin on Airway Inflammation in Male and Female Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Actual Study Start Date : July 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 5, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : January 5, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: COPD Lung Diseases

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Solithromycin
28 day treatment of 400 mg Solithromycin taken once a day.
Drug: Solithromycin
Other Name: CEM-101

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
28 day treatment with placebo taken once per day.
Drug: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Sputum Neutrophils Per mL at 28 Days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    A number of sputum neutrophils per mL after treatment with solithromycin and placebo.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Concentrations of Sputum CXCL8 at 28 Days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    Concentrations of sputum CXCL8 after treatment with solithromycin and placebo.

  2. Concentrations of Sputum IL-6 Before and After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo at 28 Days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  3. Concentrations of Sputum MPO Before and After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo at 28 Days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  4. Concentrations of Sputum MMP-9 Before and After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo at 28 Days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  5. Concentrations of Sputum MCP-1 Before and After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  6. Concentrations of Sputum TNF-α Before and After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  7. Concentrations of CXCL8 in Nasal Lining Fluid With Solithromycin and Placebo at 28 Days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  8. FEV1 After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo at 28 Days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  9. R5-R20 After Treatment at 28 Days [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    R5-R20 assessed by impulse oscillometry after treatment with solithromycin and placebo.

  10. COPD Assessment Test (CAT) Scores [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

    COPD Assessment Test (CAT) scores after treatment with solithromycin and placebo.

    score of 0-40 to indicate the impact of the disease, the higher score better outcome

  11. The Number of Adult COPD Patients With Treatment-related Adverse Events, as Assessed by CTCAE v4.0. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Exploratory Outcome: Activity of HDAC2 in Sputum Macrophages From Patients, Before and After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  2. Exploratory Outcome: Activity of PI3K in Sputum Macrophages From Patients, Before and After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo. [ Time Frame: 84 days ]
  3. Exploratory Outcome: Activity of NF-κB in Sputum Macrophages From Patients, Before and After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  4. Exploratory Outcome: Levels of the Serum Biomarker C-reactive Protein Before and After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
  5. Exploratory Outcome: Levels of Serum Biomarkers Fibrinogen Before and After Treatment With Solithromycin and Placebo. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   45 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. History of cigarette smoking >10 pack-years.
  2. Post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC of <0.70 and FEV1 of 30-79% of predicted normal value.
  3. Patients on prescribed inhaled corticosteroids can be enrolled.
  4. Females of non-childbearing potential: surgically sterile (e.g. tubal ligation) or at least 2 years post-menopausal.
  5. Females of childbearing potential (including females less than 2 years post-menopausal) must have a negative pregnancy test at enrollment and must agree to use highly effective methods of birth control (i.e. diaphragm plus spermicide or male condom plus spermicide, oral contraceptive in combination with a second method, contraceptive implant, injectable contraceptive, indwelling intrauterine device, sexual abstinence, or a vasectomized partner) while participating in the study and for 30 days after the last dose of study drug.
  6. The patient must be willing and able to comply with all study visits and procedures.
  7. The patient must be a suitable candidate for oral therapy and be able to swallow capsules intact.
  8. The patient must provide written informed consent.
  9. No evidence of active bacterial infection in sputum by qPCR evaluation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Acute exacerbation of COPD within the previous 60 days or during the washout period of the study.
  2. Any condition that could possibly affect oral drug absorption, e.g. gastroenteritis, status post gastrectomy, status post bariatric surgery.
  3. Currently taking medication for HIV, chronic hepatitis B, or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.
  4. Currently taking theophylline or other xanthine medication.
  5. Currently taking warfarin.
  6. Known concomitant infection (pulmonary or otherwise) which would require additional systemic antibiotics.
  7. QTc greater than 450 msec for males or females as corrected by the Fridericia formula.
  8. Current use of drugs known to prolong the QT interval, including Class Ia (quinidine, procainamide) or Class III (amiodarone, sotalol) antiarrhythmics.
  9. Concomitant use of drugs, foods, or herbal products known to be moderate to potent inhibitors of CYP3A4 isozymes: oral antifungal agents (e.g. ketoconazole, itraconazole, posaconazole, fluconazole and voriconazole); HIV protease inhibitors (e.g. ritonavir and saquinavir), HCV protease inhibitors (e.g. boceprevir and telaprevir), nefazodone, fluvoxamine, conivaptan, diltiazem, verapamil, aprepitant, ticlopidine, crizotinib, imatinib; grapefruit or grapefruit juice.
  10. Any use within the prior 7 days of drugs or herbal products known to be moderate to potent inducers of CYP3A4 isozymes: St. John's Wort, rifampin, rifabutin, anti-convulsants (e.g. phenobarbital, carbamazepine, phenytoin, rufinamide), modafinil, armodafinil, etraverine, efavirenz, bosentan.
  11. Required current use of drugs with narrow therapeutic indices that are principally metabolized by CYP3A4 or transported by P-glycoprotein (P-gp), for which a drug interaction with solithromycin could result in higher and possibly unsafe exposures to these drugs: e.g. the P-gp substrates digoxin or colchicine and the CYP3A4 substrates alfentanil, astemizole, cisapride, cyclosporine, dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, fentanyl, midazolam, pimozide, quinidine, sirolimus, tacrolimus, everolimus, and terfenadine).
  12. History of organ transplant.
  13. Cytotoxic chemotherapy or radiation therapy within the previous 3 months.
  14. Known neuromuscular disorder from clinical history (e.g. myasthenia gravis, Parkinson's disease).
  15. Known significant renal, hepatic, or hematologic impairment.
  16. Women who are pregnant or breast feeding
  17. Prior participation in this protocol.
  18. Any investigational drugs taken or investigational devices used within 4 weeks before administration of the first dose of the study drug.
  19. History of intolerance or hypersensitivity to macrolide antibiotics.
  20. Any concomitant condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would preclude an evaluation of a response or make it unlikely that the contemplated course of therapy and follow-up could be completed (e.g. life expectancy <30 days).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02628769

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United Kingdom
Muscle Lab, Respiratory Medicine, Harefield Hospital
Harefield, Middlesex, United Kingdom, UB9 6JH
Sponsors and Collaborators
Imperial College London
Melinta Therapeutics, Inc.
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Principal Investigator: Peter J Barnes, FRS, FMedSci Imperial College London
Study Chair: William Man, MBBS, PhD Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust
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Responsible Party: Imperial College London Identifier: NCT02628769    
Other Study ID Numbers: CE01-204
2014-003077-42 ( EudraCT Number )
14/LO/2066 ( Other Identifier: NRES Reference Number )
First Posted: December 11, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 30, 2019
Last Update Posted: December 30, 2019
Last Verified: December 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Imperial College London:
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents