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Safety and Tolerability of Everolimus in Combination With Eribulin in Triple-negative Breast Cancers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02616848
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified November 2015 by Giandomenico Roviello, Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : November 30, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 30, 2015
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Giandomenico Roviello, Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona

Brief Summary:

Treatment of triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) relies heavily on different regimes of chemotherapeutic agents but remains one of the most challenging subtypes to treat because of the lack of specific therapies. Despite being sensitive to chemotherapy, many women with TNBC relapse quickly, developing locoregional recurrence or visceral metastasis. Toxicity and chemotherapy resistance are still major limitations in the treatment of patients with TNBC. Despite current trend of targeted therapy development, cytotoxic agents are a mainstay of treatment of patients with breast cancer. Further research into new combination of different compounds is needed in order to maximise benefit, whilst minimising toxicity.

The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is associated with resistance to a variety of anti-tumor agents. This has been described pre-clinically with cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents with varying mechanisms of action including taxanes, and DNA-damaging agents. In the clinic, activated PI3K in tumors has been correlated with decreased response to therapy and worse clinical outcomes.

The recent biological findings suggest that a PI3K/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors may increase the efficacy of chemotherapeutic agents which are considered standard of care (SOC) for the treatment of several solid tumors.

The study by the Unitaed state Oncology Research of Huston and the Sarah Cannon Cancer Center randomized 1830 patients with high risk breast cancer to the standard adjuvant treatment with adriamicin cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel versus the experimental adjuvant treatment with adriamicin taxotere (AT) followed by paclitaxel. At 5-years of follow up, the AT followed by paclitaxel produced significantly better overall survival (p=0.054) and improved disease free survival (DFS) (p=0.19). Among TNBC patients both DFS (74% versus 79%, p=0.1) and overall survival (OS) (79% versus 84%, p=0.037) were better in experimental arm. However, the main reasons for patients being taken off study treatment were toxicity (85 patients in the control arm and 128 in the experimental arm) and consent withdrawal (18 patients in the control arm and 30 patients in the experimental arm). For this reason, research into alternatives has intensified, thus resulting in the discovery and development of new compounds with a more tolerable profile as compared with paclitaxel.

Among the total of 762 patients enrolled into Eisai Metastatic Breast Cancer Study Assessing Physician's Choice Versus E7389 (EMBRACE) trial, 19% had TNBC. Of note, eribulin was most effective in hormone receptor-negative patients and in TNBC patients, who had a 29% risk reduction. Treatment with eribulin was well tolerated. Neutropenia, leucopenia, peripheral neuropathy, and asthenia/fatigue were the most common adverse events reported at Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) grades 3 and 4. Neutropenia was the most common adverse events reported at CTCAE grade 4 in the eribulin group (24.1%).

Based on findings to date, eribulin is an attractive agent, and its role in combination with new compounds such as everolimus deserves further investigations. Their combination might lead to more profound effects on tumor cell biology of triple negative metastatic breast cancer.

During the course of the trial, dose reductions for each combination will be permitted in patients who cannot tolerate the starting dose


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Triple Negative Breast Cancer Drug: Everolimus Drug: Eribulin Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : November 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2015

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Everolimus, Eribulin Drug: Everolimus
Drug: Eribulin



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The recommended dose of everolimus in combination with eribulin in metastatic triple negative breast cancer [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Signs of anti-tumor activity of the administered treatment [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 6 months ]
  2. Maximum Plasma Concentration [Cmax] between everolimus and eribulin [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 6 months ]
  3. Safety profile of the combination and thus to monitor the potential Adverse Events and vital sign abnormalities; [ Time Frame: From date of randomization until the date of first documented progression or date of death from any cause, whichever came first, assessed up to 6 months ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥18 years.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance Status 0-1
  • Triple negative metastatic breast cancer.
  • Patients have received at least 1 prior line of chemotherapy in metastatic setting.
  • Measurable disease either by clinical exam or radiograph. Patients with measurable disease as determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.0; measurable disease is defined as at least one lesion that can accurately be measured in at least one dimension as ≥ 20 mm by conventional radiological technique or ≥ 10 mm with spiral CTscan. Cutaneous lesions must have clearly defined margins and measures ≥ 10 mm in at least one diameter and be documented by color photography. Target lesions should not be selected in previously irradiated fields unless there is clear evidence of progression.
  • Patients must not have received prior therapy with the investigational drugs.
  • Patients must not have received more than 3 prior chemotherapy regimens for triple negative metastatic breast cancer.
  • Patients must not be receiving concurrent endocrine therapy or immunotherapy.
  • Patients must be willing to provide available tissue specimen, either archival tissue (one block or a minimum of 20 unstained slides) or fresh formalin fixed tumor biopsy, for identification of PI3K pathway activation (mutation /fish).
  • Patients must have an expected survival of at least 3 months.
  • Patients with absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,5 x 109/l.
  • Adequate bone marrow, renal and hepatic functions:

    • Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥ 9 g/dl
    • Platelets (PLT) ≥ 100 x 109/L without transfusions within 21 days before 1sttreatment
    • AST/SGOT and/or ALT/SGPT ≤ 3.0 x ULN (upper limit of normal) or ≤ 5.0 x ULN if liver metastases are present
    • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
    • Serum Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or 24-hour clearance ≥ 50 mL/min
    • Potassium within normal limits prior to treatment start (supplementation is permitted)
    • Total calcium (corrected for serum albumin) within normal limits prior to treatment start (supplementation is permitted)
    • Magnesium ≥ the lower limit of normal prior to treatment start (supplementation is permitted)
  • Fasting plasma glucose levels (FPG) ≤ 140 mg/dL (7.8mmol/L).
  • Patients capable of swallowing study medication and following directions regarding taking study drug, or have a daily caregiver who will be responsible for administering study drug.
  • Adequate cardiac function: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) at rest measured by echocardiography must be no lower than the local normal limit.
  • Written informed consent dated and signed by both patients and investigator.
  • Geographically accessible for follow-up.
  • Pregnancy test negative.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have received other chemotherapy or other therapies and not recovered from acute toxicity of previous therapy.
  • Patients who have received radiotherapy within 4 weeks prior to start of this trial.
  • Patients who have undergone major surgery within 2 weeks of study enrollment.
  • Patients with known evidence of brain metastases or leptomeningeal disease, including patients who continue to require glucocorticoids for brain or leptomeningeal metastases.
  • Patients with a history of other cancers except curatively-treated carcinoma of the cervix in situ or non-melanomatous skin cancer. Patients with other cancers thought to be cured may be entered into the trial after discussion with and approval of the study chair.
  • Patients with an active serious infection or other serious underlying medical condition that would impair their ability to receive protocol treatment.
  • Patients with pre-existing peripheral neuropathy of grade > 2.
  • Patients with history of interstitial pneumonia or pulmonary insufficiency verified with Pulmonary Function Test (PFT) at baseline (PFT at baseline is necessary only in patients with clinical suspect of interstitial pneumonia). - Patients with bone metastases as their only site of measurable disease.
  • Dementia or significantly altered mental status that would prohibit the understanding and/or giving of informed consent.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding patients.
  • Patients not using adequate methods of birth control if still of child-bearing potential.
  • Patients who have received prior therapy with everolimus/temsirolimus/sirolimus or eribulin.
  • Patients who have received more than 3 prior chemotherapy regimens for metastatic breast cancer.
  • Patients receiving other investigational therapy.
  • Patients who have received prior treatment with experimental therapy within 30 days prior to start of trial.
  • Patients who receive chronic systemic steroids or other immunosuppressive agents.
  • Patients with a known history of HIV.
  • Patients with impaired gastrointestinal function which may significantly decrease absorption of everolimus.
  • Patients with an active, bleeding diathesis or receiving anti-vitamin K therapy (except low dose coumadin).
  • Patients who have received corticosteroids ≤ 2 weeks prior to starting study drug or who have not recovered from the side effects of such treatment. Patients taking chronic low doses of topical steroids or systemic steroids (e.g., < 10 mg daily prednisone/prednisolone) on study is acceptable as long as the schedule is stable
  • Patients who have had prior treatment with an mTOR inhibitor (sirolimus, temsirolimus, everolimus).
  • Liver disease such as cirrhosis, decompensated liver disease, and chronic hepatitis (i.e.quantifiable HBV-DNA and/or positive HbsAg, quantifiable HCV-RNA)
  • Patients have a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity, or other active viral infections.
  • Patients who have any sever and/or uncontrolled medical conditions or other conditions that could affect their participation in the study such as:
  • with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus,
  • uncontrolled hypertension,
  • severe malnutrition,
  • unstable angina, or congestive heart failure - New York Heart Association Class III or IV, ventricular arrhythmias, active ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarction within 6 months, chronic liver disease such as cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis or chronic persistent hepatitis /renal disease, impairment of gastrointestinal function or gastrointestinal disease that may significantly alter the absorption of everolimus (e.g., ulcerative disease, uncontrolled nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome or small bowel resection)
  • Patients who have had prior bone marrow or stem cell transplant.
  • Patients with a caloric intake of less than 500 calories per day.
  • History of noncompliance to medical regimens.
  • Patients unwilling to or unable to comply with the protocol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02616848


Contacts
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Contact: Daniele Generali, Professor +390372 408042 daniele.generali@gmail.com

Locations
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Italy
AO Cremona Recruiting
Cremona, Lombardia, Italy, 26100
Contact: Daniele Generali, Prof    daniele.genrali@gmail.com    daniele.generali@gmail.com   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona

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Responsible Party: Giandomenico Roviello, MD, Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02616848     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2014-000135-17
First Posted: November 30, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 30, 2015
Last Verified: November 2015

Keywords provided by Giandomenico Roviello, Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona:
Everolimus
eribulin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Everolimus
Sirolimus
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antifungal Agents