A Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of the RSV F Vaccine to Protect Infants Via Maternal Immunization
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02624947|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 9, 2015
Last Update Posted : April 14, 2020
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections||Biological: RSV F vaccine with adjuvant Biological: Formulation buffer||Phase 3|
This is a randomized, observer-blind, placebo-controlled trial enrolling third-trimester pregnant women in the Northern and Southern hemispheres, for up to four consecutive RSV seasons in each hemisphere. The trial will enroll 4636 third-trimester pregnant subjects. Women in the third trimester of a singleton uncomplicated pregnancy and 18 to 40 years of age (inclusive) will be enrolled and randomized in a 1:1 ratio into one of two treatment groups, active or placebo, over approximately the three months prior to peak RSV season. After the first global season of enrollment, the randomization scheme will be changed to a 2:1 (active/placebo) ratio to enable more efficient accrual of the safety database.
All maternal subjects will receive a single intramuscular (IM) injection on Day 0 with the assigned test article, the RSV F vaccine or placebo. Study participation for maternal subjects will span approximately nine (9) months from the first dose, ending six (6) months post-delivery. Study follow-up for infant subjects who are consented will span approximately one (1) year post-delivery.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||4636 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||A Phase 3, Randomized, Observer-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to Determine the Immunogenicity and Safety of a Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) F Nanoparticle Vaccine With Aluminum in Healthy Third-trimester Pregnant Women; and Safety and Efficacy of Maternally Transferred Antibodies in Preventing RSV Disease in Their Infants|
|Study Start Date :||December 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||July 2019|
Placebo Comparator: Treatment Group A
Formulation buffer (0.5mL injection)
Biological: Formulation buffer
Active Comparator: Treatment Group
RSV F vaccine with adjuvant (0.5mL injection)
Biological: RSV F vaccine with adjuvant
- Incidence of medically significant RSV LRTI with either hypoxemia (SpO2 <95% at sea level or <92% at altitudes >1800 meters) or tachypnea in infants through 90 days of life [ Time Frame: Delivery to 90 days after delivery ]
- Incidence of RSV LRTI with severe hypoxemia (Sp02 <92% at sea level or <87% at altitudes >1800 meters) or documented use of oxygen by high flow nasal cannula or other advanced respiratory support in infants through 90 days of life [ Time Frame: Delivery to 90 days after delivery ]
- Incidence of RSV LRTI with hospitalization in infants through 90 days of life [ Time Frame: Delivery to 90 days after delivery ]
- RSV F protein antibody expressed as ELISA Units [ Time Frame: Day 0 to 180 days after delivery ]Geometric Mean Concentrations as EU (GMEU) Geometric Mean Ratio (GMFR) Seroresponse Rate (SRR)
- Palivizumab-competitive antibody (PCA) expressed as ug/mL as detected in a competitive ELISA [ Time Frame: Day 0 to 180 days after delivery ]Geometric Mean Concentrations as EU (GMEU) Geometric Mean Fold Rise (GMFR)
- Neutralizing antibody titer to at least one RSV/A and one RSV/B virus strain [ Time Frame: Delivery to 90 days after delivery ]Geometric Mean Titer (GMT) Geometric Mean Ratio (GMR)
- Counts and percentages of term, healthy infants , APGAR scores, length, birth weight, frontal-occipital head circumference (FOC), and physical examination [ Time Frame: Delivery ]
- Counts and percentages of infants with adverse events and serious adverse events during the neonatal period and through the first year of life [ Time Frame: Delivery to 364 days after delivery ]
- Counts and percentages of infants with developmental delay [ Time Frame: Day 180 to Day 364 after delivery ]
- Counts and percentages of maternal subjects with solicited injection site and systemic reactogenicity within seven days of vaccination [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Day 7 ]
- Counts and percentages of maternal subjects with unsolicited adverse events, medically-attended adverse events (MAEs), significant new medical conditions (SNMCs) and serious adverse events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Delivery to 180 days after delivery ]
- Clinical safety laboratory assessments of select serum chemistry and hematology parameters [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Delivery ]
- Counts and percentages of subjects with Caesarean, vaginal, or instrument assisted vaginal modes of delivery [ Time Frame: Delivery ]
- Counts and percentages of maternal subjects with post-immunization onset of specific complications of third-trimester pregnancy and delivery [ Time Frame: Day 0 to Delivery ]
- Incidence of RSV LRTI resulting in death in infants through 90 days of life [ Time Frame: Delivery to 90 days after delivery ]
- Incidence of RSV LRTI (all severities) in infants through 90 days of life [ Time Frame: Delivery to 90 days after delivery ]
- Incidence of healthcare interventions associated with wheezing over the first year of life [ Time Frame: Delivery to 364 days after delivery ]
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years to 40 Years (Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||Female|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||Yes|
- ≥18 and ≤40 years-of-age
Singleton pregnancy of 28 to 36 0/7 weeks gestation on the day of planned vaccination
Documentation of gestational age will be based on one of the following composite criteria. (Note: The Investigator should use the earliest ultrasound data available to establish the study-specific gestational age dating):
- Gestational Age Dating Based on First Trimester Data (data obtained ≤13 6/7 weeks): The date of the first day of the reported last menstrual period (LMP) may be used to estable the gestational age if corroborated by a first trimester ultrasound. If the gestational age estimation derived using the LMP and the first trimester ultrasound are discrepant >7 days, the ultrasound will be used to establish gestational age. If LMP is uncertain or unknown, the ultrasound-established gestational age estimation will be used to establish the gestational age of the pregnancy.
- Gestational Age Dating Based on Early Second Trimester Data (data obtained 14 0/7 to 21 6/7 weeks): The day of the first reported LMP may be used to establish the gestational age if corroborated by an early second trimester ultrasound (that estimates the gestational age between 14 0/7 and 21 6/7 weeks). If the gestational age estimation derived using the LMP and the early second trimester ultrasound are discrepant >10 days, the ultrasound will be used to establish the gestational age. If LMP is uncertain or unknown, the ultrasound-established gestational age estimation will be used to establish the gestational age of the pregnancy.
- Gestation Age Dating Based on Later Second Trimester Data (data obtained 22 0/7 and 27 6/7 weeks by LMP): The date of the first day of the reported LMP may be used to establish the gestation age if corroborated by a later second trimester ultrasound (that estimates the gestational age between 22 0/7 and 27 6/7 weeks). If the gestational age estimation derived using the LMP and the later second trimester ultrasound are discrepant >14 days, the ultrasound will be used to establish the gestational age. If LMP is uncertain or unknown, the ultrasound-established gestational age estimation will be used to establish the gestational age of the pregnancy.
- Gestational Age Dating When the LMP is Uncertain or Unknown AND No Prior First or Second Trimester Ultrasound Has Been Performed: An ultrasound performed at screening within the second trimester (≤27 6/7 weeks) will be used to establish the gestational age of the pregnancy.
- Documentation of a second or third (between 18 0/7 weeks and prior to randomization) trimester ultrasound with no major fetal anomalies identified.
Good general maternal health as demonstrated by:
- Medical history (including history of adverse reactions to prior vaccines and allergies).
- Physical examination including at least vital signs (blood pressure, pulse, respirations, and oral temperature); weight; height; examination of the HEENT, cardiovascular, pulmonary, gastrointestinal (abdominal), musculoskeletal, lymphatic, and dermatologic organ systems; and documentation of fetal heart tones. Note that abnormal vital signs may be repeated at the investigator's discretion since these measures may be labile. Vital signs should be assessed in the context of normal values for the third trimester of pregnancy (see the Study Operations Manual).
Clinical laboratory parameters that include:
- For the first year of study conduct in any country, normal/clinically insignificant blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), hemoglobin, white blood count, and platelet count. Note that normal ranges for clinical laboratory parameters will be based on reference ranges appropriate for the subject population under study (i.e., third trimester of pregnancy) and as defined in the toxicity grading scale (TGS) (see the Study Operations Manual).
- For all subjects, serologic exclusion of infection with hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) viruses, syphilis, and HIV as documented by testing (performed at the central or local laboratory) at screening or by medical records during the current pregnancy.
- Able to understand, and both willing and physically able to comply with study procedures. This includes anticipation of reasonable geographic proximity to the study clinic and adequate transportation to comply with scheduled and unscheduled study follow-up visits.
- Able and willing to provide written informed consent for themselves and infant.
- Symptomatic cardiac or pulmonary disease requiring chronic drug therapy, including hypertension and asthma. Asthma will be exclusionary if the subject is receiving chronic systemic glucocorticoids at any dose or inhaled glucocorticoids at any dose >500µg per day of beclomethasone or fluticasone, or >800μg per day of budesonide.
- Pregnancy complications (in the current pregnancy) such as preterm labor, hypertension (blood pressure [BP] >140/90 in the presence of proteinuria or BP >150/100 with or without proteinuria) or currently on an antihypertensive therapy or pre-eclampsia; or evidence of intrauterine growth restriction.
- Grade 2 or higher clinical laboratory or vital sign abnormality. Exclusion of subjects with grade 1 abnormalities will be based on the subject's prior medical history and the investigator's clinical judgment that the abnormality is indicative of a meaningful physiologic event.
- Receipt of any licensed vaccine (e.g., Tdap, inactivated influenza vaccine) within 14 days of study vaccination.
- Received any RSV vaccine at any time.
- Body mass index (BMI) of ≥40, at the time of the screening visit.
- Hemoglobinopathy (even if asymptomatic) or blood dyscrasias.
- Hepatic or renal dysfunction.
- Established diagnosis of seizure disorder, regardless of therapy.
- Known, active auto-immune disease or immunodeficiency syndrome.
- Endocrine disorders, including (but not limited to) untreated hyperthyroidism, untreated hypothyroidism (unless due to auto-immune disease), and glucose intolerance (e.g., diabetes mellitus type 1 or 2) antedating pregnancy, or occurring during pregnancy and requiring interventions other than diet for control.
- History of major gynecologic or major abdominal surgery, including bariatric surgery (previous Caesarean section is not an exclusion).
- Known HIV, syphilis, HBV, or HCV infection, as assessed by serologic tests conducted during the current pregnancy or as a procedure during the screening period of the study.
- Primary genital Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection during the current pregnancy.
- Current alcohol or drug abuse based on the Investigator's knowledge of present or recent (within the last 2 years) use/abuse of alcohol or illegal or non-prescription drugs.
- Documentation that the current pregnancy results from in vitro fertilization (IVF).
- Documentation that the current pregnancy results from rape or incest.
- Documentation that the infant will be a ward of the state or be released for adoption.
- History/presence of deep venous thrombosis or thromboembolism, or the use of anticoagulants during pregnancy (the use of low-dose aspirin as prophylaxis [e.g., for the prevention of morbidity and mortality from preeclampsia] is acceptable is dosages consistent with local standards of care).
- Red blood cell allo-immunization.
- Prior stillbirth or neonatal death, or multiple (≥3) spontaneous abortions.
- Prior preterm delivery ≤34 weeks gestation or having ongoing intervention (medical/surgical) in current pregnancy to prevent preterm birth.
- Greater than five (5) prior deliveries.
- Previous infant with a known genetic disorder or major congenital anomaly.
- Receipt of investigational drugs or immune globulins (with the exception of prophylactic anti-Rho D immune globulin) within six (6) months prior to the administration of the study vaccine.
- Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 continuous days) of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within 6 months prior to the administration of the study vaccine. An immunosuppressant dose of glucocorticoid will be defined as a systemic dose ≥10mg of prednisone per day or equivalent. The use of topical, inhaled, and nasal glucocorticoids will be permitted except for the limit established in exclusion criterion #1.
- Neuro-psychiatric illness deemed likely to interfere with protocol compliance, safety reporting, or receipt of pre-natal care; or requiring treatment with psychotropic drugs (excluding treatment for depression and anxiety).
- Any other physical, psychiatric or social condition which may, in the investigator's opinion, increase the risks of study participation to the maternal subject or the fetus/infant; or may lead to the collection of incomplete or inaccurate safety data.
- Acute disease within 72 hours of the day of the planned vaccination (defined as the presence of a moderate or severe illness with or without fever, or an oral temperature >38.0°C).
- History of a serious adverse reactions (e.g., anaphylaxis) to any prior vaccine.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02624947
|Study Director:||D Nigel Thomas, PhD||Novavax Inc|
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||December 9, 2015 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||April 14, 2020|
|Last Verified:||August 2019|
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections
RNA Virus Infections