Atorvastatin Treatment of Cavernous Angiomas With Symptomatic Hemorrhage Exploratory Proof of Concept (AT CASH EPOC) Trial (AT CASH EPOC)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02603328|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 11, 2015
Last Update Posted : July 28, 2022
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Cerebral Cavernous Malformation||Drug: Atorvastatin Other: Placebo||Phase 1 Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||80 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)|
|Official Title:||Phase I-II Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Single-Blinded, Single-Site Clinical Trial of Atorvastatin in the Treatment of Cavernous Angiomas With Symptomatic Hemorrhage Exploratory Proof of Concept (AT CASH EPOC)|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 17, 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2024|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 30, 2025|
Active Comparator: Treatment
Atorvastatin 80mg OD (optimal dose). Treatment dose will be de-escalated to 40mg based on reported adverse events.
40-80 mg OD
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Identically looking capsules containing no active ingredient
- mean percent change in lesional QSM per year (called the change score) [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]Each patient contributes two outcome measurements (at year 1 and year 2) based on intention-to-treat. Evaluation of the intervention on this outcome will be performed as a time-averaged difference between two arms using a repeated measures analysis implemented as an unadjusted linear mixed model. Patients with outcome measurements in both periods will be included in the initial intention-to-treat analysis. In cases with multiple lesions, only QSM measurements in the lesion with initial hemorrhage (index lesion) shall be considered for the primary outcome assessment.
- Percent QSM change per year [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]A secondary analysis of the percent QSM change per year shall be conducted per treatment rendered for all patients with at least one annual epoch of measurements.
- Changes in DCEQP vascular permeability measurements in the index lesion and in brain (white matter far from lesion) [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]Changes in DCEQP vascular permeability measurements in the index lesion and in brain (white matter far from lesion)
- Rates of QSM and DCEQP biomarker events [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]Rates of QSM and DCEQP biomarker events, representing increases in index lesional QSM or DCEQP above previously articulated "biomarker thresholds"; rates of clinically overt hemorrhages in the index lesion per adjudicated criteria; and rates of lesional expansion, defined as an increase in maximum lesion diameter on T2 sequences by 2 or more mm
- Adverse event rates [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]
- Serious adverse event rates [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]
- Drug compliance by tracking daily medication bottle opening [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]We plan to use a compliance device that would record every time the bottle was opened, thus allowing the study team to track compliance with the protocol and help keep subjects accountable.
- Changes in functional outcome as measured using the modified Rankin scale which measures the degree of disability or dependence in patients with neurological disability. [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]Using the modified Rankin scale, we will track subjects' functional outcome changes over the course of the trial.
- Impact of sex on primary and secondary outcomes (pre specified subgroup analyses) [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]
- Impact of genotype on primary and secondary outcomes (pre specified subgroup analyses) [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]
- Impact of lesion location on primary and secondary outcomes (pre specified subgroup analyses) [ Time Frame: End of study (24-month) MRI scan ]
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years to 80 Years (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Diagnosis of CCM of any genotype supported by relevant imaging studies.
- Symptomatic CCM bleeding event within 1 year prior to enrollment.
- Must be willing/able to travel to the study site for all study visits (baseline, 12 months, and 24 months) over the course of the study period.
- Pre-menopausal women who are breastfeeding, pregnant or likely to get pregnant during the study period.
- Previous cranial irradiation or surgical/radiosurgical treatment of CCM lesion.
- Failure to pass MRI safety screening (claustrophobia, metal implant . . . etc)
- Known allergy or intolerance to gadolinium.
- Severely impaired renal function (eGFR < 60ml/min), active renal disease or status post-kidney transplants.
- Statin therapy, for any indication, for more than 7 continuous days or greater than 14 total days within 12 months preceding enrollment.
- Indication to use statin medication for current approved indication, unrelated to CCM
- Known allergy or intolerance to statins
- Liver dysfunction or active liver disease (including chronic viral hepatitis) defined as baseline serum transaminases levels twice the upper range of normal.
- Previous diagnosis of skeletal muscle disorders of any cause (myopathy), or baseline creatine kinase level five times the upper range of normal.
- Currently treated with or likely to need treatment with one or more of prohibited medications listed in the protocol.
- Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the site investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements.
- Serious illness (requiring systemic treatment and/or hospitalization) until subject either completes therapy or is clinically stable on therapy, in the opinion of the site investigator, for at least 30 days prior to study entry.
- Any other condition that the investigator believes would pose a significant hazard to the subject if the investigational therapy were initiated, including conditions resulting in or precipitating myopathy (e.g. HIV, uncontrolled hypothyroidism).
- In the investigator's opinion, the patient is unstable, and would benefit from a specific intervention rather than treatment with atorvastatin.
- Inability or unwillingness of subject or legal guardian/representative to give written informed consent.
- No documentation of valid healthcare insurance.
- No medical record confirmation of primary care physician.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02603328
|United States, Illinois|
|University of Chicago|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637|
|Study Chair:||Issam A Awad, MD||Director of Neurovascular Surgery University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences|
|Study Chair:||Daniel F Hanley, MD||Director, Division of Brain Injury Outcomes Service The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions|
|Responsible Party:||University of Chicago|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||November 11, 2015 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||July 28, 2022|
|Last Verified:||July 2022|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
|Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.:||No|
Cerebral cavernous malformation
Quantitative susceptibility mapping
Hemangioma, Cavernous, Central Nervous System
Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
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Nervous System Malformations
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Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
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