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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    plaquenil RA prevention
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Strategy to Prevent the Onset of Clinically-Apparent Rheumatoid Arthritis (StopRA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02603146
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 11, 2015
Last Update Posted : April 10, 2023
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Autoimmunity Centers of Excellence
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to determine if hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is safe and effective for the prevention of future onset of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in individuals who have elevations of an autoantibody, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP3).

The following recruitment strategies will be employed towards identifying healthy subjects with elevated anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP3) levels:

-Pre-screening:

  • first degree relatives of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA);
  • subjects at health-fairs; and
  • identification of subjects with elevated anti-CCP3 levels in the absence of inflammatory arthritis in rheumatology clinics.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Healthy Participants Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Prevention Drug: Hydroxychloroquine Drug: HCQ Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) affects an estimated 1% of the population. RA is a disease where the immune system attacks the joints, leading to joint inflammation and damage that is felt by someone with RA as joint pain, stiffness and swelling.

Recent studies have shown that there are markers in the blood called 'autoantibodies' that precede the onset of joint symptoms of RA. Antibodies are commonly made in the blood to fight infections. Sometimes, these antibodies attack one's own body. These are called autoantibodies.

Certain autoantibodies are specific for certain diseases. The autoantibody known as anti-CCP3 is specific for RA and can predict the development of RA in the future, especially if the level of anti-CCP3 is high. The investigators of this study believe that individuals with elevations of anti-CCP3 ≥2 times the normal value have approximately a 50% chance of developing RA within 3 years.

Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is already used successfully and safely in the treatment of malaria, lupus and RA. The objective of this study is to determine whether treatment with HCQ in individuals with elevations of anti-CCP3 without joint inflammation may help prevent the future onset of RA. This will involve a 12-month course of HCQ in the prevention of the development of clinically apparent RA at 36 months in individuals at high-risk for future RA due to high titer elevations of anti-CCP3. This study will recruit for individuals without a history or clinical findings of inflammatory arthritis. Eligible subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to HCQ versus HCQ placebo.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 144 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Strategy to Prevent the Onset of Clinically-Apparent Rheumatoid Arthritis
Actual Study Start Date : April 27, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 1, 2022
Actual Study Completion Date : November 1, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Hydroxychloroquine Group
Subjects randomized to hydroxychloroquine (HCQ). Subjects will receive 200-400 mg of HCQ (1-2 pills), based upon ideal body weight (IBW), taken daily for 12 months.
Drug: Hydroxychloroquine
As described. Dosing will be based upon Screening IBW.
Other Names:
  • HCQ
  • Plaquenil

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Group
Subjects randomized to placebo HCQ. Subjects will receive 200 - 400 mg of HCQ placebo (1-2 pills), based upon IBW, taken daily for 12 months.
Drug: HCQ Placebo
As described. Dosing will be based upon Screening IBW.
Other Name: Placebo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Who Developed Clinically-Apparent Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) From Treatment Initiation to Month 36 By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: Up to Month 36 ]
    Clinically-Apparent RA is defined by the 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Classification Criteria as either: 1.) a score of ≥ 6 defining "definite RA" or 2.) a joint examination consistent with Inflammatory Arthritis (IA) with ≥ 1 erosion confirmed by x-ray imaging of the hands, wrists, and feet.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Who Developed Clinically-Apparent Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) From Treatment Initiation to Month 12 By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: Up to Month 12 ]
    Clinically-Apparent RA is defined by the 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Classification Criteria as either: 1.) a score of ≥ 6 defining "definite RA" or 2.) a joint examination consistent with IA with ≥ 1 erosion confirmed by x-ray imaging of the hands, wrists, and feet.

  2. Number of Participants Who Developed Inflammatory Arthritis (IA) From Treatment Initiation to Month 12 by Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: Up to Month 12 ]
    IA is defined as the development of swollen joint(s) consistent with RA-like synovitis. The joint exams conducted by a physician at each clinic visit were used to identify the presence of swollen joints due to IA.

  3. Median Time to Development of Clinically-Apparent Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: Up to Month 36 ]
    Median Time from treatment initiation until development of Clinically-Apparent RA. Clinically-Apparent RA is defined by the 2010 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Classification Criteria as either: 1.) a score of ≥ 6 defining "definite RA" or 2.) a joint examination consistent with IA with ≥ 1 erosion confirmed by x-ray imaging of the hands, wrists, and feet.

  4. Number of Participants Who Developed Inflammatory Arthritis (IA) From Treatment Initiation to Month 36 by Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: Up to Month 36 ]
    IA is defined as the development of swollen joint(s) consistent with RA-like synovitis. The joint exams conducted by a physician at each clinic visit were used to identify the presence of swollen joints due to IA.

  5. Number of Participant Self-Reported Painful Joints By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: At Week 52 and Month 36/End of Study ]
    The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment was used by participants to indicate which joints were painful on the day of the visit or in the past week. The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment contained a diagram of the body joints which participants used to mark their painful joints.

  6. Number of Participant Self-Reported Stiff Joints By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: At Week 52 and Month 36/End of Study ]
    The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment was used by participants to indicate which joints were stiff on the day of the visit or in the past week. The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment contained a diagram of the body joints which participants used to mark their stiff joints.

  7. Number of Participant Self-Reported Swollen Joints By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: At Week 52 and Month 36/End of Study ]
    The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment was used by participants to indicate which joints were swollen on the day of the visit or in the past week. The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment contained a diagram of the body joints which participants used to mark their swollen joints.

  8. Number of Participant Self-Reported Painful Joints in the Hands, Wrists and Feet By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: At Week 52 and Month 36/End of Study ]
    The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment was used by participants to indicate which joints were painful on the day of the visit or in the past week. The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment contained a diagram of the body joints which participants used to mark their painful joints.

  9. Number of Participant Self-Reported Stiff Joints in the Hands, Wrists and Feet By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: At Week 52 and Month 36/End of Study ]
    The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment was used by participants to indicate which joints were stiff on the day of the visit or in the past week. The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment contained a diagram of the body joints which participants used to mark their stiff joints.

  10. Number of Participant Self-Reported Swollen Joints in the Hands, Wrists and Feet By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: At Week 52 and Month 36/End of Study ]
    The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment was used by participants to indicate which joints were swollen on the day of the visit or in the past week. The Participant Self-Reported Joint Symptoms assessment contained a diagram of the body joints which participants used to mark their swollen joints.

  11. Median Level of Anti-Cyclic Citrullinated Peptide-3 (Anti-CCP3) By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24, Week 52 (End of Treatment), Month 18, Month 24, Month 36/End of Study ]
    Anti-CCP3 is a laboratory test in serum for the presence of antibodies to citrullinated protein antigens (ACPAs). ACPA positivity assists with the classification/diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) of a patient with Inflammatory Arthritis (IA). In addition, determining autoantibody positivity helps with the prediction of RA disease severity. Anti-CCP3 positivity at any level, and in particular anti-CCP3 levels of ≥2 times the normal cut-off level (or ≥ 40 units) are highly predictive of future RA development.

  12. Median Level of Immunoglobulin M - Rheumatoid Factor (IgM-RF) By Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24, Week 52 (End of Treatment), Month 18, Month 24, Month 36/End of Study ]
    IgM-RF is a laboratory test in serum for the presence of antibodies to RF. IgM-RF positivity assists with the classification/diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) of a patient with Inflammatory Arthritis (IA). In addition, determining autoantibody positivity helps with the prediction of RA disease severity. Higher levels of antibodies (e.g. >2-3 times the normal cut-off values) have greater specificity for RA disease.

  13. Median Level of High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hsCRP) Treatment Arm [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24, Week 52 (End of Treatment), Month 18, Month 24, Month 36/End of Study ]
    HsCRP is a laboratory test in serum for the presence of CRP. HsCRP is used to detect systemic inflammation in the body, assists with the classification/diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), and elevations of hsCRP in patients with RA have been associated with poor disease outcomes.

  14. Percent of Participants Experiencing Grade 3 or Higher Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Treatment Initiation (Day 0) through Month 36 ]
    Adverse Events (AEs) grading will be defined by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) - Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4.0. The number of AEs will be identified by monitoring participant-reported AEs, vital signs, medical history, physical exams and blood safety tests.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects who meet all of the following criteria are eligible for enrollment into the study:

  • Able and willing to give written informed consent and comply with requirements of the study;
  • Age ≥18 years-old at the Screening Visit; and
  • Elevation of autoantibody anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide-3 (anti-CCP3) defined by result of anti-CCP3 ≥40 units, at Screening.

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects who meet any of the following criteria are ineligible to participate in the study:

-A medical history of inflammatory arthritis (IA) of any type and/or rheumatic disease and immunologic disease(s) that may be associated with IA . These diseases include but are not limited to:

  • rheumatoid arthritis (RA);
  • systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE);
  • seronegative spondyloarthropathies;
  • inflammatory bowel disease;
  • Sjögren's syndrome;
  • polymyalgia rheumatic; or
  • vasculitis.

Note: Crystalline arthropathies are not exclusionary.

  • A medical history of:

    • congestive heart failure or functional status of New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class III or higher at the Screening Visit;
    • cardiomyopathy or significant cardiac conduction disorders;
    • chronic liver disease;
    • psoriasis (due to potential for increased risk for flare of skin disease);
    • porphyria;
    • and/or serologic evidence during Screening Visit of chronic infections including, but not limited to, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV);

      ---Exception: hepatitis C antibody positive subjects are eligible with documentation of:

      • receipt of HCV treatment AND
      • a negative hepatitis C viral load test post-treatment.
    • malignancy within the last 5 years, except for treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma, treated cervical dysplasia, or treated in situ cervical cancer Grade I; or
    • alcohol or substance abuse within 1 year of treatment randomization.
  • Prior or current systemic treatment with disease modifying anti-rheumatic agents, immunomodulatory agents, or glucocorticoids for IA, other rheumatic diseases, or other immunologic diseases;
  • Tetracycline class antibiotic use for autoimmune conditions, taken within 12 months prior to Screening;
  • Systemic corticosteroid use for non-IA conditions taken 28 days prior to Screening;
  • More than 3 local corticosteroid injections, including but not limited to intra-articular, epidural, and intrabursal injections, during the 3 months prior to randomization;
  • A history of a chronic condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, is highly likely to require therapy with systemic corticosteroids (oral or intravenous) within the study period, including but not limited to severe asthma and severe crystalline arthropathy;
  • Women who are pregnant, breastfeeding or desire to become pregnant and/or breast feed within the duration of the 12-month treatment phase of the study;
  • Women of childbearing potential who are not using or who do not agree to use adequate birth control measures (for example, total abstinence, oral contraceptives, intrauterine device, barrier method with spermicide, surgical sterilization, Depo-Provera, or hormonal implants) during the treatment phase of the study;
  • An ideal or actual body weight ≤ 24.4 kg (e.g., ≤53 lbs) at Screening Visit;
  • Any of the following laboratory abnormalities at the Screening Visit:

    • Serum Creatinine Clearance < 50ml/min (as calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault formula: Creatinine clearance (CrCl)= (140-age) X (Weight in kg) X (0.85 if female) / (72 X Creatinine));
    • Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) > 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN);
    • Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) > 2x the upper limit of normal (ULN);
    • Total white blood count (WBC) < 3.0 x 10^9/L;
    • Platelet count ≤ 150 x10^9/L;
    • Hemoglobin < 11.5g/dL;
    • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) < 2.0 x 10^9/L;
  • Evidence of significant retinal disease upon eye examination during the screening period that in the opinion of the examiner would make identification of potential future retinal toxicity from HCQ difficult to evaluate:

    -- Retinal exam results may be applied to evaluations of subject eligibility for up to 6 months after the initial retinal exam.

  • When, in the opinion of the study physician, the subject is not a good study candidate.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02603146


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, California
Cedars Sinai Medical Center: Division of Rheumatology
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
UCLA Medical Center: Division of Rheumatology
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
University of California San Francisco, San Francisco General Hospital
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado School of Medicine: Division of Rheumatology
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, Georgia
Emory Clinic at 1365 Clifton Road: Emory University School of Medicine
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Massachusetts
Brigham & Women's Hospital: Department of Medicine, Rheumatology, Immunology
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center: Rheumatology
Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, 01605
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Health System: Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic, Division of Rheumatology
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
United States, Nebraska
University of Nebraska Medical Center: Division of Rheumatology
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68198
United States, New York
Northwell Health
Great Neck, New York, United States, 110211
United States, Oklahoma
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation: Arthritis and Clinical Immunology Research Program
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
United States, Texas
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Division of Rheumatic Diseases
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Autoimmunity Centers of Excellence
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Chair: Kevin Deane, MD, PhD University of Colorado School of Medicine
Study Chair: Michael Holers, MD University of Colorado School of Medicine
Study Chair: Christopher Striebich, MD, PhD University of Colorado School of Medicine
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02603146    
Other Study ID Numbers: DAIT ARA08
NIAID CRMS ID#: 20681 ( Other Identifier: DAIT NIAID )
First Posted: November 11, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 10, 2023
Last Verified: April 2023
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: The plan is to share data in ImmPort, a long-term archive of clinical and mechanistic data from DAIT-funded grants and contracts, upon completion of the trial.
Time Frame: After completion of the study.
Access Criteria: When posted, the IPD will be available to the public.
URL: http://www.immport.org/
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
RA prevention
hydroxychloroquine (HCQ)
anti-CCP3
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Hydroxychloroquine
Antimalarials
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antirheumatic Agents