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Sapanisertib or Pazopanib Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Sarcoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02601209
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 10, 2015
Results First Posted : March 3, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 19, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of sapanisertib and to see how well it works compared to pazopanib hydrochloride in treating patients with sarcoma that is too large to be removed (locally advanced) or has spread to other areas of the body (metastatic). Sapanisertib and pazopanib hydrochloride may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
High Grade Sarcoma Metastatic Leiomyosarcoma Metastatic Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor Metastatic Synovial Sarcoma Metastatic Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma Metastatic Unresectable Sarcoma Myxofibrosarcoma Recurrent Leiomyosarcoma Recurrent Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor Recurrent Synovial Sarcoma Recurrent Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma Stage III Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma AJCC v8 Stage IIIC Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma AJCC v8 Stage IV Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma AJCC v8 Stage IVA Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma AJCC v8 Stage IVB Uterine Corpus Leiomyosarcoma AJCC v8 Unresectable Leiomyosarcoma Drug: Pazopanib Drug: Pazopanib Hydrochloride Drug: Sapanisertib Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety and maximum tolerable dose of sapanisertib (MLN0128 [TAK-228]) within this patient population. (Phase I) II. To determine the differences in progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with sarcoma who receive MLN0128 (TAK-228) as compared to pazopanib (pazopanib hydrochloride). (Phase II)

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate adverse events. (Phase I/II) II. To evaluate overall response rate (ORR), clinical benefit rate (CBR), and duration of response (DOR). (Phase I/II) III. To evaluate time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS). (Phase I/II)

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate PFS and secondary endpoints within patients crossing over to MLN0128 (TAK-228), upon disease progression during treatment with pazopanib. (Phase II) II. To evaluate the 4 month CBR observed within patients treated with MLN0128 (TAK-228) and grouped by histologically defined cohorts. (Phase II)

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, dose-escalation study, followed by a randomized phase II study.

PHASE I: Patients receive sapanisertib orally (PO) on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

PHASE II: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive sapanisertib as in Phase I. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM II: Patients receive pazopanib hydrochloride PO once daily (QD) on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients experiencing disease progression may crossover to Arm I.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 4 weeks and then every 6 months for 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 151 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/Randomized Phase II Study of MLN0128 (TAK-228) VS. Pazopanib in Patients With Locally Advanced/Unresectable and/or Metastatic Sarcoma
Actual Study Start Date : November 30, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 7, 2018
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2021


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm I (sapanisertib)
Patients receive sapanisertib as in Phase I. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Sapanisertib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • INK-128
  • INK128
  • MLN-0128
  • MLN0128
  • TAK-228

Experimental: Arm II (pazopanib hydrochloride)
Patients receive pazopanib hydrochloride PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients experiencing disease progression may crossover to Arm I.
Drug: Pazopanib
Given PO
Other Name: GW786034

Drug: Pazopanib Hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • GW786034B
  • Votrient




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Phase I Participants With Dose-Limiting Toxicity Events (Phase I) [ Time Frame: 28 days ]
    The Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of sapanisertib (MLN0128) is defined as the dose level below the lowest dose that induces dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) in at least one-third of patients graded according to NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0. Dose-limiting toxicities include non-hematologic events graded 3 or higher and deemed at least possibly related to treatment. The number of patients reporting a dose-limiting event is reported.

  2. Progression-free Survival (PFS) (Phase II Analysis Group 2 - Initial Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Progression free survival (PFS) is defined as the time from the date of randomization to the date of disease progression or death resulting from any cause, whichever comes first. Progression is defined according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. The median and an upper confidence boundary from a 1-sided, 85% confidence interval are estimated using the Kaplan-Meier methods.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Number of Patients Who Experienced Grade 3+ Adverse Events (Phase II Analysis Group 2 - Initial Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Up to 4 months ]
    The number of patients who experienced grade 3+ adverse events for Phase II Analysis Group 2 for the initial treatment period is reported below.

  2. Tumor Response (Complete Response [CR], Partial Response [PR], Stable Disease [SD], and Progressive Disease [PD])(Phase II Analysis Group 2 - Initial Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    The frequencies (and percentages) of tumor response categories (CR, PR, SD, PD) will be summarized for Phase II Analysis Group 2. Complete Response (CR): All of the following must be true: a. Disappearance of all target lesions. b. Each target lymph node must have reduction in short axis to < 1.0 cm. Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in PBSD taking as reference the BSD. Progression (PD): At least one of the following must be true: a. At least one new malignant lesion, b. At least a 20% increase in PBSD. c. PD via FDG-PET imaging. d. unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions and non-target lymph nodes. e. symptomatic deterioration. Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR, nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD taking as reference the MSD.

  3. Duration of Response (Phase II Analysis Group 2 - Initial Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Time between each patient's best tumor response and progression(or date of last disease assessment for patients who die without progression or are lost to follow-up), assessed up to 2 years ]
    Duration of response is defined as the time between each patient's best tumor response and progression (or date of last disease assessment for patients who die without progression or are lost to follow-up). Complete Response (CR): All of the following must be true: a. Disappearance of all target lesions. b. Each target lymph node must have reduction in short axis to < 1.0 cm. Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in PBSD taking as reference the BSD.

  4. Number of Patients Having CR, PR, or SD at 6 Months (Phase II Analysis Group 2 - Initial Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ]
    Will be defined as the number of patients having either complete response (CR), partial response (PR), or stable disease for at least 6 months after starting treatment. The frequencies and rates of tumor response categories (CR, PR, SD, PD, and too early/not evaluated) will be summarized by dose cohort and treatment arm. Complete Response (CR): All of the following must be true: a. Disappearance of all target lesions. b. Each target lymph node must have reduction in short axis to < 1.0 cm. Partial Response (PR): At least a 30% decrease in PBSD taking as reference the BSD. Progression (PD): At least one of the following must be true: a. At least one new malignant lesion,b. At least a 20% increase in PBSD. c. PD via FDG-PET imaging. d. unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions and non-target lymph nodes. e. symptomatic deterioration. Stable Disease (SD): Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR, nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD taking as reference the MSD.

  5. Time to Progression (TTP) (Phase II Analysis Group 2 - Initial Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Time between randomization and disease progression, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Time to progression is defined as the time between randomization and disease progression. Kaplan-Meier methodology will be used to estimate the distribution of TTP. Progression (PD): At least one of the following must be true: a. At least one new malignant lesion,b. At least a 20% increase in PBSD. c. PD via FDG-PET imaging. d. unequivocal progression of existing non-target lesions and non-target lymph nodes. e. Symptomatic deterioration.

  6. Overall Survival (OS) (Phase II Analysis Group 2 - Initial Treatment Period) [ Time Frame: Time between randomization and death due to any cause (or last contact for surviving patients and those lost to follow-up), assessed up to 2 years ]
    Overall survival (OS) (Phase II Analysis Group 2 - Initial Treatment Period). Kaplan-Meier methodology will be used to estimate the distribution of OS.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Progression-free Survival (PFS) (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Defined as either disease progression or death (in cases where patients have died without evidence of disease progression) in crossover patients.

  2. Duration of Response in Crossover Patients (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Time between each patient's best tumor response and progression>>> (or date of last disease assessment for patients who die without progression or are lost to follow-up), assessed up to 2 years ]
    Will be analyzed using Kaplan-Meier methodology.

  3. Time to Progression (TTP) in Crossover Patients (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Time between date the patient initiated sapanisertib and disease progression, assessed up to 2 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier methodology will be used to estimate the distribution of>>> TTP.

  4. Overall Survival (OS) in Crossover Patients (Phase II) [ Time Frame: Time between date the patient initiated sapanisertib and death due to any cause (or last contact for surviving patients and those lost to follow-up), assessed up to 2 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier methodology will be used to estimate the distribution of>>> OS.

  5. Cohort-specific Evaluation of 4-month Clinical Benefit Rate (CBR) (Phase II, Analysis Group II) [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Analyses will be exploratory in nature.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have slides available for submission to central pathology review; this review is mandatory prior to registration to confirm eligibility and proper cohort assignment

    • HISTOLOGIC COHORT 1: Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (includes: malignant fibrous histiocytoma, myxofibrosarcoma, high grade sarcoma not otherwise specified [NOS])
    • HISTOLOGIC COHORT 2: Leiomyosarcoma (either uterine or extra-uterine)
    • HISTOLOGIC COHORT 3: Other (either malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor or synovial sarcoma); during the phase II portion of the study, enrollment will be limited to maximum of 25 patients in this cohort

      • Note that the phase I is limited to the histologic subtypes listed above; since patients will be enrolling onto dose cohorts during the phase I, they will not enroll onto specific histologic cohorts, although the histologic subtype informed will be collected during patient enrollment
  • Histologic documentation: Eligible patients must have histopathologically confirmed sarcoma of one of the subtypes listed, by central review
  • Locally advanced or metastatic disease; locally advanced disease is defined as disease not amenable to local therapy such as surgery and/or radiation
  • Measurable disease
  • Progression on at least one prior systemic chemotherapy for advanced, unresectable or metastatic disease; prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant therapy is not included as prior systemic chemotherapy unless treatment occurred within the 6 months prior to study enrollment
  • There is no limit to the number of prior lines of treatment a patient has received
  • No treatment with biological therapy, immunotherapy, chemotherapy, investigational agent for malignancy, or radiation =< 28 days before study registration; no treatment with nitrosourea or mitomycin =< 42 days before study registration
  • No treatment with radiation therapy =< 28 days before study registration
  • Patients should have resolution of any toxic effects of prior therapy (except alopecia) to National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), version 4.0, grade 1 or less
  • Prior treatment with pazopanib or any phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), mTOR, protein kinase B (AKT), or dual PI3K/mTOR complex (CREB regulated transcription coactivator [TORC]1/TORC2) inhibitors will be prohibited
  • Not pregnant and not nursing; because this study involves an investigational agent whose genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects on the developing fetus and newborn are unknown and an agent that has known genotoxic, mutagenic and teratogenic effects; therefore, for women of childbearing potential only, a negative pregnancy test done =< 7 days prior to registration is required
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1
  • Patient history: patients who have any of the following are NOT eligible:

    • Central nervous system (CNS): Symptomatic, untreated, or uncontrolled brain metastases present
    • Heme: Active bleeding or bleeding diathesis
    • Gastrointestinal (GI):

      • Abdominal fistula, GI perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 28 days prior to registration
      • Acute GI bleed within 28 days of registration
    • Diabetes mellitus: Patients with diabetes mellitus with inadequate control, based on either a glycosylated hemoglobin (Hgb A1c) of > 7.0 or fasting blood glucose above or equal to 130 mg/dL
    • Cardiac and vascular disorders:

      • History of congenital long QT syndrome or torsades de pointes
      • Any arrhythmia that is currently not rate-controlled (rate between 60 and 100)
      • Prolongation of corrected QT interval via Fridericia's formula (QTcF) > 480 msec
      • Ongoing unstable angina
      • Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease
      • Arterial thrombosis within 28 days of registration including transient ischemic attack (TIA), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), myocardial infarction (MI)
      • Patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE) must be on a stable dose of anticoagulation for 14 days prior to registration
      • Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as blood pressure (BP) > 140/90
      • Multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA) with ejection fraction (EF), 50% or echocardiogram (echo) with low EF
      • Class III or IV congestive heart failure (CHF) within 28 days of registration
  • Chronic concomitant treatment with proton pump inhibitors must discontinue the drug for 7 days prior to registration on the study
  • Chronic concomitant treatment with strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 inhibitors must discontinue the drug for 14 days prior to registration on the study
  • Chronic concomitant treatment with strong CYP3A4 inducers is not allowed; patients must discontinue the drug 14 days prior to the start of study treatment
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN); unless patient has Gilbert disease
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN); if liver metastases, =< 5 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Urine protein creatinine (UPC) =< 1; if UPC >= 1, then a 24-hour urine protein must be assessed; eligible patients must have a 24-hour urine protein value < 1 g/L
  • Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) within normal limits (WNL); supplementation is acceptable to achieve a TSH WNL; in patients with abnormal TSH however if the Free T4 is normal and patient is clinically euthyroid, patient is eligible

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02601209


Locations
Show Show 460 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: William D Tap Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
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Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02601209    
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2015-01929
NCI-2015-01929 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
A091304
A091304 ( Other Identifier: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology )
A091304 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180821 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: November 10, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 3, 2020
Last Update Posted: March 19, 2021
Last Verified: December 2020
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sarcoma
Leiomyosarcoma
Sarcoma, Synovial
Nerve Sheath Neoplasms
Neurofibrosarcoma
Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Diseases
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Fibrosarcoma
Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue
Neurofibroma
Histiocytoma