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Trial record 49 of 115 for:    "Viral Infectious Disease" | "Ledipasvir"

12 Weeks of Ledipasvir (LDV)/Sofosbuvir (SOF) With Weight-based Ribavirin vs. 24 Weeks of LDV/SOF

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02605304
Recruitment Status : Terminated (The study experienced enrollment difficulties.)
First Posted : November 16, 2015
Results First Posted : February 15, 2018
Last Update Posted : May 2, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AIDS Clinical Trials Group

Brief Summary:
People who are infected with Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) have a great chance of being cured of the infection when they are treated with sofosbuvir. However, in some instances, treatment with sofosbuvir-containing therapy does not work. It is not known if people respond to retreatment with sofosbuvir, after it did not work the first time. There is an important need to understand retreatment options in those instances. This clinical trial was done to study the response to two different regimens, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir and ledipasvir/sofosbuvir with ribavirin, and to see if they are safe and well-tolerated in HCV-infected persons whose previous treatment with sofosbuvir had failed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV-1 Infection Hepatitis C Drug: Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir Drug: Ribavirin Phase 2

Detailed Description:

There is a pressing need to understand appropriate retreatment options for HCV-infected patients who fail direct acting antiviral (DAA)-based regimens. To date, over 100,000 prescriptions have been written for SOF. Recent data indicate that SOF-based treatment defined as SOF/RBV, SOF/pegylated-interferon (PEG-IFN)/RBV or SOF/simeprevir (SIM) +/- RBV have led to treatment response of 70-92% in HCV genotype (GT) 1 patients, depending on the regimen used and presence of liver cirrhosis. Thus, there is a growing number of individuals who have failed SOF-based regimens and are in need of a retreatment strategy, the majority of which are anticipated to be HCV GT1, given the US distribution of genotypes. There are no data to inform retreatment strategies for HIV-infected individuals with SOF failure, who have traditionally represented a harder to treat group and are impacted by DAA-antiretroviral (ARV) interactions.

This was a phase II retreatment study of HCV GT1 and HIV coinfected participants who had previous HCV virologic failure on a SOF-based regimen. Participants were randomized to one of two treatment arms: 12 weeks of LDV/SOF with weight-based RBV (Arm A) or 24 weeks of LDV/SOF alone (Arm B). The targeted sample size was 40, 20 participants in each arm.

Post-entry, the study visits were scheduled at weeks 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 after study entry (with week 16, 20, 24 visits limited to those on the 24-week regimen), and at 4, 12 and 24 weeks after treatment discontinuation. The total study duration was 36 weeks in Arm A and 48 weeks in Arm B. At each visit, a physical examination and blood collection were conducted. HCV RNA was tested at each visit. For female participants of reproductive potential, pregnancy tests were done. At on-treatment visits, participants also completed an HCV treatment adherence questionnaire. Urinalysis was conducted at all on-treatment visits and at 4 weeks post treatment. At select visits, plasma, whole blood, urine and dried blood spots were collected.

The study was randomized because there was clinical equipoise on the benefits and drawbacks in the two study arms. The study was not designed to be powered for comparisons between the randomized study arms, and no formal statistical comparisons were conducted. The primary analysis was conducted as a single-arm analysis for each regimen.

The study experienced enrollment difficulties due to the small number of HCV treatment failures from select SOF-based regimens who would be eligible for this study, and closed to accrual prematurely. The participants enrolled remained on study until completion of follow-up.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Retreatment Strategies for Difficult-to-Treat Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)-Infected Individuals Who Have Failed Prior Direct Acting Antiviral (DAA)-Based Regimens
Actual Study Start Date : February 17, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 20, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : March 20, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm A: LDV/SOF + RBV
Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir + ribavirin for 12 weeks, followed by 24 weeks of post-treatment follow-up.
Drug: Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir
Participants were prescribed one fixed dose tablet of LDV 90 mg/SOF 400 mg orally per day.
Other Names:
  • LDV/SOF
  • Harvoni

Drug: Ribavirin

Based on weight at entry:

For weight <75 kg, participants were prescribed 1000 mg of RBV per day, divided into two doses to be taken orally.

For weight ≥75 kg: participants were prescribed 1200 mg of RBV per day, divided into two doses to be taken orally.

Other Name: RBV

Experimental: Arm B: LDV/SOF
Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir for 24 weeks, followed by 24 weeks of post-treatment follow-up.
Drug: Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir
Participants were prescribed one fixed dose tablet of LDV 90 mg/SOF 400 mg orally per day.
Other Names:
  • LDV/SOF
  • Harvoni




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Sustained Virologic Response at 12 Weeks After Treatment Discontinuation (SVR12) [ Time Frame: At 12 weeks after treatment discontinuation (i.e., at 24 weeks after study entry in Arm A and at 36 weeks after study entry in Arm B). ]
    SVR12 was defined as HCV RNA below the LLOQ of the assay (either target detected [TD] or target not detected [TND]) at 12 weeks after treatment discontinuation. The sample within the visit window, closest to the targeted time was used. If there was no HCV RNA sample within visit window, then the participant was considered not to have achieved SVR12, unless there were preceding and subsequent HCV RNA measurements that were both <LLOQ (either TD or TND). HCV RNA testing was conducted at a central laboratory using the COBAS® AmpliPrep/COBAS® TaqMan® HCV Quantitative Test, version 2.0 (Roche Diagnostics, Rotkreuz, Switzerland). Wilson (score) method was used for confidence intervals.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Grade 3 or Higher Adverse Event (AE), Serious AE (SAE), or AE Reported as the Reason for Permanent Discontinuation of Study Treatment [ Time Frame: From study treatment initiation to 30 days after study treatment discontinuation. Duration of treatment was 12 weeks in Arm A and 24 weeks in Arm B. ]
    Percentage of participants who experienced an AE (diagnosis, sign/symptom or laboratory abnormality) of ≥Grade 3, SAE according to International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) criteria, or AE reported as the reason for permanent study treatment discontinuation, during study treatment and up to 30 days after study treatment. Events that were ongoing at the same grade from prior to study treatment initiation were excluded. AEs were graded by the clinicians according to the Division of AIDS (DAIDS) AE Grading Table (V2.0) as follows: Grade 1=Mild, Grade 2=Moderate, Grade 3=Severe, Grade 4=Potentially Life-Threatening. The percentage of participants who experienced any event (overall), and the percentage of participants who experienced each component of the outcome are provided in the data table below. The categories are not mutually exclusive. A participant may have experienced multiple events. Each participant is counted at most once within category, and in the overall summary line.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants With Protocol-specified Renal Events [ Time Frame: From study entry to study completion (Week 36 in Arm A, Week 48 in Arm B) ]
    The study protocol defined renal events as (1) ≥Grade 2 creatinine clearance (CRCL) after study entry, or (2) new urinalysis proteinuria and/or glucosuria, defined as ≥1+ or an increase ≥1+ from baseline. The percentage of participants who experienced any renal event, and the percentages of participants who experienced each component of the outcome are provided in the data table below. The categories are not mutually exclusive. A participant may have experienced multiple events. Each participant is counted at most once within category, and in the overall summary line.

  2. Percentage of Participants With Sustained Virologic Response at 4 Weeks After Treatment Discontinuation (SVR4) [ Time Frame: At 4 weeks after treatment discontinuation (i.e., at 16 weeks after study entry in Arm A and at 28 weeks after study entry in Arm B). ]
    SVR4 was defined as HCV RNA below the LLOQ of the assay (either TD or TND) at 4 weeks after treatment discontinuation. The sample within the visit window, closest to the targeted time was used. If there was no HCV RNA sample within visit window, then the participant was considered not to have achieved SVR4, unless there were preceding and subsequent HCV RNA measurements that were both <LLOQ (either TD or TND). HCV RNA testing was conducted at a central laboratory using the COBAS® AmpliPrep/COBAS® TaqMan® HCV Quantitative Test, version 2.0 (Roche Diagnostics, Rotkreuz, Switzerland). Wilson (score) method was used for confidence intervals.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Sustained Virologic Response at 24 Weeks After Treatment Discontinuation (SVR24) [ Time Frame: At 24 weeks after treatment discontinuation (i.e., at 36 weeks after study entry in Arm A and at 48 weeks after study entry in Arm B). ]
    SVR24 was defined as HCV RNA below the LLOQ of the assay (either TD or TND) at 24 weeks after treatment discontinuation. The sample from a visit greater than 20 weeks after treatment discontinuation which was closest to the targeted week (24 weeks post treatment), not followed by any HCV RNA result ≥LLOQ, was used. If there was no HCV RNA sample within this window, then the participant was considered not to have achieved SVR24. HCV RNA testing was conducted at a central laboratory using the COBAS® AmpliPrep/COBAS® TaqMan® HCV Quantitative Test, version 2.0 (Roche Diagnostics, Rotkreuz, Switzerland). Wilson (score) method was used for confidence intervals.

  4. Number of Participants With Unquantifiable HCV RNA [ Time Frame: Entry (Week 0); at 1, 4, 8, 12 (and 16, 20, 24 in Arm B) weeks after study entry ]
    Unquantifiable HCV was defined as HCV RNA below the LLOQ of the assay (15 IU/mL), either TD or TND. HCV RNA testing was conducted at a central laboratory using the COBAS® AmpliPrep/COBAS® TaqMan® HCV Quantitative Test, version 2.0 (Roche Diagnostics, Rotkreuz, Switzerland).

  5. Number of Participants With HIV-1 RNA >50 Copies/mL [ Time Frame: Entry (Week 0); at 4, 12 (and 24 in Arm B) weeks after study entry, and at 4 weeks after treatment discontinuation ]
    HIV-1 RNA testing was performed at a central laboratory using Abbott RealTime HIV-1 assay (Abbott Laboratories, Lake Bluff, IL, USA).

  6. CD4+ T-cell (CD4) Count Change From Baseline [ Time Frame: Entry and at 12 (and 24 in Arm B) weeks after study entry ]
    Change in CD4 count was calculated as value at the post entry visit minus the value at study entry.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Willing and able to provide written informed consent
  • Documentation of non-cirrhotic or cirrhotic status
  • HIV-1 infection
  • HIV antiretroviral treatment status (ART), CD4+ T-cell (CD4) count and HIV-1 RNA as follows: (1) not on ART with CD4 count >500 cells/mm^3 within 42 days of study entry, (2) elite controller not on ART with CD4 >200 cells/mm^3 within 42 days of study entry and HIV-1 RNA <500 copies/mL on all measurements within 48 weeks prior to study entry, (3) on a stable protocol-approved ART with CD4 count >200 cells/mm^3 and HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/mL within 42 days of study entry
  • HCV GT-1 within 12 months prior to study entry
  • Prior virologic treatment failure with SOF-containing regimen (SOF/RBV, SOF/PEG/RBV, and SOF/SIM)
  • Body mass index (BMI) ≥18 kg/m^2 within 42 days prior to study entry
  • Certain laboratory values obtained within 42 days prior to study entry
  • Hemoglobin ≥12.0 g/dL for male, ≥11.0 g/dL for female participants
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (SGOT) and Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (SGOT) <10 x ULN
  • For female participants of reproductive potential, a negative serum pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL performed at screening and within 48 hours prior to study entry
  • Agreement to use at least two reliable forms of contraceptive simultaneously while receiving study treatment and for 6 months afterward
  • Intention to comply with the dosing instructions and study schedule of assessments

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Receipt of any investigational drug or device within 60 days prior to study entry
  • Prior exposure to a DAA other than SOF and SIM
  • Chronic liver disease of a non-HCV etiology
  • Presence of active or acute AIDS-defining opportunistic infections within 42 days prior to study entry
  • Active, serious infection (other than HIV-1 or HCV) requiring parenteral antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals within 42 days prior to study entry
  • Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (defined as HBsAg positive) within 42 days prior to study entry
  • History of clinically significant hemoglobinopathy
  • Chronic current use of systemically administered immunosuppressive agents
  • History of solid organ transplantation
  • Current or prior history of clinical hepatic decompensation
  • History of a gastrointestinal disorder (or postoperative condition) that could interfere with the absorption of the study drug
  • History of significant or symptomatic pulmonary disease, cardiac disease, or porphyria that in the opinion of the investigator would interfere with the study
  • History of difficulty with blood collection and/or poor venous access for the purposes of phlebotomy
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence
  • Use of any prohibited concomitant medications per the LDV/SOF product labeling, within 42 days prior to study entry
  • Known hypersensitivity to RBV, SOF, LDV, their metabolites, or formulation excipients or any other contraindication to the use of RBV, SOF or LDV
  • Currently receiving zidovudine (ZDV), didanosine (ddI), stavudine (d4T) or tipranavir
  • Acute HIV infection defined as the phase immediately following infection during which anti-HIV antibodies are undetectable
  • Known hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Breastfeeding or pregnancy
  • A male participant with a pregnant female partner
  • Receipt of colony stimulating agents, including but not limited to erythropoietin, within 42 days prior to study entry

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02605304


Locations
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United States, California
Ucsf Aids Crs (801)
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
United States, New York
7804 Weill Cornell Chelsea CRS
New York, New York, United States, 10010
Sponsors and Collaborators
AIDS Clinical Trials Group
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Investigators
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Study Chair: Annie Luetkemeyer, MD University of California, San Francisco HIV/AIDS CRS
Study Chair: Jennifer J. Kiser, PharmD University of Colorado, Denver
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by AIDS Clinical Trials Group:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] January 19, 2017
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 11, 2016


Additional Information:
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: AIDS Clinical Trials Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02605304     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG A5348
UM1AI068636 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 16, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 15, 2018
Last Update Posted: May 2, 2018
Last Verified: April 2018
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Virus Diseases
RNA Virus Infections
Ledipasvir
Ledipasvir, sofosbuvir drug combination
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Flaviviridae Infections
Ribavirin
Sofosbuvir
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents