Contraception in Women With Sickle Cell Disease
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02594462|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : November 3, 2015
Last Update Posted : October 17, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Sickle Cell Disease||Drug: etonogestrel-releasing implant contraceptive||Phase 4|
There are 3,500 children born each year with sickle cell disease in Brazil. Almost three percent of Bahia population has sickle cell anemia, which is the most prevalent in Brazil (BRAGA, 2007).
Despite the high prevalence of sickle cell disease in our population, the best option Contraceptive for these women is still uncertain, based on low-quality studies (Haddad et al., 2012). Since this is a condition associated with numerous complications such as painful crises, splenic sequestration, marrow aplasia, among others, leads to frequent hospitalizations and high absenteeism rates. Women with sickle cell disease in reproductive age are exposed to non-planning pregnancies, which will cause high risk for maternal mortality (33%), and increased pictures of painful crises, and important maternal and newborn complications such as abortion, childbirth premature, thrombosis, among others (Andemariam, Browning, 2013). Therefore, there is a need to provide them with appropriate methods for effective reproductive planning.
Hormonal contraceptives with only progestogen, such as releasing implant etonogestrel (ENG), representing an option to reduce unwanted pregnancies, especially in patients at risk for venous thrombosis, such as patients with anemia sickle, because it doens´t interfere with the coagulation system (Conrad et al., 2004; Liedaagard etal., 2011). Thus, in addition to avoid an unwanted pregnancy, these methods have impact on reduction of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality and neonatal known to be associated with pregnancies in women with sickle cell anemia (Santos et al., 2005).
The scientific literature is limited and scarce on the association between use of methods contraceptives in women with sickle cell disease and correlation with clinical complications such as seizures painful and anemia (Haddad et al., 2012).
The contraceptive implant etonogestrel is a reversibly progestogen-only contraceptive method, long lasting, highly effective, with high continuation rate. However, there is still no studies in women with sickle cell anemia in use thereof.
As it is a progestogen-only method, it does not increase the risk of thrombosis and may, as depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (Abood et al., 1997), reducing painful crises, with the advantage of high efficacy and long duration.
In this context, to increase adherence and whether a clinical benefit from use of the implant contraceptive releasing ENG, the contraceptive method more effectively isolated progestogen available in Brazil, in relation to painful crises and anemia among women with sickle cell disease, it is made of fundamental importance the development of a study in a city of high prevalence in Brazil.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||19 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Use of Etonogestrel-releasing Contraceptive Implant in Women With Sickle Cell Disease|
|Study Start Date :||January 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||October 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||June 2019|
Twenty-five women with homozygous sickle cell anemia (hemoglobin SS), aged between 18-40 years-old, who had at least one episode of sickle cell pain crisis in the last three months pre- enrollment; whom desire to use etonogestrel-releasing implant contraceptive without contraindications will be invited to inserted etonogestrel implant.
Etonogestrel implant is a single implant progestogen-only, with 4 cm in length and 2 mm diameter containing 68 mg etonogestrel (3- ketodesogestrel), the active metabolite of desogestrel, involved in a ethylene vinyl acetate membrane (Huber, 1998), which is released continuously in bloodstream for three years. It will be inserted subdermal, on the inner face of non-dominant arm between the first and seventh day of the menstrual cycle.
Drug: etonogestrel-releasing implant contraceptive
The etonogestrel implant will be inserted until the fifth day of the menstrual cycle . Anthropometric measurements will be performed , blood pressure measurement , application of pain questionnaire for the last three months, and collection of fasting blood in our clinic . After these measures , the ENG implant will be applied per researcher trained for such a procedure , following the recommendations outlined by the manufacturer. Women are instructed to return after 3, 6, 9, 12 months, fasting 8h , when they will be measured anthropometric measurements , blood collection, and delivery of pain questionnaires and standard of menstrual bleeding.
Other Name: implanon
- Number of pain crises [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Self reported of pain quantity on a diary.
- Clinical Safety as measured by hemoglobin, hepatic function [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Immediately before the implant insertion, peripheral blood samples (20 mL) were collected Blood samples were collected to evaluate complete blood count (reticulocytes, hemoglobin, platelets and leukocytes), hepatic function (Alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutaryl transferase, amino alanine transferase, aspartate amino transferase, total bilirubin and its fractions), before , 6 and 12 months after the implant insertion.
- Pain Scores on the Visual Analog Scale [ Time Frame: 12 months ]Pain intensity was measured by a visual scale, scored 0-10 (0=no pain until 10=worst pain) over each 3 months.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02594462
|Bahiana School of Medicne and Public Health|
|Salvador, Bahia, Brazil|
|University of Sao Paulo|
|Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 14049-900|
|Principal Investigator:||MILENA B BRITO, MD, PhD||University of Sao Paulo|