Adjusting Challenge-Skill Balance to Improve the Elderly's Quality of Life
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02606318|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 17, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 20, 2015
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Elderly||Other: Adjusted the challenge-skill balance Other: Non-adjusted the challenge-skill balance||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||56 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Adjusting Challenge-Skill Balance to Improve the Elderly's Quality of Life: A Randomized Controlled Trial|
|Study Start Date :||December 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||April 2014|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||August 2014|
Experimental: Adjusted the challenge-skill balance
This group received 10-session occupational therapy with adjustment of challenge-skill balance.This intervention aimed at improving the skill level for the activity has started once the balance were balanced.
Other: Adjusted the challenge-skill balance
In the first session of occupational therapy, the therapist assessed the client's problems in daily living using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure. Based on the problems identified, an activity that could be supported in day care was selected. In the second session, the client performed the selected activity, and then the challenge and skill levels of the activity were evaluated. Based on these levels, adjustment of the challenge-skill balance in the activity was attempted. Occupational therapy consisted of 10 sessions of 20 minutes held over about 10 weeks
Non-adjusted the challenge-skill balance
This group received 10-session occupational therapy without adjustment of challenge-skill balance. That is conducted the therapy in the normal manner for the day care center.
Other: Non-adjusted the challenge-skill balance
The first and second sessions were conducted in the same way as for the experimental group, except that the therapists were not informed of the client's subjective perception of the challenge and skill levels for the activity. From the third session, the therapists simply assessed the client's performance and conducted the therapy in the normal manner for the day care center, following the general guidelines for occupational therapy practice
- Change in the EuroQol-5 Dimension questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline and 10 weeks ]The EQ-5D defines health in five dimensions (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain and discomfort, and anxiety or depression). The EQ-5D also has a visual analogue scale (EQ-VAS) that enables self-assessment on a scale from 0 (worst possible health) to 100 (best possible health).
- Change in the Medical Outcome Study 8-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline and 10 weeks ]The SF-8 encompasses eight domains: general health, physical functioning, role physical, bodily pain, vitality, social functioning, role emotional, and mental health, which can be combined to yield a physical component summary score and a mental component summary score.
- Change in the Flow State Scale for Occupational Tasks questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline and 10 weeks ]Flow State Scale for Occupational Tasks is a scale that can measure a patient's flow state in a clinical situation such as occupational therapy
- Change in the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline and 10 weeks ]Canadian Occupational Performance Measure assesses client's self-perception of their occupational performance
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02606318
|Principal Investigator:||Tetsushi Nonaka, Ph.D||Graduate School of Human Development and Environment|